Knowledge Identifier: +Aleksey_Arakcheyev
Born in 1769.
Countries: Russia (83%), France (17%)
By 1794, he was Gatchina's artillery inspector and two years later, was the infantry inspector under the Empress Catherine II. All his ascensions in the army were attributed to his ruthless manners and his zealousness
After Paul I's coronation, on November 7, 1796, Arakcheyev was appointed as the commandant of Saint-Petersburg's garrison and received other army functions during the months of November and December
In May 1803, his services were requested by the new Tsar Alexander I, restoring his position as Inspector of the Artillery
Battle of Austerlitz - After the lessons learned at the Battle of Austerlitz, where Russian artillery had performed poorly, Arakcheyev devised the "System of 1805"
Alexander I of Russia - Militarily Mikhail Speransky had managed to improve the standard of the Russian land forces above that before the start of the 1807 campaign, and on the advice, primarily from his sister and Count Aleksey Arakcheyev, unlike 1807 Alexander did not take operational control but delegated it to his generals, Prince Michael Barclay de Tolly, Prince Pyotr Bagration and Mikhail Kutuzov
Patriotic War of 1812 - During the Patriotic War of 1812, he oversaw recruitment and management of army supplies
Starting in 1816, he organized military-agricultural colonies, an idea initially conceived by Alexander I. At first Arakcheyev tried to oppose them, but when he agreed, he did so with unrelenting rigor
For instance, Joseph Stalin used the term "Arakcheevschina" to describe the sway held by Ivan Meshchaninov in the Soviet Institute of Language and Thought in 1950