Aids

Knowledge Identifier: $Aids

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Aids

Disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus add

Category: Sciences (200)

Launched in 1959.

Countries: United States (38%), (19%), United Kingdom (13%)

Main connections: HIV, AIDS Vancouver, Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation

Linked to: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Association for the Advancement of Science, World Press Photo, International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Aids.


1959

The earliest well documented case of HIV in a human dates back to 1959 in the Congo add something


1966

The virus may have been present in the United States as early as 1966, but the vast majority of infections occurring outside sub-Saharan Africa can be traced back to a single unknown individual who became infected with HIV in Haiti and brought the infection to the United States some time around 1969 add something


1976

Peter Piot - After helping discover the Ebola virus in 1976 and leading efforts to contain the first-ever recorded Ebola epidemic that same year, Piot became a pioneering researcher into $ AIDS. He has held key positions in the United Nations and World Health Organization involving AIDS research


1980

Bareback (sex) - As AIDS emerged and the sexual transmission of HIV became known in the 1980s, the use of condoms to prevent infection became much more widespread, especially among men who have sex with men who engage in anal sex

 

Guy Gilles - He caught AIDS in the late 1980s, and in experiencing difficulties with production, he struggled to complete "Néfertiti, la fille du soleil" in 1994 which was released in 1996 on the year of death

 

Derek Jarman - He worked to raise awareness of AIDS. His artistic practice in the early 1980s reflected these commitments, perhaps most famously in "The Angelic Conversation" , a film in which the imagery is accompanied by a voice reciting Shakespeare's sonnets

 

Ryan White - In the early 1980s, AIDS was known as gay-related immune deficiency, because the disease had first been identified among primarily homosexual communities in New York City and San Francisco

 

Barbara (singer) - In the latter part of the 1980s she became active in the fight against AIDS

 

Jonathan Del Arco - This partner died of AIDS in the late 1980s while Del Arco resided in the city

 

Ryan White - White was one of a handful of highly visible people with AIDS in the 1980s and early 1990s who helped change the public perception of the disease


1981

AIDS was first clinically observed in 1981 in the United States add something

 

Between the first recognition of AIDS in 1981 and 2009 it has led to nearly 30 million deaths add something

 

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation - Elizabeth contracted HIV in 1981 during the early stages of the AIDS epidemic after receiving a transfusion of contaminated blood while giving birth to her daughter Ariel


1982

San Francisco AIDS Foundation - Established in 1982, the Foundation provides direct services to thousands of people living with or at risk for HIV/ $ AIDS and supplies information to thousands more about HIV prevention and treatment through programs that include the California AIDS Hotline


1983

In 1983, two separate research groups led by Robert Gallo and Luc Montagnier independently declared that a novel retrovirus may have been infecting AIDS patients, and published their findings in the same issue of the journal "Science" add something

 

AIDS Vancouver - $ AIDS Vancouver was founded in 1983 with the goal of information dissemination, when there were only six known cases of AIDS in Vancouver

 

AIDS Vancouver - Founded in 1983, "' $ AIDS Vancouver "' is a non-profit and community-based health organization whose mission is to alleviate collective vulnerability to HIV and AIDS through support, public education and community-based research


1984

AIDS Vancouver - With government funding secured in 1984, $ AIDS Vancouver moved to a Davie St. location and established an Emergency Assistance Fund for persons with AIDS.

 

Ryan White - On December 17, 1984, during a partial-lung removal procedure, White was diagnosed with AIDS


1985

Line Renaud - In 1985, she created l'Association des Artistes Contre le Sida and organised televised art events which enabled her to raise funds for helping AIDS scientific research in France

 

Fritz Holt - In addition to his Broadway projects, Holt staged the AIDS benefit "Best of the Best" at the Metropolitan Opera House in 1985

 

Michael Lindsay-Hogg - Off-Broadway, he helmed Larry Kramer's AIDS drama "The Normal Heart", produced at The Public Theater by Joseph Papp in 1985

 

Arthur J. Bressan, Jr. - Released in 1985, "Buddies" was the first American feature film on the subject of the AIDS pandemic

 

One of the first high-profile cases of AIDS was the American Rock Hudson, a gay actor who had been married and divorced earlier in life, who died on 2 October 1985 having announced that he was suffering from the virus on 25 July that year add something


1986

As these two viruses turned out to be the same, in 1986, LAV and HTLV-III were renamed HIV. add something

 

The World Health Organization first proposed a definition for AIDS in 1986 add something

 

