Giovanni Giolitti
Giambattista Basile
Leo Tolstoy
George Santayana
John Dewey
Leon Trotsky

See also

Benedetto Croce

Knowledge Identifier: +Benedetto_Croce


Benedetto Croce

Italian idealist philosopher, and occasionally also politician add

Category: Philosophy

Born in 1866.

Countries: Italy (54%), United States (17%), Russia (8%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Giovanni Giolitti, Giambattista Basile, Leo Tolstoy

Linked to: Liberal Party, Sapienza University of Rome, University of Naples, Constituent Assembly of Italy




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Benedetto Croce was born in 1866 add something


In 1883, an earthquake hit the village of Casamicciola on the island of Ischia near Naples , where he was on holiday with his family, destroying the home they lived in add something


His ideas were spread at the University of Rome towards the ends of the 1890s by Professor Antonio Labriola add something


Under the influence of Neapolitan born Gianbattista Vico's thoughts about art and history, he turned to philosophy in 1893 add something


Croce's famous commentary on Hegel, "What is Living and What is Dead in the Philosophy of Hegel", appeared in 1907 add something


Luigi Pirandello - In 1908 he published a volume of essays entitled "Arte e Scienza" and the important essay "L'Umorismo" in which he initiated the legendary debate with Benedetto Croce that would continue with increasing bitterness and venom on both sides for many years


He was appointed to the Italian Senate, a lifelong position, in 1910 add something


Fascism - Initially Sorel had officially been a revisionist of Marxism, but by 1910 announced his abandonment of socialist literature and claimed in 1914, using an aphorism of Benedetto Croce that "socialism is dead" because of the "decomposition of Marxism"


Croce's work "Breviario di estetica" appears in the form of four lessons , as he was asked to write and deliver them at the inauguration of Rice University in 1912 add something


Giovanni Papini - His 1915 collection of prose poetry "Cento pagine di poesia", followed by "Buffonate" and "Maschilità", and the 1916 "Stroncature" - Papini faced Giovanni Boccaccio, William Shakespeare, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, but contemporaries such as Benedetto Croce and Giovanni Gentile, and less prominent disciples of Gabriele D'Annunzio


He was Minister of Public Education between 1920 and 1921 in the 5th and last goverment headed by Giovanni Giolitti add something


Richard McKeon - Continuing at Columbia, he completed a Master's thesis on Leo Tolstoy, Benedetto Croce, and George Santayana, in 1920, and a doctoral thesis on Baruch Spinoza in 1922


Croce initially supported Mussolini's Fascist government that took power in 1922 add something


Croce was instrumental in the move to Naples ' Palazzo Reale of the Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III in 1923 add something


The assassination by Fascists of Giacomo Matteotti in June 1924 shook Croce's support for Mussolini add something


In May 1925 Croce was one of the signatories the Manifesto of the Anti-Fascist Intellectuals which had been written by Croce himself; however in June of the same year he voted in the Senate in support of the Mussolini government add something


When Mussolini's government adopted antisemitic policies in 1938, Croce was the only non-Jewish intellectual who refused to complete a government questionnaire designed to collect information on the racial background of Italian intellectuals add something


Italian Liberal Party - The party was re-founded in 1943 by Benedetto Croce, a prominent intellectual and senator whose international recognition allowed him to remain a free man during the Fascist regime, despite being an anti-fascist himself


Croce voted for the Monarchy in the Constitutional referendum of June 1946, after having persuaded his Liberal party to adopt a neutral stance add something


He was elected to the Constituent Assembly which existed in Italy between June 1946 and January 1948 add something


Camillo Togni - He studied Classics in Brescia, musical aesthetics at the University of Milan, and in 1948 graduated in philosophy from the University of Pavia with a dissertation titled The Aesthetics of B. Croce and the Problem of Musical Interpretation


John Dewey - In 1950, Dewey, Bertrand Russell, Benedetto Croce, Karl_Jaspers, and Jacques Maritain agreed to act as honorary chairmen of the Congress for Cultural Freedom.

Benedetto Croce died in 1952 add something


Gentile's reform remained in force well beyond the Fascist regime, and was only abolished in 1962 add something


The most recent edited translation based on that of Sprigge is Liberty Fund Inc. in 2000 add something


Croce's Thesis of Contemporary History", in "Rivista di Studi Italiani, University of Toronto, 2002 add something


According an article of 2012 on " Foreign Affairs", Benedetto Croce is considered among the most modern thinkers from those of the 20th century, along with intellectuals like Isaiah Berlin, Francis Fukuyama and Leon Trotsky add something