European Union
Jude Law
(Movies & TV)
Economy of Belarus
Vital Kramko
Myechyslaw Hryb
Saddam Hussein

See also

Alexander Lukashenko

Knowledge Identifier: +Alexander_Lukashenko


Alexander Lukashenko

President of Belarus add

Category: Politics

Born in 1954.

Countries: Belarus (48%), Russia (15%), Iraq (6%)

Main connections: European Union, Jude Law, Economy of Belarus

Linked to: European integration, Soviet Union, Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Amnesty International




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Alexander Lukashenko was born in 1954 add something


He graduated from the Mogilev Pedagogical Institute in 1975 and the Belarussian Agricultural Academy in 1985 add something


He served in the Border Guard from 1975 to 1977 and in the Soviet Army from 1980 to 1982 add something


Lukashenko married Galina Zhelnerovich, his high school sweetheart, in 1975 add something


Lukashenko led a Komsomol chapter in Mogilev from 1977 to 1978 add something


Their second son, Dzmitry, was born in 1980 add something


After leaving the military he became the deputy chairman of a collective farm in 1982 and in 1985 add something


In 1990, Lukashenko was elected as a Deputy in the Supreme Council of the Republic of Belarus add something


State-controlled NTV television broadcast throughout July a multi-part documentary entitled 'The Godfather' highlighting the suspicious disappearance of a number of opposition leaders during the late 1990s, as well as highlighting a statement Lukashenko had made seemingly praising Adolf Hitler add something


He was the only deputy of the Belarusian parliament who voted against ratification of the December 1991 agreement that dissolved the Soviet Union and set up the Commonwealth of Independent States in its place add something


In late 1993 he accused 70 senior government officials, including Stanislav Shushkevich, of corruption including stealing state funds for personal purposes add something


Lukashenko was elected in 1993 to serve as the chairman of the anti-corruption committee of the Belarusian parliament add something


A new Belarusian constitution enacted in early 1994 paved the way for the first democratic presidential elections in July add something


Economy of Belarus - After the 1994 election of Alexander Lukashenko as the first President, he launched the country on the path of "market socialism" as opposed to what Lukashenko considered "wild capitalism" chosen by Russia at that time


Viktor Sheiman - He has been an active supporter of Alexander Lukashenko since his election in 1994


Myechyslaw Hryb - He succeeded Stanislau Shushkevich and was head of state to July 20, 1994, when Alexander Lukashenko replaced him in the new office called President of Belarus, and continued as a parliamentary speaker


In May 1995, one of the first votes under Lukashenko occurred add something


The Ukrainian Weekly, No. 41, 1996-10-13 add something


Shortly after that a referendum was held on 24 November 1996 in which four questions were offered by Lukashenko and three offered by a group of Parliament members add something


Alaksandar Kazulin - He was a rector of the Belarusian State University from 1996 to 2003 and a government minister serving under Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko but later fell out of favor


Communist Party of Belarus - It was created in 1996 and supports the government of president Alexander Lukashenko


He was elected chairman of the Belarusian Olympic Committee in 1997 add something


Ford Union - The plant become well-known on 23 July 1997 as president Aljaksandr Ryhorawitsch Lukaschenka was invited to a press conference with five strategically selected foreign journalists to discuss a predicted failure which later proved true


At the start of 1998, the Central Bank of Russia suspended trading in the Belarusian ruble, which led to a collapse in the value of the currency add something


It is not known where the term was first used, though the earliest documented use was in 1998 add something


Lukashenko blamed foreign governments for conspiring against him and, in April 1998, he expelled ambassadors from the Drazdy complex near Minsk , offering them another building add something


Kosovo War - Upon the outbreak of the Kosovo War in 1999, Lukashenko suggested to Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic that Yugoslavia join the Union of Russia and Belarus add something


In 1999 there were 1,360 Jews among a population of 227,000 add something


Shortly after his election to the presidency in Belarus, he addressed the State Duma of the Russian Federation in Moscow proposing a new Union of Slavic states, which would culminate in the creation of the Union State in 1999 add something


Since 2001, Lukashenko wanted to improve the social welfare of his citizens and to make Belarus "powerful and prosperous" add something


Elections were held on 9 September 2001 with Vladimir Goncharik and Sergei Gaidukevich as his opponents add something


Pavel Pavlovich Kozlovsky - He unsuccessfully sought to challenge the incumbent President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko in a campaign for the presidency in 2001, but failed to gather the sufficient number of signatures to stand in the election


Vital Kramko - Kramko was awarded the title on 30 June 2001 from a decree issued by Alexander Lukashenko


Valery Levaneuski - In 2002, the strike committee led by Levaneuski organized a strike of 120,000 small traders calling for President Lukashenko to be ousted and blaming him personally for the suppression of small businesses in Belarus


Belarusian nuclear power plant project - On 2 May 2002, Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko stated that Belarus would not construct a nuclear power plant on its territory, but was interested in purchasing nuclear power from Russia, and in the possibility of constructing a Belarus-owned reactor at the Smolensk nuclear power plant in Russia


Following the Iraq war of 2003, United States intelligence agencies issued a report that announced aides of Saddam Hussein managed to acquire Belarusian passports while in Syria add something


In 2004, a referendum was passed that eliminated presidential term limits, allowing Lukashenko to stand again for office in 2006 add something


Lukashenko fathered an illegitimate son, Nikolay, who was born in 2004 add something


The United States Congress has sought to aid the opposition groups by passing the Belarus Democracy Act of 2004 to introduce sanctions against Lukashenko's government and provide financial and other support to the opposition add something


