August Bebel

Knowledge Identifier: +August_Bebel


August Bebel

German Marxist politician, writer, and orator add

Category: Politics

Born in 1840.

Countries: Germany (67%), Russia (7%), Italy (7%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Hugo Haase, Philipp Scheidemann, Friedrich Engels

Linked to: Social Democratic Party of Germany, Socialist Labor Party of America, Paris Commune, Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany




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August Bebel was born in 1840 add something


When in Tyrol in 1859 he volunteered for service in the war against Italy, but was rejected; and in his own country he was rejected likewise as physically unfit for the army add something


In 1860 he settled in Leipzig as a master turner, making horn buttons add something


In 1865 he came under the influence of Wilhelm Liebknecht and was thereafter committed fully to the socialist cause add something


Bebel was President of the Union of German Workers' Associations from 1867 and a member of the First International add something


Following the death of Lassalle, Bebel was among the group of Socialists that refused to follow new party leader Johann Baptist von Schweitzer at the Eisenach Conference of 1867, an action which gave rise to the name "Eisenachers" for this Marxist faction add something


In 1868 he became connected with the staff of the "Volksstaat" at Leipzig, and in 1891 with that of the "Vorwärts" at Berlin add something


In 1869 he helped found the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany , which later merged with another organization in 1875 to form the Socialist Workers' Party of Germany , which in turn became the Social Democratic Party of Germany in 1890 add something


In 1870 he spoke in parliament against the continuance of the war with France add something


Bebel was the only socialist who was elected to the Reichstag in 1871, and he used his position to protest against the annexation of Alsace and Lorraine and to express his full sympathy with the Paris Commune add something


Not wanting to release such important opponents of the war effort, old charges of preaching dangerous doctrines and plotting against the state were levied against Bebel and Liebknecht in 1872 add something


In 1874 Bebel took a partner and founded a small button factory, for which he acted as salesman, but in 1889 he gave up his business to devote himself wholly to politics add something


He remained a member of the North German Parliament, and later of its counterpart for the German Empire, the Reichstag, until his death, except for the interval of 1881-83 add something


After the passing of the Socialist Law he continued to show great activity in the debates of the Reichstag, and was elected a member of the Saxon parliament; when the state of siege was proclaimed in Leipzig he was expelled from the city, and in 1886 condemned to nine months' imprisonment for taking part in a secret society add something


In party meetings of 1890 and 1891, Bebel's policies were severely attacked, first by the extremists, the young Socialists from Berlin , who wished to abandon parliamentary action; against these Bebel won a complete victory add something


The well-known saying "Anti-Semitism is the socialism of fools" is frequently attributed to Bebel, but probably originated with the Austrian democrat Ferdinand Kronawetter; it was in general use among German Social Democrats by the 1890s add something


Theodor Leutwein - In May 1904 he admitted that the Germans had not taken one Herero prisoner, following an inquiry by the social democratic Reichstag deputy August Bebel


Vladimir Posse - In 1905 the Odessa publisher Burevestnik issued his translation of August Bebel's "Die Frau und der Sozialismus"


Hugo Haase - In 1911 he became along with August Bebel an SPD chairman, in 1912 next to Philipp Scheidemann an SPD chairman in the Reichstag


Philipp Scheidemann - In 1911 he was elected a member of the executive committee and two years later succeeded August Bebel as chairman of the SPD parliamentary group together with Hugo Haase


Bebel, along with Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Ferdinand Lassalle, was among the socialist icons included in bas relief portraits on the facade of the The Forward building, erected in 1912 as the headquarters of the New York Yiddish-language socialist newspaper add something

August Bebel died in 1913 add something


August Bebel died August 13, 1913 of a heart attack during a visit to a sanatorium in Passugg, Switzerland add something


Friedrich Adler (assassin) - In 1946 he retired from politics and edited his father Victor's exchange of letters with August Bebel and Karl Kautsky


" Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1963; pg add something


Willy Brandt - Brandt became the Chairman of the SPD in 1964, a post that he retained until 1987, longer than any other party Chairman since its foundation by August Bebel