Barry Goldwater

Knowledge Identifier: +Barry_Goldwater

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Barry Goldwater

Businessman and five-term United States Senator from Arizona and the Republican Party's nominee for President in the 1964 election add

Category: Politics

Born in 1909.

Countries: United States (62%), Arizona (11%), California (8%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Arizona, Lyndon B. Johnson, Ronald Reagan

Linked to: History of the Republican Party, United States Air Force Academy, University of Arizona, Soviet Union

 

Timeline


 

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Barry Goldwater was born in 1909 add something


1916

In 1916, Goldwater visited the Hopi Reservation with Phoenix architect John Rinker Kibby, and obtained his first kachina doll add something


1920

Goldwater was an avid amateur radio operator from the early 1920s onwards, with the call signs 6BPI, K3UIG and K7UGA. The latter is now used by an Arizona club honoring him as a commemorative call add something


1930

Barry had never been close to his father, but he took over the family business after Baron's death in 1930 add something


1934

In 1934, he married Margaret "Peggy" Johnson, wealthy daughter of a prominent industrialist from Muncie, Indiana add something


1941

He was a member of the Royal Photographic Society from 1941 becoming a Life Member in 1948 add something


1949

Goldwater entered Phoenix politics in 1949 when he was elected to the City Council as part of a nonpartisan group of candidates who focused on "cleaning up" widespread prostitution and gambling add something


1952

As a Republican he won a seat in the US Senate in 1952, when he upset veteran Democrat and Senate majority leader Ernest McFarland add something

 

Ernest McFarland - In 1952, he was defeated by Barry Goldwater in the national Republican landslide that year led by Dwight D. Eisenhower


1955

Arthur E. Scott - In 1955, Arizona Republican Senator Barry Goldwater, himself an amateur photographer, hired Arthur Scott to work for the Republican Senatorial Committee


1956

However, he rejected the wildest fringes of the anti-communist movement; in 1956, he sponsored the passage through the Senate of the final version of the Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act, despite vociferous opposition from opponents who claimed that the Act was a communist plot to establish concentration camps in Alaska add something


1957

His work on labor issues led to Congress passing major anti-corruption reforms in 1957, and an all-out campaign by the AFL-CIO to defeat his 1958 reelection bid add something


1958

He defeated McFarland again in 1958, with a strong showing in his first reelection in a year in which the Democrats picked up 13 seats in the Senate add something

 

Walter Reuther - In 1958, later presidential candidate Barry Goldwater declared Reuther a "more dangerous menace than the Sputnik or anything Soviet Russia might do to America

 

Robert A. Heinlein - The couple formed the small "Patrick Henry League" in 1958; and they worked in the 1964 Barry Goldwater campaign


1960

An articulate and charismatic figure during the first half of the 1960s, he was known as "Mr. Conservative" add something

 

Despite his reputation as a firebrand in the 1960s, by the end of his career he was considered a stabilizing influence in the Senate, one of the most respected members of either major party add something

 

Goldwater emphasized his strong opposition to the worldwide spread of communism in his 1960 book "The Conscience of a Conservative" add something

 

Goldwater is the politician most often credited for sparking the resurgence of the American conservative political movement in the 1960s add something

 

John Dos Passos - In the 1960s, he actively campaigned for presidential candidates Barry Goldwater and Richard M. Nixon, and became associated with the group Young Americans for Freedom


1961

In December 1961, Goldwater told a news conference that "sometimes I think this country would be better off if we could just saw off the Eastern Seaboard and let it float out to sea" add something

 

Paul Weyrich - He was active in the Racine, Wisconsin County Young Republicans from 1961 to 1963 and in Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign

 

William A. Rusher - In 1961, Rusher worked with Clif White and Congressman John Ashbrook to form the nucleus of what became Senator Barry Goldwater's campaign for the Republican nomination for the presidency in 1963, known as "Draft Goldwater"

 

Thomas Pauken - Pauken entered Georgetown University in 1961 and became involved in politics as a "foot soldier in a small but growing conservative army" that was known for their support of Senator Barry Goldwater


1962

Francis Gary Powers - Lockheed, and the Air Force, on March 6, 1962, Powers appeared before a Senate Armed Services Select Committee hearing chaired by Senator Richard Russell and including Senators Prescott Bush and Barry Goldwater Sr. It was determined that Powers had followed orders, had not divulged any critical information to the Soviets, and had conducted himself as a fine young man under dangerous circumstances


1963

Charlton Lyons - In 1963, Charlton Lyons and the Baton Rouge, Louisiana businessman James H. Boyce, a nominal Democrat, went with a group of mostly Republican conservatives to urge Goldwater to seek the presidency


1964

Although he had supported all previous federal civil rights legislation and had supported the original senate version of the bill, Goldwater made the decision to oppose the Civil Rights Act of 1964 add something

 

Future Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and fellow Arizonan William Rehnquist first came to the attention of national Republicans through his work as a legal adviser to Goldwater's 1964 campaign add something

 

Goldwater was grief-stricken by the assassination of Kennedy and was greatly disappointed that his opponent in the 1964 race would not be Kennedy but instead Kennedy's Vice President, the former Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas add something

 

Goldwater was much less active as a national leader of conservatives after 1964; his supporters mostly rallied behind Ronald Reagan, who became governor of California in 1967 and the 40th President of the United States in 1981 add something

 

Goldwater's 1964 campaign was a magnet for conservatives since he opposed interference by the federal government in state affairs add something

 

Goldwater's right-wing campaign platform ultimately failed to gain the support of the electorate and he lost the 1964 presidential election to incumbent Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson by one of the largest landslides in history, bringing down many Republican candidates as well add something

 

He stepped down from the Senate in 1964 for his presidential campaign add something

 

His defeat allowed Johnson and the Democrats in Congress to pass the Great Society programs, but the defeat of so many older Republicans in 1964 cleared the way for a younger generation of American conservatives to mobilize add something

 

However, Goldwater's vote on the Civil Rights Act proved devastating to his campaign everywhere outside the South , contributing to his landslide defeat in 1964 add something

 

In 1964, Goldwater ran a conservative campaign that emphasized "states' rights" add something

 

In 1964, he fought and won a bitterly contested, multi-candidate race for the Republican Party's presidential nomination add something

 

Journalist Robert MacNeil, a friend of Goldwater's from the 1964 Presidential campaign, recalled interviewing him in his office shortly afterward add something

 

The Republican Party recovered from the 1964 election debacle, picking up 47 seats in the House of Representatives in the 1966 mid-term election add something

 

In a May 1964 speech, Goldwater suggested that nuclear weapons should be treated add something

 

Raymond Massey - Vietnam War - He too dabbled in politics, appearing in a television advertisement in support of the conservative Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater in 1964, in which he denounced the burgeoning Vietnam War

 

John Jacob Rhodes - Additionally, he served as a member of the Arizona delegation to several Republican National Conventions; was Barry Goldwater's personal representative on the Platform Committee in 1964; was chairman of the Platform Committee in 1972; and was Permanent Chairman of the Convention in 1976 and 1980

 

Milward L. Simpson - Along with Barry Goldwater of Arizona, Norris Cotton of New Hampshire, Bourke B. Hickenlooper of Iowa, Edwin Mechem of New Mexico, and John Tower of Texas, Simpson was one of six Republican senators who voted against the Civil Rights Act of 1964

 

New South - At the same time, in 1964 several Southern politicians, and states, supported Republican Barry Goldwater for President over the Democratic incumbent Lyndon B. Johnson

 

New South - At the same time, in 1964 several Southern politicians, and states, supported Republican Barry Goldwater for President over the Democratic incumbent Lyndon B. Johnson

 

Pat Buchanan - Buchanan was promoted to assistant editorial page editor in 1964 and supported Barry Goldwater's presidential campaign

 

Dean Burch - Burch worked on Senator Barry Goldwater's staff and served as the Republican National Chairman in 1964-1965

 

Tennessee Valley Authority - Defenders note that TVA is overwhelmingly popular in Tennessee among conservatives and liberals alike, as Barry Goldwater discovered in 1964, when he proposed selling the agency

 

Arizona - Democrat Lyndon Johnson, in 1964, lost the state by less than 5,000 votes to Arizona Senator and native Barry Goldwater

