(Geographical area)
Dos Hermanas
Real Betis
Elections in Spain
Malaga CF

See also


Knowledge Identifier: $Andalusia




Category: Environment (300)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: Spain (63%), (12%), Europe (5%)

Main connections: Catalonia, Dos Hermanas, Real Betis

Linked to: Carmen Thyssen Museum, Museum of Fine Arts of Seville, Rio Tinto Group, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party




This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Andalusia.


After the conquest of Toledo in 1086 by Alfonso VI, Christian rule dominated the peninsula add something


The various "Taifa" kingdoms were assimilated. the Almohad dynasty expansion in North Africa weakened Al-Andalus, and in 1170 the Almohads transferred their capital from Marrakesh to Seville add something


Córdoba was regained in 1236 and Seville in 1248 add something


In a document from 1253, Alfonso X styled himself "Rey de Castilla, León y de toda Andalucía" add something


Before 1492, there was the literature written in Andalusian Arabic add something


In 1492 Antonio de Nebrija published his celebrated "Gramática de la lengua castellana" , the first such work for a modern European language add something


The fall of Granada in 1492 put an end to Muslim rule in the Iberian peninsula add something


This was a Castilianization of "Al-Andalusiya", the adjectival form of the Arabic language "al-Andalus", the name given by the Arabs to all of the Iberian territories under Muslim rule from 711 to 1492 add something


On 3 August 1492 Christopher Columbus left the town of Palos de la Frontera, with the first expedition that resulted in the Europeans learning of the existence of the Americas add something


According to George C. Kohn, "One of the worst epidemics of the century, whose miseries were accompanied by severe drought and food shortage, started in 1505; by 1507, about 100,000 people had died in Andalusia alone add something


Hayreddin Barbarossa - In August 1529, he attacked the Mediterranean coasts of Spain and later helped 70,000 Moriscos to escape from Andalusia in seven consecutive journeys


Mining for precious metals at Minas de Riotinto in Huelva dates back to pre-Roman times; the mines were abandoned in the Middle Ages and rediscovered in 1556 add something


Discontent with this situation culminated in 1641, when the Andalusian nobility staged an unsuccessful conspiracy to gain independence in 1641 from the provincial government of the Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares add something


Andalusia was struck once again in 1646 add something


Andalusian horse - Even though in the 16th and 17th centuries Spanish horses had not reached the final form of the modern Andalusian, by 1667 William Cavendish, the Duke of Newcastle, called the Spanish horse of Andalusia the "princes" of the horse world, and reported that they were "unnervingly intelligent"


The oldest bullring still in use in Spain is the neoclassical "Plaza de toros" in Ronda, built in 1784 add something


Tomas Jose Gonzalez-Carvajal - He obtained an office in the financial department of the government; and in 1795 was made intendant of the colonies which had just been founded in Sierra Morena and Andalusia


Jose Antonio Estudillo - José Antonio Estudillo was born in 1805 in Monterey, Alta California to Captain José María Estudillo, who was born in Andalusia, Spain


Chilean War of Independence - In June 1810 news arrived from Buenos Aires that Napoleon Bonaparte's forces had conquered Andalusia and laid siege to Cádiz, the last redoubt against the French on Spanish soil


Alexandre, vicomte Digeon - By his brilliant leadership during Marshal Nicolas Soult's retreat from Andalusia, Digeon earned the rank of general of division on 3 March 1813


The loss of the empire in the 1820s hurt the economy of the region, particularly the cities that had benefited from the trade and ship building add something


As Spain's oldest existing football club, Recreativo de Huelva, founded 1889, is known as "El Decano" add something


Historically, the largest Andalusian business in this sector was the Compañía Sevillana de Electricidad, founded in 1894, absorbed into Endesa in 1996 add something


Ahmed Shawqi - He returned to Egypt in 1894, and remained a prominent member of Arab literary culture until the British forced him into exile in southern Spain, Andalusia, in 1914


Around 1900, like so many other things, this changes add something


It cites the 1919 Andalusianist Manifesto of Córdoba describing Andalusia as a "national reality" , but does not endorse that formulation add something


"El Manifiesto andalucista de Córdoba describió a Andalucía como realidad nacional en 1919, cuyo espíritu los andaluces encauzaron plenamente a través del proceso de autogobierno recogido en nuestra Carta Magna add something


These images particularly predominated from the 1920s through the 1960s, and helped to consolidate a cliched image of the region add something


