Anna Anderson

Knowledge Identifier: +Anna_Anderson

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Anna Anderson

Best known of several impostors who claimed to be Grand Duchess Anastasia of Russia add

Category: Sciences

Born in 1896.

Countries: Russia (32%), Germany (32%), United States (20%)

Main connections: Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Nicholas II of Russia, Virginia

Linked to: Soviet Union, Nazi Party, New York Supreme Court, News of the World

 

Timeline


 

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Anna Anderson was born in 1896 add something


1917

Tatiana Melnik had met Grand Duchess Anastasia as a child, and had last spoken to her in February 1917 add something


1918

Melnik was the niece of Serge Botkin, the head of the Russian Refugee office in Berlin , and the daughter of the imperial family's personal physician, Dr. Eugene Botkin, who had been murdered by the communists alongside the Tsar's family in 1918 add something

 

Though in July 1918 communists had killed the entire imperial Romanov family, including 17-year-old Grand Duchess Anastasia, for years afterwards communist disinformation fed rumors that members of the Tsar's family had survived add something

 

The real Anastasia, the youngest daughter of the last Tsar and Tsarina of Russia, Nicholas II and Alexandra, was killed along with her parents and siblings on 17 July 1918 by communist revolutionaries in Ekaterinburg, Russia; but the location of her body was unknown until 2008 add something


1920

In 1920, Anderson was institutionalized in a mental hospital after a suicide attempt in Berlin add something

 

In early 1920, she was reported missing from her Berlin lodgings, and since had not been seen or heard from by her family add something

 

Since the 1920s, many fictional works have been inspired by Anderson's claim to be Anastasia add something

 

On 27 February 1920, a young woman attempted to take her own life in Berlin by jumping off the Bendlerbrücke into the Landwehrkanal add something

 

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia - Anna Anderson, the most notorious Anastasia impostor, first surfaced publicly between 1920 and 1922

 

Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine - When Anna Anderson surfaced in Berlin in the early 1920s, claiming to be the surviving Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Irene visited the woman, but decided that Anderson could not be the niece she had last seen in 1913


1921

A nurse at Dalldorf, Thea Malinovsky, claimed years after the patient's release from the asylum that the woman had told her she was another daughter of the Tsar, Anastasia, in the autumn of 1921 add something


1922

Between 1922 and 1968, Anderson lived in Germany and the United States with various supporters and in nursing homes and sanatoria, including at least one asylum add something

 

In early 1922, Clara Peuthert, a fellow psychiatric patient, claimed that the unknown woman was the Grand Duchess Tatiana of Russia, one of the four daughters of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia add something

 

By May 1922 the woman was believed by Peuthert, Schwabe and Tolstoy to be Anastasia add something


1923

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia - The story moves to 1923, and while taking great liberties, fictitiously follows the claims of the woman known as Anna Anderson


1925

By 1925, Tschaikovsky had developed a tuberculous infection of her arm, and she was placed in a succession of hospitals for treatment add something

 

Nikolai Kulikovsky - In 1925, Kulikovsky accompanied his wife to a Berlin nursing home to meet Anna Anderson, who claimed to be Olga's niece, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

 

Aleksei Andreyevich Volkov - In 1925, Prince Valdemar of Denmark asked Volkov to visit Anna Anderson, who claimed to be Valdemar's great-niece, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia


1926

After a quarrel with von Rathlef, Tschaikovsky was moved to the Stillachhaus Sanatorium at Oberstdorf in the Bavarian Alps in June 1926, and von Rathlef returned to Berlin add something


1927

In 1927, under pressure from his family, Valdemar decided against providing Tschaikovsky any further financial support, and the funds from Denmark were cut off add something

 

Gleb Botkin - Botkin first visited Anna Anderson in May 1927 at Seeon Abbey, where Anderson was a guest


1928

By 1928, Tschaikovsky's claim had received interest and attention in the United States, where Gleb Botkin had published articles in support of her cause add something

 

In 1928, the silent film "Clothes Make the Woman" was based very loosely on her story add something

 

As the tenth anniversary of the Tsar's assassination approached in July 1928, Botkin retained a lawyer, Edward Fallows, to oversee legal moves to obtain any of the Tsar's estate outside of the Soviet Union add something

 

