Summer Olympic Games

Knowledge Identifier: !Summer_Olympic_Games


Summer Olympic Games

International multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee add

Category: Sport

Activity starting in 1850.

Countries: United States (20%), (20%), United Kingdom (5%)

Main connections: Cristiano Ronaldo, David Beckham, Neymar

Linked to: International Olympic Committee, Soviet Union, Association of Summer Olympic International Federations, New Zealand national rugby union team




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He based his Olympics on the Wenlock Olympian Society Annual Games, which had been contested in Much Wenlock since 1850 add something


It was unanimously chosen as the host city during a congress organized by Pierre de Coubertin, a French pedagogue and historian, in Paris, on 23 June 1894 add something


Despite many obstacles and setbacks, the 1896 Olympics were regarded as a great success add something


For the first time since the Games started in 1896 were all continents represented with athletes competing in the same stadium add something


The "'Summer Olympic Games"' or the "'Games of the Olympiad"', first held in 1896, are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee add something


The first edition of de Coubertin's games, held in Athens in 1896, attracted just 0245 competitors, of whom more than 0200 were Greek, and only 14 countries were represented add something


The winner of the first Olympic Marathon in 1896 was Spiridon "Spiros" Louis, a Greek water-carrier add something


Thus the marathon had been 40 km for the first games in 1896, but was subsequently varied by up to 2 km due to local conditions such as street and stadium layout add something


FIFA World Cup - Football has been included in every Summer Olympic Games except 1896 and 1932


Athletics (sport) - The 1896 Summer Olympics saw the birth of the modern marathon and the event led to the growth of road running competitions through annual events such as the Boston Marathon and the Lake Biwa Marathon and Fukuoka Marathons, which were established in the 1940s


The 1896 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the I Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in Athens, Greece, from 6 to 15 April 1896 add something


At the six Olympic games between 1900 and 1920, the marathon was raced over six different distances add something


Four years later the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris attracted more than four times as many athletes, including 20 women, who were allowed to officially compete for the first time, in croquet, golf, sailing, and tennis add something


In contrast with Paris 1900, the word "Olympic" was used for practically every contest, including those exclusively for school boys or for Irish-Americans add something


The games were more successful than the 1900 and 1904 games, with over 0900 athletes competing, and contributed positively to the success of future games add something


Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that started in 1904 add something


The only country to have won at least one gold medal at every Summer Olympic Games is Great Britain, ranging from one gold in 1904, 1952 and 1996 to fifty-six golds in 1908 add something


A series of smaller games were held in Athens in 1906 add something


The 1906 Athens games were the first of an alternating series of games to be held in Athens, but the series failed to materialize add something


Handball - The first written set of team handball rules was published in 1906 by the Danish gym teacher, lieutenant and Olympic medalist Holger Nielsen from Ordrup grammar school north of Copenhagen


At the end of the 1908 marathon the Italian runner Dorando Pietri was first to enter the stadium, but he was clearly in distress, and collapsed of exhaustion before he could complete the event add something


The 1908 London Games saw numbers rise again, as well as the first running of the marathon over its now-standard distance of 42,195 km add something


England - London has hosted the Summer Olympic Games three times, in 1908, 1948, and 2012


The Games continued to grow, attracting 2,504 competitors, to Stockholm in 1912, including the great all-rounder Jim Thorpe, who won both the decathlon and pentathlon add something


"Note: Although the Games of 1916, 1940, and 1944 had been cancelled, the Roman numerals for those Games were still used because the Summer Games' official titles count Olympiads, not the Games themselves, per the Olympic Charter add something


The 1920 Antwerp games in war-ravaged Belgium were a subdued affair, but again drew a record number of competitors add something


World Fencing Championships - Since 1921, the FIE championships have occurred annually, with the exception of all events held during the Summer Olympics, and an interruption forced by World War II between 1938 and 1947


This record only stood until 1924, when the Paris Games involved 3,000 competitors, the greatest of whom was Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi add something