Revivalist architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries contributed the buildings of the Ibero-American Exposition of 1929 in Seville, including the Neo-Mudéjar Plaza de España add something


Picatostes - A 1933 reference work on the vocabulary of Andalusia says that a "picatoste" is a slice of bread soaked in salt water, fried


Compania Sevillana de Electricidad - In 1936 it was the leading electrical generation company in Andalusia, with a capacity of 130 million KW/h


The city of Málaga, occupied by the Nationalists in February 1937 following the Battle of Málaga, experienced one of the harshest repressions following Francoist victory with an estimated total of 17,000 people summarily executed add something


In 1950, Andalusia had 20,04 percent of the national population of Spain add something


Canovelles - Between the 1950s and the 1970s, many families from Extremadura and Andalusia arrived to the municipality, increasing the population by a factor of twenty


Also of note, 1956 Nobel Prize-winning poet Juan Ramón Jiménez was a native of Moguer, near Huelva add something


Fuerte Hotels - On July 4, 1957, the first hotel was opened in Marbella, Málaga Andalusia


Quart de Poblet - If in the early 1960s, Quart de Poblet had little more than five thousand inhabitants, ten years after the arrival of people, mainly from Andalusia, Murcia, Aragon and Castilla-La Mancha, whose work and contributions have enriched culturally and economically the town, fired that figure and stood at nearly 26,000 current residents


Annual rainfall in the Sierra de Grazalema has been measured as high as in 1963, the highest ever recorded for any location in Iberia add something


The Spanish ibex has recently been losing ground to the Barbary sheep , an invasive species from Africa, introduced for hunting in the 1970s add something


In 1975 the service sector produced 51,1 percent of local GDP and employed 40,8 percent of the work force add something


A large portion of the "avant-garde" Generation of '27 who gathered at the Ateneo de Sevilla on the 300th anniversary of Góngora's death were Andalusians: Federico García Lorca, Luis Cernuda, Rafael Alberti, Manuel Altolaguirre, Emilio Prados, and 1977 Nobel laureate Vicente Aleixandre add something


In spite of this, nationalist groups celebrate the holiday on 4 December, commemorating the 1977 demonstrations to demand autonomy add something


En 1978 los andaluces dieron un amplio respaldo al consenso constitucional add something


The process followed the Spanish Constitution of 1978, still current as of 2009, which recognizes and guarantees the right of autonomy for the various regions and nationalities of Spain add something


Jesus Posada - From 1979 to 1981 he served as civil governor of the province of Huelva in Andalusia


The etymology of the name "al-Andalus" has traditionally been derived from the name of the "Vandals"; however, a number of proposals since the 1980s have challenged this contention add something


COMSA - By the 1980s, the company had expanded from its base in Catalonia having projects in Asturias, Andalusia, Galicia and Castile and León, and had entered the real estate and aggregates businesses


The Autonomous Community of Andalusia was formed in accord with a referendum of 28 February 1980 and became an autonomous community under the 1981 Statute of Autonomy known as the "Estatuto de Carmona" add something


Article 1 of the 1981 Statute of Autonomy justifies autonomy based on the region's "historical identity, on the self-government that the Constitution permits every nationality, on outright equality to the rest of the nationalities and regions that compose Spain, and with a power that emanates from the Andalusian Constitution and people, reflected in its Statute of Autonomy" add something


Article 1 of the earlier 1981 Statute of Autonomy defined it simply as a "nationality" add something


By 1981, this had declined to 17,09 percent add something


Unlike in some of Spain's other autonomous communities, under the original 1981 Statute of Autonomy, the "comarcas" of Andalusia had no formal recognition, but, in practice, they still had informal recognition as geographic, cultural, historical, or in some cases administrative entities add something


After the approval of the Statute of Autonomy through Organic Law 6/1981 on 20 December 1981, the first elections to the autonomic parliament took place 23 May 1982 add something


Luis Aragones - However, his time in Andalusia was brief and he returned to the Estadio Vincente Calderón in 1982


Gregorio Manzano - Born in Bailén, Jaén, Andalusia, Manzano's training career started in 1983, at the age of 27


Further elections have occurred in 1986, 1990, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008 add something


Beginning in the 1990s, others have been immigrating in large numbers as well, as Spain has become a country of net immigration add something


Open de Andalucia - Between 1992 and 1995, and again in 1999, former European Tour event, the Turespana Masters, was held in the Andalusia region and titled as the Turespana Masters Open de Andalucia, with winners including future major champion and World Number 1 Vijay Singh, and local favourite Miguel Ángel Jiménez


