Nokia Lumia
Windows Phone
Nokia Lumia series
Microsoft Lumia
Stephen Elop

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &Nokia



Finnish multinational communications and information technology corporation that is headquartered in Keilaniemi, Espoo, Finland add

Category: Business (10)

Founded in 1871.

Countries: (52%), United States (11%), Finland (10%)

Main connections: Microsoft, Nokia Lumia, Windows Phone

Linked to: Microsoft, Navteq, Apple Inc., Google




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In 1871, Idestam, with the help of his close friend statesman Leo Mechelin, renamed and transformed his firm into a share company, thereby founding the Nokia Company, the name it is still known by today add something


However, Idestam's retirement from the management of the company in 1896 allowed Mechelin to become the company's chairman and sell most shareholders on his plans, thus realizing his vision add something


In 1898, Eduard Polón founded Finnish Rubber Works, manufacturer of galoshes and other rubber products, which later became Nokia's rubber business add something


In 1902, Nokia added electricity generation to its business activities add something


At the end of the 1910s, shortly after World War I, the Nokia Company was nearing bankruptcy add something


In 1912, Arvid Wickström founded Finnish Cable Works, producer of telephone, telegraph and electrical cables and the foundation of Nokia's cable and electronics businesses add something


Nokia is a public limited liability company and is the oldest company listed under the same name on the Helsinki Stock Exchange, having been listed since 1915 add something


In 1922, Finnish Rubber Works acquired Finnish Cable Works add something


The three companies, which had been jointly owned since 1922, were merged to form a new industrial conglomerate, Nokia Corporation in 1967 and paved the way for Nokia's future as a global corporation add something


As the president of the Finnish Cable Works, he had been responsible for setting up the company's first electronics department in 1960, sowing the seeds of Nokia's future in telecommunications add something


Nokia had been producing commercial and some military mobile radio communications technology since the 1960s, although this part of the company was sold some time before the later company rationalization add something


Since 1964, Nokia had developed VHF radio simultaneously with Salora Oy add something


In 1966, Nokia and Salo, Finlandra started developing the ARP standard , a car-based mobile radio telephony system and the first commercially operated public mobile phone network in Finland add something


In the 1967 fusion, that section was separated into its own division, and began manufacturing telecommunications equipment add something


Nokian Tyres - A three-company merger formed the Nokia Corporation in 1967; Nokian Tyres Limited was established in 1988 as a joint venture company split from the conglomerate


Nokian Tyres - In 1967, Suomen Kumitehdas Oy merged with Suomen Kaapelitehdas and the forest and power industry company Nokia Aktiebolag to create Nokia Corporation


For a while in the 1970s, Nokia's network equipment production was separated into "Telefenno", a company jointly owned by the parent corporation and by a company owned by the Finnish state add something


In the 1970s and 1980s, Nokia developed the Sanomalaitejärjestelmä , a digital, portable and encrypted text-based communications device for the Finnish Defence Forces add something


In the 1970s, Nokia became more involved in the telecommunications industry by developing the Nokia DX 200, a digital switch for telephone exchanges add something


Matti Alahuhta - Alahuhta joined Nokia as a Research Engineer in 1975


In 1979, the merger of Nokia and Salo, Finlandra resulted in the establishment of Mobira Oy. Mobira began developing mobile phones for the NMT network standard, the first-generation, first fully automatic cellular phone system that went online in 1981 add something


In the 1980s, Nokia's computer division Nokia Data produced a series of personal computers called MikroMikko add something


In the 1980s, during the era of its CEO Kari Kairamo, Nokia expanded into new fields, mostly by acquisitions add something


In the late 1980s and early 1990s, the corporation ran into serious financial problems, a major reason being its heavy losses by the television manufacturing division and businesses that were just too diverse add something


Nokian Footwear - At the end of the 1980s, the different industrial sectors of Nokia Corporation decided to focus on their own areas of expertise


Kari Kairamo - The late 1980s was a very special period of time both for the Nokia Corporation and for Finland


In 1982, Mobira introduced its first car phone, the Mobira Senator for NMT-450 networks add something


Matti Alahuhta - From 1982 to 1984 he was a Sales Director at Rank Xerox and he returned to Nokia as a Sales Director for the Transmissions Systems Business Unit at a time when Nokia started its global expansion in its telecommunications networks business


In 1984, development of a version of the exchange for the Nordic Mobile Telephony network was started add something


In 1987, Nokia introduced one of the world's first handheld phones, the Mobira Cityman 900 for NMT-900 networks add something


In 1987, the state sold its shares to Nokia and in 1992 the name was changed to Nokia Telecommunications add something


NMT , the world's first mobile telephony standard that enabled international roaming, provided valuable experience for Nokia for its close participation in developing GSM, which was adopted in 1987 as the new European standard for digital mobile technology add something


Nokia's mobile phones got a big publicity boost in 1987, when Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was pictured using a Mobira Cityman to make a call from Helsinki to his communications minister in Moscow add something


SAKO - In 1987, state-owned Valmet and SAKO fused into SAKO-VALMET, with ownership split evenly between Nokia and Valmet


In 1988, Jorma Nieminen, resigning from the post of CEO of the mobile phone unit, along with two other employees from the unit, started a notable mobile phone company of their own, Benefon Oy add something


Nokian Tyres, manufacturer of tires, split from Nokia Corporation to form its own company in 1988 and two years later Nokian Footwear, manufacturer of rubber boots, was founded add something


These problems, and a suspected total burnout, probably contributed to Kairamo taking his own life in 1988 add something


DesignworksUSA - In 1988, DesignworksUSA moved to Newbury Park, and began designing for Nokia and Siemens


Nokian Tyres - Nokian Tyres was split from the Nokia Corporation when Nokian Tyres Limited was created in 1988 as a joint venture company


Nokia delivered its first GSM network to the Finnish operator Radiolinja in 1989 add something


During the rest of the 1990s, Nokia divested itself of all of its non-telecommunications businesses add something


Eventually, the company decided to leave consumer electronics behind in the 1990s and focused solely on the fastest growing segments in telecommunications add something


GSM came to dominate the world of mobile telephony in the 1990s, in mid-2008 accounting for about three billion mobile telephone subscribers in the world, with more than 700 mobile operators across 218 countries and territories add something


Thus, during the rest of the 1990s, the rubber, cable and consumer electronics divisions were gradually sold as Nokia continued to divest itself of all of its non-telecommunications businesses add something


Iiro Viinanen - At the end of the 1990s he was a board member of Nokia, &Kone, UPM-Kymmene, YIT, Finnair, and Orion


DesignworksUSA - DesignworksUSA's reputation grew in the 1990s when the firm began working with Nokia, Compaq, Siemens and Adidas


Finlux - Over the years, the brand has been owned by several international companies, including electronics giant Nokia in the 1990's


As late as 1991, more than a quarter of Nokia's turnover still came from sales in Finland add something


However, the personal computer division was sold to the British ICL in 1991, which later became part of Fujitsu add something


The world's first commercial GSM call was made on 1 July 1991 in Helsinki, Finland over a Nokia-supplied network, by Prime Minister of Finland Harri Holkeri, using a prototype Nokia GSM phone add something


However, after the strategic change of 1992, Nokia saw a huge increase in sales to North America, South America and Asia add something


Probably the most important strategic change in Nokia's history was made in 1992, however, when the new CEO Jorma Ollila made a crucial strategic decision to concentrate solely on telecommunications add something


Finlux - In 1992, Finlux TV manufacturing was sold to Nokia, which already was manufacturing TV sets with brands Salora, Schaub-Lorenz and Oceanic


Matti Alahuhta - After different roles with increasing responsibilities, he was appointed as President of Nokia Telecommunications and as Member of the Executive Board in 1993


Short Message Service - Most early GSM mobile phone handsets did not support the ability to send SMS text messages, and Nokia was the only handset manufacturer whose total GSM phone line in 1993 supported user-sending of SMS text messages


Nokia has had a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange since 1994 add something


Between 1996 and 2001, Nokia's turnover increased almost fivefold from 6,5 billion euros to 31 billion euros add something


Iiro Viinanen - He served as a vice chairman of Nokia from 1996 to 2000


Finlux - In 1996, Nokia sold all its TV factories and brand names to Hong Kong company Semi-Tech, which continued manufacturing TV sets in one factory in Finland until the year 2000, when the Finnish subsidiary of Semi-Tech filed for bankruptcy


Julius Dobos - In 1997, Dobos met Zsolt Menesi, Regional Marketing Director for Nokia


By 1998, Nokia's focus on telecommunications and its early investment in GSM technologies had made the company the world's largest mobile phone manufacturer, a position it would hold for the next 14 consecutive years until 2012 add something


In 1998, Check Point established a partnership with Nokia, which bundled Check Point's Software with Nokia's computer Network Security Appliances add something


Nokia was the world's largest vendor of mobile phones from 1998 to 2012 add something


Motorola - In 1998, Motorola was overtaken by Nokia as the world's biggest seller of mobile phone handsets


Psion - The 32-bit EPOC developed by Project Protea resulted in the eventual formation of Symbian Ltd. in June 1998 in conjunction with Nokia, &Ericsson and Motorola


Thomas Dolby - In 1999, Headspace, Inc. was renamed Beatnik, Inc., and now specializes in software synthesizers for mobile phones, which it has licensed to mobile phone manufacturers including Nokia


The Nokia Display Products' branded business was sold to ViewSonic in 2000 add something


ViewSonic - In 2000, ViewSonic acquired the Nokia Display Products' branded business


