Bill Clinton
David Owen Dodd

See also


Knowledge Identifier: $Arkansas



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (83%), (6%), Arkansas (2%)

Main connections: University of Arkansas, Missouri, Bill Clinton

Linked to: University of Arkansas, Republican Party, Democratic Party, KIPP Delta Collegiate High School




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After attempting three times to contact Faubus, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent 1000 troops from the active-duty 101st Airborne Division to escort and protect the African-American students as they entered school on September 25, 1957 add something


The first of these Europeans was Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto in 1541, who crossed the Mississippi and marched across central Arkansas and the Ozark Mountains add something


He died the following day in what is believed to be the vicinity of modern-day McArthur, Arkansas in May 1542 add something


Later explorers included the French Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet in 1673, and Frenchmen Robert La Salle and Henri de Tonti in 1681 add something


Tonti established Arkansas Post at a Quapaw village in 1686, making it the first European settlement in the territory add something


In April 1783, Arkansas saw its only battle of the American Revolutionary War, a brief siege of the post by British Captain James Colbert with the assistance of the Choctaw and Chickasaw add something


Napoleon Bonaparte sold French Louisiana to the United States in 1803, including all of Arkansas, in a transaction known today as the Louisiana Purchase add something


Sam Houston - In 1817 Jackson appointed him sub-agent in managing the business relating to Jackson's removal of the Cherokees from East Tennessee to a reservation in what is now Arkansas


Following a controversy over allowing slavery in the territory, the Territory of Arkansas was organized on July 4, 1819 add something


The region was organized as the Territory of Arkansaw on July 4, 1819, but the territory was admitted to the United States as the state of Arkansas on June 15, 1836 add something


The region was organized as the Territory of Arkansaw on July 4, 1819, with the territory admitted to the United States as the state of Arkansas on June 15, 1836 add something


From fewer than 15,000 in 1820, Arkansas's population grew to 52,240 during a special census in 1835, far exceeding the 40,000 required to apply for statehood add something


Little Rock has been Arkansas's capital city since 1821 when it replaced Arkansas Post as the capital of the Territory of Arkansas add something


The capital was relocated from Arkansas Post to Little Rock in 1821, during the territorial period add something


James Bowie - The Arkansas Superior Court received 126 claims in late 1827 from residents who claimed to have purchased land in former Spanish grants from the Bowie brothers


Sam Houston - In April 1829, in part due to the embarrassment of his well known separation, Houston resigned as governor of Tennessee and went west with the Cherokee to exile in Arkansas Territory


Sam Houston - In 1829, Houston went west and lived again among the Cherokee in the Arkansas Territory, who in October 1829 formally adopted him as a citizen of their nation


As European Americans settled throughout the East Coast and into the Midwest, in the 1830s the United States government forced the removal of many Native American tribes to Arkansas and Indian Territory west of the Mississippi River add something


Archibald Yell - Active in the Democratic Party, Yell moved to the Arkansas Territory in 1831 to head the federal land office in Little Rock, Arkansas


Additional Native American removals began in earnest during the territorial period, with final Quapaw removal complete by 1833 as they were pushed into Indian Territory add something


Augustus Hill Garland - His parents moved to Lost Prairie in Arkansas in 1833, his father owning a store


Archibald Yell - In 1835, he was appointed by the James K. Polk administration as an Arkansas territorial judge


Established by the Arkansas Constitution in 1836, the court's decisions can be appealed to only the Supreme Court of the United States add something


Following statehood in 1836, the population doubled each decade until the 1870 Census conducted following the Civil War. The state recorded growth in each successive decade, although it gradually slowed in the 20th century add something


Archibald Yell - Yell was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1836, after Arkansas was admitted to the Union


Congress eventually approved the Arkansas Constitution after a 25-hour session, admitting Arkansas on June 15, 1836 as the 25th state and the 13th slave state, having a population of about 60,000 add something


The Territory of Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836 add something


Arkansas struggled with taxation to support its new state government, a problem made worse by a state banking scandal and worse yet by the Panic of 1837 add something


John Selden Roane - Roane immigrated to Arkansas in 1837, studied law, and was admitted to the bar


