Knowledge Identifier: $Telecommunication



Communication at a distance by technological means, particularly through electrical signals or electromagnetic wavesadd

Category: Technology (24)

Launched in 1950.

Countries: (19%), United States (16%), Republic of Korea (5%)

Main connections: Albtelecom, Internet, Samsung

Linked to: International Telecommunication Union, Bell Telephone Company, BBC, Dartmouth College




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This configuration of a centralized computer or mainframe computer with remote "dumb terminals" remained popular throughout the 1950s and into the 1960s add something


The first transatlantic "telephone" cable was not operational until 1956, only six years before the first commercial telecommunications satellite, Telstar, was launched into space add something


The first U.S. satellite to relay communications was Project SCORE in 1958, which used a tape recorder to store and forward voice messages add something


Courier 1B, built by Philco, launched in 1960, was the world's first active repeater satellite add something


In 1960 NASA launched an Echo satellite; the aluminized PET film balloon served as a passive reflector for radio communications add something


Belonging to AT&T as part of a multi-national agreement between AT&T, Bell Telephone Laboratories, & NASA, the British General Post Office, and the French National PTT to develop satellite communications, it was launched by NASA from Cape Canaveral on 10 July 1962, the first privately sponsored space launch add something


Relay 1 was launched on 13 December 1962, and became the first satellite to broadcast across the Pacific on 22 November 1963 add something


Albtelecom - Meanwhile, given the ever-increasing need for communication, in 1965, Post-Telecommunication offices were established in all the localities of the country


Nepal Telecom - Known as "Telecommunication Department" at the time of establishment, its name was changed "Telecommunications Development Board" in 1969


ARPANET's development centred around the Request for Comment process and on 7 April 1969, RFC 1 was published add something


A four-node network emerged on 5 December 1969 add something


Two popular link protocols for local area networks appeared in the 1970s add something


Nepal Telecom - After the enactment of Communications Corporation Act 1971, it was formally established as fully state-owned corporation called "Nepal Telecommunication Corporation" in 1975


A patent for the token ring protocol was filed by Olof Soderblom on 29 October 1974, and a paper on the Ethernet protocol was published by Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs in the July 1976 issue of "Communications of the ACM" add something


Samsung Telecommunications - In 1977 Samsung Electronics launched the Telecommunication Network, and in 1983 it initiated its mobile telecommunications business with the hope that this would become the company's future growth engine


After commercial long distance telephone service was established via communication satellites, a host of other commercial telecommunications were adapted to similar satellites starting in 1979, including mobile satellite phones, satellite radio, satellite television and satellite Internet access add something


Despite the modest popularity of IBM token ring in the 1980s and 1990s, virtually all LANs now use either wired or wireless Ethernets add something


This network soon became the ARPANET, which by 1981 would consist of 213 nodes add something


Protocols are often talked about in terms of their place in the OSI reference model , which emerged in 1983 as the first step in an unsuccessful attempt to build a universally adopted networking protocol suite add something


SK Telecom - In March 1984, the company started as Korea Mobile Telecommunication Service


The world's effective capacity to exchange information through two-way telecommunication networks grew from 281 petabytes of information in 1986, to 471 petabytes in 1993, to 2,2 exabytes in 2000, and to 65 exabytes in 2007 add something


Starting with the operation of TAT-8 in 1988, the 1990s saw the widespread adoption of systems based on optical fibers add something


SK Telecom - In July 1988, the company launched mobile Telecommunication Service


The earliest adaption for most such services occurred in the 1990s as the pricing for commercial satellite transponder channels continued to drop significantly add something


These included Appletalk, IPX, and NetBIOS with the dominant protocol set during the early 1990s being IPX due to its popularity with MS-DOS users add something


Mauritius Telecom - Mauritius Telecom was founded in July 1992 by a merger between the former Overseas Telecommunications Services Ltd and Mauritius Telecommunication Services Ltd. As from that date, Mauritius Telecom became the major provider of voice, mobile, Internet and data communication services in Mauritius


Fast Telecommunications - "'Fast Telecommunication Co. W.L.L."' is an internet service provider in Kuwait, established in 2001


A 2003 survey by the International Telecommunication Union revealed that roughly a third of countries have fewer than one mobile subscription for every 20 people and one-third of countries have fewer than one land-line telephone subscription for every 20 people add something


ER-Telecom - In 2003, the company managed to start the construction of the Universal City Telecommunication Network for 200 000 flats in the first city of the project - Perm


Vibo - September 2003, the Federal Telecommunications Ministry of Economic Affairs was renamed by "Vibo Telecom Co., Ltd.."


