Abdullah Gül

Knowledge Identifier: +Abdullah_Gul

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Abdullah Gul

11th and current President of Turkey, in office since 28 August 2007 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1950.

Countries: United States (17%), United Kingdom (14%), Turkey (11%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Muhammad Yunus, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Madeleine Albright

Linked to: Justice and Development Party, Welfare Party, Istanbul University, Sakarya University

 

Timeline


 

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Abdullah Gul was born in 1950 add something


1983

Between 1983 and 1991, he worked at the Islamic Development Bank in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia add something


1991

He was elected a member of the Turkish parliament for the "Refah Partisi" from the Kayseri electoral district in 1991 and 1995 add something

 

In 1991, he became a lecturer in International Management add something


1999

In 1999, he kept his seat as a member of the "Fazilet Partisi" which was subsequently outlawed by the Constitutional Court for its violation of the Constitution add something


2002

An interview he gave in 2002 summarizes his criticisms of the Refah Partisi under the leadership of Necmettin Erbakan and his portrayal of the AKP as a moderate party: add something

 

He previously served for four months as Prime Minister from 2002 to 2003, and as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2003 to 2007 add something

 

He was elected once again to represent Kayseri in 2002 add something


2003

After becoming foreign minister in March 2003, Gül became the key player in Turkey's attempts to receive an accession date for the European Union and in its attempts to improve relations with Syria and maintaining its relationship with the Turkic-speaking countries of Central Asia and the Caucasus add something


2007

On 6 February 2007, Gül flew to the United States to meet with U.S. President George W. Bush and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice add something

 

When a boycott of opposition parties in Parliament deadlocked the election process, Gül formally withdrew his candidacy on 6 May 2007 add something

 

But a few days later, on 11 May 2007 when he inquired after the alterations to the Turkish constitution which now allowed the people to elect the president directly rather than a parliamentary vote, Gül announced that he was still intending to run add something

 

Following the July 2007 parliamentary election, the AK Party renominated Gül as its presidential candidate on 13 August; the election was again held as a vote of parliament add something

 

On 28 August 2007, he was elected president in the third round of voting; in the first two rounds, a two-thirds majority of MPs had been required, but in the third round he needed only a simple majority add something

 

Turkish Armed Forces - On April 27, 2007, in advance of the November 4, 2007 presidential election, and in reaction to the politics of Abdullah Gül, who has a past record of involvement in Islamist political movements and banned Islamist parties such as the Welfare Party, the army issued a statement of its interests


2008

In September 2008 he became the first Turkish leader to visit Armenia, sparking a major debate in Turkey add something


2009

He is conferred to an Honorary Ph.D. degree from Amity University, NOIDA -India on 8 February 2009, and an LL.D. degree from University of Dhaka on 13 February 2010 add something

 

Recep Tayyip Erdogan - Abdullah Gül became the first Turkish head of state to visit Iraq in 33 years, on 23 March 2009


2010

After the Israeli raid on the MV "Mavi Marmara" in 2010, he advocated the complete ending of diplomatic relations with Israel, stating that "Israel will turn into a complete apartheid regime in the next 50 years if it does not allow for the establishment of an independent and proud Palestinian state with its capital in east Jerusalem add something

 

Western world - In a 2010 interview given to The Times newspaper of the United Kingdom, President Abdullah Gül of Turkey stated that his country is part of the West


2011

In November 2011, President Gül led a state visit to the United Kingdom as a guest of Queen Elizabeth II add something


2012

On 31 December 2012, he stated with respect to the Arab spring and democratization of the Arab world: "But democracy is not only about elections add something


2014

Apple Inc. - On February 4, 2014, Cook met with Turkish President Abdullah Gül in Ankara in order to discuss the company's involvement in Fatih project


2015

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition