Alex Salmond

Knowledge Identifier: +Alex_Salmond


Alex Salmond

Scottish politician and current First Minister of Scotland add

Category: Politics

Born in 1954.

Countries: United Kingdom (55%), Scotland (30%), UK (5%)

Main connections: Scotland, Scottish Parliament, Scottish National Party

Linked to: Scottish National Party, Scottish Government, Heart of Midlothian F.C., Scottish Parliament




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Alex Salmond was born in 1954 add something


Moira Salmond, formerly McGlashan, was a senior civil servant and became her future husband's boss when he joined the Scottish Office in the 1970s add something


Federation of Student Nationalists - Current leader of the Scottish National Party and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond was the organisation's National Organiser in the 1970s in his time at St Andrews University


Salmond became active in the SNP when he joined the Federation of Student Nationalists at the University of St Andrews in 1973 add something


In 1978 he entered the Government Economic Service as an Assistant Economist in the Department of Agriculture and Fisheries for Scotland, part of the now defunct Scottish Office add something


Scottish independence referendum, 2014 - The "democratic deficit" label has sometimes been used to refer to the period between the 1979 and 1997 UK general elections, during which the Labour Party held a majority of Scottish seats but the Conservative Party governed the whole of the UK. Alex Salmond said in September 2013 that instances such as this amount to a lack of democracy, and that "the people who live and work in Scotland are the people most likely to make the right choices for Scotland"


Albert McQuarrie - He was MP for Banff and Buchan from 1983 to 1987, when he lost his seat to future SNP leader Alex Salmond


Following the SNP's National Council narrowly voting to uphold the expulsion, Salmond and the others were allowed back into the party a month later, and in 1985 he was elected as the SNP's Vice Convener for Publicity add something


From 1987 to 2010 he served as Member of Parliament for Banff and Buchan in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom add something


In 1987 he stood for Parliament in Banff and Buchan and defeated the incumbent Conservative MP, Albert McQuarrie add something


Salmond served as a member of the House of Commons Energy Select Committee from 1987 to 1992 add something


Later that year Salmond became Senior Vice Convener of the SNP. He was at this time still viewed as being firmly on the left of the party and had become a key ally of Jim Sillars, who joined him in the British House of Commons when he won a by-election for the seat of Glasgow Govan in 1988 add something


Salmond previously held the position of leader of the SNP from September 1990 until he stepped down in September 2000 add something


His first test as leader was the general election in 1992, with the SNP having high hopes of making an electoral breakthrough add something


Although still committed to a fully independent Scotland, Salmond signed the SNP up to supporting the campaign for devolution, and, along with Scottish Labour leader Donald Dewar and Scottish Liberal Democrat leader Jim Wallace, played an active part in securing the victory for devolution in the Scotland referendum of 1997 add something


The SNP increased its number of MPs from four to six in the 1997 general election, which saw a landslide victory for the Labour Party add something


In 1998, Salmond won the "Spectator Award for Political strategist of the Year" add something


Under section 45 of the Scotland Act 1998 he became Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland at the same time add something


Following the establishment of the devolved Scottish Parliament in 1999, he was elected MSP for Banff and Buchan, thus simultaneously representing the area as both Member of Parliament and MSP. Salmond resigned as SNP leader in 2000 and did not seek re-election to the Scottish Parliament add something


In that election, Salmond stood as a candidate for the Gordon constituency, which had been represented since 1999 by the Liberal Democrat Nora Radcliffe add something


Salmond was elected to the Scottish Parliament in 1999 and was one of its highest profile members add something


Salmond was one of the few politicians in the UK to oppose the NATO bombing of Serbia in 1999 add something


He stood down as SNP leader in 2000, facing internal criticism after a series of high profile fall-outs with party members, and was replaced by his preferred successor John Swinney, who defeated Alex Neil for the post add something


He did however retain his Westminster seat in the 2001 general election add something


He left the Scottish Parliament in 2001 to lead the SNP group in the House of Commons add something


Stewart Stevenson - Elected to the Scottish Parliament on 7 June 2001 he followed Alex Salmond, after his resignation, as member of the Scottish Parliament for Banff and Buchan


Salmond was once again elected SNP leader in 2004 and the following year held his Banff and Buchan seat in the 2005 general election add something


Although he was re-elected in the 2005 general election, he made clear his intention to return to the Scottish Parliament at the 2007 Scottish parliamentary election in an attempt to win power for the first time add something


In 2006 he announced his intention to contest the Gordon constituency in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, an election in which Salmond defeated the incumbent MSP and in which nationally, the SNP emerged as the largest single party add something


As First Minister, from 2007 to 2011 Salmond headed a minority Scottish Government, but after the 2011 Scottish Parliament election the Scottish National Party, which he leads, emerged with an overall majority add something


Having won more seats than any other party in the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, the SNP initially approached the Scottish Liberal Democrats to form a coalition, but they declined to take part in negotiations add something


The Scottish National Party became the minority government of the devolved Scottish Parliament after winning a plurality of seats in the 2007 Scottish election add something


He became Scotland's fourth First Minister in May 2007 add something


Salmond was elected by the Scottish Parliament as First Minister on 16 May 2007, and was sworn in on 17 May after receiving the Royal Warrant from the Queen and taking the official oath of allegiance before judges at the Court of Session add something


Salmond was voted First Minister by the Scottish Parliament on 16 May 2007 add something


In November 2007, Salmond received the "The Spectator's" Parliamentarian of the Year award for his "brilliant campaign" and "extraordinary victory" in the Scottish Parliament elections, thereby ending eight years of Labour rule add something


"The Guardian" reported in November 2007 that Salmond believed Scotland would be independent within "the next decade" add something


Frank Mulholland - Following the 2007 Scottish election, newly-elected SNP First Minister Alex Salmond appointed Mulholland to succeed Labour Party member John Beckett as Solicitor General, the junior of the two Law Officers of the Crown in Scotland


Duncan Hamilton (politician) - In 2007 Hamilton was appointed as a political advisor to First Minister Alex Salmond


Nora Radcliffe - In the 2007 Scottish Parliament elections, she once more contested Gordon, but was defeated by Alex Salmond, the leader of the Scottish National Party, who earned 14,650 votes to her 12,588


Scottish National Party - In the 2007 Scottish Parliamentary general election the SNP emerged as the largest party with 47 seats, narrowly ousting the Scottish Labour Party with 46 seats and Alex Salmond became Scottish First Minister


Scottish National Party - In the 2007 general election the SNP won the most seats in the Scottish Parliament for the first time, forming a minority government with party leader Alex Salmond elected First Minister of Scotland


Angus Robertson - In May 2007, he became SNP Leader in the House of Commons, following Alex Salmond's election as First Minister of Scotland


Anne Moffat - On 23 May 2007, she compared the newly elected Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond to Adolf Hitler, saying "proportional representation gave Germany Adolf Hitler and in Scotland to a lesser degree we've had the member for Banff and Buchan" during a debate in the House of Commons on the 2007 Scottish Elections


A white paper for the bill, setting out four possible options ranging from no change to full independence, was published by the Scottish Government on 30 November 2009 add something


Earlier in December 2009, he campaigned for climate change legislation at the UN Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen to promote Scotland's role in tackling and mitigating climate change add something


Scottish National Liberation Army - In June 2009, Adam Busby Jr., the son of the SNLA founder, was jailed for 6 years for sending a total of 6 packages to various political figures, including First Minister Alex Salmond, Liberal Democrats MSP Mike Rumbles and Glasgow City Council


Alex Salmond in his 2010 New Year message highlighted the importance of sustainable development and renewable energy in Scotland and the required increase in powers of the Scottish Parliament needed to help harness Scotland's green energy potential and therefore take full advantage of the "renewable revolution" add something


Salmond said it would be "unacceptable" for the SNP to be excluded from the 2010 UK election televised debate and has sought "guarantees of inclusion from the broadcasters, given their inescapable duty to ensure fairness and impartiality in election-related coverage in Scotland" in the build up to the 2010 UK general election add something


In the 2011 Scottish Parliament election the Scottish National Party, won by a landslide and emerged with an overall majority add something


Salmond is renowned for his interest in horseracing and for his support of Heart of Midlothian F.C. He was made a patron of Aberdeen University Shinty Club in 2011 after attending their 150th anniversary celebrations at the Sutherland Cup final add something


The SNP again pledged to hold an independence referendum and won an overall majority in the 2011 Scottish election add something


On the 9 January 2011 he announced that referendum would be held in Autumn 2014 add something


Donald Trump - In 2011 he wrote to Alex Salmond expressing his view that the planned structures were ugly


Scotland - The pro-independence Scottish National Party led by Alex Salmond achieved this in the 2011 election, winning 69 of the 129 seats available


Abdelbaset al-Megrahi - On 30 August 2011, the Scottish First Minister Alex Salmond said, "The latest pictures broadcast of Mr al-Megrahi clearly demonstrate that he is an extremely sick man, dying of terminal prostate cancer


