Andrew Carnegie

Knowledge Identifier: +Andrew_Carnegie


Andrew Carnegie

Scottish-American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century add

Category: Business

Born in 1835.

Countries: United States (44%), United Kingdom (24%), (11%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Carnegie Steel Company, Scotland, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Linked to: Carnegie Mellon University, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Carnegie Steel Company, Carnegie Corporation of New York




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Andrew Carnegie was born in 1835 add something


In 1836, the family moved to a larger house in Edgar Street , following the demand for more heavy damask from which his father, William Carnegie, benefited add something


High above the city, near the small town of South Fork, the South Fork Dam was originally built between 1838 and 1853 by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as part of a canal system to be used as a reservoir for a canal basin in Johnstown add something


Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland, and emigrated to the United States with his parents in 1848 add something


Falling on very hard times as a handloom weaver and with the country in starvation, William Carnegie decided to move with his family to Allegheny, Pennsylvania in the United States in 1848 for the prospect of a better life add something


His first job at age 13 in 1848 was as a bobbin boy, changing spools of thread in a cotton mill 12 hours a day, 6 days a week in a Pittsburgh cotton factory add something


Spencer, Herbert, 1851 add something


In his 1854 essay Manners and Fashion, Spencer referred to public education as Old schemes add something


Carnegie started as a telegrapher and by the 1860s had investments in railroads, railroad sleeping cars, bridges and oil derricks add something


In spring 1861, Carnegie was appointed by Scott, who was now Assistant Secretary of War in charge of military transportation, as Superintendent of the Military Railways and the Union Government's telegraph lines in the East add something


Keystone Bridge Company - The "'Keystone Bridge Company"', founded in 1865 by Andrew Carnegie, was an important American bridge building company


In the 1870s, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company, a step which cemented his name as one of the "Captains of Industry" add something


Carnegie erected commodious swimming-baths for the people of his hometown in Dunfermline in 1879 add something


In the late 1880s, Carnegie Steel was the largest manufacturer of pig iron, steel rails, and coke in the world, with a capacity to produce approximately 2,000 tons of pig metal per day add something


Throughout the 1880s and 1890s, for example, Carnegie allowed his steel works to fill large orders of armor plate for the building of an enlarged and modernized United States Navy; while he opposed American oversea expansion add something


To this end, in the early 1880s, he purchased numerous newspapers in England, all of which were to advocate the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of "the British Republic" add something


James Archer (artist) - In the 1880s, Archer travelled to the USA, where he painted Andrew Carnegie's portrait, and to India, where he painted landscapes and people in costume


Between 1881 when the club was opened, and 1889, the dam frequently sprang leaks and was patched, mostly with mud and straw add something


However, he did not begin his philanthropic work in all earnest until 1881, with the gift of a library to his hometown of Dunfermline, Scotland add something


In 1881, Carnegie took his family, including his 70 year-old mother, on a trip to the United Kingdom add something


With the coming-of-age of railroads superseding canal barge transport, the lake was abandoned by the Commonwealth, sold to the Pennsylvania Railroad, and sold again to private interests and eventually came to be owned by the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club in 1881 add something


Erskine Ramsay - One son was Andrew Carnegie Ramsay, 1881 - 1937


Samuel Storey - But it was a partnership with Andrew Carnegie, from 1882 to 1885, which really saw his newspaper business take off


The first was opened in 1883 in Dunfermline add something


Between 1886 and 1917, Carnegie reformed both library philanthropy and library design, encouraging a closer correspondence between the two add something


In 1886, Carnegie wrote his most radical work to date, entitled "Triumphant Democracy" add something


In 1886, Carnegie's younger brother Thomas died at age 43 add something


Grangemouth Dockyard Company - In 1887 the yard was visited by Andrew Carnegie and his new wife Louise


James G. Blaine - Blaine and his wife and daughters sailed for Europe in June 1887, visiting England, Ireland, Germany, France, Austria-Hungary, and finally Scotland, where they stayed at the summer home of Andrew Carnegie


In 1888, Carnegie bought the rival Homestead Steel Works, which included an extensive plant served by tributary coal and iron fields, a 425-mile long railway, and a line of lake steamships add something


By 1889, the U.S. output of steel exceeded that of the UK, and Carnegie owned a large part of it add something


Carnegie was one of more than 50 members of the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, which has been blamed for the Johnstown Flood that killed 2,209 people in 1889 add something


