Aung San Suu Kyi

Knowledge Identifier: +Aung_San_Suu_Kyi

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Aung San Suu Kyi

Burmese opposition politician and chairperson of the National League for Democracy in Burma add

Category: Politics

Born in 1945.

Countries: Myanmar (23%), United Kingdom (18%), United States (8%)

Main connections: Aung San, National League for Democracy, Ban Ki-moon

Linked to: National League for Democracy, St Hugh's College, Oxford, New Light of Myanmar, The Times of India

 

Timeline


 

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Aung San Suu Kyi was born in 1945 add something


1947

Her father, Aung San, founded the modern Burmese army and negotiated Burma's independence from the British Empire in 1947; he was assassinated by his rivals in the same year add something


1960

She was appointed Burmese ambassador to India and Nepal in 1960, and Aung San Suu Kyi followed her there, she studied in the Convent of Jesus and Mary School, New Delhi and graduated from Lady Shri Ram College in New Delhi with a degree in politics in 1964 add something


1971

In late 1971, Aung San Suu Kyi married Aris, a scholar of Tibetan culture, living abroad in Bhutan add something


1972

Michael Aris - In 1972, Aris married Aung San Suu Kyi, whom he had met while in college


1974

Although the court accepted the argument that the 1974 constitution, under which she had been charged, was null and void, it said the provisions of the 1975 security law, under which she has been kept under house arrest, remained in force add something


1975

The Burmese government detained and kept Suu Kyi imprisoned because it viewed her as someone "likely to undermine the community peace and stability" of the country, and used both Article 10 and 10 of the 1975 State Protection Act , and Section 22 of the "Law to Safeguard the State Against the Dangers of Those Desiring to Cause Subversive Acts" as legal tools against her add something


1977

The following year she gave birth to their first son, Alexander Aris, in London; their second son, Kim, was born in 1977 add something


1980

She cited "the eastern European countries, which made the transition from communist autocracy to democracy in the 1980s and 1990s, and the Latin American countries, which made the transition from military governments add something


1982

Under the 1982 Citizenship Law, most Rohingya are unable to qualify for Burmese citizenship add something


1985

Between 1985 and 1987, Suu Kyi was working toward an M.Phil in Burmese literature as a research student at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London add something


1988

Coincident with Aung San Suu Kyi's return to Burma in 1988, the long-time military leader of Burma and head of the ruling party, General Ne Win, stepped down add something

 

In 1988 Suu Kyi returned to Burma, at first to tend for her ailing mother but later to lead the pro-democracy movement add something

 

On 26 August 1988, she addressed half a million people at a mass rally in front of the Shwedagon Pagoda in the capital, calling for a democratic government add something

 

Aung Gyi - The National League for Democracy was formed on 27 September 1988, with Aung Gyi as Chairman, former General Thura Tin Oo as Vice-Chairman and Aung San Suu Kyi as General Secretary


1989

Since 1989, when his wife was first placed under house arrest, he had seen her only five times, the last of which was for Christmas in 1995 add something


1990

Nobel Peace Prize - Suu Kyi received the Rafto Prize and the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 add something

 

She was elected as an Honorary Fellow in 1990 add something

 

Min Ko Naing - Aung San Suu Kyi would go on to be elected prime minister in the 1990 general election, only to be denied office and imprisoned by the State Law and Order Restoration Council, the new military government

 

Thorolf Rafto - Already in 1990, the Rafto Prize was awarded to a Burmese democratic leader, Aung San Suu Kyi that in the following year 1991 has received the Nobel Peace Prize for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights

 

Saw Maung - The 1990 parliamentary elections were won by the National League for Democracy led by Aung San Suu Kyi, but SLORC did not accept the results in a clear sign of Saw Maung's authority being undermined


1991

Aung San Suu Kyi is on her visit to Europe and is due to visit the Swiss parliament and collect her 1991 Nobel Prize in Oslo add something

 

Aung San Suu Kyi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 add something

