US Open (tennis)

Knowledge Identifier: !US_Open_(tennis)


US Open (tennis)

Hardcourt tennis tournament which is the modern iteration of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the '''U.S. National Championship''', for which men's singles was first contested in 1881 add

Category: Tennis

Activity starting in 1881.

Countries: United States (27%), Australia (10%), Russia (9%)

Main connections: Grand Slam (tennis), Rafael Nadal, Australian Open

Linked to: Association of Tennis Professionals, Women's Tennis Association, CBS, ESPN2




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The "'United States Open Tennis Championships"' is a hardcourt tennis tournament which is the modern iteration of one of the oldest tennis championships in the world, the "'U.S. National Championship"', for which men's singles was first contested in 1881 add something


The tournament was first held in August 1881 on the grass courts at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island and in that first year only clubs that were members of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted to enter add something


From 1884 through 1911, the tournament used a challenge system whereby the defending champion automatically qualified for the next year's final in which he would play the winner of the all-comers tournament add something


In the first few years of the United States National Championship only men competed and the tournament was known as the US National Singles Championships for Men. Six years after the men's nationals were first held, the first official U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1887, won by 17-year-old Philadelphian Ellen Hansell, accompanied by the U.S. Women's National Doubles Championship and U.S. Mixed Doubles Championship add something


The women's tournament used a challenge system from 1888 through 1918, except in 1917 add something


Between 1890 and 1906 sectional tournaments were held in the east and the west of the country to determine the best two doubles teams, which competed in a play-off to see who would play the defending champions in the challenge round add something


Mabel Cahill - Cahill became the first foreign woman to win a major tournament when she defeated Ellen Roosevelt in the 1891 U.S._Championships (US_Open_(tennis)) women's final at the Philadelphia Cricket Club


Already in 1911 an effort was made by a group of tennis players, headed by Karl H. Behr from New York, to relocate the tournament to New York but by a vote of 95 to 60 it was decided to remain in Newport add something


In 1915 the national championship was relocated from Newport, Rhode Island to the West Side Tennis Club at Forest Hills, New York add something


In early 1915 the issue resurfaced when a group of about 0100 tennis players signed a petition in favor of the move, arguing that most tennis clubs, players and fans were located in the New York area and that it would therefore be beneficial for the development of the sport to host the national championship there add something


The contentious issue was brought to a vote at the annual USNLTA meeting on Feb 5, 1915 and with 0128 votes in favor and 0119 against it was decided to relocate add something


From 1921 through 1923, the tournament was played at the Germantown Cricket Club in Philadelphia and it returned to Forest Hills in 1924 add something


Though regarded unofficially by many as a major championship beforehand, the tournament was officially designated as one of the major tournaments by the ILTF commencing in 1924 add something


Dick Savitt - Without any coaching, in 1950 Savitt reached the U. S._Tennis_Championship (US_Open_(tennis)) semifinals at Forest Hills, losing to Art Larsen


Gardnar Mulloy - Mulloy reached the !US_Championships (US_Open_(tennis)) men's singles final in 1952, losing to Frank Sedgman in the final


It is named after Arthur Ashe, the African American tennis player who won the men's final of the inaugural US Open in 1968 add something


The 1968 combined tournament was open to professionals for the first time add something


The open era began in 1968 when all five events were merged into the US Open, held at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills add something


From 1970 to 1974 the US Open used a best-of-nine point, sudden death tiebreaker before moving to the ITF best-of-twelve point system add something


Another US Open innovation came in 1975 when floodlights enabled night play for the first time add something


In 1978 the tournament moved from the West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, Queens to the larger USTA National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows, Queens, in the process switching the surface from clay, used in the last three years at Forest Hills, to hard courts add something


It was the main stadium from 1978 to 1996, and its peak capacity neared 18,000 seats, but was reduced to 10,200 after the opening of Arthur Ashe Stadium add something


Since 1978, the tournament has been played on acrylic hard courts at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in Queens, New York City add something


The next largest court is Louis Armstrong Stadium, opened in 1978, extensively renovated from the original Singer Bowl add something


Sergio Casal - Casal won the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) mixed doubles title in 1986, partnering Raffaella Reggi


Raffaella Reggi - Reggi won the mixed doubles title at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in 1986, partnering Sergio Casal


