Audie Murphy

Knowledge Identifier: +Audie_Murphy

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Audie Murphy

One of the most famous and decorated American combat soldiers of World War II. He served in the European Theater of Operations where he was awarded the Medal of Honor and several other decorations for combat heroism including combat decorations from France and Belgium add

Category: Military

Born in 1924.

Countries: United States (57%), California (7%), Texas (7%)

Main connections: Texas, World War II, Red Rock Canyon State Park (California)

Linked to: United States Army, Allied Artists Pictures Corporation, Life, Universal Studios

 

Timeline


 

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Audie Murphy was born in 1924 add something


1936

Murphy attended elementary school in Celeste until his father abandoned the family in 1936 add something


1941

On May 23, 1941, his mother died in Farmersville, the month before Audie's 17th birthday add something

 

After the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Murphy tried to enlist in the military, but the services rejected him because he was underage and only about 5' 5" add something


1942

In June 1942, shortly after what he and his sister Corrine believed was his 17th birthday, Corrine adjusted his birth date so he appeared to be 18 and legally able to enlist add something


1943

His persistence paid off, and in early 1943 he was shipped out to Casablanca, Morocco as a replacement in 3rd Platoon, Baker Company, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division add something

 

His combat initiation finally came when he took part in the invasion of Sicily on July 10, 1943 add something

 

After Sicily was secured from Axis forces, the 3rd Infantry Division invaded the Italian mainland, landing near Salerno in September 1943 add something


1944

Following its participation in the Italian campaign, the 3rd Infantry Division landed in Southern France on August 15, 1944 as part of Operation Dragoon add something


1945

Joseph, Nadine, and Beatrice Murphy were placed by Hunt County authorities in Boles Children's Home , a Christian orphanage in Quinlan, Texas until Audie Murphy was able to see they were cared for after he returned home to Texas in 1945 add something

 

Within days of returning to his unit, and still bandaged, he became company commander on January 25, 1945 and suffered further wounds from a mortar round which killed two others nearby add something

 

The Legion of Merit was given to him for meritorious service with the 3rd Infantry Division in France from January 22 to February 18, 1945 add something

 

He was promoted to 1st lieutenant on February 22, 1945 add something

 

Murphy garnered Nationwide recognition after the war in Europe ended on May 8, 1945, appearing on the cover of the July 16 issue of "Life" magazine as the "most decorated soldier" add something

 

In early June 1945, one month after Germany's surrender, he returned from Europe to a hero's welcome in his home state of Texas, where he was feted with parades, banquets, and speeches add something

 

On June 2, 1945, Lt. Gen. Alexander Patch, commander of the US Seventh Army, presented him with the Medal of Honor and Legion of Merit add something

 

Murphy bought a house in Farmersville, Texas in August 1945 for his oldest sister Corrine and husband Poland Burns and their three children add something

 

Murphy was discharged from active duty with the U.S. Army as a First Lieutenant, at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio on August 17, 1945, and discharged from the U.S. Army on September 21, 1945 add something

 

After seeing the young hero's photo on the cover of the July 16 edition of "Life Magazine" and sensing star potential, actor James Cagney invited Murphy to Hollywood in September 1945 add something


1946

Jean Peters - Actor and soldier Audie Murphy claimed that he had a relationship with Peters in 1946, before she met Howard Hughes. Murphy, in fact, was Jean's date the day she met Hughes at a party in Bill and James Cagney's beach house.

 

Wanda Hendrix - In 1946, Audie Murphy saw Hendrix on the cover of Coronet magazine and arranged to meet her


1948

He eventually received token acting parts in the 1948 films "Beyond Glory" and "Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven" add something

 

Alan Ladd - Ladd and Robert Preston starred in the 1948 western film, "Whispering Smith", which in 1961 would become a short-lived NBC television series, starring Audie Murphy


1949

Murphy married actress Wanda Hendrix in 1949; they were divorced in 1951 add something

 

Murphy's 1949 autobiography "To Hell and Back" became a national bestseller add something


1950

Korea War - Hoping to serve in the Korea War after it broke out on June 25, 1950, Murphy joined the 36th Infantry Division of the Texas National Guard add something

 

Ann Robinson - As a stunt horse rider, Ann Robinson doubled for Shelly Winters in the 1950 film Frenchie, starring and riding in several westerns during her career such as The Cimarron Kid with Audie Murphy, Gun Brothers , and Gun Duel in Durango


1951

He starred in the 1951 adaptation of Stephen Crane's Civil War novel, "The Red Badge of Courage", which earned critical success add something


