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Alabama

Knowledge Identifier: $Alabama

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Alabama

Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (79%), (7%), Italy (2%)

Main connections: Roy Moore, University of Alabama, Mississippi

Linked to: Auburn University, University of Alabama, Republican Party, University of Alabama at Birmingham

 

Timeline


 

This timeline needs to be reviewed and corrected, as it has been automatically generated from multiple web sources.
Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Alabama.


1000

The agrarian Mississippian culture covered most of the state from 1000 to 1600 AD, with one of its major centers built at what is now the Moundville Archaeological Site in Moundville, Alabama add something


1540

The expedition of Hernando de Soto passed through Mabila and other parts of the state in 1540 add something

 

The first usage appears in three accounts of the Hernando de Soto expedition of 1540: Garcilaso de la Vega used "Alibamo", while the Knight of Elvas and Rodrigo Ranjel wrote "Alibamu" and "Limamu", respectively, in transliterations of the term add something


1600

Those citing "American" ancestry in Alabama are generally of English or British ancestry; many Anglo-Americans identify as having American ancestry because their roots have been in North America for so long, in some cases since the 1600s add something


1702

As early as 1702, the French called the tribe the "Alibamon", with French maps identifying the river as "Rivière des Alibamons" add something

 

More than 160 years later, the French founded the region's first European settlement at Old Mobile in 1702 add something

 

The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana add something

 

This area was claimed by the French from 1702 to 1763 as part of La Louisiane add something


1763

Seven Years' War - After the French lost to the British in the Seven Years' War, it became part of British West Florida from 1763 to 1783 add something

 

Jews have been present in what is now Alabama since 1763, during the colonial era of Mobile, when Sephardic Jews immigrated from London add something


1767

It was claimed by the Province of Georgia from 1767 onwards add something


1770

He settled in the Tombigbee District during the early 1770s add something


1783

The latter retained control of this western territory from 1783 until the surrender of the Spanish garrison at Mobile to U.S. forces on April 13, 1813 add something

 

What is now the counties of Baldwin and Mobile became part of Spanish West $ Florida in 1783, part of the independent Republic of West Florida in 1810, and was finally added to the Mississippi Territory in 1812 add something


1790

Levi Lincoln, Sr. - During the 1790s politicians and land speculators in Georgia perpetrated corrupt land sales in an area that is now a large portion of Alabama and Mississippi


1798

With the exception of the area around Mobile and the Yazoo lands, what is now the lower one-third Alabama was made part of the Mississippi Territory when it was organized in 1798 add something


1804

The Yazoo lands were added to the territory in 1804, following the Yazoo land scandal add something


1810

Alabama had an estimated population of under 10,000 people in 1810, but it increased to more than 300,000 people by 1830 add something


1817

The United States Congress created the Alabama Territory on March 3, 1817 add something

 

Before Mississippi's admission to statehood on December 10, 1817, the more sparsely settled eastern half of the territory was separated and named the Alabama Territory add something


1819

Huntsville served as temporary capital from 1819 to 1820, when the seat of government moved to Cahaba in Dallas County add something

 

From July 5 to August 2, 1819, delegates met to prepare the new state constitution add something

 

Alabama was admitted as the 22nd state on December 14, 1819, with Congress selecting Huntsville as the site for the first Constitutional Convention add something


1820

Cahaba, now a ghost town, was the first permanent state capital from 1820 to 1825 add something

 

Part of the frontier in the 1820s and 1830s, its constitution provided for universal suffrage for white men add something

 

John James Audubon - On October 12, 1820, Audubon started into Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida in search of ornithological specimens


1826

From 1826 to 1846, Tuscaloosa served as Alabama's capital add something


1830

Most Native American tribes were completely removed from the state within a few years of the passage of the Indian Removal Act by Congress in 1830 add something

 

The oldest institutions are the public University of North Alabama in Florence and the Catholic Church-affiliated Spring Hill College in Mobile, both founded in 1830 add something