Since 1987, the US Open has been chronologically the fourth and final "tennis major" comprising the Grand Slam each year; the other three are the Australian Open, French Open and Wimbledon add something


Sergio Casal - Partnering his fellow Spaniard Emilio Sánchez, he won the men's doubles titles at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in 1988 and the French Open in 1990


Rafael Nadal - They set a new world record, breaking the latest longest major singles final between Mats Wilander and Ivan Lendl, which lasted 4 hours and 54 minutes, at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in 1988


Jim Grabb - He won two doubles Grand Slam events, the 1989 French Open and the 1992 U.S._Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Jim Grabb - His best showing in a Grand Slam event was 4th round appearance in the 1989 U.S._Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Jay Berger - In 1989, Berger reached the quarterfinals at both the French Open and the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Paul Annacone - Teamed with David Wheaton, Annacone was a 1990 U.S._Open (US_Open_(tennis)) finalist, as well


Anna Kournikova - During Kournikova's debut at the 1996 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) at the age of 15, the world noticed her beauty, and soon pictures of her appeared in numerous magazines worldwide


The main court is located at the 22,547-seat Arthur Ashe Stadium, opened in 1997 add something


Alexandra Stevenson - As a junior player, Stevenson won the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) girls' doubles title in 1997


Wynne Prakusya - As a junior, her highest achievements includes reaching the 1998 Australian Open junior finals and the 1998 Wimbledon and !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) junior quarterfinals


Roger Federer - In addition, Federer lost the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) Junior final in 1998 to David Nalbandian


Jared Palmer - Additionally, Palmer reached the doubles final at two other Grand Slam events, Wimbledon in 1999 and the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in 2001


Cara Black - Black missed all tournaments following the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and did not qualify for the year end championships for the first time since 1999


Andy Roddick - He won six world junior singles titles and seven world junior doubles titles, and won the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and Australian Open junior singles titles in 2000


Andy Roddick - Roddick's last !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) first-round loss had been in 2000


Cara Black - She reached the 2000 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) doubles final with Elena Likhovtseva


Anna Kournikova - She reached the final of the 2000 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in mixed doubles, partnering with Max Mirnyi, but they lost to Jared Palmer and Arantxa Sánchez Vicario


Cara Black - All three compete mostly in doubles; Wayne was the 2001 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and 2005 Australian Open champion and Byron was the 1994 French Open winner


Roger Federer - Federer defeated the 2001 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) champion, Lleyton Hewitt, at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) for his first title there


Tom Gorman (tennis) - In 2001, Tom and his partner Jaime Fillol of Chile won the Super Masters Seniors at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Richard Gasquet - Gasquet finished 2002 as the No. 1 junior in the world and was named World Junior Champion, having won the junior titles at the French Open and the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Jim Grabb - Grabb won the Men's 35 Senior Doubles with his tennis partner, Richey Reneberg, at the 2002 and 2003 U.S._Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Maria Kirilenko - In 2002, Kirilenko became one of the youngest winners of the Canadian Open and !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) junior tournaments


Maria Kirilenko - She won the 2002 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) junior tournament


Andy Roddick - Though he had dropped out of top ten in the ATP rankings after his early exit from the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), his victory over Gulbis in Paris assured his return to the top ten at year end, making him and Federer the only players to maintain year-end top-ten ATP rankings from 2002 through 2010


Andy Roddick - He became a Grand Slam singles champion when he won the title at the 2003 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), defeating Juan Carlos Ferrero in the finals, which currently makes him the last North American male player to win a Grand Slam singles event


Maria Sharapova - Sharapova used the Prince Triple Threat Hornet for part of 2003 and used several different Prince racquets until the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Maria Sharapova - At the 2004 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Sharapova, along with several other Russian female tennis players, wore a black ribbon in observance of the tragedy after the Beslan school hostage crisis, which took place only days before


Andy Roddick - Roddick was knocked out during the 2004 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in a five-set quarterfinal against another big server, Joachim Johansson


Roger Federer - Their one Grand Slam final meeting came at the 2004 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) where Federer beat Hewitt to win his first !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) title


Andy Murray - In September 2004, he won the Junior !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and was selected for the Davis Cup match against Austria later that month; however, he was not selected to play


In 2005, all US Open tennis courts were given blue inner courts to make it easier to see the ball on television; the outer courts remained green add something