Peter Adair - As he began to see his friends in the art and film communities succumb to the plague of $ AIDS, Adair co-directed, with Rob Esptein, "The AIDS Show: Artists Involved in Death and Survival", one of the first films to examine AIDS' impact on the arts community, in 1986

 

Derek Jarman - On 22 December 1986, Jarman was diagnosed as $HIV_positive, and discussed his condition in public


1987

However he had been diagnosed as HIV positive during 1987 add something

 

AIDS (journal) - It was established in 1987 and is the official journal of the International AIDS Society

 

Benny Parsons - Parsons returned to Hendrick Motorsports in 1987 as a substitute for driver Tim Richmond, who was stricken with AIDS and would succumb in 1989

 

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved AZT in 1987 as a drug that could extend the lives of AIDS patients, but this approval only extended to adults

 

ACT UP - On March 24, 1987, 250 ACT UP members demonstrated at Wall Street and Broadway to demand greater access to experimental AIDS drugs and for a coordinated national policy to fight the disease

 

Gerald Chapman (director) - Gerald Chapman died of AIDS on 25 September 1987 at the Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, USA. His life partner, Ivan Chatman, was by his side


1988

ACET (AIDS charity) - ACET was founded by Patrick Dixon in 1988, and grew rapidly in the UK and other nations, providing a range of services such as support for those affected by AIDS who are living at home, through to prevention work in schools and prisons, and care for those who have been bereaved

 

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation - Although the Glasers fought to have their daughter treated with AZT intravenously, Ariel died from complications of AIDS in 1988

 

Riddick Bowe - His brother Henry died of AIDS and in 1988 his sister Brenda was stabbed to death by a drug addict during an attempted robbery

 

Thierry Paulin - In early 1988, Paulin fell ill, as his body began to succumb to the effects of AIDS. Within a year he was hospitalized in a state of near-paralysis, suffering from both tuberculosis and meningitis

 

ACT UP - In January 1988, ACT UP Boston held its first protest at the Boston offices of the Department of Health and Human Services, regarding delays and red tape surrounding approval of AIDS treatment drugs

 

He was diagnosed as HIV positive on 31 August 1988, having contracted the virus from blood transfusions during heart surgery earlier in the 1980s add something


1989

Joining Hearts, Inc. - When it opened in 1989, Jerusalem House was just one house for five men with AIDS who had lost their homes due to their illness

 

Robert Mapplethorpe - Mapplethorpe died on the morning of March 9, 1989, 42 years old, in a Boston, Massachusetts, hospital from complications arising from AIDS

 

ACT UP - On September 14, 1989, seven ACT UP members infiltrated the New York Stock Exchange and chained themselves to the VIP balcony to protest the high price of the only approved AIDS drug, AZT

 

A Loving Spoonful - In November 1989 a group of volunteers, recognizing the nutritional needs of people living with AIDS, began providing monthly meals at McLaren House, a group home for PWHAs


1990

ACT UP - A Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty article about the Moscow trial described the Stop the Church protest as "seminal", contributing to early 1990s reforms granting Americans with HIV and $ AIDS federal protection from discrimination, a U.S. government office on AIDS policy, and millions of dollars for biomedical research

 

Before Night Falls (film) - A few years later, Arenas is diagnosed with AIDS, and after spending several years suffering he dies in 1990 with the help of Lazaro

 

Anthony Perkins - Although he was fighting AIDS, the actor appeared in eight television productions between 1990 and 1992, including "Daughter of Darkness" with Mia Sara and "The Naked Target" with Roddy McDowall

 

Diamanda Galas - In 1990 Galás performed at the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine in New York, the recording of which was released in 1991 as "Plague Mass", in which she criticized the Roman Catholic Church for its indifference to AIDS

 

Therese Frare's photograph of gay activist David Kirby, as he lay dying from AIDS while surrounded by family, was taken in April 1990 add something


1991

Peter Piot - From 1991 to 1994, Dr. Piot was president of the International AIDS Society

 

Stephen Dickson - In 1991, at the age of forty, Stephen Dickson died at his mother's home in Oklahoma City, of complications from AIDS

 

On November 24, 1991, the virus claimed the life of British rock star Freddie Mercury, lead singer of the band Queen, who died from an AIDS related illness having only revealed the diagnosis on the previous day add something


1992

The photo was displayed in "LIFE magazine", was the winner of the World Press Photo, and acquired worldwide notoriety after being used in a United Colors of Benetton advertising campaign in 1992 add something

 

Patrick Sabatier - Back in 1992, Sabatier was kicked off television and both Sabatier and his wife were charged with fraud after Sabatier made allegations on air saying he knew a cure for AIDS and Cancer on the show "Si on se disait tout -

 

National AIDS Control Organisation - The "'National AIDS Control Organisation"' , established in 1992, is a division of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare that provides leadership to HIV/AIDS control programme in India through 35 HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Societies, and is "the nodal organisation for formulation of policy and implementation of programs for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS in India

 

Further tests within 24 hours of the initial diagnosis revealed that Ashe had AIDS, but he did not tell the public about his diagnosis until April 1992 add something


1993

The Vancouver Friends for Life Society - Based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada Friends For Life was established in 1993, offering massage and hot meals to people with HIV and AIDS

 

Amos Guttman - Guttman died in Tel Aviv in 1993 of AIDS, the subject of his last film, "Amazing Grace"

 

John Greyson - "Zero Patience" is a 1993 musical film which challenged AIDS orthodoxy

 

He died, aged 49, as a result on 6 February 1993 add something


1994

Condom - Condom sales increased every year until 1994, when media attention to the AIDS pandemic began to decline

 

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation - Elizabeth lost her own battle with $ AIDS in 1994, and the Pediatric AIDS Foundation was renamed the Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation in her honor shortly thereafter


1995

AVERT - The charity's educational website avert.org, established in 1995, claims to be the world's most popular AIDS website, receiving a reported two million page views per month

 

James Merrill - While wintering in Arizona, he died on February 6, 1995 from a heart attack related to AIDS


1996

Peter Adair - On 27 June 1996, Peter Adair succumbed to complications of AIDS at the age of 52 in San Francisco


1997

Rodel Naval - In 1997, an organization called the Rodel Naval Care Outreach was launched by his relatives to help and encourage the poverty stricken slums in Manila who are affected by AIDS.


1998

Mike Hoolboom - In 1998 he released the feature-length film "Panic Bodies", a six-part work dealing with aspects of the body which, according to Hoolboom, is fragmented like AIDS fragments the body


1999

Global Health Council - As part of the Council's work in advocacy and developing awareness of the $ AIDS crisis, the seventeen-year-old International AIDS Candlelight Memorial event came under their stewardship in 1999

 

John Greyson - In 1999, South African AIDS activist Zackie Achmat went on a treatment strike, refusing to take his pills until they were widely available to all South Africans


2000

Andy Cole - In 2000, Cole visited Zimbabwe and returned to set up his own charity foundation called the "Andy Cole Children's Foundation" which helped AIDS orphans in Zimbabwe

 

Daniel Kalinaki - In 2000, he co-authored with Glen Williams, Joyce Kadowe, and Noerine Kaleeba "Open Secret: People Living with HIV and Aids in Uganda"


2001

AVERT - In 2001 the charity decided to cease funding research and producing printed publications, and instead to concentrate on its educational website and work outside the UK in countries with a particularly high or rapidly increasing rate of HIV infection and AIDS.

 

AIDS Vancouver - In 2001, $ AIDS Vancouver partnered with the Mexican Persons With AIDS Society, to exchange assistance, ideas and advocacy

 

Global Health Council - In 2001, the recipient was Gao Yaojie, a retired Chinese gynecologist and one of China's foremost AIDS fighters who helped poor farmers in Henan Province that were infected with H.I.V. through selling their blood at for-profit and unsanitary collection stations


2002

Bob Geldof - Bob Geldof worked closely with DATA , an organisation founded by U2's Bono in 2002 to promote debt-relief, third world trade and AIDS relief in Africa

 

HIV vaccine - Indeed, in 2002, AIDS became the primary cause of mortality due to an infectious agent in Africa


2003

Global Health Council - As part of the President's Emergency Plan for $ AIDS Relief, US government support for AIDS prevention was contingent on opposing prostitution starting in 2003

 

United States Agency for International Development - In 2003, Congress passed a law providing federal government funds to private groups to help fight AIDS and other diseases all over the world through USAID grants

 

John Greyson - In 2003, Greyson and composer David Wall created "Fig Trees", a video opera for gallery installation, about the struggles of South African AIDS activist Zackie Achmat

 

United States Agency for International Development - In 2003, President Bush established PEPFAR, the President's Emergency Plan for $ AIDS Relief, putting USAID's HIV/AIDS programs under the direction of the State Department's new Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator


2005

German Foundation for World Population - In 2005, DSW helped found the Alfred Biolek Stiftung on AIDS in Africa, and continues to provide administrative support for their activities

 