1831

John Hunt Morgan - His father, Calvin Morgan, lost his Huntsville, Alabama home in 1831 when he was unable to pay the property taxes following the failure of his pharmacy


1842

An 1842 article in the "Jacksonville Republican" proposed it meant "Here We Rest add something


1843

Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry - Curry grew up in Alabama and graduated from the University of Georgia in 1843 where he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society


1844

It was formally recognized by the state legislature on January 25, 1844 add something


1845

Thomas Lanier Clingman - In 1845 he fought a duel with a fellow congressman William Lowndes Yancey of Alabama


1846

On January 30, 1846, the Alabama legislature announced it had voted to move the capital city from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery add something


1847

Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry - Mexican-American War - He served in the Mexican-American War; in the Alabama State Legislature in 1847, 1853, and 1855; in the United States House of Representatives in 1857–61; and in the Confederate Congress

 

The first legislative session in the new capital met in December 1847 add something


1849

The first structure burned down in 1849, but was rebuilt on the same site in 1851 add something


1850

" This notion was popularized in the 1850s through the writings of Alexander Beaufort Meek add something


1853

George B. McClellan - These include Fort McClellan in Alabama, McClellan Butte in the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest, where he traveled while conducting the Pacific Railroad Survey in 1853, and a bronze equestrian statue honoring General McClellan in Washington, D.C. Another equestrian statue honors him in front of Philadelphia City Hall


1860

By 1860, the population had increased to 964,201 people, of which nearly half, 435,080, were enslaved African Americans, and 2,690 were free people of color add something

 

William Crawford Sherrod - Afterward, he was a planter and served as a Delegate to the Democratic National Convention from Alabama in 1860

 

John Slidell - At the Democratic Convention in Charleston, South Carolina, in April 1860, Slidell plotted with "Fire-Eaters" such as William Lowndes Yancey of Alabama to stymie the nomination of the popular Northern Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois


1861

William C. Oates - Oates joined the Confederate States Army in 1861 and eventually became the commander of the 15th Alabama infantry regiment in the spring of 1863

 

Raphael Semmes - When Alabama seceded from the Union in January 1861, Semmes resigned from the United States Navy and sought an appointment in the fledgling Confederate States Navy

 

On January 11, 1861, Alabama declared its secession from the Union add something


1862

Joseph Wheeler - Battle of Shiloh - Wheeler and the 19th Alabama fought well under Bragg at the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862

 

Raphael Semmes - Semmes sailed on "Alabama" from August 1862 to June 1864


1863

Nathaniel P. Banks - Banks in 1863 had disagreed with the Red River plan, hoping instead to mount sea expeditions to capture the Galveston area and Mobile, Alabama


1864

Nathaniel P. Banks - His superior, Ulysses S. Grant, considered it a strategic distraction, as he wanted Banks to drive east to capture Mobile, Alabama, as part of a coordinated series of offensives in the spring of 1864

 

Raphael Semmes - Captain Semmes took "Alabama" out on June 19, 1864 and met the similar "Kearsarge" in one of the most famous naval engagements of the Civil War. The commander of the "Kearsarge" had, while in port at the Azores the year before, turned his warship into a makeshift partial ironclad; the ship's port and starboard midsection were stepped-up-and-down to the waterline with overlapping rows of heavy chain armor, hidden behind black wooden deal-board covers


1865

Alabama's slaves were freed by the 13th Amendment in 1865 add something

 

Edward Canby - Canby commanded the Union forces assigned to conduct the campaign against Mobile, Alabama in the spring of 1865

 

Nathan Bedford Forrest - In 1865, Forrest attempted, without success, to defend the state of Alabama against Wilson's Raid

 

Edward Canby - Battle of Fort Blakely - This culminated in the Battle of Fort Blakely, which led to the fall of Mobile, Alabama in April 1865

 

Alabama was under military rule from the end of the war in May 1865 until its official restoration to the Union in 1868 add something


1867

From 1867 to 1874, with most white citizens barred temporarily from voting and freedmen enfranchised, many African Americans emerged as political leaders in the state add something


1868

During Reconstruction, state legislators ratified a new state constitution in 1868 that created the state's first public school system and expanded women's rights add something

 

William C. Oates - Oates resumed his law practice in Henry County, Alabama, and served as a delegate to the 1868 Democratic National Convention


1870

William C. Oates - From 1870 to 1872, he was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives


1874

In 1874, the political coalition of white Democrats known as the Redeemers took control of the state government from the Republicans, in part by suppressing the black vote through violence, fraud and intimidation add something

 

Reconstruction in Alabama ended in 1874, when the Democrats regained control of the legislature and governor's office through an election dominated by fraud and violence add something


1875

They wrote another constitution in 1875, and the legislature passed the Blaine Amendment, prohibiting public money from being used to finance religious-affiliated schools add something


1879

William Crawford Sherrod - In 1879 William Crawford Sherrod represented the Second Senatorial district in the upper house of the Alabama State Legislature and as a member of the finance Committee assisted in framing the revenue bill that piloted the state out of its indebtedness


1880

Joseph Wheeler - In 1880, Wheeler was elected from Alabama as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives


1881

Booker T. Washington - After returning to Hampton as a teacher, in 1881 he was named as the first leader of the new Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

 

Booker T. Washington - In 1881, the Hampton president Samuel C. Armstrong recommended Washington to become the first leader of Tuskegee Institute, the new normal school in Alabama


1882

William C. Oates - Oates married Sarah Toney of Eufaula, Alabama on March 28, 1882, and they had one son, William Calvin, Jr., who eventually joined his father in the law practice


1890

After 1890, a coalition of White Democratic politicians passed laws to segregate and disenfranchise African American residents, a process completed in provisions of the 1901 constitution add something


1894

William C. Oates - Oates was elected governor of Alabama in 1894 in a bitter campaign


1895

Bob Jones, Sr. - Jones must have quickly overcome his stage fright, however, for by 1895, as a twelve-year-old, he gave a spirited, twenty-minute defense of the Populist Party while standing on a dry-goods box in front of a Dothan, Alabama drug store


1896

The first community of adherents of the Bahá'í Faith in Alabama was founded in 1896 by Paul K. Dealy, who moved from Chicago to Fairhope add something


1900

This compared to more than 181,000 African Americans eligible to vote in 1900 add something

 

Bob Jones, Sr. - Jones graduated from Mallalieu in 1900, and the following year he entered Southern College at Greensboro, Alabama, supporting himself with his preaching


1901

After disfranchising most African Americans and many poor whites in the 1901 constitution, the Alabama legislature passed more Jim Crow laws at the beginning of the 20th century to impose segregation in everyday life add something

 

Despite massive population changes in the state from 1901 to 1961, the rural-dominated legislature refused to reapportion House and Senate seats based on population, as required by the state constitution to follow the results of decennial censuses add something

 

Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s add something

 

From 1901 through the 1960s, the state did not redraw election districts as population grew and shifted within the state during urbanization and industrialization of certain areas add something

 

It had not redistricted congressional districts since passage of its constitution in 1901; as a result, urbanized areas were grossly underrepresented add something

 

The 1901 constitution required racial segregation of public schools add something

 

The foundational document for Alabama's government is the Alabama Constitution, which was ratified in 1901 add something

 

The new 1901 Constitution of Alabama included provisions for voter registration that effectively disenfranchised large portions of the population, including nearly all African Americans and Native Americans, and tens of thousands of poor whites, through making voter registration difficult, requiring a poll tax and literacy test add something

 

With the disfranchisement of Blacks in 1901, the state became part of the "Solid South", a system in which the Democratic Party operated as effectively the only viable political party in every Southern state add something


1903

By 1903, only 2,980 African Americans were registered in Alabama, although at least 74,000 were literate add something

 

Holland Smith - However, he obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Alabama in 1903 and practiced law in Montgomery, Alabama , Alabama for a year


1907

Hugo Black - His legal practice was not a success, so Black moved to Birmingham, Alabama in 1907 to continue his law practice, and came to specialize in labor law and personal injury cases


1908

Bob Jones, Sr. - On June 17, 1908, he married Mary Gaston Stollenwerck, whom he had met as a choir member during a meeting he was conducting in Uniontown, Alabama


1910

Reflecting this emigration, the population growth rate in Alabama dropped by nearly half from 1910 to 1920 add something


1911

Hugo Black - When Lane was elected to the Birmingham, Alabama City Commission in 1911, he asked Black to serve as a police court judge, an experience that would be his only judicial experience prior to the Supreme Court

 

Bob Jones, Sr. - Their only child, Bob Jones, Jr. was born October 19, 1911 in Montgomery, Alabama , where they made their home


1912

Booker T. Washington - Later in 1912 Rosenwald provided funds for a pilot program to build six new small schools in rural Alabama


1913

Beginning in 1913, the first 80 Rosenwald Schools were built in Alabama for African-American children add something


1915

Booker T. Washington - Washington's health was deteriorating rapidly; he collapsed in New York City and was brought home to Tuskegee, Alabama, where he died on November 14, 1915, at the age of 59


1920

By 1920, Birmingham was the 36th-largest city in the United States add something

 

Joseph Wheeler - Currently owned by the Alabama Historical Commission, the house is undergoing major restoration and preservation to take it back to the 1920s condition

 

Bull Connor - Eugene Connor was a member of the Alabama Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s

 

Bob Jones, Sr. - Racial segregation per se was hardly an issue in 1920s Alabama because at the time both supporters and a majority of white opponents of the Klan were segregationists


1922

Booker T. Washington - At the center of the campus at Tuskegee, Alabama University, the Booker T. Washington Monument, called "Lifting the Veil," was dedicated in 1922


1925

Joseph Wheeler - In 1925, the state of Alabama donated a bronze statue of Joseph Wheeler to the National Statuary Hall Collection at the United States Capitol

 

Alabama's highest temperature of was recorded on September 5, 1925, in the unincorporated community of Centerville add something


1926

Hugo Black - In 1926, Black sought election to the United States Senate from Alabama, following the retirement of Senator Oscar Underwood

 

Hugo Black - Newman says Black "disliked the Catholic Church as an institution" and gave numerous anti-Catholic speeches in his 1926 election campaign to KKK meetings across Alabama


1927

Hugo Black - A member of the Democratic Party, Black represented Alabama in the United States Senate from 1927 to 1937, and served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1937 to 1971


1929

Raphael Semmes - After his sister's death, Raphael Semmes III donated the ensign to the state of Alabama on 19 September 1929


1931

Bear Bryant - Bryant accepted a scholarship to play for the University of Alabama in 1931


1934

Bull Connor - Connor entered politics as a Democrat in 1934, winning a seat in the Alabama Legislature

 

Booker T. Washington - In 1934 Robert Russa Moton, Washington's successor as president of Tuskegee, Alabama University, arranged an air tour for two African-American aviators

 

Tallulah Bankhead - In 1934, after recuperating in Alabama, she returned to England


1936

Bear Bryant - After graduating in 1936, Bryant took a coaching job at Union University in Jackson, Tennessee , Tennessee, but he left that position when offered an assistant coaching position under Frank Thomas at the University of Alabama

 

James Agee - In the summer of 1936, during the Great Depression, Agee spent eight weeks on assignment for "Fortune" with photographer Walker Evans, living among sharecroppers in Alabama


1937

A total of 387 schools, seven teachers' houses, and several vocational buildings were completed by 1937 in the state add something


1940

Between 1940 and 1943, more than 89,000 people moved into the city to work for war-related industries add something

 

Bear Bryant - In 1940, he left Alabama to become an assistant at Vanderbilt University under Henry Russell Sanders


1941

By 1941 more Whites than Blacks had been disenfranchised: 600,000 to 520,000 add something

 

By 1941, whites constituted a slight majority of those disenfranchised by these laws: 600,000 whites vs add something


1945

Bear Bryant - In 1945, 32-year-old Bryant met Washington Redskins owner George Marshall at a cocktail party hosted by the "Chicago Tribune", and said he had turned down offers for assistant coaching positions at Alabama and Georgia Tech


1950

African Americans continued to press in the 1950s and 1960s to end disenfranchisement and segregation in the state through the civil rights movement, including legal challenges add something

 

Alabama state politics gained nationwide and international attention in the 1950s and 1960s during the civil rights movement, when whites bureaucratically, and at times violently, resisted protests for electoral and social reform add something

 

Several long-tracked F5/EF5 tornadoes have contributed to Alabama reporting more tornado fatalities since 1950 than any other state add something

 

The state legislature passed additional racial segregation laws related to public facilities into the 1950s: jails were segregated in 1911; hospitals in 1915; toilets, hotels, and restaurants in 1928; and bus stop waiting rooms in 1945 add something

 

Alabama, along with Oklahoma and Iowa, has the most confirmed F5 and EF5 tornadoes of any state, according to statistics from the National Climatic Data Center for the period January 1, 1950, to June 2013 add something


1953

Betty Shabazz - Against her foster parents' wishes, Sanders left Alabama for New York in 1953


1954

Coretta Scott King - After completing her degree in voice and piano at the New England Conservatory, she moved with her husband to Montgomery, Alabama , Alabama, in September 1954


1955

Coretta Scott King - Coretta Scott King took part in the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Boycott of 1955 and took an active role in advocating for civil rights legislation


1957

Richard Shelby - He attended the University of Alabama, receiving an undergraduate degree in 1957 and a Juris Doctor in 1963


1958

Bear Bryant - Bryant took over the Alabama football team in 1958


1959

John Howard Griffin - He is best known for darkening his skin and journeying through Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia to experience segregation in the Deep South in 1959

 

Bear Bryant - The next year, in 1959, Alabama beat Auburn and appeared in a bowl game, the first time either had happened in the last six years


1960

A 1960 study noted that because of rural domination, "a minority of about 25 per cent of the total state population is in majority control of the Alabama legislature add something

 

During the 1960s, under Governor George Wallace, Alabama resisted compliance with federal demands for desegregation add something

 

The number of private farms has declined at a steady rate since the 1960s, as land has been sold to developers, timber companies, and large farming conglomerates add something

 

This did not change until the late 1960s following a lawsuit and court order add something

 

Truman Capote - Capote based the character of Idabel in "Other Voices, Other Rooms" on his Monroeville, Alabama neighbor and best friend, Harper Lee, and was in turn the inspiration for the character Dill Harris in Lee's 1960 bestselling, Pulitzer Prize-winning novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"


1961

Byron White - He took the lead in protecting the Freedom Riders in 1961, negotiating with Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson


1962

Bear Bryant - The magazine claimed that Bryant and Georgia Bulldogs coach Wally Butts had conspired to fix their 1962 game together in Alabama's favor


1963

Historic snowfall events include New Year's Eve 1963 snowstorm and the 1993 Storm of the Century add something

 

Richard Shelby - Shelby was a city prosecutor in Tuscaloosa, Alabama from 1963 to 1971


1964

Legal segregation ended in the states in 1964, but Jim Crow customs often continued until specifically challenged in court add something

 

Only after passage of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 did African Americans regain the ability to exercise suffrage, among other civil rights add something

 

These contributed to Congressional passage and enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 by the U.S. Congress add something

 

Until 1964, the state elected state senators on a geographic basis by county, with one per county add something


1965

The exclusion of blacks from the political system persisted until after passage of federal civil rights legislation in 1965 to enforce their constitutional rights as citizens add something

 

Tammy Wynette - In 1965, Wynette sang on the "Country Boy Eddie Show" on WBRC-TV in Birmingham, Alabama , Alabama, and this led to performances with Porter Wagoner


1966

Bear Bryant - Coming off back-to-back national championship seasons, Bryant's Alabama team went undefeated in 1966, and defeated a strong Nebraska team 34–7 in the Sugar Bowl

 

Tammy Wynette - In 1966, Wynette moved with her three daughters from Birmingham, Alabama to Nashville, Tennessee , where she attempted to get a recording contract

 

The record low of occurred on January 30, 1966, in New Market add something


1968

Happy Chandler - In 1968, Chander was given serious consideraton as the vice-presidential running mate of Alabama's former Governor George Wallace in the latter American Independent Party bid for the U.S. presidency


1969

Jeff Sessions - After attending school in nearby Camden, Sessions studied at Huntingdon College in Montgomery, Alabama , graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1969

 

Robert E. Cramer - Known as Bud by his classmates, he earned a bachelor of arts in 1969 and law degree from the University of Alabama in 1972

 

Brewster H. Shaw - Shaw entered the Air Force in 1969 after completing Officer Training School and attended undergraduate pilot training at Craig Air Force Base, Alabama


1970

Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s add something

 

This area has attracted an influx of refugees from Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam during the 1970s and thereafter add something

 

Richard Shelby - He won a seat in the Alabama Senate in 1970

 

Richard Shelby - Shelby began his legislative career as a member of the Alabama Senate in 1970, serving until 1978, when he was elected to the House of Representatives from the Tuscaloosa, Alabama-based 7th District


1971

Assata Shakur - In 1971, Shakur joined the Republic of New Afrika, an organization formed to create an independent black-majority nation composed of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana


1972

As counties were the basis of election districts, the result was a rural minority that dominated state politics through nearly three-quarters of the century, until a series of federal court cases required redistricting in 1972 to meet equal representation add something

 

In 1972, for the first time since 1901, the legislature completed the congressional redistricting based on the decennial census add something


1973

The ATP Birmingham was a World Championship Tennis tournament held from 1973 to 1980 add something

 

The state legislature has retained power over local governments by refusing to pass a constitutional amendment establishing home rule for counties, as recommended by the 1973 Alabama Constitutional Commission add something

 

Charles Colson - He became a Christian in 1973, and the following year served seven months in the federal Maxwell Prison in Alabama as the first member of the Nixon administration to be incarcerated for Watergate-related charges


1974

Arthur Bremer - Afterwards, Wallace was twice easily elected governor of Alabama, in 1974 and 1982


1975

Jeff Sessions - Sessions was an Assistant United States Attorney in the Office of the United States Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama beginning in 1975


1976

Katrina Leskanich - After she was born, they moved from Kansas to New Mexico, and California, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Stuttgart Germany and the Netherlands before arriving in Norfolk, England, in 1976


1978

Hulk Hogan - Depressed and yearning to return to wrestling, Hogan called Superstar Billy Graham in 1978 with hopes that Graham could find him a job wrestling outside of Florida; Graham agreed and Hogan soon joined Louie Tillet's Alabama territory


1979

"A Literary History of Alabama: The Nineteenth Century" 1979 add something

 

Hulk Hogan - In June 1979, Bollea won his first wrestling championship, the NWA Southeast Heavyweight Championship, recognized in Alabama and Tennessee when he defeated Ox Baker


1980

Since the 1980s judicial campaigns have become increasingly politicized add something

 

Helen Prejean - In addition to Sonnier, the account is based on the inmate Robert Lee Willie who, with his friend Joseph Jesse Vaccaro, raped and killed 18-year-old Faith Hathaway on May 28, 1980, eight days later kidnapping a Madisonville couple from along side the Tchefuncte River in Louisiana and driving them to Alabama


1981

Jeff Sessions - From 1981 to 1993 he served as U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama

 

Jeff Sessions - In 1981, President Reagan nominated Sessions to be the U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama


1982

In 1982, limited voting was first tested in Conecuh County add something


1983

Bear Bryant - Four weeks after making that comment, and just one day after passing a routine medical checkup, on January 25, 1983, Bryant checked into Druid City Hospital in Tuscaloosa, Alabama after experiencing chest pain


1984

Alabama has hosted several professional golf tournaments, such as the 1984 and 1990 PGA Championship at Shoal Creek, the Barbasol Championship , the Mobile LPGA Tournament of Champions, Airbus LPGA Classic, and Yokohama Tire LPGA Classic , and The Tradition add something


1986

Shelby was originally elected to the Senate as a Democrat in 1986 and re-elected in 1992, but switched parties immediately following the November 1994 general election add something

 

Jeff Sessions - In 1986, Reagan nominated Sessions to be a judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Alabama

 

Richard Shelby - In 1986, Shelby won the Democratic nomination for the Senate seat held by Republican Jeremiah Denton, the first Republican elected to the Senate from Alabama since Reconstruction

 

Jeff Sessions - President Ronald Reagan nominated him to a judgeship on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Alabama in 1986, but the Senate confirmation failed after it was alleged that he had made racist remarks to a colleague


1987

Richard Shelby - In 1987, Shelby opposed Reagan's nomination of Robert Bork to the Supreme Court; a move attributed to lobbying by Alabama African-American leaders who reminded Shelby that he had relied on support from African-American voters in defeating Denton in 1986


1988

Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 add something


1990

A great deal of Alabama's economic growth since the 1990s has been due to the state's expanding automotive manufacturing industry add something


1992

Richard Shelby - He was easily re-elected in 1992 even as Bill Clinton lost Alabama's electoral votes


1993

Since 1993, the automobile industry has generated more than 67,800 new jobs in the state add something


1994

Until 1994, no Republicans held any of the court seats add something

 

Jeff Sessions - Sessions was elected to Attorney General of Alabama in 1994

 

Jeff Sessions - Sessions was elected Attorney General of Alabama in November 1994


2000

The state government has promoted recognition of Native American contributions to the state, including the designation in 2000 for Columbus Day to be jointly celebrated as American Indian Heritage Day. add something


2001

Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2001 add something


2002

In 2002, Christian Koeberl with the Institute of Geochemistry University of Vienna published evidence and established the site as the 157th recognized impact crater on Earth add something

 

Truman Capote - Capote's short story "Children on Their Birthdays," another look back at a small-town Alabama childhood, was brought to film by director Mark Medoff in 2002

 

Jeff Sessions - Sessions was easily reelected in 2002 becoming the first Republican reelected to the Senate from Alabama


2004

Wesley Clark - He withdrew from the race on February 11, 2004 and announced his endorsement of John Kerry at a rally in Madison, Alabama, Wisconsin , Wisconsin on February 13


2005

Bill Maher - In late May 2005, Alabama Congressman Spencer Bachus sent a letter to Time Warner's board of directors requesting "Real Time" be canceled after remarks Maher made after noting the military had missed its recruiting goals by 42 percent


2006

In November 2006, Regions Financial completed its merger with AmSouth Bancorporation, which was headquartered in Birmingham add something


2007

In 2007, over 82 percent of schools made adequate yearly progress toward student proficiency under the National No Child Left Behind law, using measures determined by the state of Alabama add something

 

In 2007, the Alabama Legislature passed, and Republican Governor Bob Riley signed a resolution expressing "profound regret" over slavery and its lingering impact add something

 

In May 2007, German steelmaker ThyssenKrupp selected Calvert in Mobile County for a 4,65 billion combined stainless and carbon steel processing facility add something