Shahar Pe'er - In 2005 Pe'er first played the main draw of a Grand Slam event, reaching the third round in both the French Open and the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Maria Kirilenko - In the World Group quarterfinal tie against Belgium, Kirilenko lost her singles match against 2005 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) champion Kim Clijsters, but partnering with Dinara Safina, won her doubles match against Justine Henin and Clijsters


Rafael Nadal - Nadal was seeded second at the 2005 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), where he was upset in the third round by world no. 49 James Blake in four sets


Vera Dushevina - She suffered back-to-back to loses to Shahar Pe'er at the second round of 2005 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and first round of 2005 China Open


In 2006, the US Open introduced instant replay reviews of calls, using the Hawk-Eye computer system sponsored by Chase add something


The USTA National Tennis Center was renamed in honor of four-time tournament champion and tennis pioneer Billie Jean King during the 2006 US Open add something


Svetlana Kuznetsova - At the 2006 French Open and the 2007 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) singles tournament she was the runner-up, both times to Belgian player Justine Henin


Maria Kirilenko - At the 2006 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Kirilenko was seeded 20th and reached the third round, before losing to Aravane Rezaï


Vera Dushevina - At the 2006 Wimbledon, 2006 JPMorgan Chase Open, 2006 Rogers Cup, 2006 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), and the 2006 China Open


Shahar Pe'er - Pe'er reached the fourth round of the 2006 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), defeating world No. 15 Francesca Schiavone of Italy, but later fell to Justine Henin Hardenne


Maria Sharapova - Sharapova had earlier collaborated with Nike on the "little black dress" that she wore for her night matches at the 2006 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


In 2007, JP Morgan Chase renewed its sponsorship of the US Open add something


Novak Djokovic - Djokovic played Federer in his first Major final at the 2007 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and lost in three sets


Novak Djokovic - His run at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) ended in the semifinals when he lost to Federer in four sets, in a rematch of the 2007 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) final


Shahar Pe'er - Pe'er went into the 2007 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) seeded 18th and suffering from a chest injury


Novak Djokovic - This became evident to the tennis world after his 2007 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) quarterfinal win over Carlos Moyà, where he entertained the audience with impersonations of Rafael Nadal and Maria Sharapova


Sports Business Journal, August 20, 2007; retrieved November 27, 2010 add something


Roger Federer - In 2008, Federer won one Grand Slam singles title at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) over Briton Andy Murray


Novak Djokovic - It was Djokovic's first victory over Federer at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in four attempts, and his first victory over Federer in a Major since the 2008 Australian Open


Andy Roddick - Roddick did not participate in the 2008 Summer Olympics, with his reason being to concentrate on the 2008 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Instant replay was initially available only on the stadium courts , until 2009 when it became available on the Grandstand as well add something


Maria Sharapova - After her early loss at the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Sharapova returned to a more elongated motion, similar to her pre-surgery serve


Maria Sharapova - At the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Sharapova was seeded 29th


Shahar Pe'er - Following the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Pe'er chose not to defend the back-to-back titles she won in 2009 at the Guangzhou International Women's Open and the Tashkent Open


Roger Federer - His most notable use of the tweener was in the semifinals of the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) against Novak Djokovic, bringing him triple match point, on which he capitalised for a straight-set victory over the Serb


Maria Kirilenko - In 2009, she was replaced by Caroline Wozniacki since the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Roger Federer - In winning the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) final, del Potro became the only player other than Federer, Nadal or Djokovic to win a Grand Slam title in 30 tournaments, and the first player to defeat Federer at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) in 6 years


Sabine Lisicki - Seeded 23rd, Lisicki advanced to the second round at the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), but lost to qualifier Anastasia Rodionova


Elena Bovina - This table is current through the 2009 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) , which ended on September 14, 2009


Anastasia Rodionova - As a result of her not being able to defend her 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) points, Rodionova fell to No. 125 in the WTA rankings, her lowest ranking since 2009


Oliver Golding - At the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) Golding once again teamed up with Ji?í Veselý in the boys' doubles


Anastasia Rodionova - At the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Rodionova defeated Bojana Jovanovski in the first round


Sabine Lisicki - Coming into the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) ranked world number 96, Lisicki advanced to the second round before losing to 7th seeded Vera Zvonareva


Cara Black - However, Black continued her successful partnership with Paes in 2010 as the pair won Mixed Doubles Title at Wimbledon and reached the quarterfinals at the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Rafael Nadal - However, before the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), he altered his service motion, arriving in the trophy pose earlier and pulling the racket lower during the trophy pose