Archibald Yell - Maria died October 15, 1838 in Arkansas, while Yell was serving in the US Congress


The most enduring icon of Arkansas's hillbilly reputation is "The Arkansas Traveller", a painted depiction of a folk tale from the 1840s add something


John Selden Roane - From 1840 to 1842 he was Prosecuting Attorney for the Second Judicial District of Arkansas


Archibald Yell - In 1840, Yell was elected governor of Arkansas


John Selden Roane - He served in the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1842 to 1844


Harris Flanagin - He served in the Arkansas House of Representatives from 1842 to 1844


Solon Borland - In 1843 following his second wife's death, he moved to Little Rock, Arkansas , Arkansas, where he founded the "Arkansas Banner", which became an influential newspaper in state-wide Democratic politics


Solon Borland - In 1845 he had met Mary Isabel Melbourne, of Little Rock, Arkansas , with whom he would marry that same year and later have three children


Thomas James Churchill - In 1848, he moved to Little Rock, Arkansas , Arkansas, married the daughter of Senator Ambrose Sevier, and became a planter


John Selden Roane - Roane served as Governor of Arkansas from 1849 to 1852 and advocated internal improvements and increased funding for education


Augustus Hill Garland - Garland was a supporter of the Whig and American "Know Nothing" parties during the 1850s and was a presidential elector in the Arkansas Electoral College for the Constitutional Union Party in the election of 1860, voting for the party's nominees of John Bell and Edward Everett


Thomas Chipman McRae - "'Thomas Chipman McRae"' was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives and the 26th Governor of Arkansas from 1921 to 1925


In an 1854 message to the Legislature, Governor Elias N. Conway said, "We have a common-school law intended as a system to establish common schools in all part of the state; but for the want of adequate means there are very few in operation under this law add something


Thomas C. Hindman - At an Independence Day festival in 1854, he gave a speech about the importance of railroad development in Arkansas


Thomas C. Hindman - Hindman left Mississippi politics when he moved to Helena, Arkansas , Arkansas on March 18, 1854


Thomas C. Hindman - In June 1854, he formed a law partnership with John Palmer, a young Kentucky native who was known as a "distinguished member" of the Helena, Arkansas bar


Solon Borland - Borland returned to Little Rock, Arkansas in October 1854, and resumed his medical practice and operation of his pharmacy


John Selden Roane - On February 1, 1855, John Selden Roane married Mary Kimbrough Smith , daughter of Nathaniel G. Smith & Sarah Kimbrough Martin in Tulip, Dallas County, Arkansas


Thomas C. Hindman - Editor Richard H. Johnson of the Little Rock, Arkansas "True Democrat" reminded voters of Hindman's previous run for the nomination in 1856 and praised him for being a "thorough going Democrat" of "marked abilities


Patrick Cleburne - In 1856, Cleburne and Hindman were both wounded by gunshots during a street fight in Helena, Arkansas with members of the Know-Nothing Party following a debate


Augustus Hill Garland - Garland moved to Little Rock, Arkansas in June 1856, and Garland became a law partner to Ebenezer Cummins, a former associate of Albert Pike


Thomas James Churchill - Appointed by President Jams Buchanan, he was postmaster of Little Rock, Arkansas from 1857 to 1861,


Thomas C. Hindman - In the summer of 1857, Hindman became editor of the "Helena States-Rights Democrat" and was the unchallenged leader of the Democratic Party in eastern Arkansas


Thomas C. Hindman - He was elected as the Democratic representative from Arkansas's 1st congressional district in the Thirty-sixth Congress from March 4, 1859 to March 4, 1861


Augustus Hill Garland - Garland became one of Arkansas's most prominent attorneys and was admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court of the United States in 1860


In 1861, Arkansas withdrew from the United States and joined the Confederate States of America during the Civil War add something


When the Gulf states seceded in early 1861, Arkansas voted to remain in the Union add something


Augustus Hill Garland - He was elected to represent Pulaski County at the 1861 secession convention in Little Rock, Arkansas , where he voiced his opposition