1954

James M. Gates, Jr. - In 1954, his unit was sent to Yakima Washington, where Jim and the others worked as extras in the Audie Murphy movie "To Hell and Back"


1955

Murphy portrayed himself in the 1955 film version of his book with the same title, "To Hell and Back" add something

 

Murphy's successful movie career included "To Hell and Back" in 1955, based on his book of the same title in 1949 about his war experiences as an infantryman and infantry officer in World War II. Murphy died in a plane crash in Virginia in 1971, at age 46 add something

 

Denver Pyle - He had a part in the 1955 Audie Murphy film "To Hell and Back" and guest starred twice on NBC's 1955-1956 western anthology series "Frontier", in "Mother of the Brave" and in "The Voyage of Captain Castle"


1956

Ken Hart - This song's instrumental music served as the theme song for the 1956 movie "To Hell and Back", the story of Audie Murphy, America's most decorated hero


1957

Everett Sloane - In 1957, he co-starred in the ninth episode of "Suspicion" co-starring Audie Murphy and Jack Warden


1959

" In 1959, he starred in the western "No Name on the Bullet", in which his performance was well-received despite being cast as the villain, a professional killer who managed to stay within the law add something


1960

The 1960s were far less rewarding years cinematically add something


1961

Roscoe Ates - Ates's last credited roles were in 1961 as a drunk in Robert Stack's ABC series "The Untouchables" and as sheriffs in "The Red Skelton Show" in an episode entitled "Candid Clem" and in "Three for One" of NBC's "Whispering Smith" starring Audie Murphy

 

Guy Mitchell - He appeared as George Romack on the 1961 NBC western detective series "Whispering Smith", with World War II hero Audie Murphy in the leading role

 

Alan Hale, Jr. - In 1961, Hale appeared in Audie Murphy's short-lived NBC western detective series, "Whispering Smith", as the witness to a murder

 

Frank H. Spearman - In 1961, NBC aired twenty episodes of the television series "Whispering Smith", starring Audie Murphy, a film star and World War II hero in the title role, and Guy Mitchell as detective George Romack

 

Forrest Tucker - In 1961, Tucker appeared on NBC in Audie Murphy's short-lived western series "Whispering Smith"

 

Clu Gulager - In 1961, he guest starred on the NBC western "Whispering Smith", Audie Murphy's only attempt at series television

 

Allan Pinkerton - Pinkerton's exploits were in part the inspiration of the 1961 NBC western television series, "Whispering Smith", starring Audie Murphy and Guy Mitchell

 

Beatrice Kay - She appeared with Cliff Robertson in 1961's "Underworld U.S.A." and in 1969's "A Time for Dying", with Victor Jory and Audie Murphy


1966

Murphy a captain, left the National Guard in 1966, with the rank of Major add something

 

Red Rock Canyon State Park (California) - "40 Guns to Apache Pass", the last film of Audie Murphy, was shot there in 1966

 

Red Rock Canyon State Park (California) - "40 Guns to Apache Pass", the last film of Audie Murphy, was shot there in 1966


1970

In July, 1970, Murphy was charged with assault with intent to murder and battery for a backyard brawl involving Burbank, California dog trainer David Gofstein add something


Audie Murphy died in 1971 add something

 

In April 1971, Murphy had sought the release of his friend, Teamster Union president Jimmy Hoffa, from federal prison on conviction in 1964 of jury tampering add something

 

The aircraft was recovered on May 31, 1971 add something

 

On June 7, 1971, Murphy was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery add something


1973

In a 1973 interview, Cherry recalled, "He was discouraged and somewhat despondent concerning his movie career add something


1975

Harold B. Simpson's 1975 comprehensive biography, "Audie Murphy, American Soldier", covers the breadth of Murphy's life add something

 

The movie held the record as the company's highest-grossing motion picture until 1975, when it was surpassed by Steven Spielberg's "Jaws" add something


1988

The legislation was signed into law by President George H.W. Bush on September 29, 1988 add something


1994

Leon L. Van Autreve - In 1994, the Sergeant Audie Murphy Club designated Fort Sam Houston, Texas, as the SMA Van Autreve Chapter


2000

The United States Postal Service honored Murphy with a 33 cent stamp in 2000 add something


2013

In 2013, he was honored by his home state with the Texas Legislative Medal of Honor add something

 

In 2013, he was posthumously awarded the Texas Legislative Medal of Honor add something


2014

Swedish power metal band, Sabaton, wrote a song on their 2014 studio album, Heroes, named "To Hell and Back", commemorating and recognizing Audie Murphy as one of the most decorated American veterans of World War II. add something