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Ayrton Senna

Knowledge Identifier: +Ayrton_Senna

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Ayrton Senna

Brazilian racing driver and businessman add

Category: Auto racing

Born in 1960.

Countries: (24%), United Kingdom (17%), Brazil (13%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Formula One, Alain Prost, McLaren

Linked to: Haymarket Media Group, Autosport, Ducati, Instituto Ayrton Senna

 

Timeline


 

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Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about Ayrton Senna.


Senna attended Colegio Rio Branco in the São Paulo neighbourhood of Jardins and graduated in 1977 with a grade 5 in physics along with other grades in Mathematics, Chemistry and English add something

 

Senna won South American Kart Championship in 1977 add something


1978

He contested the Karting World Championship each year from 1978 to 1982, finishing runner-up in 1979 and 1980 add something

 

He was the team-mate of Terry Fullerton in 1978, whom Senna later felt was the rival he got the most satisfaction from racing against add something


1979

He experimented with several designs to satisfy him such as a white, yellow and green helmet before settling on a design that included a yellow background with a green stripe that surrounded the upper visor and a light metallic blue stripe surrounding the lower visor that was first seen in 1979 with the design having been created by Sid Mosca who painted helmets for Emerson Fittipaldi and Nelson Piquet add something


1980

In the late 1980s, to take advantage of the close relationship Honda had formed with Senna, the Japanese company asked him to help fine-tune the Honda NSX's suspension setting during its final development stages add something

 

Alain Prost - During the 1980s and early 1990s, Prost formed a fierce rivalry with mainly Ayrton Senna, but Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell

 

Lotus Cars - Even after Chapman's death, until the late 1980s, Lotus continued to be a major player in Formula One. Ayrton Senna drove for the team from 1985 to 1987, winning twice in each year and achieving 17 pole positions


1981

Senna began his motorsport career in karting, moving up to open-wheel racing in 1981, and winning the British Formula 3 championship in 1983 add something

 

Senna was married to Lilian de Vasconcelos Souza from 1981 until 1982 add something


1982

Senna went on to win the 1982 British and European Formula Ford 2000 championships under that surname add something

 

Eddie Jordan - In 1982 his primary driver was James Weaver; in 1983 Weaver ran again in European F3 and Jordan hired Martin Brundle, who finished second to Ayrton Senna in British F3


1983

In 1983, Senna drove in the British Formula Three Championship with the West Surrey Racing team add something

 

Senna's test for Brabham occurred at Paul Ricard in November 1983 and he set lap times two seconds slower than the team's lead driver, Nelson Piquet who gave Senna the nickname "the São Paulo taxi driver" add something

 

Davy Jones (racing driver) - In 1983 he came 3rd in the British Formula Three Championship behind Ayrton Senna and Martin Brundle

 

Rory Byrne - It was in the off-season of 1983/84 that Toleman signed Ayrton Senna - a move that almost made Byrne, Senna and the team first time winners at that year's Monaco Grand Prix

 

Brazilian Grand Prix - Piquet won in 1983 and 1986, and the 1988 race was particularly notable, as up-and-coming star Ayrton Senna started from the pit-lane in his first race for &McLaren; he began a furious charge that brought him up to second behind his teammate Prost; but he was disqualified for switching to his spare car after the parade lap had begun

 

Sergio Tacchini - The firm has sponsored the 1983 Italian basketball team in the European Cup, the skiers Pirmin Zurbriggen and Marc Girardelli, Formula 1 drivers such as Ayrton Senna and Carlos Reutemann and the golfer Ian Woosnam

 

Teddy Yip - The result was a huge success and Theodore Racing has won the event many times, notably with Ayrton Senna in 1983


1984

During 1984, Senna hired Nuno Cobra to assess his physical condition add something

 

From 1984 to 1988 he used Bell, from 1990 to 1991 Honda's own Rheos brand, 1992 to 1993 he used Shoei and for 1994 he returned to using Bell add something

 