 

In awarding the Nobel Peace Prize for 1991 to Aung San Suu Kyi, the Norwegian Nobel Committee wishes to honour this woman for her unflagging efforts and to show its support for the many people throughout the world who are striving to attain democracy, human rights and ethnic conciliation by peaceful means add something


 

In 1992 she was awarded the Jawaharlal Nehru award for International Understanding by the government of India and the International Simón Bolívar Prize from the government of Venezuela add something


1993

Mairead Maguire - In 1993 Maguire and six other Nobel Peace Prize laureates tried unsuccessfully to enter Myanmar from Thailand to protest the protracted detention of opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi


1994

In contrast, Suu Kyi did have visits from government representatives, such as during her autumn 1994 house arrest when she met the leader of Burma, General Than Shwe and General Khin Nyunt on 20 September in the first meeting since she had been placed in detention add something


1995

Aris' visit in Christmas 1995 turned out to be the last time that he and Suu Kyi met, as Suu Kyi remained in Burma and the Burmese dictatorship denied him any further entry visas add something

 

In 1995 Aung San Suu Kyi delivered the keynote address at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing add something


1996

On 9 November 1996, the motorcade that she was traveling in with other National League for Democracy leaders Tin Oo and U Kyi Maung, was attacked in Yangon add something

 

Lonely Planet - In 1996, in response to a "Visit Myanmar" campaign by the military regime, the Burmese opposition National League for Democracy and its leader Aung San Suu Kyi called for a tourism boycott


1997

Aris was diagnosed with prostate cancer in 1997 which was later found to be terminal add something


1998

The media were prevented from visiting Suu Kyi, as occurred in 1998 when journalist Maurizio Giuliano, after photographing her, was stopped by customs officials who confiscated all his films, tapes and some notes add something


1999

Aris died on his 53rd birthday on 27 March 1999 add something


2000

Corazon Aquino - In the 2000s , Aquino joined various global leaders and democratic icons in urging the Government of Burma to unconditionally release Burmese democratic leader Aung San Suu Kyi from detention, whom she delivered a speech on behalf in the 1994 meeting of the UNESCO World Commission on Culture and Development in Manila


2001

U2 - In 2001, the band dedicated "Walk On" to Burma's pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi


2002

On 6 May 2002, following secret confidence-building negotiations led by the UN, the government released her; a government spokesman said that she was free to move "because we are confident that we can trust each other" add something


2003

However on 30 May 2003 in an incident similar to the 1996 attack on her, a government-sponsored mob attacked her caravan in the northern village of Depayin, murdering and wounding many of her supporters add something

 

After she underwent a hysterectomy in September 2003, the government again placed her under house arrest in Rangoon add something

 

Insein Prison - One of its most famous prisoners is the Nobel Peace prize winning human rights activist, Aung San Suu Kyi, who has been confined to Insein on three separate occasions in 2003, 2007 and 2009

 

Tin Oo - On 30 May 2003, Tin Oo, travelling with the caravan of Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the NLD, was attacked in the northern village of Depayin by a government-sponsored mob, murdering and wounding many of his supporters


2004

Universal Declaration of Human Rights - The United Nations Working Group for Arbitrary Detention published in 2004 an Opinion that Aung San Suu Kyi's deprivation of liberty was arbitrary and in contravention of Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948, and requested that the authorities in Burma set her free, but the authorities ignored the request at that time add something


2005

Ali Alatas - He arrived in Burma on 18 August 2005 for a three-day visit and sought the release of Aung San Suu Kyi


2006

Several years later in 2006, Ibrahim Gambari, UN Undersecretary-General of Department of Political Affairs, met with Aung San Suu Kyi, the first visit by a foreign official since 2004 add something


2007

In 2007, the Government of Canada made her an honorary citizen of that country; at the time, she was one of only four people ever to receive the honor add something

 

On 18 January 2007, the state-run paper "New Light of Myanmar" accused Suu Kyi of tax evasion for spending her Nobel Prize money outside of the country add something