Thomas C. Hindman - When Arkansas voted 65-5 to secede from the Union in May 1861, Hindman was present in the gallery of the convention


Thomas C. Hindman - By June 1, 1861, Hindman had raised ten companies which would eventually become known as the 2nd Arkansas Infantry, with six companies stationed at Helena, Arkansas and four at Pine Bluff, Arkansas


The state capitol was moved to Hot Springs and later Washington during the Civil War when the Union armies threatened the city in 1862, and state government did not return to Little Rock until after the war ended add something


Union General Samuel Curtis swept across the state to Helena in the Delta in 1862 add something


Harris Flanagin - In 1862, Flanagin was elected Governor of Arkansas and was recalled from active duty to take office


Thomas James Churchill - In the latter part of 1862, Churchill was transferred back to Arkansas and placed in charge of the fortifications at Arkansas Post


David Rice Atchison - In March 1862, Union forces in the Trans-Mississippi theater won a decisive victory at Pea Ridge in Arkansas and secured Union control of Missouri


Harris Flanagin - The capitol at Little Rock, Arkansas , Arkansas fell to Union troops on September 10, 1863


Powell Clayton - During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Clayton commanded federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, Arkansas


Edward Canby - He was wounded in the upper thigh by a guerrilla while aboard the gunboat "USS Cricket" on the White River in Arkansas near Little Island on November 6, 1864


Augustus Hill Garland - He returned to Arkansas in February 1865, when it was clear the Confederacy was about to lose, so that he could help facilitate the return of his state to the Union


In 1867, the state legislature was still controlled by ex-Confederates add something


Augustus Hill Garland - Garland was elected to the United States Senate for a term beginning in 1867, but was not allowed to take the seat as Arkansas had not yet been readmitted to the Union


Thomas C. Hindman - By April 1867, he was confident enough in the situation at home to return to Arkansas and apply to President Andrew Johnson for a pardon


In furtherance of this, the postwar 1868 state constitution was the first to permit a personal-property tax to fund the lands and buildings for public schools add something


On returning to the Union in 1868, the state continued to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially add something


The 1868 legislature banned former Confederates and passed a more wide-ranging law detailing funding and administrative issues and allowing Black children to attend school add something


With the 1868 elections, the first county school commissioners took office add something


Powell Clayton - In 1868 Clayton was elected as the first Republican governor of Arkansas


Thomas C. Hindman - Grant supposedly confessed to the crime, saying the murder was part of a larger plot to seek revenge for the killing of Lee Morrison, a black individual from Helena, Arkansas who had been hanged on September 27, 1868


Thomas C. Hindman - Unexpectedly, he was assassinated by an unknown individual on September 27, 1868 at his Helena, Arkansas home


Patrick Cleburne - In 1870, he was disinterred and returned to his adopted hometown of Helena, Arkansas , Arkansas, with much fanfare, and buried in Maple Hill Cemetery, overlooking the Mississippi River


Augustus Hill Garland - In 1872, with the Republican Party split into three factions, Arkansas Democrats sought Garland to help elect Democrats into the state legislature and had been considered for the Democratic nomination for the U.S. Senate


John Ellis Martineau - "'John Ellis Martineau"' was the 28th Governor of Arkansas, having served for less than one term from 1927 to 1928


Thomas James Churchill - Churchill was elected Arkansas State Treasurer in 1874, and was reelected in 1876 and 1878


Thomas Chipman McRae - From 1877 to 1879, he served in the Arkansas House of Representatives and was a presidential elector in 1880


In the late 1880s, the worsening agricultural depression catalyzed Populist and third party movements, leading to interracial coalitions add something


In 1881, the Arkansas state legislature enacted a bill that adopted an official pronunciation of the state's name, to combat a controversy simmering add something


Thomas James Churchill - Churchill was elected Governor of Arkansas in 1881, and served until his resignation in 1883


Powell Clayton - In 1882, Clayton established a home at the developing resort town of Eureka Springs, Arkansas


Daniel Webster Jones (governor) - He was elected to the post of Attorney General of Arkansas in 1884 and 1886