Nokia opened its Komárom, Hungary mobile phone factory on 5 May 2000 add something


Since 2001, Nokia has provided eco declarations of all its products and since May 2010 provides Eco profiles for all its new products add something


Ian Livingstone (composer) - In 2001 he worked closely with Nokia on their ringtone technology including the arrangement for the well-known Nokia default ringtone


Symphony Teleca - Teleca started out as an engineering partner to Ericsson in 2001, and rapidly expanded its customer base to cover mobile device vendors such as Nokia, &Motorola and SonyEricsson


Robert Herjavec - Nokia completed the acquisition in January 2001


Tay Bee Aye - In 2002, her installation of 600 small handcrafted lip-shaped fabric cushions was on display at the atrium of Suntec City, as part of Nokia Singapore Art 2001 exhibition


Nokia shares were delisted from the London Stock Exchange in 2003, the Paris Stock Exchange in 2004, the Stockholm Stock Exchange in 2007 and the Frankfurt Stock Exchange in 2012 add something


In April 2003, the troubles of the networks equipment division caused the corporation to resort to similar streamlining practices on that side, including layoffs and organizational restructuring add something


On 22 September 2003, Nokia acquired, a branch of Sega which became the major basis to develop the Nokia N-Gage device add something


Vitelcom - During 2004 to 2005 Vitelcom was engaged in a patent infringement dispute with Nokia which was resolved before it went to court


Psion Teklogix - In 2004, Psion Teklogix announced its intention to dispose of the company's remaining Symbian shareholding to Nokia, as they no longer regarded it as a core part of their strategy


Psion - In 2004, Psion announced its intention to dispose of the company's remaining Symbian shareholding to Nokia, as they no longer regarded it as a core part of their strategy


All of Nokia's mobile phones are free of toxic polyvinyl chloride since the end of 2005 and all new models of mobile phones and accessories launched in 2010 are on track to be free of brominated compounds, chlorinated flame retardants and antimony trioxide add something


Google+ - Google's 2005 partnerships included financing the new mobi top-level domain for mobile devices, along with other companies including Microsoft, Nokia, and Ericsson


Google - Google's 2005 partnerships included financing the new mobi top-level domain for mobile devices, along with other companies including Microsoft, Nokia, and Ericsson


Tablet computer - In 2005 Nokian renkaat released the first of their Internet Tablet range, the Nokia 770


Tablet computer - In 2005, an Internet tablet, the Nokia 770, was introduced


Antti Autti - Over the summer of 2005 at the end of July, he competed in Nokia's Totally Board in Taiwan


Simon Beresford-Wylie - He was a member of the Group Executive Board of Nokia Corporation from 1 February 2005 until 31 October 2009


Carl Zeiss AG - On 27 April 2005 the company announced a collaboration with Nokia in the camera phone market


On 16 November 2005, Nokia and Intellisync Corporation, a provider of data and PIM synchronization software, signed a definitive agreement for Nokia to acquire Intellisync add something


Airtel Bangladesh - Again in October, 2006 Warid Telecom put off the launch of its cellphone services in Bangladesh until April, 2007 after its major supplier Nokia walked out on an agreement over a payment dispute


Electronic Arts - In the beginning, Nokia customers were able to download seven EA titles on the holiday season in 2006


Electronic Arts - Rick Simonson is the executive vice president and director of Nokia and starting from 2006 is affiliated with John Riccitiello and are partners


On February 2006, Nokia and Sanyo announced a memorandum of understanding to create a joint venture addressing the CDMA handset business add something


Nokia completed the acquisition on 10 February 2006 add something


In June 2006, Jorma Ollila left his position as CEO to become the chairman of Royal Dutch Shell and to give way for Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo add something


On 19 June 2006, Nokia and Siemens AG announced the companies would merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses to create one of the world's largest network firms, Nokia Siemens Networks add something


The creation of Nokia Siemens Networks was announced on 19 June 2006, when Nokia and Siemens announced that they would merge their mobile and fixed-line phone network equipment businesses add something


In September 2006, Nokia announced the Nokia N95, a Symbian-powered slider smartphone add something


Nokia was the first proponent of a Top Level Domain specifically for the Mobile Web and, as a result, was instrumental in the launch of the mobi domain name extension in September 2006 as an official backer add something


Gary Oldman - In September 2006, Nokia Nseries Studio released the Oldman-directed short film Donut, with music by Tor Hyams.


