Knowledge Identifier: $Batman
Category: Literature (150)
Launched in 1950.
Countries: United States (75%), United Kingdom (9%), (7%)
Linked to: Batman Incorporated, Fox Broadcasting Company, Hanna-Barbera, HarperCollins
Robert Lowery (actor) - In 1956, he guest starred in "The Deadly Rock," an episode of "The Adventures of Superman" which was the first time a Batman actor shared screen time with a Superman actor, although Lowery and Reeves had appeared together in their pre-superhero days in a WWII anti-VD propaganda film, "Sex Hygiene
Joe Giella - When the era historians call the Silver Age of comic books began with the resurgence of superheroes starting in 1956, Giella began inking science-fiction stories, including the feature "Adam Strange" in "Strange Adventures", and Batman stories pencilled by the likes of Sheldon Moldoff , and Carmine Infantino
Mr. Freeze - From the time of his first appearance in 1959 onwards, Mr. Freeze was portrayed as one of many "joke" villains cast as stock enemies of Batman
After the introduction of DC Comics' multiverse in the 1960s, DC established that stories from the Golden Age star the Earth-Two Batman, a character from a parallel world
Bob Kane - As Kane's comic-book work tapered off in the 1960s, he parlayed his Batman status into minor celebrity
Jeffrey Hayden - Hayden directed dozens of TV series, from early 1960s ones such as "Burke's Law", "Batman" and "The Andy Griffith Show" to popular shows decades later such as "Knight Rider", "Magnum, P.I." and "In the Heat of the Night"
Will Murray (writer) - His essays have appeared in books ranging from S. T. Joshi's compedium on H. P. Lovecraft, "An Epicure in the Terrible," to Jim Beard's survey of the 1960s "Batman" TV show, "Gotham City 14 Miles
Dick Sprang - Sprang's work was first reprinted in 1961, and "nearly all subsequent Batman collections have contained at least one of his efforts
A yellow ellipse around the bat logo on the character's chest was added in 1964, and became the hero's trademark symbol, akin to the red and yellow "S" symbol of Superman
Riddler - A 1966 album by The Marketts titled "The Batman Theme" featured a Dick Glasser instrumental song titled "The Riddler"
Neal Adams - The duo, under the direction of editor Julius Schwartz, would revitalize the character with a series of noteworthy stories reestablishing Batman's dark, brooding nature and taking the books away from the campy look and feel of the 1966-68 ABC TV series
The Kinks performed the theme song from the Batman series on their 1967 album Live at Kelvin Hall
Few stories were true collaborations between O'Neil, Adams, Schwartz, and inker Dick Giordano, and in actuality these men were mixed and matched with various other creators during the 1970s; nevertheless the influence of their work was "tremendous
Bill Finger - Comics historian Jim Steranko wrote in 1970 that Finger's slowness as a writer led Batman editor Whitney Ellsworth to suggest Kane replace him, a claim reflected in Joe Desris' description of Finger as "notoriously tardy
Frank Miller (comics) - Miller created a tough, gritty portrayal of Batman, who was often referred to as the "Darknight Detective" in 1970s portrayals
Ramona Fradon - In 1972, she returned to DC, with assignments drawing "Superman", "Batman", and "Plastic Man"
At the time of Finger's death in 1974, DC had not officially credited Finger as Batman co-creator
University of California, Berkeley - The Naked Guy and Larry the Drummer, who performed Batman tunes, appeared in the late 1980s and early 1990s
University of California at Berkeley - The Naked Guy and Larry the Drummer, who performed Batman tunes, appeared in the late 1980s and early 1990s
Jim Aparo - When "The Brave and the Bold" was cancelled in 1983, it was replaced with a series called "Batman and the Outsiders", a superhero team led by Batman
Poison Ivy (comics) - Later on in the 1986 series of the Batman comics, she wore only a few vines to cover up a small amount of her breasts
Gerard Jones - From 1987 to 2001, Jones wrote comic books for Marvel Comics, DC Comics, Dark Horse Comics, Viz Media, Malibu Comics and other publishers, including such series as "Green Lantern", "Justice League", "Prime", "Ultraforce", "El Diablo", "Wonder Man", "Martian Manhunter", "Elongated Man", "The Shadow", "Pokémon", "Batman" and, with Jacobs, "The Trouble with Girls"
The Batman comics garnered major attention in 1988 when DC Comics created a 900 number for readers to call to vote on whether Jason Todd, the second Robin, lived or died