Nordic Assistance to Vietnam - Since 2005, it has focused on three areas: democratization and accountability in government, slowing the spread of HIV and AIDS, and combating gender-based violence

 

American Foundation for Children with AIDS - The organization, operating under the name Global Foundation for Children with AIDS until 2005, received its 501 status in March 2004

 

Bob Geldof - On 31 March 2005, Geldof and Ure announced the Live 8 project, to raise awareness of issues that burden Africa, including government debt, trade barriers, hunger, and AIDS issues


2006

Life expectancy has fallen in the worst-affected countries due to HIV/AIDS; for example, in 2006 it was estimated that it had dropped from 65 to 35 years in Botswana add something

 

Robert Yarchoan - He was awarded the first National Institutes of Health World $ AIDS Day Award in December, 2006 for his work in developing drugs for AIDS. In November, 2007, he was awarded the NCI HIV/AIDS Research Excellence Award along with his colleagues, Drs. Samuel Broder, Robert C. Gallo, and Hiroaki Mitsuya

 

Angels in America (miniseries) - In 2006, "Seattle Times" listed the series amongst "Best of the filmed $ AIDS portrayals" on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of AIDS

 

Fuyang - The 2006 short film, "The Blood of Yingzhou District", provides a documentary of the lives of AIDS orphans living in rural areas of Yingzhou

 

Stephen Lewis Foundation - On March 7, 2006, the foundation launched the "Grandmothers to Grandmothers" campaign to encourage grandmothers in Canada to work with grandmothers caring for children orphaned by AIDS in sub-Saharan African countries

 

Youth of JAZAS - In October 2006 five year long project of maximum 9 million euros for fighting against AIDS in Serbia has been granted for the period from 2007 to 2012

 

Gil Robertson IV - On December 1, 2006, Agate Fine Publishing released "Not in My Family: $ AIDS in the African American Community", a collection of essays about the AIDS epidemic, edited by Robertson


2007

Based on these studies, the World Health Organization and UNAIDS both recommended male circumcision as a method of preventing female-to-male HIV transmission in 2007 add something

 

It is estimated that as of 2007 there were 12 million AIDS orphans add something

 

Since then, the WHO classification has been updated and expanded several times, with the most recent version being published in 2007 add something

 

Robert Yarchoan - Dr. Yarchoan was appointed to be the first director of the NCI Office of HIV and $ AIDS Malignancy in 2007, which supervises all HIV/AIDS and AIDS malignancy research within the NCI.

 

Novartis - On August 5, 2007, the Madras High Court ruled against Novartis saying that, "Novartis' legal challenge - mounted to limit competition to its own patented medicines - was a threat to people suffering from cancer, HIV and AIDS, diabetes and other diseases who are too poor to pay for them

 

Annie Lennox - Lennox's 2007 song "Sing" was born out of her involvement with Nelson Mandela's 46664 campaign and Treatment Action Campaign , both of which are human rights groups which seek education and health care for those affected by HIV. In December 2007, Lennox established The SING Campaign, an organisation dedicated to raising funds and awareness for women and children affected by HIV and AIDS.


2008

In 2008 in the United States approximately 1,2 million people were living with HIV, resulting in about 17,500 deaths add something

 

In Canada as of 2008 there were about 65,000 cases causing 53 deaths add something

 

The United States Center for Disease Control and Prevention created a classification system for HIV, and updated it in 2008 add something

 

Darunavir - Lefebvre, E., Schiffer, C. A. "Resilience to Resistance of HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors: Profile of Darunavir" AIDS Rev. 2008; 10: 131-142 Furthermore, the backbone of HIV-1 protease maintains its spatial conformation in the presence of mutations

 

WebsEdge - In May 2008 representatives of WebsEdge attended the 25th Anniversary of the historic International AIDS Candlelight Memorial in Malawi


2009

In the United Kingdom as of 2009 there where approximately 86,500 cases which resulted in 516 deaths add something

 

Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation - Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation 2009 Annual Report ://www

 

AIDS Vancouver - In 2009 the AIDS Vancouver grocery program supplied roughly 16,000 bags of grocery to roughly 700 clients, working with 16 volunteers

 

Courtney Love - In 2009, Love performed a benefit concert for the RED Campaign at Carnegie Hall alongside Laurie Anderson, Rufus Wainright, and Scarlett Johansson, with proceeds going to AIDS research

 

Line Renaud - In 2009, as Vice-President of Sidaction, she condemned the statements of Pope Benedict XVI, who claimed condoms promoted behavior which causes AIDS.

