Constantin Stanislavski
(Movies & TV)
(Geographical area)
Leo Tolstoy
Katharine Cornell
(Movies & TV)
Ruth Gordon
(Movies & TV)
Judith Anderson
(Movies & TV)

See also

Anton Chekhov

Knowledge Identifier: +Anton_Chekhov


Anton Chekhov

Russian physician, dramatist and authoradd

Category: Literature

Born in 1860.

Countries: Russia (47%), United Kingdom (23%), United States (17%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Constantin Stanislavski, Sakhalin, Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko

Linked to: Chekhov Gymnasium, Moscow State University, Actors Studio, Soviet Union




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Anton Chekhov was born on 29 January 1860, the third of six surviving children, in Taganrog, a port on the Sea of Azov in southern Russia. add something


In 1876, Chekhov's father was declared bankrupt after over-extending his finances building a new house, and to avoid the debtor's prison fled to Moscow, where his two eldest sons, Alexander and Nikolay, were attending university. add something


In 1879, Chekhov completed his schooling and joined his family in Moscow, having gained admission to the medical school at Moscow University. add something


Vlas Doroshevich - During the 1880s he became a skillful journalist and critic, writing for popular papers such as "Entertainment", the "Petersburg Gazette", and the "Alarm Clock", which employed the young writer Anton Chekhov


Dmitry Merezhkovsky - In the late 1880s Merezhkovsky made his debut as a literary critic with an essay on Anton Chekhov entitled "The Newly-born Talent Versus the Same Old Question"


His prodigious output gradually earned him a reputation as a satirical chronicler of Russian street life, and by 1882 he was writing for Oskolki, owned by Nikolay Leykin, one of the leading publishers of the time. add something


In 1884 and 1885, Chekhov found himself coughing blood, and in 1886 the attacks worsened; but he would not admit tuberculosis to his family and friends, confessing to Leikin, "I am afraid to submit myself to be sounded by my colleagues. add something


In 1884, Chekhov qualified as a physician, which he considered his principal profession though he made little money from it and treated the poor free. add something


Samuel Maykapar - Maykapar spent his childhood in the city of Taganrog and in 1885 he graduated from the Boys Gymnasium where he studied with Anton Chekhov


Early in 1886 he was invited to write for one of the most popular papers in St. Petersburg, Novoye Vremya, owned and edited by the millionaire magnate Alexey Suvorin, who paid per line a rate double Leikin's and allowed him three times the space. add something


Dmitry Grigorovich - In 1886, he wrote his celebrated letter to the young writer Anton Chekhov, telling him that he had a gift, and that he should take his literary efforts more seriously

Major work

1886 - Stories by Anton Chekhov


In 1887, with a little string-pulling by Grigorovich, the short story collection At Dusk won Chekhov the coveted Pushkin Prize "for the best literary production distinguished by high artistic worth. add something


In autumn 1887, a theater manager named Korsh commissioned Chekhov to write a play, the result being Ivanov, written in a fortnight and produced that November. add something


Constantin Stanislavski - The school opened on 8 October 1888 while the society itself was officially inaugurated on 3 November with a ceremony attended by Anton Chekhov


The death of Chekhov's brother Nikolay from tuberculosis in 1889 influenced A Dreary Story, finished that September, about a man who confronts the end of a life which he realizes has been without purpose. add something


Chekhov family and friends in 1890. add something


In 1890, Chekhov undertook an arduous journey by train, horse-drawn carriage, and river steamer to the far east of Russia and the katorga, or penal colony, on Sakhalin Island, north of Japan, where he spent three months interviewing thousands of convicts and settlers for a census. add something


Sakhalin - In 1890 the distinguished author Anton Chekhov visited the penal colony on Sakhalin and published a memoir of his journey


Sergey Elpatyevsky - In the late 1890s he settled in Yalta, where he often met with Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov, whom he treated for tuberculosis


Tymovskoye - The writer Anton Chekhov visited Derbinskoye in 1890 during his travel through Sakhalin and described it in his book, "Sakhalin Island"


As well as organising relief for victims of the famine and cholera outbreaks of 1892, he went on to build three schools, a fire station, and a clinic, and to donate his medical services to peasants for miles around, despite frequent recurrences of his tuberculosis. add something


In 1892, Chekhov bought the small country estate of Melikhovo, about forty miles south of Moscow, where he lived until 1899 with his family. add something


When my brothers and I used to stand in the middle of the church and sing the trio "May my prayer be exalted", or "The Archangel's Voice", everyone looked at us with emotion and envied our parents, but we at that moment felt like little convicts. add something


Chekhov began writing his play The Seagull in 1894, in a lodge he had built in the orchard at Melikhovo. add something


The Art Theatre commissioned more plays from Chekhov and the following year staged Uncle Vanya, which Chekhov had completed in 1896. add something


The first night of The Seagull on 17 October 1896 at the Alexandrinsky Theatre in Petersburg was a fiasco, booed by the audience, and the play's reception stung Chekhov into renouncing the theatre. add something


Prov Sadovsky - Additionally, Prov Sadovsky finds mention in ´ Anton Chekhov's famous 1896 play, "The Seagull", in a comparison to a famous Russian comedian of the same era, Pavel Chadin