Electronic Arts - In September 2006, Nokia and EA announced a partnership in which EA becomes an exclusive major supplier of mobile games to Nokia mobile devices through the Nokia Content Discoverer


Nokia completed the acquisition on 16 October 2006 add something


Antti Autti - In December 2006, he scored 3rd place at the Nokia Air & Style in Munich , Germany


In 2007 Nokia set up their "Nokia Comes With Music" service, in partnership with Universal Music Group International, Sony BMG, Warner Music Group, EMI, and hundreds of independent labels and music aggregators, to allow 12, 18, or 24 months of unlimited free-of-charge music downloads with the purchase of a Nokia Comes With Music edition phone add something


The N-Gage was not a success, and from 2007 and 2008, Nokia started to offer an N-Gage service on existing Symbian S60 smartphones to play games add something


Linux - Cell phones and PDAs running Linux on open-source platforms became more common from 2007; examples include the Nokia N810, Openmoko's Neo1973, and the Motorola ROKR E8


Hindustan Unilever - HUL's leadership-building potential was recognised when it was ranked 4th in the Hewitt Global Leadership Survey 2007 with only GE, P&G and Nokia ranking ahead of HUL in the ability to produce leaders with such regularity


It was released in February 2007 as the first phone with a 5-megapixel camera add something


The Nokia Siemens Networks brand identity was subsequently launched at the 3GSM World Congress in Barcelona in February 2007 add something


In March 2007, Nokia signed a memorandum with Cluj County Council, Romania to open a new plant near the city in Jucu commune add something


On 1 April 2007, Nokia's Networks business group was combined with Siemens's carrier-related operations for fixed and mobile networks to form Nokia Siemens Networks, jointly owned by Nokia and Siemens and consolidated by Nokia add something


In May 2007, Nokia redefined its values after initiating a series of discussions worldwide as to what the new values of the company should be add something


Then until May 2007, the "Nokia Values" were Customer Satisfaction, Respect, Achievement, and Renewal add something


In July 2007, Nokia acquired all assets of Twango, the comprehensive media sharing solution for organizing and sharing photos, videos and other personal media add something


Ovi, announced on 29 August 2007, was the name for Nokia's "umbrella concept" Internet services add something


The service, launched on 29 August 2007, is aimed to rival iTunes add something


In September 2007, Nokia announced its intention to acquire Enpocket, a supplier of mobile advertising technology and services add something


A 8GB variant was released in October 2007 add something


Elena Paparizou - In early 2007, Paparizou became the spokesperson of Nokia Greece, her previous sponsor, and released the song "Ola Ine Mousiki" in October 2007 for promotion


Navteq was acquired by Nokia on 1 October 2007 add something


In November 2007, Nokia announced and released the Nokia N82, its first Nseries phone with Xenon flash add something


In 2008 Nokia acquired Symbian Ltd and, along with a number of other companies, created the Symbian Foundation to distribute the Symbian platform royalty free and as open source add something


In 2008, Nokia Siemens Networks, a joint venture between Nokia and Siemens_AG, reportedly provided Iran's monopoly telecom company with technology that allowed it to intercept the Internet communications of its citizens to an unprecedented degree add something


In 2008, Nokia released the Nokia E71 which was marketed to directly compete with the other BlackBerry-type devices offering a full "qwerty" keyboard and cheaper prices add something


Until 2008 Nokia was the major shareholder in Symbian Limited, a software development and licensing company that produced Symbian OS, a smartphone operating system used by Nokia and other manufacturers add something


Nokia Solutions and Networks - In 2008 Nokia &Siemens Networks provided Iran's monopoly telecom company TCI with technology that allowed it to monitor the phone calls of its customers


Nokia Solutions and Networks - In January 2008 Nokia &Siemens Networks acquired Israeli company "Atrica", a company that builds carrier-class Ethernet transport systems for metro networks


In an effort to further reduce their environmental impact in the future, Nokia released a new phone concept, Remade, in February 2008 add something


Work began in April 2008, and the film premiered in October 2008 add something


In May 2008, Nokia announced on their annual stockholder meeting that they want to shift to the Internet business as a whole add something


On 13 August 2008 Nokia launched a beta release of "Nokia Email service", a push e-mail service, since incorporated into Nokia Messaging add something


In September 2008, Nokia acquired OZ Communications, a privately held company with approximately 220 employees headquartered in Montreal, Canada add something


In November 2008, Nokia announced that it was ceasing mobile phone distribution in Japan add something


In 2009, Nokia heavily supported the passing of a law in Finland that allows companies to monitor their employees' electronic communications in cases of suspected information leaking add something


In 2009, the company announced a high-end Windows-based netbook called the Nokia Booklet 3G add something


Bluetooth - The first international "Bluetooth" Innovation World Cup 2009 drew more than 250 international entries, including Nokia, &Freescale_Semiconductor, Texas Instruments, Nordic Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics and Brunel


In April 2009, Check Point announced that it has completed the acquisition of Nokia's network security business unit add something


The Ovi Store, the Ovi application store was launched in May 2009 add something


During the post-election protests in Iran in June 2009, Iran's Internet access was reported to have slowed to less than a tenth of its normal speeds, and experts suspected this was due to the use of the interception technology add something