Philippines - The Philippines has participated in the Summer Olympic Games since 1924 and was the first country in Southeast Asia to compete and win a medal


The 1928 Amsterdam games were notable for being the first games which allowed females to compete at track & field athletics, and benefited greatly from the general prosperity of the times alongside the first appearance of sponsorship of the games, from Coca-Cola add something


The 1928 games saw the introduction of a standard medal design with the IOC choosing Giuseppe Cassioli's depiction of Greek goddess Nike and a winner being carried by a crowd of people add something


San Marino national football team - Though the San Marino Football Federation formed in 1931, the federation did not establish a national team until 1986, when a team representing the Federation played Canada's Olympic team in an unofficial international


The 1932 Los Angeles games were affected by the Great Depression, which contributed to the low number of competitors add something


California - The 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles


World Fencing Championships - This only counts the World Championships since 1937 and do not include the results of the fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics


Due to World War II, the Games of 1940 were cancelled add something


This contrasts with the Winter Olympic Games, which ignore the cancelled Winter Games of 1940 & 1944 in their numeric count add something


The Games of 1944 were due to be held in London but were cancelled; instead, London hosted the first games after the end of the war, in 1948 add something


Finland made a legend of an amiable Czech army lieutenant named Emil Zátopek, who was intent on improving on his single gold and silver medals from 1948 add something


The first post-war Games were held in 1948 in London, with both Germany and Japan excluded add something


At the 1952 Games in Helsinki the U.S. team competed for the first time and immediately became one of the dominant teams add something


Cy Young (athlete) - Young competed in the javelin throw for the U.S. at the 1952 Summer Olympic Games in Helsinki , Finland where he won the gold medal; no other American male athlete had ever won the Olympic javelin event


The 1956 Melbourne Games were largely successful, barring a water polo match between Hungary and the Soviet Union, which political tensions caused to end as a pitched battle between the teams add something


At the 1960 Rome Games a young light-heavyweight boxer named Cassius Clay, later known as Muhammad Ali, arrived on the scene add something


Other performers of note in 1960 included Wilma Rudolph, a gold medalist in the 0100 meters, 0200 meters and 4x100 meters relay events add something


There were emotional scenes, such as when Muhammad Ali, clearly affected by Parkinson's disease, lit the Olympic torch and received a replacement medal for the one he had discarded in 1960 add something


The 1964 Games held in Tokyo are notable for heralding the modern age of telecommunications add something


The 1964 Games were thus a turning point in the global visibility and popularity of the Olympics add something


Performances at the 1968 Mexico City games were affected by the altitude of the host city, specifically the long jump, in which American athlete Bob Beamon jumped 8,90 meters add something


The 1968 Games introduced the now-universal Fosbury flop, a technique which won American high jumper Dick Fosbury the gold medal add something


Politics again intervened at Munich in 1972, with lethal consequences add something


Uli Hoeness - Despite his success, Hoeneß retained his amateur status until 1972, allowing him to take part in that year's Summer Olympic Games


Larry Holmes - In his twenty-second bout, he boxed Duane Bobick in the 1972 Olympic Trials


Vesa Hanski - "'Vesa Hanski"' is a retired male butterfly swimmer from Finland, who competed in two consecutive Summer Olympics for his native country, starting in 1992


There was no such tragedy in Montreal in 1976, but bad planning and fraud led to the Games' cost far exceeding the budget add something


Christin Petelski - "'Christin Petelski"' is a former competition swimmer and breaststroke specialist who represented Canada at two consecutive Summer Olympics in 1996 and 2000


Mark Johnston (swimmer) - "'Mark Johnston"' is a former freestyle swimmer from Canada, who competed at two consecutive Summer Olympics, starting in 2000


Afghan Civil War - Following the Soviet Union's participation in the Afghan Civil War, 66 nations, including the United States, Canada, West Germany and Japan, boycotted the 1980 games held in Moscow add something


The boycott contributed to the 1980 Games being a less publicised and less competitive affair, which was dominated by the host country add something


Djamel Menad - Previously, in 1980, he played Olympic football in Moscow, helping the national team to the quarterfinals


Philippines - The country had competed in every Summer Olympic Games since then, except when they participated in the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics


They were reinstated in 1983, 30 years after his death add something


Again, without the participation of the Eastern European countries, the 1984 Games were dominated by their host country add something


In 1984 the Soviet Union, and 13 Soviet Allies, reciprocated by boycotting the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles add something


Romania, notably, was one of the nations in the Eastern Bloc which did attend the 1984 Olympics add something


Matt Biondi - Biondi competed in the Summer Olympic Games in 1984, 1988 and 1992, winning a total of eleven medals


Brad Dalton - Dalton represented Australia at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles and again in 1988 in Seoul


Jud Logan - He competed in four Summer Olympics, starting in 1984


In 1988, one such contractor, Giuseppe Zappia "was cleared of fraud charges that resulted from his work on Olympic facilities after two key witnesses died before testifying at his trial add something


The 1988 games, in Seoul, were very well planned but the games were tainted when many of the athletes, most notably men's 0100 metres winner Ben Johnson, failed mandatory drug tests add something


Larry Holmes - After five straight wins, he fought Ray Mercer, the undefeated 1988 Olympic Gold Medalist, on February 7, 1992


Guylaine Cloutier - Cloutier competed internationally at three consecutive Summer Olympics, starting in 1988


David Mitchell (Australian association footballer) - He made 44 appearances for the national team, scoring 13 goals, and appearing in the 1988 Summer Olympic Games in Seoul


Mark Bradtke - Mark Bradtke was a prominent player for the Australian Boomers playing in the 1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000 Summer Olympic Games, and at the 1990 and 1994 FIBA World Championship


Yayuk Basuki - She represented Indonesia at the Summer Olympic Games in 1988, 1992, 1996 and 2000


FEI World Equestrian Games - The games have been held every four years, halfway between sets of consecutive Summer Olympic Games, since 1990


AEK Athens F.C. - The Olympic Athletic Center of Athens hosted the Mediterranean Games in 1991, the World Championship in Athletics in 1997, the 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Finals well as other important athletic and cultural events, the most significant of which remains the Summer Olympics in 2004


The 1992 Barcelona Games featured increased professionalism among Olympic athletes, exemplified by US basketball's "Dream Team" add something


Tom Hammond - Hammond has served as the play-by-play announcer for NBC's coverage of Track and Field at every Summer Olympics since 1992


Al Bernstein - In 1992 and 1996, he served as the boxing analyst for NBC's coverage of the Summer Olympic Games


Cataluna - In 1992, Barcelona hosted the Summer Olympic Games


Badminton - It became an official Summer Olympic sport at the Barcelona Olympics in 1992 and its gold medals now generally rate as the sport's most coveted prizes for individual players


Argentina national football team - The team won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Kirin Cup, both in 1992, and an Argentina team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008


Argentina national football team - The team won the FIFA Confederations Cup and the Kirin Cup, both in 1992, and the Argentine Olympic team won the Olympics football tournaments in Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008


Rashidi Yekini - Additionally, Yekini helped the "Super Eagles" win the 1994 Africa Cup of Nations, where he topped the goal charts, and participated at Olympic level in Seoul 1988


In the Atlanta games in 1996, the highlight was 200 meters runner Michael Johnson annihilating the world record in front of a home crowd add something


Nigeria national football team - Also, at the 1996 Atlanta Summer Olympics, and they became the first African football team to win gold at the Summer Olympic Games


Geoff Billington - He has represented Great Britain at the Olympics in both Atlanta 1996 and Sydney 2000 and has competed in 46 Nations Cups since 1976, with a total of 9 wins


Santiago Canizares - He was a squad member at Euro 1996, the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2004 but did not play, blocked by Zubizarreta in the 1990s and Iker Casillas in 2004; he was equally an unused player in the gold winning squad at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona


Matthew Mileham - His American wife, Dr. Lacy Barnes-Mileham, who attended Fresno State, was a discus thrower at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta in 1996


Radio Television of Serbia - RTS broadcast its first Summer Olympic Games in 1996 and has held broadcasting rights for the Olympic Games ever since


Shannon Shakespeare - Shakespeare competed for Canada at two consecutive Summer Olympics in 1996 and 2000


Wratislavia Chamber Orchestra - They participated in creating the musical setting of the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta


Christie Rampone - Christie Rampone has represented the United States at the 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup finals, and at the 2000, 2004, 2008, and 2012 Summer Olympics


Controversy did not escape the 2000 Games in Women's Artistic Gymnastics, in which the vaulting horse was set to the wrong height during the All Around Competition add something


The 2000 Games were held in Sydney, Australia, and showcased individual performances by local favorite Ian Thorpe in the pool, Briton Steve Redgrave who won a rowing gold medal in an unprecedented fifth consecutive Olympics, and Cathy Freeman, an Indigenous Australian whose triumph in the 400 meters united a packed stadium add something


Gao Ling - Gao has not earned an Olympic gold medal in women's doubles, a relative gap in her resume, but earned a bronze medal in 2000 with Qin Yiyuan, and a silver medal with Huang Sui in 2004


Sofiane Labidi - He represented his country at the 2000 and 2004 Summer Olympic Games


Dawn Burrell - In 2000 she was the runner up at the United States Olympic Track and Field Trials, jumping a wind-assisted 6,97 m and earning selection for the upcoming Summer Olympics


Keeth Smart - In the individual Olympic men's sabre competition, he placed 30th in the 2000 Olympic Games, 15th in 2004, 4th in the team event, 6th in 2008, and he won the silver medal in the team event


Natasha Mayers - She represented her country at the Summer Olympic Games in 2000 and 2004, and had the honour of national flag bearer at the latter edition


Paul Rogers (basketball) - Two years later he was selected to the Boomers squad for the 2000 Summer Olympic Games in Sydney, helping the team to a best ever 4th place after a 71-89 Bronze medal playoff loss to Lithuania in front of 14,833 at the Sydney Super Dome


MediaCorp TV12 Central - In 2001, both 'Hanging By The Thread' and 'AlterAsian' received a Finalist status at the New York Festival, and in 2007, the I-Collector series won the Runners-Up position in the Asian TV Awards and showing you the live television broadcasting delayed relay simulcast coverage multi national and international sports event such as : Summer Olympic Games, Winter Olympic Games, Summer Paralympic Games, Winter Paralympic Games, Commonwealth Games, Asian Games, Southeast Asian Games, Asian Youth Games, Youth Olympic Games'


In June 2003, the principal suspect in this bombing, Eric Robert Rudolph, was arrested add something


In 2004 the Games returned to their birthplace in Athens, Greece add something


Sajjad Moradi - He competed at three Summer Olympic Games in 2004, 2008, and 2012


Fernando Meira - In 2004 he played in three games at the Summer Olympic Games, in an eventual group stage exit


Ivan Drago - In 2004, Patrick Hruby referenced Ivan in a comparison of the American-Soviet Olympic rivalry of the era and wrote, "Nationalism makes the Olympics worth watching


Marian Burnett - She competed in the 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympic Games, reaching the second heat of the 800 metres on both occasions


Camille Muffat - She thus equalled Laure Manaudou's 2004 Olympics achievement of one gold, one silver and one bronze and became only the third Frenchwoman after Micheline Ostermeyer and Manaudou to win three medals in a single summer or winter Olympic Games


Demond Greene - He played at EuroBasket in 2005, 2007 and 2009, at FIBA Basketball World Cup in 2006 and 2010 and at the Summer Olympic Games in 2008


Events at the summer Olympics have been held in Hong Kong and the Netherlands, with the equestrian events at the 2008 Summer Olympics being held in Sha Tin and Kwu Tung, Hong Kong and two sailing races at the 1920 Summer Olympics being held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands add something