 

Protests led by Buddhist monks began on 19 August 2007 following steep fuel price increases, and continued each day, despite the threat of a crackdown by the military add something

 

On 22 September 2007, although still under house arrest, Suu Kyi made a brief public appearance at the gate of her residence in Yangon to accept the blessings of Buddhist monks who were marching in support of human rights add something

 

TIME. 28 September 2007 but meetings with UN envoy Ibrahim Gambari near her Rangoon home on 30 September and 2 October established that she remained under house arrest add something

 

On 2 October 2007 Gambari returned to talk to her again after seeing Than Shwe and other members of the senior leadership in Naypyidaw add something

 

In November 2007, it was reported that Suu Kyi would meet her political allies National League for Democracy along with a government minister add something


 

Although she was awarded this medal in 2008, at the time she was under house arrest, and was unable to receive the medal add something

 

The Hatoyama government which spent 2,82 billion yen in 2008, has promised more Japanese foreign aid to encourage Burma to release Aung San Suu Kyi in time for the elections; and to continue moving towards democracy and the rule of law add something

 

On 2 May 2008, after Cyclone Nargis hit Burma, Suu Kyi lost the roof of her house and lived in virtual darkness after losing electricity in her dilapidated lakeside residence add something

 

On 6 May 2008, President George Bush signed legislation awarding Suu Kyi the Congressional Gold Medal add something


2009

The Burmese government has been granting Suu Kyi varying degrees of freedom throughout late 2009, in response to international pressure add something

 

U.S. President Barack Obama personally advocated for the release of all political prisoners, especially Aung San Suu Kyi, during the US-ASEAN Summit of 2009 add something

 

On 3 May 2009, an American man, identified as John Yettaw, swam across Inya Lake to her house uninvited and was arrested when he made his return trip three days later add something

 

On 3 July 2009, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon went to Burma to pressure the junta into releasing Suu Kyi and to institute democratic reform add something

 

Plans to renovate and repair the house were announced in August 2009 add something

 

On 11 August 2009 the trial concluded with Suu Kyi being sentenced to imprisonment for three years with hard labour add something

 

Vietnam, however, did not support calls by other ASEAN member states for Myanmar to free Aung San Suu Kyi, state media reported Friday, 14 August 2009 add something

 

However, her appeal against the August sentence was rejected by a Burmese court on 2 October 2009 add something

 

Jose Ramos-Horta - In May 2009 Ramos-Horta stated that he would ask the International Criminal Court to investigate the ruling junta of Burma if they continue to detain fellow Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi


2010

The seat was previously held by Soe Tint, who vacated it after being appointed Construction Deputy Minister, in the 2010 election add something

 

On 1 October 2010 the government announced that she would be released on 13 November 2010 add something

 

Her son Kim Aris was granted a visa in November 2010 to see his mother shortly after her release, for the first time in 10 years add something

 

On 12 November 2010, days after the junta-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party won elections conducted after a gap of almost 20 years, the junta finally agreed to sign orders allowing Suu Kyi's release, and Suu Kyi's house arrest term came to an end on 13 November 2010 add something

 

On the evening of 13 November 2010, Suu Kyi was released from house arrest add something

 

Suu Kyi was released from house arrest on 13 November 2010 add something

 

Christian Cardell Corbet - Between 2010 and 2011 Corbet created over 17 portrait sculptures of such noted subjects as Oscar Niemeyer, Rise Stevens, Michael Ignatieff, Walter Allward, Sir Admiral Charles Kingsmill, Hon. Jack Layton, Aung San Suu Kyi among others

 

Seven Days News - It was suspended one week for publishing front page news on Aung San Suu Kyi in November 2010

 

Third Force (Burma) - The political parties participated in the November 2010 General elections while Aung San Suu Kyi's party called for a general boycott

 