He did not take part in the Italian Grand Prix after he was suspended by Toleman for being in breach of his contract by signing for Lotus for 1985 without informing the Toleman team first add something

 

He made his Formula One debut with Toleman-Hart in 1984 before moving to Lotus-Renault the following year and winning six Grands Prix over the next three seasons add something

 

Neither Williams nor McLaren had a vacancy for the 1984 season add something

 

Peter Warr of Lotus, Ron Dennis of McLaren, and Bernie Ecclestone of Brabham made offers for testing in 1984 and presented long-term contracts that tied Senna to driving later on add something

 

Jo Ramirez - From 1984 to 2001 Ramírez was coordinator of the McLaren Formula One team, including during the infamous Prost / Senna clash of the late-1980s

 

Jacky Ickx - In 1984, Ickx acted as Formula One race director in Monaco, and red-flagged the race because of rain, when leader Alain Prost in a Porsche-powered McLaren was about to be caught by a young Ayrton Senna

 

German Grand Prix - The 1984 event saw Prost win and Toleman rookie Ayrton Senna drive very hard at the front of the field during the beginning of the race; although he had a big crash early on near the Ostkurve; but his performance, like so many others that year, did not go unnoticed and he ended up signing for Lotus later in the year

 

Milton Nascimento - The song became the hymn for the Diretas Já social-political campaign in 1984, was played at the funeral of the late President of Brazil Tancredo Neves the next year, and was played at Ayrton Senna's funeral


1985

Senna courted Adriane Yamin, daughter of an entrepreneur from São Paulo, who was 15 years old when they began the relationship in 1985 and often chaperoned by her mother during meetings with Senna add something

 

Senna had been a part of the latter in 1985 add something

 

The tone of yellow changed a number of times, while usually a rich sunburst yellow, in 1985 and 1986 in some races he used a fluorescent neon yellow colour add something

 

Portuguese Grand Prix - In 1985, the Grand Prix was moved to April 21 and held under heavy rain, the ideal conditions for Ayrton Senna to win his first race

 

Lotus 97T - Lotus' major coup for 1985 was signing rising star Ayrton Senna from the Toleman team to replace long time team driver Nigel Mansell who had signed with Williams


1986

Spanish Grand Prix - The track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side

 

Nigel Mansell - Unperturbed by Piquet's mind games, Mansell went on to record five Grand Prix wins in 1986 and played part in one of the closest finishes in Formula One history, finishing second to Ayrton Senna in the Spanish Grand Prix at Jerez by a mere 0,014 seconds


1987

Lotus had a new engine deal in 1987, running the same Honda engines as Williams had used to win the previous year's Constructors' Championship, and with them came a new team-mate, 34-year-old Japanese driver, Satoru Nakajima add something

 

Formula One - By 1987, this system had been perfected and was driven to victory by Ayrton Senna in the Monaco Grand Prix that year

 

Stefan Johansson - Stefan Johansson's position at McLaren was considered by many as just a stop gap signing by team boss Ron Dennis who had failed to lure Ayrton Senna from Lotus due to him being under contract until the end of 1987 and always intended signing the mercurial Brazilian for


1988

In 1988, he joined Frenchman Alain Prost at McLaren-Honda add something

 

In 1988, thanks to the relationship he had built up with Honda throughout the 1987 season with Lotus, and with the approval of McLaren's number one driver and then-double world champion, Alain Prost, Senna joined the McLaren team add something

 

Senna became dissatisfied with his chances at Lotus and at Monza it was announced that he would be joining McLaren for 1988 add something

 

Senna dated Brazilian TV star Xuxa from late 1988 until 1990 add something

 

They were briefly engaged, but the relationship was broken off by Senna in late 1988 add something

 

This season marked a turning point in Senna's career as, throughout the year, he built a deep relationship with Honda, one which would pay big dividends, as McLaren had secured Williams' supply of Honda's V6 turbo engines for 1988 add something

 

Alain Prost - In 1988, although Prost scored more points in total than his team-mate Ayrton Senna, only the best eleven of sixteen results counted towards the championship, which Senna won