Baseball runs deep in Arkansas and has been popular before the state hosted Major League Baseball spring training in Hot Springs from 1886 to the 1920s add something


Powell Clayton - Clayton's brother, John Middleton Clayton, was assassinated in 1889 in Plumerville, Arkansas, in Conway County


Struggling to stay in power, in the 1890s the Democrats in Arkansas followed other Southern states in passing legislation and constitutional amendments that disfranchised blacks and poor whites add something


Daniel Webster Jones (governor) - In 1890, he served a term in the Arkansas House of Representatives


In 1891 state legislators passed a requirement for a literacy test, knowing that it would exclude many blacks and whites add something


In 1892, they amended the state constitution to require a poll tax and more complex residency requirements, both of which adversely affected poor people and sharecroppers, forcing most blacks and many poor whites from voter rolls add something


The University of Arkansas first fielded a team in 1894 when football was a very dangerous game add something


John Ellis Martineau - John Ellis Martineau was born in Clay County in western Missouri and graduated from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, Arkansas in 1896 and obtained his law degree from the University of Arkansas School of Law in 1899


Daniel Webster Jones (governor) - Jones was elected Governor of Arkansas in 1896, and was reelected in 1898


By 1900 the Democratic Party expanded use of the white primary in county and state elections, further denying blacks a part in the political process add something


Titanic Thompson - Thomas, born in Missouri but raised in Rogers, Arkansas after his mother remarried, began conducting his nomadic, lucrative career of hustling in the rural United States in the early 1900s


John Ellis Martineau - From 1902 to 1905, he was a member of the Arkansas House of Representatives


Between 1905 and 1911, Arkansas began to receive a small immigration of German, Slovak, and Scots-Irish from Europe add something


The state created the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission in 1915 to regulate hunting and enforce those regulations add something


Powell Clayton - Clayton was the author of "The Aftermath of the Civil War in Arkansas", published posthumously in 1915


Thomas Chipman McRae - Blount was tied to the former Black-and-Tan faction of the GOP. Thereafter, the Iowa-born Townsend, who had been his party's gubernatorial nominee in 1916 against the Democrat Charles Hillman Brough, was the long-term Republican national committeeman from Arkansas, having served until 1961, when Winthrop Rockefeller assumed the position


Thomas Chipman McRae - In 1917 and 1918, McRae was president of the Arkansas Bar Association; in the latter year he took part in the Arkansas Constitutional Convention


In the 1920s the state required all children to attend public schools add something


Thomas Chipman McRae - In 1921 he ordered Mississippi County sheriff's deputies to bring a black prisoner from Texas directly to Little Rock, Arkansas to avoid local hostility in the community where he was charged


Thomas Chipman McRae - In 1922, to secure his second term, McRae defeated the Republican John W. Grabiel, an Ohio native and an attorney from Fayetteville, Arkansas, 99,987 to 28,055


Thomas Chipman McRae - He was elected a life member of the Arkansas Democratic State Convention in 1926


John Ellis Martineau - In May 1927, Martineau called out the National Guard in response to the lynching of an African-American prisoner by a mob of 2,000 to 5,000 people in Little Rock, Arkansas


John Ellis Martineau - Martineau never finished his term as governor, for on March 2, 1928, U.S. President Calvin Coolidge appointed Martineau federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas


The state assumed responsibility for it in 1929 as Henderson State Teachers College add something


H. L. Mencken - In 1931, the Arkansas legislature passed a motion to pray for Mencken's soul after he had called the state the "apex of moronia"


Arkansas's all-time record high is at Ozark on August 10, 1936; the all-time record low is at Gravette, on February 13, 1905 add something


John Ellis Martineau - Martineau died in 1937 from influenza and like numerous Arkansas governors is interred at Roselawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Little Rock, Arkansas


Bear Bryant - After the 1941 season, Bryant was offered the head coaching job at the University of Arkansas


The Rohwer Camp in Desha County operated from September 1942 to November 1945 and at its peak interned 8,475 prisoners add something


Jerome War Relocation Center - The Jerome War Relocation Center in Drew County operated from October 1942 to June 1944 and held c add something


