Alfred Jodl

Knowledge Identifier: +Alfred_Jodl

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Alfred Jodl

German military commander, attaining the position of Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command during World War II, acting as deputy to Wilhelm Keitel, and signed the unconditional surrender of Germany as a representative for German president Karl Dönitz add

Category: Military

Born in 1890.

Countries: Germany (39%), Europe (17%), (17%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Karl Donitz, World War II, Erich Raeder

Linked to: Jews, Partisan, Wehrmacht, Association of Knight's Cross Recipients

 

Timeline


 

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Alfred Jodl was born in 1890 add something


1899

Alfred Jodl was born out of wedlock as "'Alfred Josef Ferdinand Baumgärtler"' in Würzburg, Germany, the son of Officer Alfred Jodl and Therese Baumgärtler, assuming the surname "'Jodl"' upon his parents' marriage in 1899 add something


1910

He was educated at Cadet School in Munich, from which he graduated in 1910 add something


1913

Jodl had married Irma Gräfin von Bullion, a woman five years his senior from an aristocratic Swabian family, in September 1913 add something


1917

In 1917 Jodl served briefly on the Eastern Front before returning to the west as a staff officer add something


1933

Jodl nevertheless proved that some of the charges made against him were untrue, such as the charge that he had helped Hitler gain control of Germany in 1933 add something


1938

In the build-up to World War II, Jodl was nominally assigned as a "Artilleriekommandeur" of the 44th Division from October 1938 to August 1939 during the Anschluss add something


1939

On September 1939 Jodl first met Adolf Hitler add something

 

Erich Raeder - On 12 December 1939 Raeder told Hitler, Wilhelm Keitel and Alfred Jodl of the OKW that Quisling had made "a reliable impression" on him, and repeated Quisling's arguments of the previous day to explain why Norway needed to be invaded


1940

During the Battle of Britain Jodl was optimistic of Germany's success over Britain, on 30 June 1940 writing "The final German victory over England is now only a question of time add something


1941

At the Nuremberg Trials, when confronted with mass shootings of Soviet POWs in 1941, Jodl explained that only prisoners shot were " add something


1942

Jodl disagreed with Hitler for the second time during the summer offensive of 1942 add something

 

Jodl signed the Commando Order of 28 October 1942 and the Commissar Order of 6 June 1941 add something

 

Albert Kesselring - Kesselring was briefly considered as a possible successor to "Generalfeldmarschall" Wilhelm Keitel as Chief of Staff of the OKW in September 1942, with "General der Panzertruppe" Friedrich Paulus replacing "Generaloberst" Alfred Jodl as Chief of the Operations Staff at OKW. The consideration demonstrated the high regard in which Kesselring was held by Hitler


1944

He was injured during the 20 July plot of 1944 against Hitler add something

 

She died in Königsberg in the spring of 1944 from pneumonia, contracted after major spinal surgery add something

 

In November 1944, Jodl married Luise von Benda, a family friend add something


1945

At the end of World War II in Europe, Jodl signed the instruments of unconditional surrender on 7 May 1945 in Reims as the representative of Karl Dönitz add something

 

Karl Donitz - On 7 May 1945, he ordered Alfred Jodl to sign the German instruments of surrender in Rheims, France


1946

His property, which had been confiscated in 1946, was returned to his widow add something


Alfred Jodl died in 1946 add something


1949

In doing so the court cited the French co-President of the Tribunal, Henri Donnedieu de Vabres, who had in 1949 called the verdict against Jodl a mistake add something


1953

Jodl was exonerated by a German denazification court in 1953 add something

 

On 28 February 1953, the "München Hauptspruchkammer" declared Jodl "not guilty" of the main charges brought against him at Nuremberg add something

 

This "not guilty" declaration was revoked on 3 September 1953 by the Minister of Political Liberation for Bavaria, after pressure from American officers add something


1962

Wolfgang Lukschy - Possibly his most noted performances worldwide were his roles as Alfred Jodl in the 1962 American war film "The Longest Day" and as John Baxter in Sergio Leone's 1964 production "A Fistful of Dollars" alongside Clint Eastwood and Gian Maria Volonté