 

Formula One - The rivalry between racers Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost became F1's central focus during 1988, and continued until Prost retired at the end of 1993


1989

A large fine and temporary suspension of his Super License followed in the winter of 1989, and an irate Senna engaged in a bitter war of words with the FIA and its President Jean-Marie Balestre add something

 

Both the 1989 Championship won by Prost and the 1990 Championship won by Senna were decided by collisions between the pair at those years' Japanese Grands Prix add something

 

He was recognised for his qualifying speed over one lap and from 1989 until 2006 held the record for most pole positions add something

 

Prost claimed the championship in 1989, and Senna his second and third championships in 1990 and 1991 add something

 

Prost took the 1989 world title after a collision with Senna at the Suzuka Circuit in Japan, the penultimate race of the season, which Senna needed to win to remain in contention for the title add something

 

Senna said that he was not going to accept what he saw as unfair decision-making by Balestre, including his 1989 disqualification and the incorrect pole position in 1990 add something

 

This was despite calls for action in 1989, after a serious high-speed crash that saw Senna's friend, Gerhard Berger, suffering burns to his hand add something

 

Monaco Grand Prix - Brazil's Ayrton Senna won the race more times than any other driver, with six victories, winning five races consecutively between 1989 and 1993

 

Alain Prost - During 1989 Prost began to contemplate starting his own team, as his relationship with his McLaren teammate, Ayrton Senna, had turned sour

 

Jonathan Palmer - However at the end of 1989 Palmer signed for the McLaren team as their test driver, alongside Ayrton Senna and Gerhard Berger

 

Hungarian Grand Prix - Passing is a rarity here, although the 1989 race saw a famously bullish performance from Nigel Mansell in the Ferrari, who started from 12th on the grid and passed car after car, finally taking the lead in splendid opportunist style when Ayrton Senna was baulked by a slower runner

 

United States Grand Prix - The McLaren team dominated all three years, with Alain Prost winning in 1989 and Ayrton Senna in 1990 and 1991


1990

He dated Christine Ferracciu, who lived with him at his homes in Monaco and Portugal, on and off between 1990 and 1991 add something

 

In 1990, Senna took a commanding lead in the championship with six wins, two second places and three thirds add something

 

In the early 1990s Senna developed his own merchandise brand represented by a logo with a double S, after his full surname, "Senna da Silva" add something

 

Ron Dennis - At the start of the 1990s, McLaren continued to dominate the sport with Ayrton Senna taking back-to-back titles in 1990 and 1991

 

Japanese Grand Prix - For the 1990 race, three million fans entered a draw for the 120,000 available tickets, due to the popularity of Honda's world championship successes as an engine supplier to the Williams and McLaren teams, and the fact that the country had produced its first full-time F1 driver in the shape of Satoru Nakajima and Ayrton Senna's immense popularity in Japan

 

Gerhard Berger - From 1990 to 1992 Berger joined Ayrton Senna at McLaren

 

Italian Grand Prix - Over the past two decades, only three drivers have won the Italian Grand Prix and gone on to win the world championship in the same year: Ayrton Senna in 1990, Michael Schumacher in 2000 and 2003 and Sebastian Vettel in 2011

 

Hungarian Grand Prix - Thierry Boutsen demonstrated this perfectly in 1990, keeping his slower Williams car in front of champion-elect Ayrton Senna, unable to find a way by


1991

In 1991 Senna became the youngest ever three-time world champion, taking seven wins and increasing his pole position record to 60 add something

 

Adrian Newey - By mid-season 1991, Newey's FW14 chassis was every bit a match for the previously dominant McLaren, but early season reliability issues and the efforts of Ayrton Senna prevented Williams team leader, Nigel Mansell, from taking the title

 

Max Mosley - In 1991, Mosley challenged Balestre for the presidency of FISA. Mosley said that his decision to challenge the Frenchman was prompted by Balestre's reported intervention on behalf of his countryman Alain Prost to ensure that race stewards disqualified Brazilian driver Ayrton Senna from the 1989 Japanese Grand Prix