Earlier drafts of the 1989 Batman movie with Michael Keaton as the Dark Knight were based heavily on their work
Batman Returns - Burton originally did not want to direct another Batman film because of his mixed emotions toward the previous film in 1989
Many of the major Batman storylines since the 1990s have been inter-title crossovers that run for a number of issues
Jim Aparo - Aparo continued to draw Batman stories in "Detective" and "Batman" until the early 1990s
Paul Gulacy - During the 1990s, Gulacy worked primarily on Batman and such science-fiction movie properties as "Terminator", "Predator", and "Star Wars", and co-created the Valiant Comics crime series "Grackle"
Jim Aparo - His published work in the late 1990s and early 2000s include a Batman Annual , a G.C.P.D. miniseries, a Speed Force Special , an issue of a Deadman miniseries that revisited his "Death in the Family" story, and a single page of "Legends of the Green Flame" written by Neil Gaiman in which he had a final opportunity to draw the Phantom Stranger for publication
Carmine Infantino - In 1990, he followed Marshall Rogers as artist of the Batman newspaper comic strip and drew the strip until its cancellation the following year
Mike Collins (comics) - Through the 1990s, he worked primarily for DC Comics on their key titles - "Batman", "Superman", "Flash", "Teen Titans", "Wonder Woman" and the "Justice League"
Jim Aparo - In 1992, Aparo returned to do pencils, inks, and lettering for his Batman stories, but was soon returned to contributing only pencil art
Robert Urich - In 1992, Urich hosted the CBS TV special "The Bat, the Cat, and the Penguin", which was a behind-the-scenes look of the upcoming motion picture "Batman Returns"
Tim Burton - Released in 1992, Batman Returns grossed $282.8 million worldwide, making it another financial success, though not to the extent of its predecessor.
The 1994 company-wide crossover "Zero Hour" changes aspects of DC continuity again, including those of Batman
Joe Chill - After 1994's "Zero Hour" storyline, DC Comics stated that Batman did not catch or confront the man who murdered his parents after having seen in an alternate timeline that Chill hadn't done it after all
Dick Sprang - In 1995 and 1996, he produced two limited-edition lithographs depicting the Batcave and the Batman cast of characters
Jim Carrey - In 1995, Carrey starred in the Joel Schumacher-directed superhero film "Batman Forever", in which Batman tries to stop Two-Face and the Riddler in their villainous scheme to drain information from all the brains in Gotham City
Batman Begins - After a series of unsuccessful projects to resurrect Batman on screen following the critical failure and box office disappointment of "Batman & Robin" , Nolan and David S. Goyer began to work on the film in early 2003 and aimed for a darker and more realistic tone, with humanity and realism being the basis of the film
Bob Kane - Kane died on November 3, 1998, from natural causes, leaving behind his wife, Elizabeth Sanders , an actress who appeared in three Batman films; and daughter Deborah Majeski
Deprived of many of his technological resources, Batman fights to reclaim the city from legions of gangs during 1999's "No Man's Land"
Dick Grayson - This was Robin's first appearance in his original costume since the end of "The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians", aside from "The New Batman Adventures" 1999 episode, "Legends of the Dark Knight"
Harley Quinn - "The New Batman Adventures" series adapted "Mad Love" as the episode of the same name in 1999, making it the second "animated style" comic book adapted for the series
Arthur Adams (comics) - Throughout the 2000s, Adams provided cover images for various DC Comics, such as "Superman", "Batman" and "
Ed Brubaker - He would continue to work on various series starring the Batman character until late 2003
Brian Azzarello - In 2003, upon being assigned to write both the "Batman" and "Superman" titles, Azzarello told the "Chicago Tribune", "DC is giving me the keys to both cars in the garage, the Mazerati and the Ferrari
Riddler - It is a theme further explored in the 2003 " $ Batman Adventures" story "Free Man," where Riddler, officially ruled a free man, sells communication technology he developed to an electronics firm only to be pursued by shadow assassins; he turns to Batman for help, only to break down when their trap succeeds and Riddler is seized by an overpowering sense of survivor guilt