Such repair work, a reduction in height, and unusually high snowmelt and heavy spring rains combined to cause the dam to give way on May 31, 1889 resulting in twenty million tons of water to sweep down the valley causing the Johnstown Flood add something


By the 1890s, the company was the largest and most profitable industrial enterprise in the world add something


Carnegie Hall - Designed by architect William Burnet Tuthill and built by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1891, it is one of the most prestigious venues in the world for both classical music and popular music


New York Philharmonic - It was Walter who would convince Andrew Carnegie that New York needed a first-class concert hall and on May 5, 1891, both Walter and Russian composer Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted at the inaugural concert of the city's new Music Hall, which in a few years would be renamed for its primary benefactor, Andrew Carnegie


Carnegie combined his assets and those of his associates in 1892 with the launching of the Carnegie Steel Company add something


Emma Goldman - In June 1892, a steel plant in Homestead, Pennsylvania owned by Andrew Carnegie became the focus of national attention when talks between the Carnegie Steel Company and the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers broke down


James Bertram (Carnegie secretary) - He returned to Scotland for health reasons in 1897, and was recruited by Andrew Carnegie, who had recently acquired a Scottish home, Skibo Castle


Charles M. Schwab - Schwab began his career as an engineer in Andrew Carnegie's steelworks and in 1897, at only 35 years of age, became president of the Carnegie Steel Company


In 1898, Carnegie tried to arrange for independence for the Philippines add something


George Franklin Huff - Along with sixty-odd wealthy Western Pennsylvanians including Andrew Carnegie, Andrew Mellon and Henry Clay Frick, Huff was a member of the elite South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club whose earthen dam at Lake Conemaugh failed on May 31, 1898, causing the Johnstown Flood


He donated £50,000 to help set up the University of Birmingham in 1899 add something


Lackawanna Steel Company - The company's economic condition was deteriorating; in September 1899, Andrew Carnegie wrote, "My view is that sooner or later Harrisburg, Sparrows Point, and Scranton will cease to make rails, like Bethlehem


Carnegie tried to keep this information concealed, but legal document released in 1900, during proceeding with the ex-chairman of Carnegie Steel Henry Clay Frick revealed how favorable the tariffs had been add something


Carnegie Mellon University - Carnegie Mellon predecessor institution, Carnegie Technical Schools, was founded in 1900 in Pittsburgh by the Scottish American industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who wrote the time-honored words "My heart is in the work", when he donated the funds to create the institution


North Central College - In the early 1900s College President Herman J. Kiekhoefer and Judge John S. Goodwin initiated contact with philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to seek out funds for new facilities on campus


Carnegie Mellon University - The university began as the Carnegie Technical Schools founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1900


After he sold his steel company in 1901, Carnegie was able to get fully involved into the acts for the peace cause, both financially and personally add something


Carnegie established large pension funds in 1901 for his former employees at Homestead and, in 1905, for American college professors add something


Carnegie, Andrew 1901 The Gospel of Wealth and Other Timely Essays add something


Carnegie, Andrew 1901 The Gospel of Wealth and Other Timely Essays add something


From 1901 forward, public attention was turned from the shrewd business acumen which had enabled Carnegie to accumulate such a fortune, to the public-spirited way in which he devoted himself to utilizing it on philanthropic projects add something


In 1901, Carnegie was 66 years of age and considering retirement add something


The letter agreeing to sell his share was signed on February 26, 1901 add something


He concluded negotiations on March 2, 1901, and formed the United States Steel Corporation add something


It was created by a deed which he signed on June 7, 1901, and it was incorporated by Royal Charter on August 21, 1902 add something


Elbert Henry Gary - He was a key founder of U.S. Steel in 1901, bringing together partners J. P. Morgan, Andrew Carnegie, and Charles M. Schwab


William Jacob Holland - In 1901 his friend Andrew Carnegie hired him as director of the Carnegie Museum, where he remained until retirement in 1922


Monopoly - J. P. Morgan and Elbert H. Gary founded U.S. Steel in 1901 by combining Andrew Carnegie's Carnegie Steel Company with Gary's Federal Steel Company and William Henry "Judge" Moore's National Steel Company


Second Industrial Revolution - The first billion-dollar corporation was United States Steel, formed by financier J. P. Morgan in 1901, who purchased and consolidated steel firms built by Andrew Carnegie and others