The Seagull (opera) - The plot is based on Anton Chekhov's 1896 play, "The Seagull"


Alexandre Remi - This gave Anton Chekhov the motif for his story "The House with an Attic" in 1896


In March 1897 Chekhov suffered a major hemorrhage of the lungs while on a visit to Moscow. add something


Constantin Stanislavski - In February 1897 Stanislavski joined Anton Chekhov, whom he had met on 15 February at a literary-musical evening, in an open public discussion on the creation of a popular theatre that was reported in the press


After his father's death in 1898, Chekhov bought a plot of land on the outskirts of Yalta and built a villa there, into which he moved with his mother and sister the following year. add something


But the play so impressed the theatre director Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko that he convinced his colleague Constantin Stanislavski to direct it for the innovative Moscow Art Theatre in 1898. add something


Constantin Stanislavski - In 1898, Stanislavski co-directed with Nemirovich the first of his productions of the work of Anton Chekhov


Zhizn - Maxim Gorky, a friend of Posse's, served as the editor of the magazine's literary section and Anton Chekhov's famous story "In the Ravine" in January 1900


On 25 May 1901 Chekhov married Olga Knipper—quietly, owing to his horror of weddings—a former protegee and sometime lover of Nemirovich-Danchenko whom he had first met at rehearsals for The Seagull. add something


Olga Knipper - Knipper married Anton Chekhov, the author of these plays, in 1901


Olga Knipper - Anton Chekhov and Olga Knipper eventually married on 25 May 1901 at the Church of the Exaltation of the Cross


In 1902, Olga suffered a miscarriage; and Donald Rayfield has offered evidence, based on the couple's letters, that conception may have occurred when Chekhov and Olga were apart, although Russian scholars have conclusively refuted that claim. add something


Dmitry Kardovsky - From 1902, he was prolific as a book illustrator, and worked mainly on the Russian literary classics by Chekhov, Gogol, Lermontov and Tolstoy


By May 1904, Chekhov was terminally ill with tuberculosis. add something


Chekhov visited the upper classes as well, recording in his notebook: "Aristocrats? The same ugly bodies and physical uncleanliness, the same toothless old age and disgusting death, as with market-women. add something


In 1908, Olga wrote this account of her husband's last moments: add something


William Boyd, referring to the novelist William Gerhardie's analysis in "Anton Chekhov: A Critical Study", 1923 add something


Martita Hunt - From 1923-29 she appeared as the Principessa della Cercola in W. Somerset Maugham's 'Our Betters' and as Mrs. Linden in Ibsen's 'A Doll's House' in the West End, along with engagements at club theatres such as the Q Theatre and the Arts Theatre and a short 1926 Chekhov season at the small Barnes Theatre under Victor Komisarjevsky.


Joanna Roos - In 1930 Roos performed the role of Sofya Alexandrovna in a classic performance of the Anton Chekhov play "Uncle Vanya" at the Cort Theatre in New York City , a production that one critic called "unforgettable"


Tyrone Guthrie - Butler translated the text for Guthrie's 1934 production of Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard", for perhaps its first English-language production


Ruth Gordon - Gordon's Broadway acting appearances in the 1940s included Iris in Paul Vincent Carroll's "The Strings, My Lord, Are False" and Natasha in Katharine Cornell and Guthrie McClintic's revival of Anton Chekhov's "Three Sisters", as well as leading roles in her own plays, "Over Twenty-One" and "The Leading Lady"


Edmund Gwenn - In theatre, he starred in a 1942 production on Broadway of Anton Chekhov's "Three Sisters", which starred Judith Anderson and Ruth Gordon


Kirk Douglas - Douglas made his Broadway debut in 1949 in the Anton Chekhov play "The Three Sisters," produced by Katharine Cornell.


Sidney Jones - The piece figures prominently in Anton Chekhov's popular short story, "The Lady with the Dog", and it was adapted as a Russian film in 1959 that featured its music, including "The Amorous Goldfish"


Judith Anderson - Edinburgh Festival - In 1960, she played Madame Arkadina in Chekhov's "The Seagull" first at the Edinburgh Festival, and at the Old Vic, with Tom Courtenay, Cyril Luckham and Tony Britton


William Walton - After his experience over Battle of Britain, Walton declared that he would write no more film music, but he was persuaded by Olivier to compose the score for a film of Chekhov's Three Sisters in 1969.


Mimi Pollak - She retired in 1975, but made a stage comeback in 1991, age 87, in Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya


In 1981, the playwright Tennessee Williams adapted "The Seagull" as "The Notebook of Trigorin" add something


Kevin Spacey - Next came Anton Chekhov's The Seagull and a period, in 1986, performing Sleuth in a New Jersey dinner theatre.


Kenneth Branagh - From September to November 2008, Branagh appeared at Wyndham's Theatre as the title character in the Donmar West End revival of Anton Chekhov's Ivanov in a new version by Tom Stoppard.


Dianne Wiest - Wiest spent September 2010 as a visiting teacher at Columbia University's Graduate Acting Program, working with a group of 18 first-year MFA Acting students on selected plays by Anton Chekhov and Arthur Miller.


A portion of a stage production of "Three Sisters" appears in the 2014 drama film "Still Alice" add something