Aung San - Nobel Peace Prize - Their youngest surviving child, Aung San Suu Kyi, is a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and leader of the Burmese Opposition, the National League for Democracy , and was until 13 November 2010, held under house arrest by the military regime


2011

Discussions were held between Suu Kyi and the Burmese government during 2011, which led to a number of official gestures to meet her demands add something

 

In 2011, she was awarded the Wallenberg Medal add something

 

She was separated from her children, who live in the United Kingdom, but starting in 2011, they have visited her in Burma add something

 

He visited again in 5 July 2011, to accompany her on a trip to Bagan, her first trip outside Yangon since 2003 add something

 

In November 2011, following a meeting of its leaders, the NLD announced its intention to re-register as a political party in order to contend 48 by-elections necessitated by the promotion of parliamentarians to ministerial rank add something

 

In December 2011, there was speculation that Suu Kyi would run in the 2012 national by-elections to fill vacant seats add something

 

On 1 December 2011, Suu Kyi met with Hillary Clinton at the residence of the top-ranking US diplomat in Yangon add something

 

On 21 December 2011, Thai Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra met Suu Kyi in Yangoon, becoming Suu Kyi's "first-ever meeting with the leader of a foreign country" add something

 

Michelle Yeoh - In 2011, she portrayed Aung San Suu Kyi in Luc Besson's "The Lady"

 

Dave Lee Travis - In June 2011, Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi said the programme had given her a lifeline

 

Eliza Manningham-Buller, Baroness Manningham-Buller - In June 2011, the BBC announced Eliza Manningham-Buller would present the 2011 Reith Lectures, alongside the Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in a series entitled Securing Freedom

 

Michelle Yeoh - On 22 June 2011, Yeoh was deported from Burma, allegedly over a new film "The Lady", in which Yeoh portrays Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi

 

Francois Zimeray - In November 2011, he was one of the first diplomats to be received in Rangoon by the Lady Aung San Suu Kyi, one month before the official visit of US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton


2012

On 5 January 2012, British Foreign Minister William Hague met Aung San Suu Kyi and his Burmese counterpart add something

 

On 18 January 2012, Suu Kyi formally registered to contest a Pyithu Hluttaw seat in the Kawhmu Township constituency in special parliamentary elections to be held on 1 April 2012 add something

 

On 3 March 2012, at a large campaign rally in Mandalay, Suu Kyi unexpectedly left after 15 minutes, because of exhaustion and airsickness add something

 

In an official campaign speech broadcast on Burmese state television's MRTV on 14 March 2012, Suu Kyi publicly campaigned for reform of the 2008 Constitution, removal of restrictive laws, more adequate protections for people's democratic rights, and establishment of an independent judiciary add something

 

On 26 March 2012, Suu Kyi suspended her nationwide campaign tour early, after a campaign rally in Myeik, Burma , a coastal town in the south, citing health problems due to exhaustion and hot weather add something

 

On 1 April 2012, the NLD announced that Suu Kyi had won the vote for a seat in Parliament add something

 

On 2 May 2012, National League for Democracy MP-elects, including Aung San Suu Kyi, took their oaths and took office, though the wording of the oath was not changed add something

 

On 16 June 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi was finally able to deliver her Nobel acceptance speech at Oslo's City Hall, two decades after being awarded the peace prize add something

 

On 9 July 2012, she attended the Parliament for the first time as a lawmaker add something

 

In September 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi received in person the United States Congressional Gold Medal, which is the highest Congressional award add something

 

On 19 September 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi was presented with the Congressional Gold Medal, which is, along with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States add something

 

Angelique Kidjo - Kidjo sang "Blewu", "Redemption Song" and "Toast to Freedom" at the "Electric Burma" concert in Dublin on June 18, 2012, honoring Aung San Suu Kyi


2013

She had undergone a minor foot surgery in December 2013 add something

 

Burma Center Prague - In 2013, the organization has arranged meetings of the Burmese community in the Czech Republic and supporters with Aung San Suu Kyi and Min Ko Naing who attended events in Prague