 

William Rehnquist - During these years, he was active in the Republican Party and served as a legal advisor to Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign, including collaborating with Harry Jaffa on Goldwater's speeches

 

Robert D. Ray - Following several years practicing law, Ray became Chair of the Iowa Republican Party and is credited with rebuilding it following the heavy Republican losses incurred in 1964 when Barry Goldwater headed the national Republican ticket

 

Milton Friedman - Friedman was an economic adviser to Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater during 1964

 

John Sidney Garrett - Garrett tried to depict Hunt, who had supported Barry Goldwater for U.S. President in 1964, as a captive of the "black bloc vote", but he failed to convince a majority of voters accordingly

 

Roger Stone - Given a copy of Barry Goldwater's "Conscience of a Conservative", Stone became a convert to conservatism as a child and a volunteer in Goldwater's 1964 campaign

 

Art Gilmore - He announced Ronald W. Reagan's "A Time for Choosing" speech in 1964 supporting Barry Goldwater for U.S. President

 

Ray C. Bliss - He helped to pull the Republican party back together after Barry Goldwater's defeat in 1964 and his work culminated in the election of Richard M. Nixon as president in 1968

 

Barry Goldwater, Jr. - He is the son of the late Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee who ran against Lyndon B. Johnson for President of the United States during the 1964 Presidential election

 

Strom Thurmond - He played an important role in South Carolina's support among white voters for the Republican presidential candidates Barry Goldwater in 1964 and Richard Nixon in 1968

 

Dick Tuck - He played similar pranks against Barry Goldwater in 1964

 

Eugene Siler - He supported Barry Goldwater in 1964 but did not share his interventionist foreign policy views

 

Strom Thurmond - He switched because of his opposition to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, disaffection with the liberalism of the national party, and his support for the conservatism and opposition to the Civil Rights bill of the Republican presidential candidate Senator Barry Goldwater

 

Doug Wead - However, the Democratic nominee, Karan English, received the endorsement of former Arizona Senator and 1964 Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater who thought Wead was out of touch with Arizona because of his relatively brief residency in the state two years to English's 22

 

Warren Boroson - In 1964 Boroson was managing editor of "Fact Magazine", which was sued by Barry Goldwater for articles it published questioning Goldwater's psychological fitness to be president

 

Goodwin Knight - In 1964, Knight endorsed Nelson Rockefeller for the Republican nomination against Barry Goldwater

 

Willis Ward - In 1964, Ward, described as a Detroit Negro attorney, spoke out against Barry Goldwater and in favor Michigan Governor George Romney as a possible Presidential candidate

 

James B. Utt - In 1964, he had been a strong supporter of fellow Republican Barry Goldwater for the presidency

 

Richard Nixon - In 1964, he supported Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater for the Republican nomination for president; when Goldwater was successful in gaining the nomination, Nixon was selected to introduce the candidate to the convention.

 

Mel Bradford - In U.S. presidential elections Bradford campaigned for Barry Goldwater in 1964, George C. Wallace in 1972, Ronald Reagan in 1976 and 1980, and Pat Buchanan in 1992

 

Charlton Lyons - In that campaign, McKeithen had accused Lyons of being pre-committed to the 1964 Republican presidential candidate, and he incorrectly predicted that the nominee would be, not Senator Goldwater, but Governor Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller of New York, considered the liberal, internationalist candidate

 

American Psychiatric Association - In the 1964 election, "Fact" magazine polled American Psychiatric Association members on whether Barry Goldwater was fit to be president and published "The Unconscious of a Conservative: A Special Issue on the Mind of Barry Goldwater

 

James B. Utt - In the wake of Barry Goldwater's landslide defeat in 1964, Utt still polled 65 percent in his district

 

Al Gore III - Lieberman became "the first person of the Jewish faith to run for the nation's second-highest office" (Barry Goldwater, who ran for president in 1964, was of "Jewish origin").