Nokia Solutions and Networks - In June 2009 Nokia &Siemens Networks stated that, whilst they had provided lawful interception capable equipment or services to Iran, capable of monitoring local voice calls, they had not provided equipment or services that provided deep packet inspection capabilities, speech recognition, Internet or network monitoring or web censorship capabilities


In July 2009, Nokia began to experience a boycott of their products and services in Iran add something


On 24 July 2009, Nokia announced that it will acquire certain assets of cellity, a privately owned mobile software company which employs 14 people in Hamburg, Germany add something


The acquisition of cellity was completed on 5 August 2009 add something


On 2 September 2009, Nokia launched two new music and social networking phones, the X6 and X3 add something


On 11 September 2009, Nokia announced the acquisition of "certain assets of Plum Ventures, Inc, a privately held company which employed approximately 10 people with main offices in Boston, Massachusetts add something


In October 2009, Nokia filed a lawsuit against Apple Inc. in the U.S. District Court of Delaware citing Apple infringed on 10 of its patents related to wireless communication including data transfer add something


iPhone - On October 22, 2009, Nokia filed a lawsuit against Apple for infringement of its GSM, UMTS and WLAN patents


Apple was quick to respond with a countersuit filed in December 2009 accusing Nokia of 11 patent infringements add something


Anssi Vanjoki resigned a few days before Nokia World 2010 and under new leadership team Jo Harlow will look into the affairs of Smartphones portfolio add something


For comparison, Nokia sold more than 30 million Symbian devices world-wide still in Q4 2010 and the Nokia N8 alone sold almost 4 million in its first quarter of sale add something


Nokia aims to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by at least 18 percent in 2010 from a baseline year of 2006 and cover 50 percent of its energy needs through renewable energy sources add something


Nokia had 66,267 personnel in its Devices&Services, NAVTEQ and Corporate Common Functions units combined, this has been calculated by subtracting the personnel of Nokia Siemens Networks from the total personnel of Nokia Group based on the full year report of 2010 add something


Shakira - According to Nokia in 2010, there were more Shakira music downloads in the prior year than for any other Latino artist in the last five years, and "She Wolf" topped the Top 10 Latino downloads


MTS (network provider) - Already in 2010 &MTS (MTS_India) became the 5th best selling handset brand in Russia, after Nokia, &Samsung, LG and SonyEricsson


Microsoft - As a result, in 2010, Microsoft revamped their aging flagship mobile operating system, Windows Mobile, replacing it with the new Windows Phone OS; along with a new strategy in the smartphone industry that has Microsoft working more closely with smartphone manufactures, such as Nokia, and to provide a consistent user experience across all smartphones using Microsoft's Windows Phone OS. It used a new user interface design language, codenamed "Metro", which prominently used simple shapes, typography and iconography, and the concept of minimalism


Samsung Electronics - At the end of the third quarter of 2010, the company had surpassed the 70 million unit mark in shipped phones, giving it a global marketshare of 22 percent, trailing Nokia by 12 percent


Linux Foundation - In 2010 when Intel and Nokia jointly announced that they will be merging their Linux efforts into a new project MeeGo targeting a broader range of hardware devices, it was revealed that Linux Foundation would be hosting it


Tablet computer - In 2010, Nokia and Intel combined the Maemo and Moblin projects to form MeeGo


Motorola - Motorola scores relatively well on the chemicals criteria and has a goal to eliminate PVC vinyl plastic and brominated flame retardants , though only in mobile devices and not in all its products introduced after 2010, despite the fact that Sony Ericsson and Nokia are already there


Nokia Lumia - Symbian, which was for many years the leading smartphone OS, dropped below Android in Q4 2010, at a time when many manufacturers used Android's open source OS. Nokia continued to develop and release Symbian smartphones as well as MeeGo when the Lumia line was released


Mirgor - This venture, IATEC, became the exclusive local manufacturer of Nokia cell phones, as well, in 2010


Apple countersued by filing a complaint with the ITC in January 2010, the details of which are yet to be confirmed add something


Firefox - It was first released for the Nokia Maemo operating system on January 28, 2010


Netbook - It was first announced at Mobile World Congress in February 2010 by & Intel and & Nokia in a joint press conference, with the stated aim being to merge the efforts of Intel's Moblin and Nokia's Maemo former projects into one new common project


On 28 March 2010, Nokia announced the acquisition of Novarra, the mobile web browser firm from Chicago add something


On 10 April 2010, Nokia announced its acquisition of MetaCarta, whose technology was planned to be used in the area of local search, particularly involving location and other services add something


Nokia Solutions and Networks - On 19 July 2010, Nokia &Siemens Networks announced it would acquire the wireless-network equipment division of Motorola


Stephen Elop - In September 2010, it was announced that Elop would take Nokia's CEO position, replacing Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, and becoming the first non-Finnish director in Nokia's history


