Bob Marshall (wilderness activist)

Knowledge Identifier: +Bob_Marshall_(wilderness_activist)


Bob Marshall (wilderness activist)

American forester, writer and wilderness activist add

Category: Literature

Born in 1901.

Countries: United States (45%), Tennessee (18%), Switzerland (9%)

Main connections: Syracuse University, National Parks Conservation Association, Adirondack Mountain Club

Linked to: The Wilderness Society, American Forestry Association, American Jewish Committee, Columbia University




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Bob Marshall was born in 1901 add something


In 1915, Marshall climbed his first Adirondack peak, the Ampersand Mountain, alongside his brother George and family friend Herb Clark, a Saranac Lake guide add something


Because their mother had died of cancer in 1916, the four children inherited most of their father's estate, worth several million dollars add something


Bob Marshall attended Felix Adler's Ethical Culture School in New York City until 1919 add something


During the early 1920s, Marshall grew interested in promoting Adirondack recreation add something


In 1920, he transferred to the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University add something


By 1921, they became the first climbers to scale all 42 Adirondack Mountains believed to exceed , some of which had never been climbed add something


In 1922, he became one of the charter members of the Adirondack Mountain Club , an organization devoted to the building and maintenance of trails and the teaching of hiking in the park add something


In 1922, he prepared a 38-page guidebook, entitled "The High Peaks of the Adirondacks" add something


In 1924, Marshall graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in forestry, "magna cum laude", finishing fourth in a class of 59 at the College of Forestry add something


By 1925, he earned a Master's degree in forestry from Harvard University add something


Instead he was assigned to the Northern Rocky Mountain Experiment Station at Missoula, Montana in 1925 add something


On September 11, 1929, Marshall's father Louis died in Z├╝rich, Switzerland at the age of 73 add something


In the early 1930s, he joined the National Parks Association, eventually becoming a member of its board add something


Together with Harvey Broome, a Knoxville, Tennessee lawyer, they discussed Marshall's 1930 proposal for an organization dedicated to wilderness preservation add something


In July 1930, Marshall and his brother George climbed nine Adirondack High Peaks in one day, setting a new record add something


He spent twelve and a half months from late August 1930 to early September 1931 exploring and collecting data add something


Marshall returned to the East Coast in late September 1931 add something


Marshall had clearly defined himself as a socialist by 1932–1933 add something


Marshall moved to Washington, D.C. in September 1932 to take up the position, which entailed writing initiatives for forest recreation, and immediately began compiling a list of the remaining roadless areas in the United States add something


He traveled to the Alaskan wilderness and wrote numerous articles and publications, including the bestselling 1933 book "Arctic Village" add something


The book that resulted from these excursions was 1933's best-selling Literary Guild selection "Arctic Village" add something


Marshall was even arrested briefly for participating in a March 1933 United Front demonstration add something


In August 1933, Marshall was appointed director of the Forestry Division of the Bureau of Indian Affairs , a position he held for four years add something


In 1934, Marshall visited Knoxville, Tennessee and met with Benton MacKaye, a regional planner and originator of the Appalachian Trail add something


In 1935, he became one of the principal founders of The Wilderness Society and personally provided most of the Society's funding in its first years add something


On January 21, 1935, the organizing committee published a folder stating that "for the purpose of fighting off invasion of the wilderness and of stimulating add something


By May 1937, he had taken charge of the Forest Service's Division of Recreation and Lands add something

Bob Marshall died in 1939 add something


While on a midnight train from Washington, D.C. to New York City on November 11, 1939, Marshall died of apparent heart failure at the age of 38 add something


It had previously been set aside in 1941 as the South Fork, Pentagon, and Sun River Primitive Areas add something


In compliance with the 1964 Wilderness Act, there is no motorized or mechanical equipment permitted add something


Marshall's dream of permanent wilderness protection became a reality 25 years after his death when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Wilderness Act into law on September 3, 1964 in the Rose Garden of the White House add something


The Society's most prestigious honor, the Robert Marshall award, is named in Marshall's honor; its first recipient was Sigurd F. Olson in 1981 add something


His Adirondack writings were published by Lost Pond Press in 2006, as an anthology titled "Bob Marshall in the Adirondacks: Writings of a Pioneering Peak-Bagger, Pond-Hopper and Wilderness Preservationist" add something