In addition, RTVA operates the national and international cable channel Canal Sur Andalucía, which first broadcast in 1996 as Andalucía Televisión add something


The ski resort of Sierra Nevada, near Granada, has however hosted the 1996 Alpine World Ski Championships, and Granada hosted the 2015 Winter Universiade add something


Jose Maria Movilla - In January 1998 he switched to Málaga CF, where he would be an instrumental figure in the Andalusia side's promotion from Segunda División B into La Liga in just two seasons


Andalusia hosted the 1999 World Championships in Athletics , the 2005 Mediterranean Games and the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1996 , among other major events add something


In the year 2000, Andalusia's roughly 100 bullrings hosted 1,139 "corridas" add something


RENPA consists of 150 protected spaces, consisting of two national parks, 24 natural parks, 21 periurban parks , 32 natural sites, two protected countrysides, 37 natural monuments, 28 nature reserves, and four concerted nature reserves , all part of the European Union's Natura 2000 network add something


University of Seville - Seville is the 2000-year-old artistic, cultural, and financial capital of Andalusia in southern Spain; it is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir


Andalusia has had a sister region relationship with Buenos Aires , since 2001; and with Córdoba add something


Other notables include the singer, songwriter, and poet Joaquín Sabina, Isabel Pantoja, Rosa López, who represented Spain at Eurovision in 2002, and David Bisbal add something


Grupo Joly - "Grupo Joly" initially sold 100,000 copies a day in 2002 and reached 400,000 readers daily in the western part of the Andalusia region, when it started publishing "Diario de Cádiz" in 1867


Dani Sanchez (footballer) - Born in Málaga, Andalusia, Sánchez played youth football with hometown club Málaga CF in 2003, but never appeared as a senior for the club, eventually leaving in 2003


Algeciras is Spain's leading commercial port, with of cargo in 2004 add something


In 2004, the Blue Flag beach program of the non-profit Foundation for Environmental Education recognized 66 Andalusian beaches and 18 pleasure craft ports as being in a good state of conservation in terms of sustainability, accessibility, and quality add something


Seville has been a pre-candidate to host the Summer Olympics in two occasions, 2004 and 2008, and Granada has been a pre-candidate to host the winter Olympics; neither has ever succeeded in its candidature add something


In 2005, 5,35 percent of the population of Andalusia were born outside of Spain add something


The Andalusian Energy Agency established in 2005 by the autonomous government, is a new governmental organ charged with the development of energy policy and provision of a sufficient supply of energy for the community add something


Daniel Santiago - After winning the 2006 league, he signed a further two-year deal with the Andalusia outfit


Odyssey Marine Exploration - Before Odyssey could complete Phase 1B of the "Sussex" project plan, it was stopped by the Spanish authorities, in particular the Junta of Andalusia in January 2006


Solar Millennium - In June 2006 the construction of Andasol 1 on the plateau of Guadix in Andalusia was initiated


In October 2006 the constitutional commission of the Cortes Generales , with favorable votes from the left-of-center Spanish Socialist Workers' Party , the leftist United Left and the right-of-center People's Party , approved a new Statute of Autonomy for Andalusia, whose preamble refers to the community as a "national reality" : add something


On 2 November 2006 the Spanish Chamber Deputies ratified the text of the Constitutional Commission with 306 votes in favor, none opposed, and 2 abstentions add something


The Senate, in a plenary session of 20 December 2006, ratified the referendum to be voted upon by the Andalusian public 18 February 2007 add something


In 2007, this had risen to 67,9 percent of GDP and 66,42 percent of jobs add something


Nevertheless, in 2007, Andalusian industry earned 11,979 million euros and employed more than 290,000 workers add something


The 2007 Statute of Autonomy echoes this practice, and mentions "comarcas" in Article 97 of Title III, which defines the significance of "comarcas" and establishes a basis for formal recognition in future legislation add something


The preamble of the present 2007 Statute of Autonomy says that Article 2 of the present Spanish Constitution of 1978 recognizes Andalusia as a nationality add something


Javi Lopez - Born in Osuna, Seville, Andalusia, and a product of Real Betis' youth ranks, López signed with RCD Espanyol in 2007


The Solar power tower PS10 was built by the Andalusian firm Abengoa in Sanlúcar la Mayor in the province of Seville, and began operating in March 2007 add something