 

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj - Nobel Peace Laureate - One of his latest public speech is "Myanmar and Mongolia: On the Road to Freedom and Democracy" held jointly with Nobel Peace Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi in Ulaanbaatar on 30 April 2013


2014

As of 2014, she is listed as the 61st most powerful woman in the world by "Forbes" add something

 

As of 2014, she is listed as the 61st most powerful woman in the world by "Forbes" add something


2015

In a 2015 BBC News article, reporter Jonah Fisher suggested that Aung San Suu Kyi's silence over the Rohingya issue is due to a need to obtain support from the majority Bamar ethinicty as she is in "the middle of a general election campaign" add something

 

Adding to the international criticism of Aung San Suu Kyi's silence, in May 2015, the 14th Dalai Lama called on her to do more to help the Rohingya in Myanmar add something

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine_Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine_Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on the 26th of February, 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Royal Institute of International Affairs - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine_Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition

 

Chatham House - Recent speakers include Shinzo Abe, David Cameron, Aung San Suu Kyi, Christine_Lagarde, Madeleine Albright, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Abdullah Gül, Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Herman Van Rompuy, Muhammad Yunus, Ban Ki-moon and on 26 February 2015, Muhammadu Buhari, presidential candidate of All Progressive Congress, Nigeria, spoke on the prospects of democratic consolidation in Africa : Nigeria's transition


2016

On the 30 March 2016 she took over the roles of Foreign Affairs Minister, President's Office Minister, Education Minister and Electric Power and Energy Minister in the President Htin Kyaw government add something

 

The position of State Counsellor has been approved by the House of Nationalities on 1 April 2016, and is awaiting passage in the House of Representatives add something

 

She is now serving that position from 6 April 2016 add something

 

In May 2016, Suu Kyi asked the newly-appointed United States Ambassador to Myanmar Scot Marciel not to use the term 'Rohingya' to describe Burmese Muslim community add something

 

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Burma) - It is headed by foreign affairs minister Aung San Suu Kyi, First Female Foreign Minister of Myanmar, who replaced Wunna Maung Lwin on 30 March 2016

 

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj - In June 2016 President Elbegdorj visited the newly elected State Counsellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Aung San Suu Kyi "in honor of the 60th anniversary of the diplomatic ties between Mongolia and Myanmar"


2017

In 2017, critics have called for Suu Kyi's Nobel prize to be revoked, citing her silence over the persecution of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar add something

 

In October 2017, Oxford City Council announced that the honour of Freedom of the City, granted in 1997 in recognition of her "long struggle for democracy", was to be withdrawn following evidence emerging from the United Nations which meant that she was "no longer worthy of the honour" add something

 

On 13 November 2017, Bob Geldof returned his Freedom of the City of Dublin award in protest over Suu Kyi holding the accolade, stating that he does not "wish to be associated in any way with an individual currently engaged in the mass ethnic cleansing of the Rohingya people of north-west Burma add something

 

The Dublin City Council voted 59–2 to revoke Aung San Suu Kyi's Freedom of the City award over Myanmar's treatment of the Rohingya people in December 2017, though Lord Mayor of Dublin Mícheál Mac Donncha denied the decision was influenced by protests by Geldof and members of U2 add something


 

In March 2018, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum revoked Suu Kyi's Elie Wiesel award, awarded in 2012, citing her failure "to condemn and stop the military's brutal campaign" against Rohingya Muslims add something

 

In August 2018, it was revealed that Suu Kyi will be revoked of her Freedom of Edinburgh award over her refusal to speak out against the crimes committed against the Rohingya add something

 

The judge found the journalists guilty in September 2018 and to be jailed for seven years, with Suu Kyi silent on the verdict add something

 

On November 11, 2018, Amnesty International announced it was revoking her Ambassador of Conscience award add something

 

Naypyidaw - In February 2018, State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi chaired a meeting at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Naypyidaw where she urged foreign governments to move their embassies to the capital