Dynamit Nobel
(Pharmaceutical Drug)
Sveriges Riksbank
(Finance and Banking)
(Aerospace and Defence)
Oil tanker
Diatomaceous earth
(Garden features)

See also

Alfred Nobel

Knowledge Identifier: +Alfred_Nobel


Alfred Nobel

Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer add

Category: Sciences

Born in 1833.

Countries: Sweden (25%), France (25%), (20%)

Main connections: Dynamit Nobel, Nitroglycerin, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

Linked to: Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Uppsala University, AkzoNobel, Bofors




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Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 add something


Following various business failures, Nobel's father moved to Saint Petersburg in 1837 and grew successful there as a manufacturer of machine tools and explosives add something


In 1842, the family joined him in the city add something


As a young man, Nobel studied with chemist Nikolai Zinin; then, in 1850, went to Paris to further the work; and, at 18, he went to the United States for four years to study chemistry, collaborating for a short period under inventor John Ericsson, who designed the American Civil War ironclad "USS Monitor" add something


Nobel filed his first patent, for a gas meter, in 1857 add something


Nobel invented a detonator in 1863; and, in 1865, he designed the blasting cap add something


On 3 September 1864, a shed, used for the preparation of nitroglycerin, exploded at the factory in Heleneborg Stockholm, killing five people, including Nobel's younger brother Emil add something


Nitroglycerin - Nitroglycerin was later adopted as a commercially useful explosive by Alfred Nobel, who experimented with safer ways to handle the dangerous compound after his younger brother, Emil Oskar Nobel, and several factory workers were killed in an explosion at the Nobels' armaments factory in 1864 in Heleneborg, Sweden


Dynamit Nobel - It was founded in 1865 by Alfred Nobel


Dynamit Nobel - Dynamit Nobel AG originates from the company Alfred Nobel & Co., founded on the 21st June 1865 in Hamburg by the Swedish chemist and industrialist Alfred Nobel


Diatomaceous earth - In 1866, Alfred Nobel discovered that nitroglycerin could be made much more stable if absorbed in diatomite


Nobel found that when nitroglycerin was incorporated in an absorbent inert substance like "kieselguhr" it became safer and more convenient to handle, and this mixture he patented in 1867 as 'dynamite' add something


Nobel invented dynamite in 1867, a substance easier and safer to handle than the more unstable nitroglycerin add something


Nitroglycerin - Liquid nitroglycerin was widely banned elsewhere as well, and these legal restrictions led to Alfred Nobel and his company's developing dynamite in 1867


Dynamit Nobel - Liquid nitroglycerin was widely banned elsewhere as well, and this finally led to Alfred Nobel & Company's development of dynamite in 1867, made by mixing the nitroglycerin with the diatomaceous earth found in the Kr├╝mmel hills


Nobel Enterprises - "'Nobel Industries Limited"' was founded in 1870 by Swedish chemist and industrialist Alfred Nobel for the production of the new explosive dynamite


Nobel travelled for much of his business life, maintaining companies in various countries in Europe and North America and keeping a permanent home in Paris from 1873 to 1891 add something


In 1875 Nobel invented gelignite, more stable and powerful than dynamite, and in 1887 patented ballistite, a forerunner of cordite add something


In 1876 Austro-Bohemian Countess Bertha Kinsky became Alfred Nobel's secretary add something


Nobel's third and longest-lasting relationship was with Sofie Hess who was from Vienna, whom he met in 1876 add something


'Gelignite', or blasting gelatin, as it was named, was patented in 1876; and was followed by a host of similar combinations, modified by the addition of potassium nitrate and various other substances add something


Oil tanker - In 1876, Ludvig and Robert Nobel, brothers of Alfred Nobel, founded Branobel in Baku, Azerbaijan


Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences - Nobel was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1884, the same institution that would later select laureates for two of the Nobel prizes, and he received an honorary doctorate from Uppsala University in 1893 add something


In 1888 Alfred's brother Ludvig died while visiting Cannes and a French newspaper erroneously published Alfred's obituary add something


In 1891, following the death of his mother and his brother Ludvig and the end of a long standing relationship, Nobel moved from Paris to San Remo, Italy add something


Bofors - Bofors' most famous owner was Alfred Nobel, who owned the company from 1894 until his death in December 1896


On 27 November 1895, at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Nobel signed his last will and testament and set aside the bulk of his estate to establish the Nobel Prizes, to be awarded annually without distinction of nationality add something


Suffering from angina, Nobel died at home, of a cerebral haemorrhage in 1896 add something


Though her personal contact with Alfred Nobel had been brief, she corresponded with him until his death in 1896, and it is believed that she was a major influence in his decision to include a peace prize among those prizes provided in his will add something

Alfred Nobel died in 1896 add something


Alfred Maul - Previously, aerial photographs had been taken from balloons and kites, and in 1896 or 1897 by Alfred Nobel's rocket, from a small rocket at 100 metres altitude


Bertha von Suttner was awarded the 1905 Nobel Peace prize, 'for her sincere peace activities' add something


Gustaf Dalen - In 1912 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his "invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys"


They were released only in 1955, to be included with the biographical data of Nobel add something


Sveriges Riksbank - Following its third centennial in 1968, the Bank instituted the annual Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, which is awarded with the Nobel Prizes at the Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm, on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death


In 2012, the capital is worth around SEK 3,1 billion , which is almost twice the amount of the initial capital, taking inflation into account add something