Amid falling sales, Nokia posted a loss of 368 million euros for Q2 2011, while in Q2 2010 had still a profit of 227 million euros add something


It is the world's 143rd-largest company measured by 2011 revenues according to the "Fortune Global 500" add something


It is the world's fourth-largest telecoms equipment manufacturer measured by 2011 revenues add something


Nokia discontinued the Ovi brand in 2011, continuing to offer its services under the main brand add something


Nokia was to invest into the Series 40 platform and release a single MeeGo product in 2011 add something


Symbian was Nokia's main smartphone OS until 2011 add something


iPhone - As a result of the success of the iPhone sales volume and high selling price, headlined by the iPhone 4S, Apple became the largest mobile handset vendor in the world by revenue in 2011, surpassing long-time leader Nokia


iPhone - Due to large volumes of the iPhone being manufactured and its high selling price, Apple became the largest mobile handset vendor in the world by revenue, in 2011, surpassing long-time leader Nokia


Navteq - In 2011, Nokia announced NAVTEQ would be fully merged into Nokia, its CEO Larry Kaplan assisting through year end and leaving the company


Digia - In 2011, Digia acquired the commercial licensing business for Qt from Nokia


Stephen Elop - In 2011, Elop announced that some 11,000 employees would have to be laid off as part of a plan to "restructure" Nokia's business, and in June 2012 it was announced that further 10,000 layoffs were in order and that several facilities would have to be closed down due to budget cuts


In January 2011 Nokia withdrew this program in 27 countries, due to its failure to gain traction with customers or mobile network operators; existing subscribers could continue to download until their contracts ended add something


Since February 2011, Nokia has had a strategic partnership with & Microsoft, as part of which all Nokia smartphones will incorporate Microsoft's Windows Phone operating system add something


Jolla - The word "Jolla" can be recognized as an ironic joke about the "burning platform memo" of MeeGo which "absolutely accidentally has leaked" from Nokia CEO Stephen Elop in February 2011


Windows Phone - On February 11, 2011, at a press event in London, Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer and & Nokia CEO Stephen Elop announced a partnership between their companies in which Windows Phone would become the primary smartphone operating-system for Nokia, replacing Symbian


HTC - In April 2011, the company's market value surpassed that of Nokia, making HTC the third-largest smartphone-maker in the world behind Apple and Samsung


On 27 April 2011, The Register reported that Nokia was secretly developing a new operating system called Meltemi aiming at the low-end market add something


Apple Inc. - In June 2011, Apple overtook Nokia to become the world's biggest smartphone maker by volume


On September 2011, Nokia has announced it will lose another 3,500 jobs worldwide, including the closure of its Cluj factory in Romania add something


Windows Phone - The first & Nokia Windows phones, the Lumia 800 and Lumia 710, were announced in October 2011 at Nokia World 2011 event


Nokia Lumia - The "' & Nokia Lumia 800"' is a Windows Phone 7-OS powered smartphone, first unveiled on 26 October 2011 at the Nokia World 2011 event with an original pay as you go price of £400 SIM-free


Samsung Telecommunications - At the end of November 2011, Samsung sold more than 300 million mobile devices which was a close second after Nokia with 300,6 million mobile devices sold in the first three quarter of 2011


Nokia Lumia - The Nokia Lumia series was first introduced to the market in November 2011 with the release of two phones


Nokia Solutions and Networks - On 23 November 2011, Nokia &Siemens Networks announced that it would refocus its business on mobile broadband equipment, the fastest-growing segment of the market


Also Nokia acquired Scalado in 2012 add something


In Q2 2012, 26 million iPhones and 105 million Android phones have been shipped, but only 6,8 million devices with Symbian and 5,4 million with Windows Phone add something


MeeGo emphasis was on longer-term exploration, with plans to ship "a MeeGo-related product" later in 2012 add something


Nokia has acquired Smarterphone in 2012 add something


Windows Phone - An international version will launch in Q2 2012, with a UK launch expected in May. The Lumia 610 is the first Nokia Windows Phone to run the Tango Variant and is aimed at emerging markets


Windows Phone - At the Consumer Electronics Show in 2012 Nokia announced the Lumia 900, featuring a 4,3-inch AMOLED ClearBlack display, a 1,4 GHz processor and 16 GB of storage


Windows Phone - Despite the partnership with Nokia, &Microsoft has promoted HTC's Windows Phone 8X as the flagship device for Windows Phone 8 during the 2012 holiday season, instead of the Nokia Lumia 920


Risto Siilasmaa - He is the Chairman of Nokia's Board of Directors from 2012 onwards


Samsung Electronics - In the first quarter of 2012, the company became the highest-selling mobile phone company when it overtook Nokia, selling 93,5 million units compared to Nokia's 82,7 million units