Dick Grayson - Grayson is depicted as the principal character in the 2004 fan film "Grayson", a trailer for a fictional film in which Grayson investigates the apparent death of Batman
Jim Aparo - His final work for DC during his life was the cover of the trade paperback "Batman in the Eighties", published in 2004
Another happened in the summer of 2005, when painter Mark Chamberlain displayed a number of watercolors depicting both Batman and Robin in suggestive and sexually explicit poses
Seth Fisher - In 2005, Fisher pencilled the five-issue "Snow" story arc of the Batman series "Legends of the Dark Knight", written by Dan Curtis Johnson and J.H. Williams III
Frank Miller (comics) - Miller returned to writing "Batman" in 2005, taking on the writing duties of "All Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder", a series set inside of what Miller describes as the "Dark Knight Universe
Adam Hughes - May 15, 2006; Accessed September 8, 2010 He uses Sharpie markers to fill in larger areas, which he feels would be too tedious to render in pencil, such as the costumes of characters like Batman, which he believes should be rendered in black rather than blue
Chip Kidd - Veronique Vienne, who wrote an eponymous book about Kidd in 2006, described Kidd's Batman fandom as a "childhood obsession and lasting adult passion
Bill Finger - A DC Comics press release in 2007 stated flatly that, "Kane, along with writer Bill Finger, had just created Batman for DC predecessor National Comics
Grant Morrison's 2008 storyline, "Batman R.I.P." featured Batman being physically and mentally broken by the enigmatic "Black Glove" and attracted news coverage in advance of its highly promoted conclusion, which would speculated to feature the death of Bruce Wayne
Captain Marvel (DC Comics) - Following the success of Warner's film noir-inspired Batman film "The Dark Knight" and the commercial failure of its lighter, family-friendly "Speed Racer" during the summer of 2008, August departed from the project after being forced to make the film's script more in line with "The Dark Knight"'s serious tone
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Chicago) - The final confrontation scene between Batman and The Joker in the 2008 film "The Dark Knight" was shot at the construction site of the partially completed tower
He assumed the mantle again in a 2009 comic book while Wayne was believed dead, and served as a second Batman even after Wayne returned in 2010
Geoff Johns - December 7, 2009 It will be the first in a series of graphic novels that will redefine Batman
Adam Kubert - His last work for his latest tenure at DC was the "Batman and The Outsiders Special," released in February 2009
London May - In the Fall of 2011 May was cast as a "Court Room Thug" for Christopher Nolan's third Batman blockbuster, "The Dark Knight Rises" and spent a day filming with Nolan and the cast
The Dark Knight Rises - Alternatively, politically-conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh alleged that the film was biased against 2012 Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney due to Bane's name being a homophone for Bain Capital, the financial service company Romney used to head, despite the fact that the character has existed as a major Batman foe since 1993
Christopher Nolan - In 2012, Nolan directed his third and final Batman film, "The Dark Knight Rises"
Ben Templesmith - In April 2012 DC Entertainment announced that Templesmith will be one of the artists illustrating a new digital "Batman" series whose stories will be set outside of the regular DC continuity
Christian Bale - He reprised his role one last time in the finale "The Dark Knight Rises", which was released on 20 July 2012, which made Bale the longest-lasting actor to portray Batman on film to date
In 2013, a new CGI-animated series titled "Beware the Batman" will make its debut
Ben Affleck - On August 22, 2013 it was announced that Affleck will play Batman in the 2015 "Man of Steel" sequel
Sean Pertwee - In 2014, Pertwee was cast in the American TV series "Gotham", a series presenting an origin for the characters of the Batman franchise
In February of 2015, the Florida Ledger attributed the death of Stephen Merrill "due to an uppercut from Batman
Adewale Akinnuoye-Agbaje - In 2015 it was announced that he'd joined the cast of "Suicide Squad" as the Batman villain Killer Croc
Affleck will reprise the role again in the upcoming 2017 film "Justice League" and will direct and star in an upcoming Batman film, set in the DC Extended Universe