Howard Russell Butler - In 1902 he was invited to join the Society of Artists and he was asked to make another portrait of the philanthropist Andrew Carnegie


He founded the Carnegie Hero Fund for the United States and Canada in 1904 for the recognition of deeds of heroism add something


The Broome County Public Library in New York opened in October 1904 add something


Henry Hornbostel - Nearly half of his works were in Pittsburgh, an industrial boomtown in the early twentieth century, where in 1904 he won the campus design competition for Andrew Carnegie's Carnegie Technical Schools


For many years he was a member of Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church, pastored from 1905 to 1926 by Social Gospel exponent Henry Sloane Coffin, while his wife and daughter belonged to the Brick Presbyterian Church add something


David Josiah Brewer - In 1906, Brewer was one of the 30 founding members of the Simplified Spelling Board, founded by Andrew Carnegie to make English easier to learn and understand through changes in the English language


Princeton University - In 1906, the reservoir Lake Carnegie was created by Andrew Carnegie


In 1908, he commissioned Napoleon Hill, a journalist, to interview more than 500 wealthy achievers to find out the common threads of their success add something


Napoleon Hill - Hill considered the turning point in his life to have occurred in the year 1908 with his assignment, as part of a series of articles about famous and successful men, to interview the industrialist Andrew Carnegie.


The creation of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1910 was regarded as a milestone on the road to the ultimate goal of abolition of war add something


Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - Butler was the last living member of the original board selected by Andrew Carnegie in 1910


Carnegie Endowment for International Peace - Founded in 1910 by Andrew Carnegie, its work is not formally associated with any political party


William Osborn McDowell - The industrialist Andrew Carnegie was among the founders, and President Theodore Roosevelt supported the League of Peace in a 1910 speech


Union College - "'Reamer Campus Center"': Built in 1910 as the General Engineering Building with funds provided in part by Andrew Carnegie, this building was home to the Civil Engineering Department and a variety of other academic departments until the 1970s


Quadrangle (Springfield, Massachusetts) - The Central Library, constructed in 1913, was paid for by Andrew Carnegie


Permanent Court of Arbitration - The PCA is housed in the Peace Palace in The Hague, which was built specially for the Court in 1913 with an endowment from Andrew Carnegie


In 1914, on the eve of the First World War, Carnegie founded the Church Peace Union , a group of leaders in religion, academia, and politics add something


For its inaugural international event, the CPU sponsored a conference to be held on August 1, 1914, on the shores of Lake Constance in southern Germany add something


Andrew Carnegie congressional testimony February 5, 1915 add something


Apatosaurus - "Apatosaurus louisae" was named by William Holland in 1915 in honor of Mrs. Louise Carnegie, wife of Andrew Carnegie who funded field research to find complete dinosaur skeletons in the American West


Henry Holt (publisher) - Holt served on the Simplified Spelling Board, and was its President and the man to whom the Board's founding benefactor Andrew Carnegie addressed his 25 February 1915 letter expressing dissatisfaction with the progress of the board, saying of the board that "a more useless body of men never came into association, judging from the effects they produce


Carnegie was honored for his philanthropy and support of the arts by initiation as an honorary member of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity on October 14, 1917, at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts add something


The telescope saw first light on November 2, 1917, with Carnegie still alive add something

Andrew Carnegie died in 1919 add something


Barosaurus - The most complete specimen of "Barosaurus" was excavated from the Carnegie Quarry in 1923 by Douglass, now working for the University of Utah after the death of U.S. Steel founder Andrew Carnegie, who had been financing Douglass' earlier work in Pittsburgh


Their work was published in 1928 after Carnegie's death in Hill's book "The Law of Success" and in 1937, "Think and Grow Rich" add something


Ragnar Nurkse - He earned a Carnegie Fellowship to study at the University of Vienna from 1932 to 193


In 1960, Hill published an abridged version of the book containing the Andrew Carnegie formula for wealth creation add something


The mansion was named a National Historic Landmark in 1966 add something


A. J. Cronin - London: Boxtree Limited, 1994 He won a Carnegie scholarship to study medicine at the University of Glasgow in 1914


Carnegie College - In 2007, it was renamed Carnegie College in honour of Andrew Carnegie, the steel magnate and philanthropist born in Dunfermline


In April 2018, his statue was vandalized and the police is investigating the incident add something