In October 1928, after the death of the Tsar's mother, the Dowager Empress Marie, the 12 nearest relations of the Tsar met at Marie's funeral and signed a declaration that denounced Anderson as an impostor add something


1929

From early 1929 Anderson lived with Annie Burr Jennings, a wealthy Park Avenue spinster happy to host someone she supposed to be a daughter of the Tsar add something

 

It was countered by works such as "La Fausse Anastasie" by Pierre Gilliard and Constantin Savitch, published by Payot of Paris in 1929 add something


1930

On 24 July 1930, Judge Peter Schmuck of the New York Supreme Court signed an order committing her to a mental hospital add something


1938

Anderson had a final meeting with the Schanzkowski family in 1938 add something

 

From 1938, lawyers acting for Anderson in Germany contested the distribution of the Tsar's estate to his recognized relations, and they in turn contested her identity add something


1940

In 1940, Edward Fallows died virtually destitute after wasting all his own money on trying to obtain the Tsar's non-existent fortune for the Grandanor Corporation add something


1950

Later, in the 1950s, Cecilie signed a declaration that Tschaikovsky was Anastasia, but Cecilie's family disputed her statement and implied that she was suffering from dementia add something

 

Lili Dehn - In the early 1950s, Dehn visited Anna Anderson, who claimed to be the rescued Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia


1953

In 1953, Marcelle Maurette wrote a play based on Rathlef's and Gilliard's books called "Anastasia", which toured Europe and America with Viveca Lindfors in the title role add something


1956

The play was so successful that in 1956 an English adaptation by Guy Bolton was made into a film, "Anastasia" add something

 

Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia - The most famous is probably the highly fictionalized 1956 "Anastasia" starring Ingrid Bergman as Anna Anderson, Yul_Brynner as General Bounine , and Helen Hayes as the Dowager Empress Marie, Anastasia's paternal grandmother


1957

In 1957, a version of Anderson's story, pieced together by her supporters and interspersed with commentary by Roland Krug von Nidda, was published in Germany under the title "Ich, Anastasia, Erzähle" add something

 

Lilli Palmer - In 1957, she won the Deutscher Filmpreis for Best Actress for her portrayal of Anna Anderson in "The Story of Anastasia", called "Is Anna Anderson Anastasia-" in the UK. In 1958, she played the role of a teacher opposite Romy Schneider in "Mädchen in Uniform" , the remake of the 1931 film of the same title


1967

Sir Kenneth MacMillan's ballet "Anastasia", first performed in 1967, used "I, Anastasia, an autobiography" as inspiration and "is a dramatic fantasy about Anna Anderson, the woman who believes herself to be Anastasia add something


1968

She emigrated to the United States in 1968, and shortly before the expiry of her visa married Jack Manahan, a Virginia history professor who was later characterized as "probably Charlottesville, Virginia's best-loved eccentric" add something

 

In May 1968, Anderson was taken to a hospital at Neuenbürg after being discovered semi-conscious in her cottage add something


1978

Playwright Royce Ryton wrote "I Am Who I Am" about Anna Anderson in 1978 add something


1979

A sample of Anderson's tissue, part of her intestine removed during her operation in 1979, had been stored at Martha Jefferson Hospital, Charlottesville, Virginia add something

 

On 20 August 1979, Anderson was taken to Charlottesville, Virginia's Martha Jefferson Hospital with an intestinal obstruction add something


1983

With both Jack and Anderson in failing health, in November 1983, Anderson was institutionalized, and an attorney, William Preston, was appointed as her guardian by the local circuit court add something


1984

Upon her death in 1984, Anderson's body was cremated, and her ashes were buried in the churchyard at Castle Seeon, Germany add something


Anna Anderson died in 1984 add something

 

In January she may have had a stroke, and on 12 February 1984, she died of pneumonia add something

 

She was cremated the same day, and her ashes were buried in the churchyard at Castle Seeon on 18 June 1984 add something


1991

In 1991, the bodies of Tsar Nicholas II, Tsarina Alexandra, and three of their daughters were exhumed from a mass grave near Ekaterinburg add something


1997

The central character of the 1997 animated fantasy "Anastasia" is portrayed as the actual Grand Duchess Anastasia, even though the film was released after DNA tests proved that Anna Anderson was not Anastasia add something


2007

The bodies of Tsarevich Alexei and the remaining daughter were discovered in 2007 add something