Nokia Lumia 920 - This application integrates technology from Scalado which was acquired by Nokia in 2012


Nokia reported "well above 1 million" sales for its Lumia line up to 26 January 2012, 2 million sales for the first quarter of 2012, and add something


In February 2012, Nokia annonunced that it was laying off 4,000 employees to move manufacturing from Europe and Mexico to Asia add something


In February 2012, Nokia unveiled a plan to cut 4,000 more jobs at its plants in Finland, Hungary and Mexico as it moves smartphone assembly work to Asia add something


It was released in February 2012 and contains a 1,3 GHz processor add something


Nokia Lumia - The Nokia Lumia 710 was released in the UK on the 1st of February 2012 with an initial release price of £300 SIM-free


On 8 February 2012, Nokia Corp. said to cut around 4,000 jobs at smartphone manufacturing plants in Europe by the end of 2012 to move assembly closer to component supplier in Asia add something


In March 2012, Nokia annonunced that it was laying off 1,000 employees from its Salo, Finland factory to focus on software add something


The N800, N810, N900, N9 and N950 are as of April 2012 the only Nseries devices to not use Symbian OS. They use the Linux-based Maemo, except the N9, which uses MeeGo add something


Nokia Lumia - The first Nokia Lumia series continued in April 2012 with the release of a further two mobile phones


By May 2012, Nokia share price had fallen 37,5 percent since the beginning of the year, and was down 61 percent in the last year add something


On 4 May 2012, a group of Nokia investors filled a class action against the company as a result of disappointing sales of Nokia phones running on the Windows Phone platform add something


In June 2012, Nokia chairman Risto Siilasmaa told journalists that Nokia had a back-up plan in the eventuality that Windows Phone failed to be sufficiently successful in the market add something


On 14 June 2012, Nokia announced to cut 10,000 jobs globally by the end of 2013 add something


Nokia CEO admitted on 28 June 2012 that company's inability to foresee rapid changes in mobile phone industry was one of the major reasons for the problems company was facing add something


Nokia Asha platform - It is the successor to the Meltemi project which Nokia was developing as a Linux platform to replace Series 40, but was cancelled in July 2012


On 26 July 2012, it was announced that Nokia had abandoned the Meltemi project as a cost-cutting measure add something


Firefox OS - In August 2012, a Nokia employee demonstrated the OS running on a Raspberry Pi


Digia - This was followed in August 2012, by Digia acquiring Qt from Nokia


Nokia Lumia - In September 2012, & Nokia announced its first Windows Phone 8 devices, the Nokia Lumia 920 and 820


Nokia Lumia 920 - On September 6, 2012, Nokia apologized for an advertisement showing a video supposedly shot from somebody holding a Lumia 920 on a bike, but which was shot by somebody holding a camera in a van


On October 29, 2012, Nokia said its high-end Lumia 820 and 920 phones, which will run on Microsoft's Windows Phone 8 software, will reach first operators and retail outlets in some European markets including France and Britain and later in Russia and Germany as well as other select markets add something


Nokia Lumia - The & Nokia Lumia first generation series continues with the release of the Nokia Lumia 510, which is expected in November 2012


Nokia Lumia - In December 2012, & Nokia announced its first mid range Windows Phone 8 devices, the Nokia Lumia 620


Nokia Lumia 920 - In Denmark, all the major telecoms such as Telia, 3 and Telenor starting selling Nokia Lumia 920 from second week of December 2012


On December 5, 2012, Nokia introduced two new smartphones, the Lumia 620 and Lumia 920T. The 620 was released in January 2013 add something


In total, according to actualized and planned laid-offs Nokia will have laid off 24,500 employees by the end of 2013 add something


The most recent plan is to cut further 10,000 jobs globally by the end of 2013 add something


Therefore, the personnel would decrease by approximately 36 percent by the end of 2013 when compared to the end of 2010 that best depicts the lay-offs that have resulted from the strategy change in February 2011 and competition in the central mobile phone business units recently add something


Nokia Lumia - In Q1 2013 Nokia sold 5,6 million Lumia devices


In January 2013, Nokia annonunced that it was laying off about 1,000 employees from its IT, production and logistics division add something


In January 2013, Nokia reported 6,6 million smartphone sales for Q4 2012 consisting of 2,2 million Symbian and 4,4 million sales of Lumia devices add something


Nokia Lumia 920 - On January 10, 2013, Nokia released preliminary financial information for Q4 2012, saying that it had sold more than 4,4 million Lumia devices in that quarter


On January 25, 2013, Nokia announced this was the last Symbian smartphone the company would make add something


Until February 2013, no company has used its provisions add something


Nokia Lumia - These were followed by & Nokia Lumia 720 and Nokia Lumia 520, both announced in February 2013, and released two months later in April