 

Annie Lennox - Lennox met Besser, who has two teenage sons, in 2009 after becoming involved in his charity mothers2mothers which helps children and single mothers with AIDS


2010

As of 2010, approximately 34 million people are living with HIV globally add something

 

As of 2010, approximately 34 million people have HIV worldwide add something

 

It resulted in about 1,8 million deaths in 2010, down from a peak of 2,2 million in 2005 add something

 

Msizi Africa - Impressed by her success one of her corporate supporters decided to match Vodafone's scheme and continue to pay her salary for 2010 and 2011 enabling the charity in the following years to help to relieve the hardship of around thousand children in Africa, where the AIDS pandemic has left many without parents or an extended family

 

Cinema for Peace Foundation - "'Film Against AIDS. "' In 2010, the Cinema for Peace Foundation organized a screening of the film, "Themba - A Boy Called Hope" for school children in Cape Town, South Africa, introduced by the Nobel Peace Laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu

 

ANTIAIDS Foundation - On October 18, 2010 Victor and Elena Pinchuk received «An Enduring Vision» award by Elton John AIDS Foundation for their contribution to the fight against HIV/AIDS


2011

Some religious organisations have claimed that prayer can cure HIV/AIDS. In 2011, the BBC reported that some churches in London were claiming that prayer would cure AIDS, and the Hackney-based Centre for the Study of Sexual Health and HIV reported that several people stopped taking their medication, sometimes on the direct advice of their pastor, leading to a number of deaths add something

 

Arvid Noe - Noe was originally referred to simply as the "Norwegian Sailor" in AIDS literature and by the anagram Arvid Noe. The true identity of Arvid Noe and names, dates, and places associated with his life were changed to help conceal his identity until decoded by David Daniel in 2011

 

Phiona Mutesi - She grew up in the Ugandan slum of Katwe, where as of 2011 fifty percent of teen girls were mothers; when Phiona was about three her father died of AIDS and shortly afterwards her older sister Juliet died of an unknown cause

 

Dallas Buyers Club - On March 9, 2011, Los Angeles Times's 24 Frames confirmed that McConaughey would star in the film as Ron Woodroof, a trafficker in illegal AIDS drugs

 

Cipla - In a September 2011 article, The New York Times discussed Cipla's efforts to radically lower costs of biotech drugs for cancer, diabetes and other noncommunicable diseases, referencing the leading role the company had played in getting low-cost AIDS drugs to the developing world:


2012

As of 2012, approximately 35,3 million people have HIV worldwide with the number of new infections that year being about 2,3 million add something

 

It resulted in about 1,6 million deaths in 2012, down from a peak of 2,2 million in 2005 add something

 

Perry Ellis - In a 2012 New York Times article, Bee-Shyuan Chang states Ellis died of AIDS.

 

Francoise Barre-Sinoussi - In July 2012 Barré-Sinoussi became President of the International AIDS Society


2013

It resulted in about 1,34 million deaths in 2013, down from a peak of 2,2 million in 2005 add something

 

San Francisco AIDS Foundation - AIDS - AIDS Walk SF severed ties with SFAF after the 2013 walk

 

Robert Yarchoan - AIDS - In 2013, Dr. Yarchoan received an honorary degree for his contributions to HIV/AIDS research from his alma mater, Amherst College

 

DKT International - As of 2013, DKT International's donors include: AusAID, the U.K. Department for International Development , Government of India, Irish Aid, KfW , Marie Stopes International , National $ AIDS Commission , National AIDS Control Organization , Population Council, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands, the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, United Nations Population Fund and the U.S. Agency for International Development

 

Rodel Naval - During a 2013 interview by Cristy Fermin on Ang Latest, his sisters confirmed that he had been battling with AIDS since 1993 and it was during his stay in Toronto, Canada when he was first tested as HIV positive

 

Cite du Cinema - May 22, 2013, the Cité du Cinéma welcomes former United States President Bill Clinton for "30 years of the discovery of AIDS


2014

Egyptian Army - It was reported at a press conference on 22 February 2014 by Egyptian Gen. Ibrahim Abdel-Atti, chief of the medical branch, that the Egyptian Army has "defeated AIDS


2015

A 2015 Cochrane review found low-quality evidence that antiretroviral treatment helps people with HIV/AIDS work more, and increases the chance that a person with HIV/AIDS will be employed add something


2016

As of 2016 about 675,000 people have died HIV/AIDS in the USA since the beginning of the HIV epidemic add something


2018

The USPSTF, ini a 2018 draft, recommended PrEP in those who are at high risk add something