 

John Rarick - Like the Democratic Representatives Albert W. Watson and John Bell Williams who had supported Republican Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election, Rarick was stripped of seniority by the House Democratic Caucus for having openly supported Wallace

 

James D. Martin - Martin was elected to the House of Representatives in the 89th Congress in 1964, the year of the Goldwater landslide in Alabama which saw several other Republicans elected to the House

 

Eugene C. Pulliam - Pulliam was for the most part a noted conservative and an active supporter of the Republican Party, although he endorsed Lyndon Johnson over Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential race

 

Ronald Reagan - Reagan endorsed the campaign of conservative presidential contender Barry Goldwater in 1964.

 

Ayn Rand - She endorsed several Republican candidates for President of the United States, most strongly Barry Goldwater in 1964, whose candidacy she promoted in several articles for The Objectivist Newsletter.

 

Stephanie Miller - She is the daughter of former U.S. Representative William E. Miller, who was Barry Goldwater's running mate in the 1964 presidential election and a Chairman of the Republican National Committee

 

Pamela Ann Rymer - She was Director of Political Research and Analysis for the Goldwater for President Committee in 1964

 

Jack Kemp - Subsequently, Kemp became a volunteer in both Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign and Ronald Reagan's successful 1966 California gubernatorial campaign

 

DDB Worldwide - The DDB "Daisy" ad is considered a significant factor in Lyndon B. Johnson's defeat of Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election and landed Maxwell Dane on the infamous Nixon's Enemies List

 

Arthur Tress - Tress spent the spring and summer of 1964 in San Francisco , taking pictures in the city documenting the Republican Convention that nominated Barry Goldwater, civil rights demonstrations at segregated car dealerships on Van Ness Avenue, and the Beatles launching their 1964 tour

 

Lewis Williams Douglas - While typically endorsing Republicans, he remained a Democrat and supported Lyndon B. Johnson over Barry Goldwater in the 1964 presidential election out of concerns for Goldwater's suitability for the presidency

 

George Gilder - With his college roommate Bruce Chapman, he wrote an attack on the anti-intellectual policies of the 1964 Republican presidential candidate Barry Goldwater titled "The Party That Lost Its Head"

 

Charlton Lyons - The stops for Lyons occurred ten months before Reagan delivered his address, "A Time for Choosing", on national television on October 27, 1964, to promote Barry Goldwater's presidential bid against President Lyndon B. Johnson


1965

Although Goldwater was not as important in the American conservative movement as Ronald Reagan after 1965, he shaped and redefined the movement from the late 1950s to 1964 add something


1966

The speech prompted Reagan to seek the California Governorship in 1966 and jump-started his political career add something


1967

Three books with his photographs are "People and Places", from 1967; "Barry Goldwater and the Southwest", from 1976; and "Delightful Journey", first published in 1940 and reprinted in 1970 add something

 

Ian Smith - In December 1967 Barry Goldwater, Senator from Arizona and Republican candidate for the 1964 presidential election, praised Smith in an interview with Harvey Ward in Salisbury, saying, "We need more men like Ian Smith, I think, in the world today


1968

Further Republican successes ensued, including Goldwater's return to the Senate in 1968 add something

 

Goldwater remained popular in Arizona, and in the 1968 Senate election he was elected to the seat of retiring Senator Carl Hayden add something

 

Roger Robb - In 1968, Robb represented Barry Goldwater in his libel suit against Ralph Ginzburg and Fact Magazine, which had claimed that Goldwater was mentally unstable


1969

Beginning in 1969 up to his death he appeared in numerous educational and promotional films about the hobby that were produced for the American Radio Relay League by such producers as Dave Bell , ARRL Southwest Director John R. Griggs , Alan Kaul , Forrest Oden , and the late Roy Neal add something

 

Eventually his doll collection included 437 items and was presented in 1969 to the Heard Museum in Phoenix add something

 

Goldwater returned to the Senate in 1969, and specialized in defense policy, bringing to the table his experience as a senior officer in the Air Force Reserve add something

 

Goldwater's son Barry Goldwater, Jr. served as a United States House of Representatives member from California from 1969 to 1983 add something

 

Goldwater's son, Barry Goldwater, Jr., served as a Congressman from California from 1969 to 1983 add something


1970

In 1970, the Arizona Historical Foundation published the daily journal that Goldwater maintained on the Grand Canyon trip, along with the photographs he took, in a 209 page volume titled "Delightful Journey" by Barry Goldwater add something