It recorded population losses in the 1950 and 1960 Censuses add something


Bill Clinton - In 1950, Bill's mother returned from nursing school and married Roger Clinton, Sr., who owned an automobile dealership in Hot Springs, Arkansas with his brother


The Little Rock Nine brought Arkansas to national attention in 1957 when the Federal government had to intervene to protect African-American students trying to integrate a high school in the Arkansas capital add something


By the fall of 1959, the Little Rock high schools were completely integrated add something


Sam Walton - The first true Wal-Mart opened on July 2, 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas


The state was a Democratic one-party state for decades, until after passage of the federal Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 to enforce constitutional rights add something


Bill Clinton - During Clinton's term, Arkansas performed its first executions since 1964


Bill Clinton - He spent the summer of 1967, the summer before his senior year, interning for Arkansas Senator J. William Fulbright


Mike Huckabee - Huckabee became only the second Republican since Reconstruction to serve as Arkansas lieutenant governor, the first having been Maurice Britt from 1967 to 1971


Jeb Bush - Simultaneously, his brother, George W. Bush won a re-election victory for a second term as Governor of Texas, and the Bush brothers became the first siblings to govern two states at the same time since Nelson and Winthrop Rockefeller governed New York and Arkansas from 1967 to 1971


Abe Fortas - In 1968, Fortas convinced the court to accept the appeal of Little Rock Central High School teacher Sue Epperson who had challenged Arkansas' anti-evolution law with the support of the state teachers union


Tourism is very important to the Arkansas economy; the official state nickname "The Natural State" was created for state tourism advertising in the 1970s, and is still used to this day add something


Bill Clinton - Clinton was elected Governor of Arkansas in 1978, having defeated the Republican candidate Lynn Lowe, a farmer from Texarkana, Arkansas


Arkansas again began to grow, recording positive growth rates ever since and exceeding the 2 million mark during the 1980 Census add something


Bill Clinton - In the early 1980s, Clinton made reform of the Arkansas education system a top priority


Mike Huckabee - Prior to his political career, Huckabee served as pastor at Immanuel Baptist Church in Pine Bluff, Arkansas from 1980 to 1986 and the Beech Street Baptist Church in Texarkana, Arkansas from 1986 to 1992


Bill Clinton - He gave the Democratic response to President Reagan's 1985 State of the Union Address and served as Chair of the National Governors Association from 1986 to 1987, bringing him to an audience beyond Arkansas


Arkansas governors served two-year terms until a referendum lengthened the term to four years, effective with the 1986 general election add something


Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 add something


Mike Huckabee - In 1989 Huckabee ran against the Rev. Dr. Ronnie Floyd of Springdale for the presidency of the Arkansas Baptist State Convention


Arkansas State University joined the University of Arkansas in FBS in 1992 after playing in lower divisions for nearly two decades add something


Jeb Bush - In 1992 Bush's father was defeated for re-election by then-Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton


Hunter S. Thompson - "Fear and Loathing in Elko", published in 1992, was a well-received fictional rallying cry against Clarence Thomas, while "Mr. Bill's Neighborhood" was a largely non-fictional account of an interview with Bill Clinton in an Arkansas diner


Sam Walton - Walton died on Sunday, April 5, 1992, of multiple myeloma, a type of blood cancer, in Little Rock, Arkansas , Arkansas


Eddie Vedder - Vedder was a longtime and outspoken supporter for the Free the West Memphis, Arkansas 3 movement, a cause that advocated the release of three young men who were convicted in 1994 of the gruesome murders of three boys in West Memphis, Arkansas


Mike Huckabee - In January 1996, Huckabee campaigned in televised ads paid for by the Republican National Committee and the Arkansas Republican Party against a highway referendum


Mike Huckabee - Huckabee was sworn in as Governor of Arkansas on July 15, 1996


Right: Map showing population changes by county between 2000 and 2010 add something


The center of population of Arkansas for 2000 was located in Perry County, near Nogal add something


Bill Clinton - The Clinton Presidential Center was opened in Little Rock,_Arkansas, Arkansas in his honor on December 5, 2001


