Charlie Albright
Yuja Wang
Carnegie Hall
Sally Whitwell
Daniel Wnukowski

See also


Knowledge Identifier: $Piano




Category: Music

Launched in 1210.

Countries: United States (42%), Russia (8%), United Kingdom (8%)

Main connections: Charlie Albright, Jazz, Yuja Wang

Linked to: First Viennese School, Kawai, Oxford University Press, Yamaha Corporation




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Contemporary musicians may adjust their interpretation of historical compositions from the 1600s to the 1800s to account for sound quality differences between old and new instruments or to changing performance practice add something


Early technological progress in the late 1700s owed much to the firm of Broadwood add something


Invented in about 1700 , the piano is widely employed in classical, jazz, traditional and popular music for solo and ensemble performances, accompaniment, and for composing, songwriting and rehearsals add something


It is not known exactly when Cristofori first built a piano. An inventory made by his employers, the Medici family, indicates the existence of a piano by the year 1700; another document of doubtful authenticity indicates a date of 1698 add something


The first fortepianos in the 1700s had a quieter sound and less dynamic range add something


Cristofori's new instrument remained relatively unknown until an Italian writer, Scipione Maffei, wrote an enthusiastic article about it in 1711, including a diagram of the mechanism, that was translated into German and widely distributed add something


The three Cristofori pianos that survive today date from the 1720s add something


Silbermann showed Johann Sebastian Bach one of his early instruments in the 1730s, but Bach did not like the instrument it at that time, claiming that the higher notes were too soft to allow a full dynamic range add something


Bach did approve of a later instrument he saw in 1747, and even served as an agent in selling Silbermann's pianos add something


In the period from about 1790 to 1860, the Mozart-era piano underwent tremendous changes that led to the modern form of the instrument add something


They sent pianos to both Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven, and were the first firm to build pianos with a range of more than five octaves: five octaves and a fifth during the 1790s, six octaves by 1810 , and seven octaves by 1820 add something


Over the 1800s, influenced by the musical trends of the Romantic music era, many innovations were made to make grand pianos louder, and give them a stronger and more powerful tone, such as using massive cast-iron frames and adding extra aliquot stringing add something


Edward Ryley invented the transposing piano in 1801 add something


The very tall cabinet piano was introduced about 1805 and was built through the 1840s add something


The short cottage upright or "pianino" with vertical stringing, made popular by Robert Wornum around 1815, was built into the 20th century add something


By the 1820s, the center of piano innovation had shifted to Paris, where the Pleyel firm manufactured pianos used by Frédéric Chopin and the Érard firm manufactured those used by Franz Liszt add something


Over-stringing was invented by Pape during the 1820s, and first patented for use in grand pianos in the United States by Henry Steinway, Jr. in 1859 add something


The oblique upright, popularized in France by Roller & Blanchet during the late 1820s, was diagonally strung throughout its compass add something


In 1821, Sébastien Érard invented the double escapement action, which incorporated a "repetition lever" that permitted repeating a note even if the key had not yet risen to its maximum vertical position add something


Felt, which was first introduced by Jean-Henri Pape in 1826, was a more consistent material, permitting wider dynamic ranges as hammer weights and string tension increased add something


The mechanical action structure of the upright piano was invented in London, England in 1826 by Robert Wornum, and upright models became the most popular model add something


In 1834, the Webster & Horsfal firm of Birmingham brought out a form of piano wire made from cast steel; according to Dolge it was "so superior to the iron wire that the English firm soon had a monopoly add something


Square pianos were built in great numbers through the 1840s in Europe and the 1890s in the United States, and saw the most visible change of any type of piano: the iron-framed, over-strung squares manufactured by Steinway & Sons were more than two-and-a-half times the size of Zumpe's wood-framed instruments from a century before add something


Babcock later worked for the Chickering & Mackays firm who patented the first full iron frame for grand pianos in 1843 add something


In 1863, Henri Fourneaux invented the player piano, which plays itself from a piano roll add something


Hubert de Blanck - In 1869, aged 13, he won the institution's 2nd Annual Piano Competition by unanimous decision, the winning piece being Hummel's Concerto in B minor for piano and orchestra


