Abimael Guzmán

Knowledge Identifier: +Abimael_Guzman

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Abimael Guzman

Leader of the Shining Path during the Maoist insurgency known as the internal conflict in Peru add

Category: Politics

Born in 1934.

Countries: Peru (67%), China (17%), Australia (17%)

Main connections: Shining Path, Peruvian Communist Party, ABC News (Australia)

Linked to: Peruvian Communist Party

 

Timeline


 

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Abimael Guzman was born in 1934 add something


1939

From 1939 to 1946 Guzmán lived with his mother's family add something


1947

After 1947 he lived with his father and his father's wife in the city of Arequipa, where he studied at Colegio De La Salle, a private Catholic secondary school add something


1960

In the 1960s, the Peruvian Communist Party splintered over ideological and personal disputes add something

 

Shining Path - The Shining Path was founded in the late 1960s by Abimael Guzmán, a former university philosophy professor


1962

In 1962, Guzmán was recruited as a professor of philosophy by the rector of San Cristóbal of Huamanga University in Ayacucho, a city in the central Peruvian Andes add something


1964

In February 1964 he married Augusta la Torre, who died under unclear circumstances in 1989 add something


1965

He visited the People's Republic of China for the first time in 1965 add something


1970

Guzmán was arrested twice during the 1970s because of his participation in violent riots in the city of Arequipa against the government of presidents Velasco Alvarado and Belaunde Terry add something

 

In the late 1970s, however, the movement developed into a guerrilla group centered around Ayacucho add something

 

Shining Path had been active in Peru since the late 1970s and began what it called "the armed struggle" on 17 May 1980 add something


1980

In May 1980, the group launched its war against the government of Perú by burning the ballot boxes in Chuschi, a village near Ayacucho, in an effort to disrupt the first democratic elections in the country since 1964 add something


1983

In 1983, 69 people from the highland town of Lucanamarca were tortured and murdered by the Shining Path in what became known as the Lucanamarca massacre add something


1989

In 1989, Guzmán declared that the Shining Path had progressed from waging a people's war to waging a "war of movements add something


1990

Guzmán had recorded that, in 1990, the Shining Path had 23,430 members armed with approximately 235 revolvers, 500 rifles and 300 other items of military hardware such as grenades add something


1992

After a series of bombings and selective assassinations the whole nation was shocked in 1992 when a car bomb exploded in one of Lima's busiest commercial districts on Tarata street, thus causing many casualties and enormous material losses add something

 

In 1992, during the first administration of President Alberto Fujimori, the National Directorate Against Terrorism began casing several residences in Lima because agents suspected that terrorists were using them as safehouses add something

 

Wanted on charges of terrorism and treason, Guzmán was captured by the Peruvian government in 1992 and sentenced to life imprisonment add something

 

On September 12, 1992, an elite unit of the DIRCOTE raided the Surco residence add something

 

Shining Path - Since the capture of its leader Abimael Guzmán in 1992, the Shining Path has declined in activity


1993

Guzmán appeared several times on Peruvian television and on October 1, 1993 he publicly declared "peace" with the Peruvian government add something


2004

Guzmán's re-trial was scheduled to begin on 5 November 2004 add something


2005

Guzmán's third trial began in September 2005 and was opened and closed amid a media blackout add something


2006

In the fall of 2006, while in prison, Guzmán proposed to Iparraguirre, one of his long-time lieutenants who is serving a life sentence in a separate prison add something

 

On 13 October 2006, Guzmán was sentenced to life in prison on charges of aggravated terrorism and murder add something

 

ABC News, October 14, 2006 At his sentencing, three judges listed the aforementioned charges in a verdict that lasted more than six hours add something


2010

After fighting for the permission to marry with a hunger strike, the couple wed in late August 2010 add something


2014

In 2014, Guzmán and his wife Iparraguirre were tried again, for the 1992 Tarata bombing in Lima in which 25 people died add something


2018

On 11 September 2018, he was sentenced to a second life term in prison add something