 

Birmingham-based Compass Banchshares was acquired by Spanish-based BBVA in September 2007, although the headquarters of BBVA Compass remains in Birmingham add something


2008

Non-agricultural employment in 2008 was 121,800 in management occupations; 71,750 in business and financial operations; 36,790 in computer-related and mathematical occupation; 44,200 in architecture and engineering; 12,410 in life, physical, and social sciences; 32,260 in community and social services; 12,770 in legal occupations; 116,250 in education, training, and library services; 27,840 in art, design and media occupations; 121,110 in healthcare; 44,750 in fire fighting, law enforcement, and security; 154,040 in food preparation and serving; 76,650 in building and grounds cleaning and main add something


2009

The Port of Mobile was ranked 12th by tons of traffic in the United States during 2009 add something

 

Coretta Scott King - She was inducted into the Alabama Women's Hall of Fame in 2009

 

Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry - Until October 2009, Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry was honored by one of Alabama's two statues in the United States Capitol's National Statuary Hall Collection


2010

According to the 2010 Census, Alabama had a population of 4,779,736 add something

 

In 2010, Republicans took large majorities of both chambers of the state legislature, giving them control of that body for the first time in 136 years add something

 

In 2010, Republicans won control of both houses of the legislature for the first time in 136 years add something

 

Troy University was the largest institution in the state in 2010, with an enrollment of 29,689 students across four Alabama campuses , as well as sixty learning sites in seventeen other states and eleven other countries add something

 

Joe Louis - On February 27, 2010, an bronze statue of Louis was unveiled in his Alabama hometown


2011

According to the 2011 "U.S. News & World Report", Alabama had three universities ranked in the top 100 Public Schools in America add something

 

Muslims have been increasing in Alabama, with 31 mosques built by 2011, many by African-American converts add something

 

The 2011 Super Outbreak produced a record amount of tornadoes in the state add something

 

The Democrats lost the last of the nineteen court seats in August 2011 with the resignation of the last Democrat on the bench add something


2012

According to the 2012 "U.S. News & World Report", Alabama had four tier 1 universities add something

 

Automakers accounted for approximately a third of the industrial expansion in the state in 2012 add something

 

The eight models produced at the state's auto factories totaled combined sales of 74,335 vehicles for 2012 add something

 

The last remaining statewide Democrat, who served on the Alabama Public Service Commission was defeated in 2012 add something

 

Nathan Bedford Forrest - On March 10, 2012, a monument to Forrest in Selma, Alabama, was vandalized and the bronze bust of the general vanished

 

Construction of an & Airbus A320 family aircraft assembly plant in Mobile was formally announced by Airbus CEO Fabrice Brégier from the Mobile Convention Center on July 2, 2012 add something


2013

Construction began in 2013, with plans for it to become operable by 2015 and produce up to 50 aircraft per year by 2017 add something

 

In the 2013 season, Alabama averaged over 100,000 fans per game and Auburn averaged over 80,000 fans, both numbers among the top 20 in the nation in average attendance add something

 

It was announced on February 1, 2013, that Airbus had hired Alabama-based Hoar Construction to oversee construction of the facility add something

 

In July 2013, the plant was sold to ArcelorMittal and Nippon Steel add something


2016

The largest single campus is the University of Alabama, located in Tuscaloosa, with 37,665 enrolled for fall 2016 add something

 

In February 2016, the state passed legislation that prevents Alabama municipalities from raising the minimum wage in their locality add something


2017

According to "The New York Times", by 2017, many of Alabama's African-Americans were living in Alabama's cities such as Birmingham and Montgomery add something

 

Richard Shelby - In the December 2017 Alabama Senate special election, after the Republican nominee for the seat vacated by Jeff Sessions, Roy Moore, was accused of molesting teenage girls as young as fourteen, Shelby stated on CNN that "I think the Republican Party can do better" and "The state of Alabama deserves better