The bent plywood system was developed by C.F. Theodore Steinway in 1880 to reduce manufacturing time and costs add something


Julius Blüthner developed Aliquot stringing in 1893 as well as Pascal Taskin , and Collard & Collard add something


Wing and Son of New York offered a five-pedal piano from approximately 1893 through the 1920s add something


During the 19th century, American musicians playing for working-class audiences in small pubs and bars, particularly African-American composers, developed new musical genres based on the modern piano. Ragtime music, popularized by composers such as Scott Joplin, reached a broader audience by 1900 add something


Olga Samaroff - She played Tchaikovsky's 1st Piano Concerto under Stokowski's direction when he made his official conducting debut in Paris with the Colonne Orchestra on May 12, 1909


Dolge But a better steel wire was soon created in 1840 by the Viennese firm of Martin Miller, and a period of innovation and intense competition ensued, with rival brands of piano wire being tested against one another at international competitions, leading ultimately to the modern form of piano wire add something


Charley Straight - In 1916 he began working at the Imperial Piano Roll Company in Chicago were he recorded dozens of piano rolls


Charley Straight - It was during the 1920s that Straight worked with Roy Bargy on the latter's eight "Piano Syncopations"


There is no mention of the company past the 1930s add something


The minipiano is an instrument patented by the Brasted brothers of the Eavestaff Ltd. piano company in 1934 add something


Lance Dossor - He won the 1936 Franz Liszt Prize at the Vienna International Piano Competition, and in the following year the Sonata Prize and overall Fourth Prize in the 1937 International Frédéric Chopin Piano Competition


Early plastics used in some pianos in the late 1940s and 1950s, proved disastrous when they lost strength after a few decades of use add something


In an effort to make pianos lighter, Alcoa worked with Winter and Company piano manufacturers to make pianos using an aluminum plate during the 1940s add something


Serge Nigg - Concerto - After completing a Concerto for Piano and Wind Instruments and a Concerto for Piano and String Orchestra , and the symphonic poem "Timour" , he became the first French composer to write a dodecaphonic work when his Variations for Piano and 10 Instruments appeared in 1946


Art Tatum - Evidence of this can be found in the set entitled 20th Century Piano Genius which consists of 40 tunes recorded at private parties at the home of Hollywood music director Ray Heindorf in 1950 and 1955.


Liu Shikun - He won third prize and the Special Prize of the Liszt International Piano Competition in Hungary in 1956 and was awarded a strand of Franz Liszt's hair


Van Cliburn - Cliburn's 1958 piano performance in Moscow when he won the prestigious Tchaikovsky International Piano Competition has been added to the National Recording Registry in the Library of Congress on March 21, 2013 for long-term preservation


Van Cliburn - The performance of the Rachmaninoff 3rd Piano Concerto at this concert was subsequently released by RCA Victor on LP. Cliburn was invited by Steve Allen to play a solo during Allen's prime time NBC television series on May 25, 1958


The electric piano became a popular instrument in the 1960s and 1970s genres of jazz fusion, funk music and rock music add something


The electric pianos that became most popular in pop and rock music in the 1960s and 1970s, such as the Fender Rhodes use metal tines in place of strings and use electromagnetic pickups similar to those on an electric guitar add something


Harold Mabern - In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Mabern led four albums for Prestige Records, performed with Lee Morgan, and recorded with Stanley Cowell's Piano Choir


Beginning in 1961, the New York branch of the Steinway firm incorporated Teflon, a synthetic material developed by DuPont, for some parts of its Permafree grand action in place of cloth bushings, but abandoned the experiment in 1982 due to excessive friction and a "clicking" that developed over time; Teflon is "humidity stable" whereas the wood adjacent to the Teflon swells and shrinks with humidity changes, causing problems add something


Johnny Pearson - The Oriole album, "Piano Sweet - Piano Wild", had a single taken from it, "Ooh La La", released in 1962


Van Cliburn - Under the leadership of Grace Ward Lankford and with the dedicated efforts of local music teachers and volunteers, the First Van Cliburn International Piano Competition was held from September 24 to October 7, 1962, at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth


Ran Blake - Following Jeanne Lee's departure to become one of the premier vocalists in the burgeoning avant-garde, Blake recorded the prototypical "Ran Blake Plays Solo Piano" in 1965


Ketil Bjornstad - He showed great talent at a young age, and won the title of "Youth Piano Master" in 1966 and 1968


Joel Ryce-Menuhin - In 1966, they performed the Mozart Double Piano Concerto under the baton of Yehudi Menuhin in Gstaad and other venues in Europe


Oscar Peterson - In the fall of 1970, Peterson's trio were successful in their album Tristeza on Piano which was a eulogy of the recently deceased Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin, the Monterey Pop Festival stars.


Harold Mabern - Mabern has worked with two piano-based groups: the Piano Choir, formed and led by Stanley Cowell from the early 1970s and featuring at least six pianists/keyboardists, and the four-player Contemporary Piano Ensemble, the latter being formed in the early 1990s to pay tribute to Phineas Newborn, Jr. and touring extensively, including at the Montreal and Monterey Jazz Festivals


Janina Fialkowska - Following her prize-winning performance at the inaugural Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Master Competition held in Tel Aviv in 1974, Arthur Rubinstein became her mentor and launched her international career


Grotrian-Steinweg - Accordingly, in 1976 Grotrian-Steinweg formed a subsidiary brand for selling pianos in North America: Grotrian Piano Company GmbH.


Kawai Musical Instruments - In 1980, he opened the Ryuyo Grand Piano Factory, recognized today as one of the most advanced piano-building facilities in the world


Violeta Dinescu - She started teaching at the George Enescu Music School in Bucharest , conducting courses in Music history, Aesthetics, Counterpoint, Harmony and Piano. In 1980 she joined the Romanian Composers Union


Geoffrey Tozer - $Melbourne Symphony Orchestra - His early recordings were not commercially released; his first commercial recording, in 1986, was of John Ireland's Piano Concerto in E flat with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra conducted by David Measham, still considered by many the best recording of the work


Alexei Sultanov - He became famous after winning the Eighth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition in 1989, at the age of 19


Video Game Pianist - By the late 1990s, Leung had developed into a talented musician, placing first two times at the Los Angeles International Liszt Competition, once in 1998 and once in 2000, and placing third at the 2002 Oberlin Piano Festival


Phineas Newborn, Jr. - In the early 1990s the four-player Contemporary Piano Ensemble was formed by pianists Harold Mabern, James Williams, Mulgrew Miller, and Geoff Keezer to pay tribute to Newborn; it recorded two albums and toured internationally


Andrei Diev - In 1992 he was a Jury member of the First International Tchaikovsky Youth Competition, as well as Jury President of the Siberia Piano Competition


Par Lund - Lund's pianistic career began to show promise in his late teens when he in 1992 won Kil's International Piano Competition, followed by his entrance in the Ennio Porrino International Piano Competition in Cagliari where he reached the finals and was awarded for finest interpretation


Lynne Arriale - Jacksonville Jazz Festival - Arriale first came to prominence when she won the 1993 International Great American Jazz Piano Competition and performed at the Jacksonville Jazz Festival


Peter Martin (jazz pianist) - He won Second Place at the 1993 Thelonious Monk International Jazz Piano Competition


Russ Conway - He appeared as himself in French and Saunders' 1994 Christmas special, playing "I Like It" in their spoof of "The Piano"


Mihaela Ursuleasa - In 1995, she won the Clara Haskil International Piano Competition


Alexei Sultanov - In October 1995, Sultanov won second prize at the International Frederick Chopin Piano Competition; the grand prize was not awarded


Johnny Pearson - In 1996, he recorded a CD of library music, for the radio and television industry, titled "Simply Piano"


Zhang Dingyuan - Zhang has won a number of piano competition awards including the Chinese Piano Composition Award in 1996, the second prize in the Mi-Duo Piano Competition in 1996, and the third prize in the Artur Schnabel Piano Competition in 2001


