Gyorgy Sandor
Zoltan Kodaly
Sergei Prokofiev
Ditta Pasztory-Bartok
Andor Foldes
Holland Festival
(Visual Arts)

See also

Bela Bartok

Knowledge Identifier: +Bela_Bartok


Bela Bartok

Hungarian composer and pianistadd

Category: Music (650)

Born in 1881.

Countries: Hungary (30%), United States (19%), United Kingdom (13%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Gyorgy Sandor, Zoltan Kodaly, Sergei Prokofiev

Linked to: Columbia University




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Bela Bartok was born in 1881 add something


In 1888, when he was seven, his father died suddenly. add something


In Pozsony, Bela gave his first public recital at age eleven to a warm critical reception. add something


From 1899 to 1903, Bartok studied piano under Istvan Thoman, a former student of Franz Liszt, and composition under Janos Koessler at the Royal Academy of Music in Budapest. add something


Etelka Freund - An international career, throughout which she was an early divulgator of Béla Bartók's music, ensued her 1901 debut


Up to 1902, Bartok wrote in total 74 works which can be considered in Romantic style. add something


In 1903, Bartok wrote his first major orchestral work, Kossuth, a symphonic poem which honored Lajos Kossuth, hero of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. add something


Istvan Thoman - In 1903, a 21 year old Béla Bartók dedicated his "Study for the Left Hand" to Thomán


When visiting a holiday resort in the summer of 1904, Bartok overheard a young nanny, Lidi Dosa from Kibed in Transylvania, sing folk songs to the children in her care. add something


Wilhelm Backhaus - In 1905 he won the Anton Rubinstein Competition with Béla Bartók taking second place


Gyorgy Kosa - Kósa studied with Béla Bartók, Zoltán_Kodály, and Victor von Herzfeld between 1905 and 1916


From 1907 he began to be influenced by the French composer Claude Debussy, whose compositions Kodaly had brought back from Paris. add something


In 1907, Bartok began teaching as a piano professor at the Royal Academy. add something


Among his masterworks are all the six string quartets, the Cantata Profana (1930, Bartok declared that this was the work he felt and professed to be his most personal "credo", Szabolcsi 1974, 186), the Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta, the Concerto for Orchestra and the Third Piano Concerto. add something


In 1908, he and Kodaly traveled into the countryside to collect and research old Magyar folk melodies. add something


In 1909, Bartok married Marta Ziegler. add something


Franz von Vecsey - He became one of the pre-eminent violinists in Europe in the 1910s and '20s, at one point touring with Béla Bartók as his piano accompanist


Ditta Pasztory-Bartok - Márta Ziegler had given birth to Béla Bartók III on 22 August 1910, the year after their marriage


In 1911, Bartok wrote what was to be his only opera, Bluebeard's Castle, dedicated to Marta. add something


Until 1911, Bartok composed widely differing works which ranged from adherence to romantic-style, to folk song arrangements and to his modernist opera Bluebeard’s Castle. add something


He later became attracted to Unitarianism and publicly converted to the Unitarian faith in 1916. add something


In 1917 Bartok revised the score for the 1918 première, and rewrote the ending. add something


The Miraculous Mandarin, a modern story of prostitution, robbery, and murder, was started in 1918, but not performed until 1926 because of its sexual content. add something


Bela Bartok was born in the small Banatian town of Nagyszentmiklos in the Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (since 1920 Sânnicolau Mare, Romania) on March 25, 1881. add something


Peter Warlock - In April 1921, on a visit to Budapest , Heseltine had befriended the little-known Hungarian composer and pianist Bela Bartók


She had his second son, Peter, born in 1924. add something


In 1926, Bartok needed a significant piece for piano and orchestra with which he could tour in Europe and America. add something


Gyorgy Sandor - He studied at the Liszt Academy in Budapest under Béla Bartók and Zoltán Kodály, and debuted as a performer in 1930


Adila Fachiri - She was the dedicatee of the two violin sonatas of Béla Bartók, and of the 1930 violin concerto by Sir Arthur Somervell


Verdina Shlonsky - Among her noted compositions were "Hebrew Poem" and "Quartet for Strings", which won an award at the 1949 Béla Bartók Competition in Budapest


Andor Foldes - Földes studied with Ern? Dohnányi until 1932 and with Béla Bartók from 1929


Wilhelm Furtwangler - However, he was a champion of modern music, notably the works of Paul Hindemith and Arnold Schoenberg, and conducted the World premiere of Sergei Prokofiev's Fifth Piano Concerto on October 31, 1932 as well as performances of Béla Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra


Louis Kentner - At the composer's request, he was the soloist at the Hungarian premiere of Bartók (Béla_Bartók)'s Piano Concerto No. 2, in Budapest in 1933, under Otto Klemperer; and the first European performance of the Concerto No. 3


Bluebeard's Castle received only one revival, in 1936, before Bartok emigrated. add something


In 1936 he travelled to Turkey to collect and study folk music. add something


Mihaly Szekely - He recorded two versions of Béla Bartók's opera "Bluebeard's Castle" and worked closely with the composer at the 1936 revival


Ahmed Adnan Saygun - In 1936 Béla Bartók visited Turkey to research the native folk music


Debussy's great service to music was to reawaken among all musicians an awareness of harmony and its possibilities. add something


Zoltan Szekely - Székely was a friend of Béla Bartók and was the one to request the composition of Bartók's Second Violin Concerto and its dedicatee as well as performer at its premiere in March, 1939, Mengelberg conducting


In 1940, as the European political situation worsened after the outbreak of World War II, Bartok was increasingly tempted to flee Hungary. add something


The first symptoms of his health problems began late in 1940, when his right shoulder began to show signs of stiffening. add something


Nat Hentoff - In the late 1940s, he hosted two notable radio shows on WMEX: "JazzAlbum" and "From Bach To Bartók (Béla_Bartók)"


After joining them in 1942, his younger son, Peter Bartok, enlisted in the United States Navy where he served in the Pacific during the remainder of the war. add something


In 1942, symptoms increased and he started having bouts of fever, but no underlying disease was diagnosed, in spite of medical examinations. add something


In 1944, he was commissioned by Yehudi Menuhin to write a Sonata for Solo Violin. add something


Finally, in April 1944, leukemia was diagnosed, but by this time, little could be done (Chalmers 1995, 202–207). add something


Gyorgy Sandor - He edited and published Bartók (Béla_Bartók)'s own unpublished piano arrangement of the Concerto for Orchestra, at the request of the composer's son in 1985


Peter Szervanszky - On 5 January 1944, Péter gave the first performance in Hungary of Béla Bartók's 2nd violin concerto


Bela Bartok died at age 64 in a hospital in New York City from complications of leukemia on September 26, 1945. add something


Bela Bartok died in 1945 add something


In 1945, Bartok composed his Piano Concerto No. 3, a graceful and almost neo-classical work. add something


Yvonne Loriod - She gave the French premiere of Béla Bartók's Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1945, having learnt it in only eight days


Gyorgy Sandor - Sándor remained friends with Bartók (Béla_Bartók) throughout his life, and was one of only ten people who attended Bartók's funeral in 1945


By the age of four, he was able to play 40 pieces on the piano; his mother began formally teaching him the next year. add something


Gyorgy Sandor - Sándor played the premiere of Bartók (Béla_Bartók)'s Piano Concerto No. 3 on 8 February, 1946 with the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Eugene Ormandy in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Royal Liverpool Philharmonic - Sargent and the orchestra gave the British premieres of Tippett's First Symphony, and Bartók (Béla_Bartók)'s "Concerto for Orchestra" and, in October 1946, the concert première of Britten's "The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra"


Andor Foldes - On 3 November 1947, he performed Béla Bartók's Second Piano Concerto on the opening concert of the 18th season of the National Orchestral Association, conducted by Leon Barzin, at Carnegie Hall in New York City 1947


Antal Dorati - He studied at the Franz Liszt Academy with Zoltán Kodály and Leo Weiner for composition and Béla Bartók for piano. His links with Bartók continued for many years: he conducted the world premiere of Bartók's Viola Concerto, as completed by Tibor Serly, with the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra in 1949, with William Primrose as the soloist


Emanuel Leplin - Leplin conducted a concert by the American Federation of Musicians in San Francisco on August 26, 1949, featuring his own works along with those of Schubert, Beethoven, and Bartók (Béla_Bartók)


Pierre Monteux - In 1951 he conducted the BBC Symphony Orchestra in a concert of Mozart, Beethoven and Bartók (Béla_Bartók) in the new Royal Festival Hall, and made further appearances with London orchestras during the rest of the 1950s


Ira Malaniuk - Munich State Opera - In 1952, she began appearing at the Munich State Opera and the Vienna State Opera, her roles there included; Gluck's Orfeo, Verdi's Lady Macbeth, Judith in Béla Bartók's "Bluebeard's Castle", etc


Norman Scott (bass) - A major personal triumph came in 1953 when he sang the title role in Béla Bartók's "Bluebeard's Castle" at the Holland Festival


Norman Scott (bass) - In 1953 he sang title role in Béla Bartók's "Bluebeard's Castle" at the Holland Festival


Beverly Wolff - San Francisco Opera - In 1963 she made her debut at the San Francisco Opera as Judith in Béla Bartók's "Bluebeard's Castle" with Peter Harrower as Bluebeard


Philadelphia Orchestra - It returned to RCA Victor in 1968 and made its first digital recording, Bartók (Béla_Bartók)'s "Concerto for Orchestra", in 1979


Ditta Pasztory-Bartok - Ditta Pásztory-Bartók outlived Béla Bartók by 37 years, dying in Budapest in 1982, aged 79


Bela was a small and sickly child and suffered from severe eczema until the age of five. add something


Under the influence of Richard_Strauss (Stevens 1993, 15–17), Bartok composed in 1903 Kossuth, a symphonic poem in ten tableaux. add something


Montreal Symphony Orchestra - The OSM won Grammy *awards in 1996 for their recording of Hector Berlioz' "Les Troyens" and in 2000 for Sergei Prokofiev and Béla Bartók piano concerti with Martha Argerich on EMI, and additionally it has won a number of Juno *awards and Felix *awards


Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003 add something


Los Angeles Philharmonic - A recording of the "Concerto for Orchestra" by Béla Bartók released by Deutsche Grammophon in 2007 was the first recording by Gustavo Dudamel conducting the LA Phil


On 1 January, 2016 his work entered the public domain in the European Union add something


On 1 January 2016 his work entered the public domain in the European Union add something


On 18 March 2016 Decca Classics released "Béla Bartók: The Complete Works", the first ever complete compilation of all of Bartók's compositions, including new recordings of never-before-recorded early piano and vocal works add something