Human rights activists unsuccessfully called for a boycott, and some even compared the 2008 Olympics to the 1936 ones held in Nazi Germany add something


Organizers for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing expected approximately 10,500 athletes to take part in the 0302 events on the program for the games add something


Lee Hyun-il - After the 2008 Olympics, Lee announced his retirement from international badminton and only competed in national competitions


Virdhawal Khade - Although he did not qualify for the semifinals of the 100m freestyle at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he did finish first in his heat and set a new personal best of 50,07 seconds, placing him 42nd overall


Robert Gunnarsson - He has competed for Iceland at three Olympic Games, winning a silver medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics


Christie Rampone - In 2008, Rampone was named captain of the Women's National Team and led the United States to the Gold medal once again, earning her 200th National Team cap at the 2008 Summer Olympics


Lee Hyun-il - In 2008, after defeating top rank players Lin Dan and Lee Chong Wei in Korea Open, he participated in the Beijing Olympics again, and managed to reach semi-finals before being defeated by world number 2, Lee Chong Wei from Malaysia, being beaten by Chen Jin of China to the bronze medal


Mary Pierce - Pierce was named as a member of the French Olympic team for the 2008 Beijing Olympics


University of Michigan - Through the 2008 Summer Olympic Games, 178 U-M students and coaches had participated in the Olympics, winning medals in every Summer Olympics except 1896, and winning gold medals in all but four Olympiads


Adil Hermach - Despite being born in France, Hermach has represented Morocco in the Olympics. he made his first cap for Morocco in the friendly match against Belgium on 26 March 2008


Mary Pierce - On 21 July 2008, however, Pierce withdrew from the Olympics because of injury


In October 2009, the IOC included golf and rugby sevens as part of the Olympic program for Rio de Janeiro add something


Due to the removal of baseball and softball, there was a total of 26 sports in the 2012 Games add something


The United Kingdom hosted the 2012 Olympic games, its third Summer Olympic Games, in its capital London, making London the first city to host the Summer Olympic Games three times add something


The International Olympic Committee has removed baseball and softball from the 2012 program add something


Werknesh Kidane - At the 2012 Summer Olympics, she finished fourth in the 10,000m again


Breeja Larson - At the 2012 United States Olympic Trials in Omaha, Nebraska, the qualifying meet for the 2012 Olympics, Larson made the U.S. Olympic team for the first time by winning the 100-meter breaststroke in a time of 1:05,92, ahead of favorite Rebecca Soni


Ivan Garcia (diver) - He competes in diving and represented Mexico at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London


Mizuki Fujii - Her career highest achievement was the silver medal in the women's doubles at the 2012 London Summer Olympics with Kakiiwa


LaVerne Jones-Ferrette - She competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics, finishing in 9th in the 200 m and in 14th in the 100 m, not qualifying for either final


Rutger Smith - Since he has competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics, and won a silver medal at the shot put in the 2012 European Championships


Handball - The most recent commemorative coin featuring handball is the British 50 pence coin, part of the series of coins commemorating the London 2012 Olympic Games


Silke Spiegelburg - At the 2012 Summer Olympics in London she finished in 4th position with 4,65 metres


FIBA - As noted above, the World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014


FIBA - Through 2014, both events are now held every four years, alternating with the Olympics


Bob Costas - An eye infection Costas had at the start of the 2014 Winter Olympics forced him, on February 11, 2014, to cede his Olympic hosting duties to Matt Lauer for at least one night, which is the first time someone other than Costas will host a primetime Olympics broadcast since CBS's broadcast of the 1998 Games and the first time Costas has not done so at all since the 1988 Summer Olympics


Neymar - In October 2014, Neymar had the fourth highest social media rank in the world among sportspeople, behind Cristiano Ronaldo, Lionel Messi and David Beckham, with 48,6 million Facebook fans