Michael Kaeshammer - Brian Evans - Voice Michael Kaeshammer - Piano, Recorded at Babalu Nightclub in Vancouver, British Columbia, recorded in 1997 includes live tracks and two studio recordings


Fumiko Shiraga - She recorded the two Piano Concertos by Chopin in a piano and string quintet transcription and then, in 2001 and in a similar arrangement, she recorded Beethoven's First and Second piano concertos, as well as piano music by Bruckner, including a piano arrangement of his seventh symphony


It was for such instruments that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed his concertos and sonatas, and replicas of them are built in the 2000s for use in authentic-instrument performance of his music add something


Modern upright and grand pianos attained their present, 2000-era forms by the end of the 19th century add something


Starting in Beethoven's later career, the fortepiano evolved into an instrument more like the modern piano of the 2000s add something


The pianos of Mozart's day had a softer, more ethereal tone than 2000-era pianos or English pianos, with less sustaining power add something


When the invention became public, as revised by Henri Herz, the double escapement action gradually became standard in grand pianos, and is still incorporated into all grand pianos currently produced in the 2000s add something


Benjamin Kim - He has garnered top prizes in numerous competitions, including the Grand Prize in the 2000 World Piano Competition Young Artist Division and most recently, First Place in the 2004 Yale Gordon Piano Competition at the Peabody Conservatory


Peter Ritzen - In 2000 he was invited to be the artistic director of the International Piano Competition 'Theodor Leschetizky' in Taipei


Maksim Mrvica - In 2000, he moved to Paris to study with Igor Lazko and gained first prize in the Pontoise Piano Competition in 2001


Charlie Albright - Continuing to develop his performance career, Albright performed as part of the "Wonder Kids" concert in the Elsinore Piano Series in Salem, Oregon, in 2001 and performed in a concert with Dr. Tanya Stambuck of the University of Puget Sound the following January


Yuja Wang - In 2001, she won Third Prize and Special Jury Prize in the Piano Section at the First Sendai International Music Competition in Sendai


Olga Kern - In June 2001, she became the first woman in over thirty years to receive the Nancy Lee and Perry R. Bass Gold Medal in the Eleventh Van Cliburn International Piano Competition


Krystal Harris - Her debut album was called "Me & My Piano", and it was released on June 5, 2001, right before the success of the film "The Princess Diaries"


Dong-Hyek Lim - In December 2001, he became the youngest winner of the Premier Grand Prix in the history of the Marguerite Long-Jacques Thibaud International Piano Competition in Paris and five other special *awards


Eliane Elias - In 2002 she made her first appearance on Marian McPartland's Piano $Jazz radio program


Yuja Wang - In 2003, Wang made her European debut with the Tonhalle Orchestra in Zurich, Switzerland, playing Beethoven's Piano Concerto No. 4 under the baton of David Zinman


Charlie Albright - Albright's success continued as a prizewinner in the Northwest Chopin Festival on February 1, 2003, and first prize winner in the 2003 Washington State MTNA Senior Piano Competition


David Nevue - Nevue established the "Whisperings: Solo Piano Radio" internet radio station in August 2003 as a vehicle for promoting his own particular brand of piano music


Charlie Albright - At age 15, Albright was selected as the youngest pianist in the Young Artist program of the 2004 TCU/Cliburn Piano Institute in Fort Worth, Texas


Awadagin Pratt - In fall 2004 Pratt accepted a position as Assistant Professor of Piano and Artist in Residence at the University of Cincinnati College-Conservatory of Music


Charlie Albright - Albright won the 2005 Washington State MTNA Senior Piano Competition for the third time, in November


Charlie Albright - He was one of seven competitors in the 2005 National MTNA Senior Piano Competition


Nareh Arghamanyan - In 2005 she won the Josef Dichler Piano Competition in Vienna, and the following year was awarded a scholarship from the Herbert von Karajan Foundation


Johnny Pearson - This was followed in 2005 by another CD, "Simply Piano 2"


Charlie Albright - When he was almost 17 years old, Albright was the First Prize winner in the 2005 International Institute for Young Musicians International Piano Competition in Lawrence, Kansas