Moguer - In the municipal elections of May 27, 2007, the PP won 9 council seats with 45,73 percent of the votes, while the left-of-centre Spanish Socialist Workers' Party-Andalusia won 6 seats with 30,19 percent


Comparison of the population pyramid in 2008 to that in 1986 shows: add something


As of 2009, there are ten private or public universities in Andalucia add something


The estimated population at the beginning of 2009 was 8,285,692 add something


The once booming construction sector, hit hard by the 2009 recession, was important to the region's economy add something


The result is that as of 2009, the trend toward rejuvenation of the population is among the strongest of any autonomous community of Spain, or of any comparable region in Europe add something


Soren Kjeldsen - Kjeldsen won his third European Tour event and second consecutive event on Spanish soil with a three stroke victory over David Drysdale at the 2009 Open de Andalucia in Marbella, Andalusia, Spain


CB Villa de Los Barrios - "'Club Baloncesto Villa de Los Barrios"' is a professional basketball team based in Los Barrios, Andalusia and played in the Soldado Samuel Aguilar, in LEB league until 2009, year when the senior team ceased activity


Ecologists in Action - As of February 2009, Ecologists in Action is active in Andalusia , Aragón, Asturias, the Canary Islands, Cantabria, Castile and León, Castile-La Mancha, Catalonia, the Community of Madrid, the Basque Country, Extremadura, La Rioja, Navarre, the Valencian Community and the Region of Murcia, as well as in the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla


Bartholomew Ogbeche - In late August 2009, after two seasons of intermittent use, Ogbeche arranged a one-year deal with Andalusia's Cádiz CF, in the second level


Santana Motor - In 2011 the owner of the company, the Government of Andalusia, decided to close the Santana Motor company and its car factory and 1,341 people were laid off or retired prematurely


United Left (Spain) - It has shared government with the Socialist Party in Andalusia since 2012


Elections in Spain - The other four communities can place their elections in separate dates: last elections in Andalusia were in 2012; Euskadi and Galicia had elections in 2009, and Catalonia in 2010


Marbella - In 2013, the city welcomed the opening of Marbella International University Centre , an international higher-education institution focused on Business, Politics and Media, and the only university in Andalusia where courses are taught in both English and Spanish


Malaga - With a population of 568,479 in 2013, it is the second most populous city of Andalusia and the sixth largest in Spain


Dos Hermanas - "'Dos Hermanas"' is a Spanish city south of Seville in Andalusia, with a population of 129,719 as of 2013


On September 5, 2013 Susana Díaz was elected president add something


Dos Hermanas - "'Dos Hermanas"' is a Spanish city south of Seville in Andalusia, with a population of 130,369 as of 2014


Nordin Amrabat - In August 2014, Amrabat agreed to extend his stay in Andalusia for the full season


Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - Excepting the Andalusian elections 2015, most elections held during the leadership of Sanchez tested negative for the PSOE. Added to this, the policy of pacts conducted by Sanchez after the general elections of 2016, based on the outright refusal to facilitate a government of the Popular party, it was disputed by several leaders of the formación, conceived within the party a critical current with Sanchez, led by Susana Diaz, president of Andalusia


Elections in Spain - The other four communities can choose the date of their elections: the last elections in Andalusia and Catalonia will be in 2015; Euskadi and Galicia held elections in 2009


Cataluna - With 1,950,000 TEUs in 2015, it is the first container port in Catalonia, the third in Spain after Valencia and Algeciras in Andalusia, the 9th in the Mediterranean Sea, the 14th in Europe and the 68th in the world


Dos Hermanas - "'Dos Hermanas"' is a Spanish city south of Seville in Andalusia, with a population of 131,317 as of 2015


Sergio Rico - In December 2016, Rico was given the Sport award at the Young Andalusia Prizes, receiving his honour from regional president Susana Díaz, a fan of city rivals Real Betis


For the 2018/19 season, 2 Andalusian clubs will compete in Spain's First Division "La Liga": Real Betis and Sevilla FC add something


Spanish Socialist Workers' Party - In December 2018, the PSOE's branch in Andalusia was defeated in the Andalusian regional elections for the first time since the restoration of democracy, with a center-right coalition of PP, C's, and the resurgent right-wing nationalists VOX taking power in the region


Elections in Spain - The last elections held in this communities were in Andalusia in December 2018; Basque Country and Galicia in September 2016; Catalonia in December 2017; and Valencian Community in April 2019