Mike Huckabee - Janet Huckabee was an unsuccessful candidate for Arkansas Secretary of State in 2002


Bill Clinton - The William J. Clinton Presidential Center and Park in Little Rock,_Arkansas, Arkansas was dedicated in 2004


Keith Richards - In August 2006 Richards was granted a pardon by Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee for a 1975 reckless driving citation


In 2007, the state legislature passed a non-binding resolution declaring that the possessive form of the state's name is "Arkansas's", which has been followed increasingly by the state government add something


Chuck Norris - In 2007 and 2008, he campaigned for former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee, who was running for the Republican nomination for President in 2008


Levy Mwanawasa - In September 2007, Mwanawasa traveled to Arkansas in the United States to give a speech at Harding University in Searcy and received an honorary doctorate from the college


Chuck Norris - On October 22, 2007, Norris announced his endorsement of Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee for President


Louis Jordan - On June 23, 2008 the United States House of Representatives passed a resolution introduced by Arkansas Representative Vic Snyder honoring Jordan on the centenary of his birth


"Education Week" has praised the state, ranking Arkansas in the top 10 of their Quality Counts Education Rankings every year since 2009 while scoring it in the top 5 during 2012 and 2013 add something


Raymond Carver - " New York: Scribner, 2009 His father, a skilled sawmill worker from Arkansas, was a fisherman and a heavy drinker


After 2010, Republican strength expanded further to the Northeast and Southwest and into the Little Rock suburbs add something


As of 2010 many Arkansas local newspapers are owned by WEHCO Media, Alabama-based Lancaster Management, Kentucky-based Paxton Media Group, Missouri-based Rust Communications, Nevada-based Stephens Media, and New York-based GateHouse Media add something


In 2010 Arkansas students earned an average score of 20,3 on the ACT exam, just below the national average of 21 add something


In 2010, Republicans captured three of the state's four seats in the U.S. House of Representatives add something


The largest denominations by number of adherents in 2010 were the Southern Baptist Convention with 661,382; the United Methodist Church with 158,574; non-denominational Evangelical Protestants with 129,638; the Catholic Church with 122,662; and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 31,254 add something


Arkansas gained twelve spots in the best state for business rankings since 2011 add something


A total of 81 Arkansas high schools were ranked by the U.S. News & World Report in 2012 add something


As of 2012, Arkansas, as with many Southern states, has a high incidence of premature death, infant mortality, cardiovascular deaths, and occupational fatalities compared to the rest of the United States add something


Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art in Bentonville was visited by 604,000 people in 2012, its first year add something


In 2012, Republicans won election for all four House seats add something


The Republican Party majority status in the Arkansas State House of Representatives following the 2012 elections is the party's first since 1874 add something


Before 2013, the General Assembly had not been controlled by the Republican Party since Reconstruction, with the GOP holding a 51-seat majority in the state House and a 21-seat in the state Senate following victories in 2012 add something


The percentage of uninsured in Arkansas dropped from 22,5 percent in 2013 to 12,4 percent in August 2014 add something


Maya Angelou - Her books "stretch over time and place", from Arkansas to Africa and back to the U.S., and take place from the beginnings of World War II to the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. She published her seventh autobiography "Mom & Me & Mom" in 2013, at the age of 85


Arkansas has only elected three Republicans to the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction: Tim Hutchinson, who was defeated after one term by Mark Pryor; John Boozman, who defeated incumbent Blanche Lincoln; and Tom Cotton, who defeated Mark Pryor in the 2014 elections add something


As of 2014, Arkansas was the most affordable U.S. state to live in add something


In 2014, the last Democrat in Arkansas's Congressional Delegation, Mark Pryor, was defeated in his campaign to win a third term in the U.S. Senate, leaving the entire congressional delegation in GOP hands for the first time since Reconstruction add something


As of 2015, Arkansas has an estimated population of 2,978,204 add something


The Governor of Arkansas is Asa Hutchinson, a Republican, who was inaugurated on January 13, 2015 add something


As of 2018, Arkansas has an estimated population of 3,013,825 add something