Dong-Hyek Lim - Lim participated in the 15th International Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw in October 2005 and shared the third prize his elder brother Dong-Min Lim, with no second prize being *awarded


Computer based software, such as Modartt's 2006 Pianoteq, can be used to manipulate the MIDI stream in real time or subsequently to edit it add something


Charlie Albright - Albright won Second Prize in the 2006 Schimmel Senior International Piano Competition in Tempe, Arizona


Charlie Albright - Albright won the 2006 Washington State MTNA Senior Piano Competition for the fourth time, in November


Daniel Wnukowski - In 2006, he was *awarded a scholarship to study at the International Piano Academy Lake Como


Charlie Albright - In August, he won first prize and all other prizes in the 2006 Eastman Young Artists' International Piano Competition at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York


Charlie Albright - In June, he was the first pianist ever to win both the Solo and Ensemble Divisions of the 2006 New York Biennial National Piano Competition in New York, New York


Fumiko Shiraga - Her CD with the Mozart piano concertos 22 and 26 was selected as Editor's Choice in January 2006, and in the same year her last CD of the Mozart-Hummel series, with the piano concerto No. 18 and the 40th Symphony was selected as CD of the month by Piano News


Charlie Albright - Albright won the 2007-2008 Harvard Bach Society Orchestra Competition as a freshman and performed the Tchaikovsky Piano Concerto, No. 1 with the group in February 2008


Charlie Albright - Albright won third prize at age 18 in the 2007 Hilton Head International Piano Competition held in South Carolina, finishing behind Eric Zuber and Alexey Koltakov


Daniel Wnukowski - In 2007, he performed Brahms Piano Concerto No. 2 and Mozart's Piano Concert No. 27 with the Polish Radio Orchestra under the direction of Tomasz Bugaj which was broadcast on Polish Radio stations


Nareh Arghamanyan - Nareh Arghamanyan has won an impressive number of awards: she has been the 1st Prize recipient at the 2007 Piano Campus International Competition in Pontoise and took 2nd Prize at the 2007 Jose Roca International Competition in Valencia


Dan Sweetman - Sweetman has been playing instruments since the 3rd grade specializing in Guitar, Piano, Saxophone, Jazz Flute, Sitar and G chromatic kazoo and recently performed at the 2007 Australian Gospel Music Festival in Toowoomba, Queensland


Charlie Albright - During the summer, he competed in the 2008 Sydney International Piano Competition in Sydney, Australia, where he finished as a semi-finalist and won the category for playing a Franz Liszt study piece , and was given a prize for the "Best Performance of a 21st Century Work in Stage 1


Marija Gluvakov - She was appointed Assistant Professor of Piano in 2008


Anastasia Rizikov - She had already performed at Carnegie Hall when, in 2009, Anastasia became the first place winner at the Bradshaw and Buono International Piano Competition


Charlie Albright - Albright competed at the Top of the World International Piano Competition in Norway in June 2009


Charlie Albright - In December 2009, Centralia College purchased an instrument they called the "Charlie Albright Piano" as a result of the "Charlie Albright Piano Project


Even composers of the Romantic movement, like Liszt, Chopin, Robert Schumann, Felix Mendelssohn, and Johannes Brahms, wrote for pianos substantially different from 2010-era modern pianos add something


Kevin Kenner - He was a member of the jury at the International Chopin Piano Competition in 2010


Anastasia Rizikov - In 2010, Anastasia won first place in the Thousand Islands International Piano Competition for Young People


Mihaela Ursuleasa - In 2010, she was awarded the Echo Klassik award for her debut album "Piano & Forte"


Charlie Albright - Albright made his Seattle Symphony debut with the Beethoven Piano Concerto, No. 3 with conductor Gerard Schwarz on September 10, 2010


Sally Whitwell - For three days in November 2010, Whitwell worked at the ABC's studios to record her debut solo album, "Mad Rush: Piano Music of Philip Glass", which was issued on 3 June 2011 by ABC Classics


Carlos do Carmo - After releasing, in 2011 , a record with jazz pianist Bernardo Sassetti , it has been announced that Carlos do Carmo and pianist Maria João Pires are recording a new Fado and Piano record to be released by Deutsche Grammophon before the end of 2012