HTC One - In April 2013, & Nokia was granted a preliminary injunction in a Dutch court against STMicroelectronics for supplying HTC with microphone components for the One that contained proprietary technology intended only for use on Nokia products


In May 2013 Nokia released the Asha platform for its low-end borderline smartphone devices add something


Nokia Asha series - The Asha 501, released in May 2013, runs the Nokia Asha platform, which builds on S40 and Smarterphone


As of July 2013, Nokia's flagship product is the Nokia Lumia 920, in addition to its successors, the 925 and the 928 add something


Nokia Lumia - On 3 September 2013, Microsoft announced its intent to acquire Nokia's mobile device business, expected to close in early 2014


Nokia Lumia - On 13 September 2013, the "New York Times" writer Nick Wingfield revealed that Nokia had been testing the Android operating system on its' Lumia hardware


However, a new report on 11 December 2013 showed the Asha-like device, codenamed 'Normandy' for the first time, stating that despite the finalisation of the acquisition, development of the device is continuing add something


Pending regulatory approval, the acquisition is expected to close in early 2014 add something


Nokia unveiled its' third range on 24 February 2014, the Nokia X family, which run a modified version of the Android operating system add something


In March 2014, it was announced that the acquisition of Nokia's mobile phone business would not be completed by the end of March as expected, but instead was delayed until April of that year due to problems with regulators in Asia add something


In March 2014, the deal is yet to be closed due to regulatory issues in Asia add something


Stephen Elop, Nokia's former CEO, and several other executives joined the new & & Microsoft Mobile subsidiary of Microsoft as part of the deal, which closed on 25 April 2014 add something


The Technologies division announced their first consumer product in June 2014, the Nokia Z Launcher, a home screen interface written for Google's Android OS. add something


In July 2014, Microsoft announced a significant layoff of workers, including 12,500 workers from the erstwhile mobile phone group at Nokia add something


The company continued to use the Nokia name on smartphones through October 2014, when & & Microsoft announced that future Lumia devices would be branded with Microsoft's name and logo add something


On 17 November 2014, Nokia technologies head Ramzi Haidamus disclosed that the company planned to re-enter the consumer electronics business by licensing in-house hardware designs and technologies to third-party manufacturers add something


In March 2015 at Mobile World Congress, Nokia demonstrated 5G transmissions to the public add something


In April 2015, Nokia stated that it was evaluating strategic alternatives for its Here mapping division, which could result in its sale add something


On 14 April 2015, Nokia confirmed that it was in talks with the French telecommunications equipment company Alcatel-Lucent regarding a potential merger add something


On June 18, 2015, Nokia's CEO Rajeev Suri revealed that the company plans to re-enter the mobile phone business in 2016 add something


In July 2015, Technologies department introduced a new product called OZO. This is a VR camera for professional content creators, developed at the company's R&D facilities in Tampere, Finland add something


As of October 2015, following approval of the deal by China's Ministry of Commerce, the merger awaits approval by French regulators add something


In November 2015, Nokia announced it expects to complete its transaction to acquire a majority share in Alcatel-Lucent in early 2016 add something


Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri has stated that the company plans to re-enter the mobile phone business in this manner in 2016, following the expiration of its non-compete clause with Microsoft add something


The acquisition is expected to be completed in early 2016, and is subject to regulatory approval add something


As of January 7, 2016 Nokia holds about 80 percent of the Alcatel-Lucent shares add something


The merger will be effective on January 14, 2016 add something


It was reported on 18 May 2016 that Microsoft had sold the Nokia-branded featurephone division to FIH Mobile, a division of Foxconn, and HMD, a new company in Finland add something


The deal was expected to close in June 2016, but Microsoft and Nokia will now part ways add something


On August 15, 2016, Pekka Rantala returned as its Chief Marketing Officer to relaunch the Nokia phones add something


On August 31, 2016, Ramzi Haidamus announced he would be stepping down from his position as president of Nokia Technologies add something


Devices are set to be released in 2017 add something


On 8 January 2017, HMD announced their first Android smartphone, Nokia 6 add something


HMD is expected to launch 6-7 phones by the end year 2017 with Nokia E1 being the next phone in line, rumoured to be announced on 26 February 2017, just a day before MWC 2017 add something


On 5 July 2017, Nokia and Xiaomi announced that they have signed a business collaboration agreement and a multi-year patent agreement, including a cross license to each company's cellular standard essential patents add something


On 19 January 2018, Nokia signed a deal with NTT Docomo, Japan's largest mobile operator, to provide 5G wireless radio base stations in the country by 2020 add something


On 29 January 2018, Nokia introduced the ReefShark line of 5G chipsets, claiming that it triples bandwidth to 84 Gbps add something


On 7 May 2018, Nokia announced that it has acquired a California based IoT startup, SpaceTime Insight add something


At MWC 2019, Nokia unveiled the Nokia 9 PureView, bringing back the legendary nameplate add something