 

Australian Grand Prix - The 1991 race was notable for being held in extremely wet and tricky conditions and the race was eventually stopped after 14 of the scheduled 82 laps and Ayrton Senna was declared the winner


1992

He felt the McLaren cars were less competitive than in previous years, especially after Honda left Formula 1 at the end of 1992 and preseason testing with a Lamborghini V12 unit proved fruitless add something

 

In 1992, Senna's determination to win manifested itself in dismay at McLaren's inability to challenge Williams's all-conquering FW14B car add something

 

In 1992, the Williams-Renault combination began to dominate Formula One. Senna nonetheless managed to finish the 1993 season as runner-up, winning five races and negotiating a move to Williams in 1994 add something

 

Senna was planning to move to the Williams team for the 1992 season, but Honda's CEO, Nobuhiko Kawamoto, personally requested that he remain at McLaren-Honda, which Senna did out of a sense of loyalty add something

 

Senna's relationship with Schumacher had deteriorated throughout 1992 add something

 

South African Grand Prix - The 1992 event was dominated by Mansell and the 1993 running saw an intense battle between Prost, Ayrton Senna and Michael Schumacher, with Prost taking victory


1993

After driving McLaren's 1993 car, Senna concluded that the new car had a surprising potential, albeit the engine was still down on power and would be no match for Prost's Williams Renault add something

 

McLaren boss Ron Dennis meanwhile was trying to secure a supply of the dominant Renault V10 engine for 1993 add something

 

Questions about Senna's intentions for 1993 lingered throughout 1992, as he did not have a contract with any team by the end of the year add something

 

The Senninha cartoon character, born in 1993/94, was another means by which Senna extended his role model status in favour of Brazilian children add something

 

Mika Hakkinen - After two years with Lotus, he joined McLaren as a test driver in 1993 initially as a backup for Ayrton Senna, but took over the responsibility of race driver after Michael Andretti was dismissed by the team after that year's Italian Grand Prix

 

Felipe Massa - On 22 October, Massa won his home race at the , making it the first time a Brazilian driver had won at Interlagos since Ayrton Senna in 1993


1994

Audi entered Brazil in 1994 via Ayrton Senna's company, Senna Import, founded in 1993 add something

 

For 1994, Senna finally signed with the Williams-Renault team on 11 October 1993 after Prost had decided to end his career add something

 

For the 1994 season, Senna had offers from McLaren, WIlliams, Benetton, and Ferrari, the team he believed was the soul of Formula 1, and to which he planned to move to in 1996 before retiring in 2000 add something

 

In 1994 the helmet was a lighter, paler yellow to complement the blue and white of the Williams car add something

 

Rule changes for 1994 had banned active suspension, traction control and ABS. During pre-season testing the new Williams FW16 car exhibited none of the superiority of the FW15C and FW14B cars that preceded it, and Senna found himself in close running with the Benetton B194 of Schumacher add something

 

Senna's personal car in 1994 was an Audi S4 add something

 

Senna's third and final race of the 1994 season, the San Marino Grand Prix, was held on the "Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari" circuit located in Imola, Italy add something

 

The game was organised by several devoted Italian and Canadian fans of Senna, bringing the 1994 FIFA World Cup winning team of Brazil to face the "Nazionale Piloti", an exhibition team composed exclusively of top race car drivers add something

 

Throughout the rest of the 1994 season, Senna was commemorated in various ways add something

 

The plane was escorted by fighter jets into São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport on Thursday 5 May 1994, where it was met by São Paulo's mayor, Paulo Maluf, and state governor, Luís Antônio Fleury add something

 

FIA President Max Mosley instead attended the funeral of Ratzenberger which took place on 7 May 1994, in Salzburg, Austria add something

 

In July 1994, the Brazil national football team dedicated their 1994 World_Cup (FIFA_World_Cup) victory to Ayrton Senna, and collectively held a banner on the field after defeating Italy in the final add something

 

HANS device - However, the product languished until 1994, when Formula 1 showed interest in the wake of the deaths of Roland Ratzenberger and Ayrton Senna

 

Jan Magnussen - Magnussen dominated the 1994 British Formula Three championship with Paul Stewart Racing, winning 14 of the 18 events and breaking Ayrton Senna's F3 record

 

Riccardo Patrese - Patrese was invited to rejoin Williams in 1994 to fill the seat of Ayrton Senna after his fatal accident at Imola, but ultimately decided against returning to Formula One.