 

Though Goldwater remained staunchly anti-communist and "hawkish" on military issues, he was a key supporter of the fight for ratification of the Panama Canal Treaty in the 1970s, which would return control of the canal zone to the Republic of Panama add something

 

Throughout the 1970s, as the conservative wing under Reagan gained control of the party, Goldwater concentrated on his Senate duties, especially in military affairs add something


1971

Goldwater fought in 1971 to stop US funding of the United Nations after the People's Republic of China was admitted to the organization add something


1974

He played little part in the election or administration of Richard Nixon, but he helped force Nixon's resignation in 1974 add something

 

He was subsequently reelected in 1974 and 1980 add something

 

In 1974, as an elder statesman of the party, Goldwater successfully urged President Richard Nixon to resign when evidence of a cover-up in the Watergate scandal became overwhelming and impeachment was imminent add something

 

The 1974 election saw Goldwater easily reelected add something

 

Watergate scandal - On the night of August 7, 1974, Senators Barry Goldwater and Hugh Scott and Congressman John Jacob Rhodes met with Nixon in the Oval Office and told the president that he not only faced certain impeachment in the House, but that there were enough votes in the Senate to convict and remove him


1976

Ansel Adams wrote a foreword to the 1976 book add something

 

In 1976 he helped block Rockefeller's renomination as vice president add something

 

When Reagan challenged Ford for the presidential nomination in 1976, Goldwater endorsed Ford, looking for consensus rather than conservative idealism add something


1979

In 1979, when President Carter normalized relations with Communist China, Goldwater and some other senators sued him in the Supreme Court, arguing that the president could not terminate the Sino-American Mutual Defense Treaty with Republic of China without the approval of Congress add something


1980

By the 1980s, the increasing influence of the Christian right on the Republican Party so conflicted with Goldwater's libertarian views that he became a vocal opponent of the religious right on issues such as abortion, gay rights and the role of religion in public life add something

 

By the 1980s, with Ronald Reagan as president and the growing involvement of the religious right in conservative politics, Goldwater's libertarian views on personal issues were revealed; he believed that they were an integral part of true conservatism add something

 

Columnist George Will remarked after the 1980 Presidential election that it took 16 years to count the votes from 1964 and Goldwater won add something

 

Goldwater seriously considered retirement in 1980 before deciding to run for reelection add something

 

His final campaign in 1980 was close, with Goldwater winning in a near draw against Democratic challenger Bill Schulz add something

 

In his 1980 Senate reelection campaign, Goldwater won support from religious conservatives but in his final term voted consistently to uphold legalized abortion and, in 1981, gave a speech on how he was angry about the bullying of American politicians by religious organizations, and would "fight them every step of the way" add something


1981

He was viewed by some as out of touch and vulnerable for several reasons; most importantly, because he had planned to retire in 1981, Goldwater had not visited many areas of Arizona outside of Phoenix and Tucson add something

 

Peggy Goldwater reportedly hoped that her husband's Senate term, due to end in January 1981, would be his last add something


1982

Bob Heil - He was the "International Amateur Radio Operator of the Year" in 1982, an award which had been held by Barry Goldwater the year before


1985

Barry became a widower in 1985, and in 1992 he married Susan Wechsler, a nurse 32 years his junior add something

 

Samuel Alito - In his 1985 application for Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Alito espoused conservative views, naming William F. Buckley, Jr., the "National Review", Alexander Bickel, and Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign as major influences


1986

His greatest accomplishment was arguably the passage of the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986, which restructured the higher levels of the Pentagon by increasing the power of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to direct military action add something

 

Notwithstanding his prior differences with Dwight D. Eisenhower, Goldwater in a 1986 interview rated him the best of the seven Presidents with whom he had worked add something

 

The Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program was established by Congress in 1986 add something

 

On May 12, 1986, Goldwater was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Ronald Reagan add something

 

William Flynt Nichols - In 1986, with retiring Republican U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, Nichols co-authored the Goldwater-Nichols Act, the far-reaching reorganization of the United States Department of Defense command structure