Richard Weinberger - Richard went on to finish 3rd at the 2015 Rio Olympic Test Event


Neymar - In January 2015, Neymar had the fourth highest social media rank in the world among sportspeople, behind Cristiano Ronaldo, Lionel Messi and David Beckham, with 50,8 million Facebook fans


Cristiano Ronaldo - On 18 February 2015, Ronaldo scored against Schalke 04 in a 2-0 &Champions_League (UEFA_Champions_League) victory to extend his run of scoring away in the competition to 12 matches, as well as equalizing Raúl and Messi as the top scorers in European competitions with 76 goals


Neymar - In March 2015, Neymar had the fourth highest social media rank in the world among sportspeople, behind Cristiano Ronaldo, Lionel Messi and David Beckham, with 52 million Facebook fans


Mesut Ozil - In March 2015, Özil had the seventh highest social media rank in the world among sportspeople, behind Cristiano Ronaldo, Lionel Messi, David Beckham, Neymar, Kaká and Ronaldinho, with 28 million Facebook fans


Mesut Ozil - In August 2015, Özil starred in the "Create Your Own Game" commercial for Adidas alongside Messi, Bale, Thomas Müller and James Rodríguez


Handball - This rule was first used in the women's world championship in December 2015 and has since been used by the men's European championship in January 2016 and by both genders in the Olympic tournament in Rio in 2016


In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will host the first Summer Games in South America add something


In 2016, Rio de Janeiro will host the first Summer Games in South America add something


Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will host the 2016 Summer Olympics, becoming the third city in the Southern Hemisphere to host the Olympic Games , and the first South American city to host the Olympics add something


Sports that are new to the 2016 Olympics have been placed in Category E. add something


Mireia Belmonte - At the Olympic Games in 2016 Rio became Olympic champion in the 200-metre butterfly, and won the bronze medal in the 400-metre individual medley


Katie Ledecky - Four years later, she left Rio de Janeiro as the most decorated female athlete of the 2016 Olympic Games with four gold medals, one silver medal, and two world records


Christine Ohuruogu - Her relay bronze at the 2016 Summer Olympics made her only the second British track and field athlete, after Steve Backley to win medals at three successive Olympic Games


USA Network - In 2016, USA will air three NASCAR races due to NBC broadcasting the 2016 Summer Olympics


Mike Gorman - Mike will do play-by-play of basketball for &NBC (NBC_Sports) during the 2016 Summer Olympics with longtime basketball analyst Fran Frashilla


Mireia Belmonte - Mireia Belmonte said that her goal was to prepare the 2016 Rio Olympic Games well although she had tried to be at the Kazan World Cup until the very last moment


Christine Ohuruogu - She has won four !World (IAAF_World_Championships_in_Athletics) championship bronze medals in the women's 4 x 400m relay as part of the Great Britain and Northern Ireland team and a bronze Olympic medal with the women's 4 x 400m relay at the 2016 Rio Games, her final Olympics


Signia (sportswear) - Signia signed an agreement with the Argentine Olympic Committee to provide equipment to its athletes during the Summer Olympics and Pan American Games, ending in 2016


Richard Weinberger - Weinberger himself said of his accomplishments that he was happy but "I want to be the Olympic champion in Rio in 2016


United States women's national basketball team - And the same two countries met again at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in mid-August 2016 but the Americans won again for their 6th straight gold, beating them 101-72 to make it 49 straight Olympic basketball victories overall


Kristin Armstrong - In August 2016, Armstrong made Olympic history in Rio after coming out of retirement to win the gold medal in the women's individual time trial and becoming the first rider ever to win three gold medals in the same discipline


Ryan Lochte - In August 2016, Lochte was charged with providing a false claim of a robbery during the 2016 Olympic Games, and if convicted could be jailed up to 18 months


Alexander Popov (swimmer) - On 4 July 2019, International Olympic Committee accused Alexander Popov and eight other members of the IOC for taking ransom in order to vote for Rio 2016 Olympic Games