During a televised address to the nation on 7 September 2004 Lukashenko announced plans for a referendum on whether to eliminate presidential term limits add something


After Lukashenko confirmed he was running for re-election in 2005, opposition groups began to seek a single candidate add something


On 16 October 2005, on the Day of Solidarity With Belarus, the political groups Zubr and Third Way Belarus encouraged all of the opposition parties to rally behind one candidate to oppose Lukashenko in the 2006 election add something


Previously, Lukashenko had been limited to two terms and thus would have been constitutionally required to step down after the presidential elections in 2006 add something


On 19 March 2006 exit polls showed Lukashenko winning a third term in a landslide, amid opposition claims of vote-rigging and fear of violence add something


The OSCE declared on 20 March 2006 that the "presidential election failed to meet OSCE commitments for democratic elections add something


In October 2007 Lukashenko was accused of making blatant anti-Semitic and anti-Israel comments add something


In September 2008, parliamentary elections were held add something


However, in a shift of policy in October 2008, the EU decided temporarily to lift visa sanctions, mainly to help persuade Belarus not to recognize the independence of Georgian breakaway regions South Ossetia and Abkhazia, which had been unilaterally recognized by Russia two months previous add something


Great Russia (political party) - Great Russia has initially stated it supports Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko's candidacy for President of Russia in 2008, a candidacy which is impossible as Lukashenko is not a Russian citizen


Dmitry Rogozin - The party said it may consider supporting the candidacy of Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko for the Presidency of Russia in 2008, a move which was unconstitutional because Lukashenko is not a Russian citizen


In April 2009, he held talks with Pope Benedict XVI in the Vatican, marking his first visit to Western Europe after a travel ban on him a decade earlier add something


On 16 September 2009, Lukashenko entered the EU for the second time since the temporary suspension of sanctions, to visit a Belarusian trade fair in Vilnius, Lithuania add something


Silvio Berlusconi - Berlusconi visited Alexander Lukashenko in Belarus in 2009


The run-up to the Belarusian presidential election, 2010 was marked by a series of Russian media attacks upon the incumbent Alexander Lukashenko add something


Lukashenko was one of ten candidates registered for the presidential election held in Belarus on 19 December 2010 add something


Andrei Sannikov - Sannikov was a candidate at the 2010 presidential election in Belarus, and had the second highest percentage of the popular votes after incumbent Alexander Lukashenko


Alexander Radkov - Since 2010 he heads Belaya Rus, a political party that supports President Alexander Lukashenko


Lukashenko spoke and said he will not run for the Russian presidency; if his health is still good, he might run for reelection in 2011 add something


Though originally envisaged for 2011 an earlier date was approved 'to ensure the maximum participation of citizens in the electoral campaign and to set most convenient time for the voters' add something


Lukashenko's inauguration ceremony of 22 January 2011 was boycotted by European Union ambassadors, while fellow CIS countries did send officials not higher than ambassadors add something


Effective 31 January 2011, the European Union renewed a travel ban, prohibiting Lukashenko and 156 of his associates from traveling to EU member countries, as a result of violent crackdowns of opposition supporters by Lukashenko's government forces following the election add something


Belarus Space Agency - December 16, 2011, during a seminar of government officials, President Alexander Lukashenko instructed the Belarusian scientists to construct the world's best spacecraft


Jude Law - In 2011 Law joined street protests against Alexander Lukashenko and Lukashenko's brutal crackdown on the Belarusian democracy movement


Orange Revolution - Rose Revolution - During Alexander Lukashenko's inauguration as President of Belarus of 22 January 2011 Lukashenko vowed that Belarus would never have its own version of the Orange Revolution and Georgia's 2003 Rose Revolution


Ministry of Internal Affairs (Belarus) - For this, he received an award and an acknowledgement letter from President Alexander Lukashenko in February 2011


Kevin Spacey - In March 2011, following Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko's crackdown on the Belarusian democracy movement, Spacey, along with Jude Law and others, joined street protests against Lukashenko.


Tom Stoppard - Stoppard, Kevin Spacey, Jude Law, and others, joined protests against the regime of Alexander Lukashenko in March 2011, showing their support for the Belarusian democracy movement


FEMEN - On 19 December 2011 FEMEN performed a topless protest against Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko outside the KGB Headquarters in Minsk, mocking Lukashenko's recognizable haircut and moustache


On 4 March 2012, Lukashenko provoked diplomatic rebuke from Germany and much controversy when he insulted the openly gay German Foreign Minister, Guido Westerwelle, by claiming that it was "better to be a dictator than gay" two days after European Union leaders at a summit in Brussels on 3 March had called for new measures to pressure Lukashenko over alleged human rights abuses in Belarus add something


Alyona Lanskaya - However on February 24, 2012, it was announced that Lanskaya was disqualified after the Belorussian President conducted an investigation leading to her "unfair" win in Eurofest 10 days earlier after rumors circulated that the producers had rigged the televoting giving her 12 points making her the winner


During the 2014 crisis in Ukraine, Alexander Lukashenko became a critic of Russian policy and interferences in Ukraine's internal affairs add something


In 2015, Lukashenko sought to improve trade relations between Balarus and Latin America add something


On October 11, 2015, Lukashenko was elected for his fifth term as the President of Belarus add something


Economy of Belarus - In April 2015 Alexander Lukashenko signed a bill "On preventing freeloading practices" which introduced a fine on unemployed population


United Civic Party of Belarus - The party opposes the government of Alexander Lukashenko, generally participates in the country's elections, but did not have a single member in parliament until one member was elected during the 2016 elections


On September 14, 2017, Belarus and Russian relations were normal with both conducting military drills add something