 

Adriane Galisteu - She was the girlfriend of iconic Formula One driver Ayrton Senna when he died in a racing accident in 1994

 

Pacific Grand Prix - The inaugural Championship race in 1994 saw Michael Schumacher take an easy victory after Ayrton Senna was involved in a first corner accident with Mika Häkkinen and Nicola Larini

 

Emilia-Romagna - The track was the site for the fatal crash of three-time world champion Ayrton Senna on 1 May 1994, along with a fatal crash the day before of Austrian Roland Ratzenberger

 

Alain Prost - On 1 May 1994, Ayrton Senna was killed during the San Marino Grand Prix


1995

The Tamburello corner and other parts of the Imola circuit were altered for 1995 add something


1996

Between 1996 and 1998, to pay tribute to Senna, the Italian motorcycle manufacturer Ducati produced special Senna editions of their 916 superbike add something

 

The Adelaide street circuit was said to be a favourite of Senna's, and he was reportedly unhappy about the upcoming shift of venue from Adelaide to Melbourne in 1996 add something


1997

Universal Geneve - The 1997 and 1998 Universal " Ayrton Senna" sports chronograph watches were named after late Formula One race car driver Ayrton Senna


1999

In 1999, & Audi Senna was created as a joint venture of Audi with Senna Import add something

 

Darren Manning - In 1999 Darren won the All-Japan Formula Three championship, and was the first driver to achieve the "perfect victory" at the Macau Grand Prix since Ayrton Senna by winning from pole position, leading every lap and setting a lap record


2000

In April 2000 Senna was inducted into the International Motorsports Hall of Fame add something


2004

He has been voted the best driver of all time in various motorsport polls, including F1 Racing Magazine's 2004 poll and one involving current drivers as published by the German newspaper Bild am Sonntag in July 2010 add something

 

In the documentary film "The Right to Win", made in 2004 as a tribute to Senna, Frank Williams notably recalls that as good a driver as Senna was, ultimately "he was an even greater man outside of the car than he was in it add something

 

In addition, to mark the tenth anniversary of Senna's death, on 21 April 2004, over 10,000 people attended a charity match in a football stadium near Imola add something

 

Steve Matchett - On 2 April 2004, the show had the daunting task of airing the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, showing the crash that claimed the life of three-time World Drivers' Champion and 41-time Grand Prix race winner Ayrton Senna


2006

Felipe Massa - Massa returned to Ferrari where he won two races in 2006 including his home Grand Prix becoming the first Brazilian since Ayrton Senna to win the Brazilian Grand Prix

 

Stirling Moss - In recent years, Moss has been an outspoken critic of Michael Schumacher, but in October 2006 Moss ranked Schumacher joint fourth in the pantheon of all-time great drivers, behind Juan Manuel Fangio, Ayrton Senna and Jim Clark


2007

In 2007, Prince Albert of Monaco unveiled a plaque in honour of Senna in a ceremony that was attended by Vivane Senna add something

 

The last word from the Italian Court of Appeal was on 13 April 2007 add something

 

Formula One - Drivers are not required to have competed at this level before entering Formula One. British F3 has supplied many F1 drivers, with champions including Nigel Mansell, Ayrton Senna and Mika Häkkinen having moved straight from that series to Formula One. More rarely a driver may be picked from an even lower level, as was the case with 2007 World Champion Kimi Räikkönen, who went straight from Formula Renault to F1

 