Edwin Morgan (poet) - First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond's leader's speech to the Scottish National Party Conference at Inverness on 22 October 2011 referred to Morgan's bequest of £918,000 to the Party in his Will as "transformational"


On 10 January 2012, the Scottish Government announced that they intend to hold the referendum in the autumn of 2014 add something


An agreement was signed on 15 October 2012 by David Cameron and Salmond which provides a legal framework for the referendum to be held add something


On 7 November 2012, Alex Salmond became the longest serving First Minister of Scotland serving 2002 days, 1 day more than his predecessor Jack McConnell add something


Scottish independence referendum, 2014 - At the launch of the Yes Scotland campaign in May 2012, Alex Salmond said that the case for independence would be driven by community activism and "online wizardry"


"Scotland's Future", a white paper setting out the Scottish Government's vision for an independent Scotland was published on 26 November 2013 add something


Harold Mahony - Mahony remained the last Scot to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon, until the triumph of Andy Murray at the 2013 championships; a point raised by the Scottish First Minister, Alex Salmond, in a radio interview


The day after the 2014 independence referendum, at which a majority of the Scottish people voted to remain as part of the United Kingdom, Salmond announced his intention not to stand for re-election as leader of the SNP at the SNP National Conference in November, and to resign as First Minister thereafter add something


On 19 September 2014, following the results of the independence referendum which confirmed a majority of the Scottish people had voted to remain as part of the United Kingdom, Salmond announced that he will be resigning as First Minister in November 2014 add something


On 7 December 2014, Salmond announced that he would stand as the SNP candidate for the Westminster constituency of Gordon in the 2015 May election add something


Angela Constance - Following defeat in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Scottish National Party leader and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond announced his resignation as SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland


Stewart Hosie - Following defeat in the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, Scottish National Party leader and First Minister of Scotland Alex Salmond announced his resignation as SNP leader and First Minister of Scotland


Scottish independence referendum, 2014 - Dr Angus Armstrong of the National Institute of Economic and Social Research wrote that the implicit constraints on its economic policy would be more restrictive than the explicit ones it faces as a full part of the UK. Alex Salmond said in February 2014 that an independent Scotland in a currency union would retain tax and spending powers


Andrew Marr - In March 2014 Marr was criticised for expressing his own opinion on an independent Scotland's membership of the EU while interviewing Alex Salmond on BBC TV.


Nick Robinson - On 11 September 2014, as part of the coverage of the Scottish independence referendum, Nick Robinson had a dispute with Alex Salmond, leader of the SNP. On 10 September, Nick Robinson had disclosed on the BBC News at Ten that Lloyds and the Royal Bank of Scotland would be moving their registered offices from Scotland to London in the event of a yes vote


Nicola Sturgeon, his successor as SNP leader and First Minister, reportedly "attempted to slap down Alex Salmond" at the March 2015 SNP conference after he gave interviews "portraying himself as kingmaker in a hung parliament" add something


On 13 May 2015, Salmond was appointed as the SNP's foreign affairs spokesman in the House of Commons add something


M&C Saatchi - In 2015, the agency was behind the Tory election campaign posters, picturing Ed Miliband in Alex Salmond's pocket


In January 2016, Salmond called Trump a "chicken" for refusing to appear on his talk show, saying that: "The Donald tries to give this impression that he's totally off the cuff, in fact his media operation controls him and protects him from tough interviews, and when he's had tough interviews he hasn't liked it, that's been pretty obvious add something


"Therefore I was anticipating being in that position by 2017 add something


On 9 November 2017, the RT channel announced he will host a show called "The Alex Salmond Show" on the network add something


The first show was broadcast on 16 November 2017; the main interviewee was Carles Puigdemont, the former president of Catalonia add something


The topic of the third show, which was released on 30 November 2017, was the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 in 1988 add something


In August 2018, Salmond resigned from the party amid allegations of sexual misconduct add something


In August 2018, he resigned from the SNP amid allegations of sexual misconduct while he was First Minister add something


On 30 August 2018, he launched a crowdfunding appeal to pay for the legal costs of fighting the allegations add something


On 8 January, 2019, he won his inquiry case against Scottish government, noting: "while I am glad about the victory which has been achieved today, I am sad that it was necessary to take this action add something


In January 2019, he was arrested and charged with 14 offences, including multiple counts of attempted rape and sexual assault add something


On 8 January 2019, he won his inquiry case against Scottish government, noting: "while I am glad about the victory which has been achieved today, I am sad that it was necessary to take this action add something


On 24 January 2019, Salmond was arrested by police and charged with 14 offences, including breach of the peace, multiple counts of sexual assault and two of attempted rape add something