1987

After his retirement in 1987, Goldwater described the Arizona Governor Evan Mecham as "hardheaded" and called on him to resign, and two years later stated that the Republican party had been taken over by a "bunch of kooks" add something

 

Arizona Senator John McCain, who had succeeded Goldwater in the Senate in 1987, summed up Goldwater's legacy, "He transformed the Republican Party from an Eastern elitist organization to the breeding ground for the election of Ronald Reagan add something

 

Goldwater retired in 1987, serving as chair of the Senate Intelligence and Armed Services Committees in his final term add something

 

He is a 1987 recipient of the Langley Gold Medal from the Smithsonian Institution add something

 

Evan Mecham - Calls for the governor's resignation followed several months afterwards, with U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater leading the way on October 9, 1987


1988

In 1988, in recognition of his career, Princeton University's American Whig-Cliosophic Society awarded Goldwater the James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service add something

 

In a 1988 interview on Larry King's radio show, Goldwater was asked if he thought the U.S. Government was withholding UFO evidence; he replied "Yes, I do add something

 

The April 25, 1988, issue of "The New Yorker" carried an interview where Goldwater said he repeatedly asked his friend, Gen. Curtis LeMay, if there was any truth to the rumors that UFO evidence was stored in a secret room at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, and if he might have access to the room add something

 

Curtis LeMay - The April 25, 1988, issue of "The New Yorker" carried an interview with former US Senator from Arizona Barry Goldwater, a retired Air Force Reserve major general, who said he repeatedly asked his friend General LeMay if he might have access to the secret "Blue Room" at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, alleged by numerous Goldwater constituents to contain UFO evidence


1989

Goldwater visited the small town of Bowen, Illinois in 1989 to see first hand where his mother was raised add something


1990

Some of Goldwater's statements in the 1990s alienated many social conservatives add something


1992

He enjoyed assembling Heathkits, completing more than 100 and often visiting their maker in Benton Harbor, Michigan to buy more, before the company exited the kit business in 1992 add something

 

Karan English - Despite being heavily outspent during her campaign, English won her 1992 General Election race against Republican Doug Wead after being endorsed by former U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater


1994

His last on-screen appearance dealing with "ham radio" was in 1994, explaining a then-upcoming, Earth-orbiting ham radio relay satellite add something

 

In a 1994 interview with the "Washington Post" the retired senator said, add something


1996

Goldwater's public appearances ended in late 1996 after he suffered a massive stroke; family members disclosed he was in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease add something


Barry Goldwater died in 1998 add something

 

He died on May 29, 1998, at the age of 89 at his long-time home in Paradise Valley, Arizona, of complications from the stroke add something


2005

Peter Ferrara - A 2005 profile for the "Harvard Law Bulletin" reported that Ferrara recalled at age nine "being transfixed while watching television as Barry Goldwater stormed the 1964 Republican National Convention


2006

Goldwater's nephew, Don Goldwater, sought the Arizona Republican Party nomination for Governor of Arizona in 2006, but was defeated by Len Munsil add something

 

Conservative: Goldwater on Goldwater", first shown on HBO on September 18, 2006 add something

 

J. William Middendorf - Middendorf In 2006 he published a book describing his work with the Goldwater campaign


2007

Paul Krugman - In 2007, Krugman published "The Conscience of a Liberal," whose title refers to Barry Goldwater's "Conscience of a Conservative"


2008

Richard Viguerie - In January 2008, Viguerie launched ultimateronpaul.com, a website designed to promote the 2008 presidential candidacy of U.S. Congressman Ron Paul, whom Viguerie described as "truly a principled conservative in the grand tradition of Robert Taft, Barry Goldwater, and Ronald Reagan" and who "has differentiated himself from all the other candidates, whose allegiance is to Big Government Republicanism

 

Arizona - On March 4, 2008, Senator John McCain effectively clinched the Republican nomination for 2008, becoming the first presidential nominee from the state since Barry Goldwater in 1964


2013

" Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 2013 add something


2015

On February 11, 2015, a statue of the late Barry M. Goldwater was unveiled by U.S. House and Senate leaders at a dedication ceremony in National Statuary Hall of the U.S. Capitol building in Washington, D.C. add something