Patrick Head - In April 2007 the Italian newspaper Gazzetta dello Sport reported that a court in Bologna had concluded that a technical failure was responsible for Ayrton Senna's fatal accident at the San Marino Grand Prix in 1994


2009

In 2009, a poll of 217 current and former Formula One drivers conducted by the British magazine "Autosport" named Senna as "the greatest Formula One driver who ever lived" add something

 

In 2009, it was announced that Senna's nephew Bruno would be making his Formula One debut in add something

 

The Spanish band, Delorean, released an extended play entitled "Ayrton Senna" in 2009 add something

 

HRT F1 - On the weekend of the 2009 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, Campos confirmed that Bruno Senna, the nephew of former world champion Ayrton Senna, would be one of their racing drivers for 2010


2010

An ESPN Films documentary film "Senna" was released in 2010 to great critical acclaim add something

 

On 21 March 2010, on the day that would have marked Senna's 50th birthday, the football team Corinthians played a tape in memory of Senna which was part of the theme played at the São Paulo Motor Show add something

 

On 25 July 2010, popular BBC motoring show, "Top Gear" paid an emotional tribute to Senna with British Formula One World Champion, Lewis Hamilton driving Senna's original MP4/4, with which he won the 1988 title add something


2011

Lewis Hamilton - For the 2011 Brazilian Grand Prix, Hamilton wore a special helmet that was a fusion of his post 2011 helmet, and that of Ayrton Senna


2012

Senna achieved the feat of leading every lap of those races which was not equalled until Sebastian Vettel in 2012 add something

 

On 20 November 2012, BBC Sport named Senna as the greatest Formula One driver of all time, after naming their Top 20 greatest drivers in a countdown on their website add something

 

Red Bull Racing - Vettel won the Drivers Championship for a third consecutive time in 2012 making him the youngest triple World Champion, surpassing Ayrton Senna


2013

On October 25th, 2013, a holiday Playstation 3 bundle with Gran Turismo 6 was announced which is dedicated in his memory, with some of the proceeds of this bundle going to help an unspecified charitable organization add something

 

On October 25, 2013, a holiday Playstation 3 bundle with Gran Turismo 6 was announced which is dedicated in his memory, with some of the proceeds of this bundle going to help an unspecified charitable organization add something


2014

On March 21, 2014, Google showed Doodle for Ayrton Senna add something

 

On 27 April 2014, as part of celebrating Senna on the 20th anniversary of his death, a 3 journalist panel composed of Murray Walker, Maurice Hamilton and David Tremayne interviewed by SkySportF1's Simon Lazenby concurred that, at his final F1 grand prix race Senna was under extreme pressure due to: add something

 

On 1 May 2014, thousands of fans from around the world gathered at the Tamburello corner to hold a minute's silence for the former World Champion add something


2015

Also in Italy, in February 2015, football superstar Alessandro Del Piero inaugurated the "AYRTON" exhibition held in Turin until May 2015 add something

 

Until 18 July 2015, Senna was Formula 1's last driver to die as a result of an accident during a race, before Jules Bianchi deceased in hospital following his crash at Suzuka, Japan in September 2014 add something

 

Sonia Leong - She was filmed for CNN International's 2015 coverage of Formula One historic battles at the Suzuka Circuit, illustrating the rivalry between Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost

 

Alessandro Del Piero - In 2015, in honour of F1 World Champion Ayrton Senna, Del Piero facilitated and inaugurated the "AYRTON" exhibition in Turin, open between February and May 2015


2017

On June 10, 2017 after qualifying on pole for the Canadian Grand Prix Lewis Hamilton was presented with a Senna helmet that had been worn by Senna during a race add something

 

On 9 December 2017, McLaren unveiled the McLaren Senna, a 789bhp track-focused hypercar, named after Senna add something


2018

On October 1, 2018 Nike and Corinthians unveil a never-before-seen collection honoring Ayrton Senna, including the team's ://www add something


2019

On 30 April 2019, the &FIA (Fédération_Internationale_de_l'Automobile) announced tribute plans at the end of the year's Spanish Grand Prix add something