Rafael Nadal - However, since the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Nadal's serve speed has dropped back down to previous levels and has again been cited as a need for improvement


Vera Dushevina - In the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) she fell in the first round to Alona Bondarenko


Shahar Pe'er - Pe'er was seeded 16th at the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), the final Grand Slam of the season


Maria Kirilenko - She reached the third round of the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), losing to 11th seed Svetlana Kuznetsova


Rafael Nadal - These two changes in his serve increased his average speed by around 10 mph during the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), maxing out at 135 mph , allowing him to win more free points on his serve


Yanina Wickmayer - Wickmayer was seeded 15th at the 2010 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), with semifinal ranking points to defend


In 2011, Court 17 was opened as a fourth show court, with large television screens and electronic line calling which allows player challenges add something


Andy Murray - At the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Murray battled from two sets down to win a five set, second round encounter with Robin Haase, but lost in semi-finals to Rafael Nadal in four sets


Juan Martin del Potro - Del Potro entered the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) seeded 18th


Novak Djokovic - Djokovic defeated Nadal in the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) Final to capture his third major title of the year and fourth overall


Rafael Nadal - Djokovic defeated Nadal in the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) Final


Novak Djokovic - Djokovic won ten tournaments in 2011, including Grand Slam tournament victories at the Australian Open, Wimbledon and the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Rafael Nadal - Murray lost three consecutive Grand Slam semi-finals to Nadal in 2011 from the French Open to the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Andy Murray - Murray lost three consecutive Grand Slam semi-finals to Nadal in 2011 from the French Open to the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Anastasia Rodionova - Rodionova entered the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) ranked World No. 97


Sabine Lisicki - Seeded 22nd at the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), she easily advanced to the second round with a straight-sets win over Alona Bondarenko


Sesil Karatantcheva - She failed to qualify for the 2011 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), marking the first year since 2009 that she has not competed in the main draw of a grand slam


It initially held 2,500 with temporary stands, but will allow over 3,000 fans after its completion in 2012 add something


Roger Federer - At the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), he reached a record consecutive 34th Grand Slam quarter-final


Juan Martin del Potro - Del Potro lost in the quarter-finals of the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) against Novak Djokovic


Anastasia Rodionova - Having tumbled down the rankings to a lowly No. 163, she entered the qualifying tournament of the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) for the first time since 2009


Anastasia Rodionova - Having tumbled down the rankings to a lowly No. 163, she entered the qualifying tournament of the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) for the first time since 2009


Sesil Karatantcheva - Her next tournament was the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Andy Roddick - In the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), Roddick began his campaign with a victory over his countryman Rhyne Williams 6-3, 6-4, 6-4


Andy Roddick - Roddick started the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) Series at the BB&T Atlanta Open


Svetlana Kuznetsova - She withdrew from the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), ending a streak of 40 consecutive Grand Slam appearances dating back to 2002


Svetlana Kuznetsova - She withdrew from the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)), ending a streak of 40 consecutive Grand Slam appearances dating back to 2002


Tsvetana Pironkova - The 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) began as usual for Pironkova with a first round win over Italian Camila Giorgi


Andy Murray - This table is accurate as of the end of the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Juan Martin del Potro - This table is accurate as of the end of the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Rafael Nadal - This table is current through the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Sabine Lisicki - This table is current through the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Tsvetana Pironkova - "Current through the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Florent Serra - "This table is current through 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Andy Roddick - On August 30, 2012, during the 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) and on his 30th birthday, Roddick announced he would retire after the tournament


Andy Roddick - On his birthday, August 30, 2012, Andy announced his plans to retire after the !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis))


Rafael Nadal - On 11 September 2012, Nadal fell to a world no. 4 ranking, his lowest since 2010, as 2012 !US_Open (US_Open_(tennis)) winner Andy Murray climbed to no. 3


It was announced in December 2012 that the Men's Singles final will be played on a Monday night in 2013 and 2014, a decision which has proved unpopular with the Association of Tennis Professionals add something


From 2015, the men's final will move back to its traditional Sunday time-slot add something


Starting in 2018, all competition courts are outfitted with Hawk-Eye and all matches in the main draws follow the same procedure- each player is allowed 3 incorrect challenges per set, with one more being allowed in a tiebreak add something