SRT Communications - In 2004, SRT employees James Newman and Dennis Schott were recognized by the Excellence in Leadership Award Program of the National Telecommunication $Cooperative Association for their contributions to rural telecommunications in North Dakota


WAAV, Inc. - Waav was founded by a group of Computer network, Telecom, and Radio frequency engineers in San Diego, CA in 2004


Sales of mobile phones in 2005 totalled 816,6 million with that figure being almost equally shared amongst the markets of Asia/Pacific , Western Europe , CEMEA , North America and Latin America add something


Theta Networks - "'Theta Networks"' is a New Jersey based Telecommunication solutions company that was founded in 2005


A survey led in 2006 by the non-profit Pew Internet and American Life Project found that when just over 3,000 people living in the United States were asked where they got their news "yesterday", more people said television or radio than newspapers add something


Telecommunication Company of Iran - Privatization Organization has forecast that shares of Telecommunication Company of Iran will be floated in the stock market by late September 2007


Samsung Telecommunications - In 2008, Samsung Electronics' Telecommunication Business declared its new business strategy focusing on consumer and marketing


Grameenphone - In January 2008, Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission has filed a case against GP's two former CEO's and other officials for involvement in illegal VoIP business


An exception is the United States that ended analog television transmission on 12 June 2009 after twice delaying the switchover deadline add something


Emirates Telecommunications Corporation - Due to concerns with the security and the provisioning of legal interception for Blackberry non-voice services, on 1 Aug 2010, the Telecommunication Regularity Authority of the UAE instructed Etisalat that all Blackberry e-mail, internet and messenger functions must be suspended on 1 Oct 2010


Airtel Bangladesh - The Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission approved the deal on Jan 4, 2010


LG Uplus - Telecommunication - The carrier adopted its current name after the July 2010 merger with another two LG telecommunication subsidiaries, Dacom and Powercom


Vibo - June 2012, Taiwan's first telecom operator Vibo Telecom and international communications software industry LINE work together


TIM Brasil - On 8 August 2012, TIM Brasil became involved in a massive scandal after the release of a report by the Brazilian National Telecommunications Agency Anatel


Samsung Telecommunications - In 2013 Samsung Electronics launched the Telecommunication Network, and in 1983 it initiated its mobile telecommunications business with the hope that this would become the company's future growth engine


ABS-CBN Convergence - The company later informed the National Telecommunications Commission that they will terminate this service in March 10, 2014 for reasons of costly maintenance


Vodafone - Telecommunication - In June 2014 Vodafone revealed information about theirs and other telecommunication operators' 'direct access systems', content data and metadata interception programmes globally


KDDI - KDDI together with Sumitomo Group signed an agreement with Myanmar State owned Myanmar Post and Telecommunication in July 2014 to jointly operate a mobile phone service in Myanmar for next 10 years


On 10 November 2014, President Obama recommended the Federal Communications Commission reclassify broadband Internet service as a telecommunications service in order to preserve net neutrality add something


Television - Kenya ended analog television transmission in December 2014 after multiple delays add something


ABS-CBN Convergence - With the National Telecommunications Commission issuing the implementing rules and regulations for the country's shift to digital television on December 18, 2014 , ABS-CBN Corporation officially launches "'ABS-CBN TV Plus"' on February 11, 2015 by a ceremonial switch-on at the ABS-CBN Broadcasting Center


WIND (Italy) - In 2015, it was *awarded the title of Telecommunications Operator of the Year in Italy


Companhia de Telecomunicacoes do Brasil Central - In 2015, the company acquired Optitel, an IT and Telecommunication company based in Balneário Camboriú , strengthening its operations and expansion in the southern region of the country


NTelos - On August 10th, 2015, it was announced that Shenandoah Telecommunications Company, or Shentel, has agreed to merge with nTelos


Oi (telecommunications) - Telecommunication - The merger, which is scheduled on March 2015, will form one of the largest telecommunication entity in America and Europe which serves more than 100 million people


Sunrise Communications AG - Telecommunication - The German telecommunication provider Freenet has been the main shareholder since 2016


Citycell - It was shutdown due to failure of paying dues as ordered by the High Court by the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission in 2016


Reliance Communications - The final approval, from the Department of Telecommunications, is expected by the end of 2016


Primus Canada - Birch acquired Primus Telecommunications Canada, a large telecom reseller, in January 2016


West Corporation - In January 2016, Ron was named President of West Safety Services, and continues to serve as the President of West Telecom Services


CITIC 1616 Holdings - Pacific Internet was purchased by Citic Telecom International Holdings Limited on 12 October 2016


Citycell - On 20 October 2016, the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission suspended the spectrum allocation of Citycell due to huge amount of dues


Reliance Communications - The final approval, from the Department of Telecommunications, is expected by the end of March 2017


Reliance Communications - The merger was completed on October 23, 2017 after being approved by the Department of Telecommunications


Hutch Sri Lanka - On November 30, 2018, Hutchison Telecommunications Lanka Ltd. completed the merger with Etisalat Lanka Ltd., and the surviving entity will be Hutch, thus making it the mobile service provider with third largest customer base in Sri Lanka, behind Dialog and Mobitel