Sally Whitwell - At the ARIA Music *awards of 2011 Whitwell won the Best Classical Album *award for "Mad Rush: Piano Music of Philip Glass"


Carsten Dahl - In 2011 Carsten Dahl even returned to his drumming roots with the The Crazy Constellation Trio, with Hugo Rasmussen on bass and Søren Kristiansen on piano.PrizesBen Webster *award 1997, Rodovre Musicprice 1997, Jasa Prize 2002, honoredby the Danish music council in 2003 for 'Moonwater' and in 2013 for 'DreamChild', DMA $ Jazz in 2004 for the piece 'Solo Piano', Django D'orPrize in 2006 'Master of Jazz', DMA Jazz in 2011 for the piece 'Effata',and Jazz Specials Prize for album of the year 2011 Metamorphosis


William Susman - In November 2011, OCTET premiered his "Piano Concerto" at Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall


Umi Garrett - Garrett attended the Sydney International Piano Masterclass Festival in 2012


Jason Moran (musician) - In 2012, Moran appeared on the NPR program, "Piano Jazz Rising Stars" hosted by Jon Weber, and produced by South Carolina ETV


Umi Garrett - On March, 2012 Umi Garrett performed at The International Piano Stars Festival in Latvia being the youngest performer in the festival's history


Charlie Albright - On May 20, 2012, Albright graduated from the New England Conservatory of Music with a Master of Music degree in Piano Performance, having studied under Wha-Kyung Byun


Nadia Azzi - Newport Music Festival - In 2013 and 2014, she performed at the Junior Piano Academy Eppan in Italy, at the Bravo Niagara International Music Festival in Canada, at the 15th Youth America Grand Prix Anniversary Celebration at David H. Koch Theater in Lincoln Center, Newport Music Festival, Aspen Music Festival, in Washington, D.C. by an invitation from the Florida House on Capitol Hill and with the Orchestre de la Francophonie in Montreal


Chuck Leavell - In 2013, Leavell was nominated for a Blues Music *award in the 'Pinetop Perkins Piano Player' category


Sally Whitwell - She won the same category in 2013 for "All Imperfect Things: Solo Piano Music of Michael Nyman"


Sally Whitwell - In February 2013 Glass performed the world premiere of his "Complete Piano Etudes" at the Perth Concert Hall


Sally Whitwell - On 6 September 2013 Whitwell issued her third solo album, "All Imperfect Things: The Piano Music of Michael Nyman", which was engineered and produced by Virginia Read


Brad Mehldau - In October 2013 the US premiere of Mehldau's "Variations for Piano and Orchestra on a Melancholy Theme" was held in Worcester, Massachusetts


Anastasia Rizikov - In November 2013 she captured first prize in the 13th «Giuliano Pecar» International Piano Competition in Gorizia,_Italy; and in May 2011 - first prize in the Rotary International Piano Competition in Palma de Mallorca, Spain


Yuja Wang - Ms Wang is scheduled to perform the Piano Concerto in Boston in March 2014


Jon Kimura Parker - He is currently Professor of Piano at The Shepherd School of Music, Rice University in Houston, Texas, and as of 2015, is part of the group "Off The Score", with Stewart Copeland, Yoon Kwon, Marlon Martinez and Judd Miller


Max Morath - In 2015 the album "Max Morath - The Complete Ragtime Works for Piano" was released on the MAI label


Anastasia Rizikov - On April 17, 2015, Anastasia Rizikov swept a field of 66 entrants to win the Gold Medal and all other prizes in the 57th Jaén International Piano Competition in Jaén, Spain


Marcia Ball - In May 2015, Ball won the 'Pinetop Perkins Piano Player' *award at the Blues Music *awards ceremony


Yuja Wang - Wang made her Berlin Philharmonic debut in May 2015, performing Sergey Prokofiev's 2nd Piano Concerto with Conductor Paavo Järvi


Yuja Wang - Carnegie Hall - In a recital at Carnegie hall in May 2016, she played Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 29, the ", and two Brahms "Ballades" and Robert Schumann's "Kreisleriana"