Knowledge Identifier: +Benjamin_Britten
Born in 1913.
Countries: United Kingdom (43%), United States (16%), (12%)
Linked to: Gresham's School, Holt, Royal College of Music, University of East Anglia, London Symphony Orchestra
In April 1935, he was approached by the film director Alberto Cavalcanti to write the film score for the documentary The King's Stamp, produced by the GPO Film Unit.
Of more lasting importance to Britten was his meeting in 1937 with the tenor Peter Pears, who was to become his musical collaborator and inspiration as well as his life partner.
Alexander Chuhaldin - For the latter program he notably conducted the world premiere of Benjamin Britten's "Young Apollo" on 27 August 1939
There, in 1940, Britten composed Seven Sonnets of Michelangelo, the first of many song cycles for Pears.
Norman Lumsden - He first came to prominence during the 1940s and 1950s in several operas by composer Benjamin Britten, often performing at Covent Garden and the Aldeburgh and Glyndebourne festivals
Reginald Goodall - An early triumph was his conducting of the premiere of Benjamin Britten's "Peter Grimes" in 1945
Edith Coates - On June 7, 1945 she portrayed Auntie in the world premiere of Benjamin Britten's "Peter Grimes" at the Sadler's Wells Theatre
Terence Weil - His close association with Benjamin Britten began in 1946, when he played in the premiere of "The Rape of Lucretia", at the first post-war season of the Glyndebourne Festival
Kathleen Ferrier - In 1946, Ferrier made her stage debut, in the Glyndebourne Festival premiere of Benjamin Britten's opera "The Rape of Lucretia"
Leonard Bernstein - In 1946, he conducted opera for the first time, with the American première at Tanglewood of Benjamin Britten's "Peter Grimes", which had been a Koussevitzky commission
Even in his comic opera Albert Herring of 1947, all feature an 'outsider' character excluded or misunderstood by society.
Rose Hill (actress) - In 1948 she sang Lucy in the world premiere of Benjamin Britten's adaptation of "The Beggar's Opera"
William Morton (tenor) - With the CBC he notably performed the title role in the Canadian premiere of Benjamin Britten's "Peter Grimes" in 1949
London Symphony Orchestra - In the 1950s and early 60s EMI generally made its British recordings with the Royal Philharmonic and Philharmonia orchestras; the LSO's recordings were chiefly for Decca, including a Sibelius symphony cycle with Anthony Collins, French music under Monteux, early recordings by Solti, and a series of Britten's major works, conducted by the composer
Joan Sutherland - In 1953, she sang the role of Lady Rich in Benjamin Britten's "Gloriana" a few months after its world premiere, and created the role of Jennifer in Michael Tippett's "The Midsummer Marriage", on 27 January 1955
Colin Graham - Early in his career, he began a long association with Benjamin Britten, for whom he directed all but one of the composer's stage works, including all of the world premieres after 1954
An increasingly important influence was the music of the East, an interest that was fostered by a tour with Pears in 1957, when Britten was struck by the music of the Balinese gamelan and by Japanese Noh plays.
Neil Howlett - In 1957, while still at Cambridge, he won the Kathleen Ferrier Award, and in 1964 made his debut in the world premiere performance of Benjamin Britten's "Curlew River"
Alfred Deller - In 1960, Deller sang the role of Oberon in Benjamin Britten's opera "A Midsummer Night's Dream"
Marjorie Thomas - In 1960, she created the role of Hermia in Benjamin Britten's opera, "A Midsummer Night's Dream", which she performed at its premiere at Aldeburgh, at the Holland festival and Covent Garden
Hugh Maguire (violinist) - Through the LSO 1960 and 1961 International Series and Festival Tours, Maguire led the orchestra under Sir Arthur Bliss , Pierre Monteux, Zoltán Kodály, Leopold Stokowski, Aaron Copland, Jean Martinon, Colin Davis, Peter Maag, Josef Krips and Antal Dorati, under Georg Solti in Vienna and Benjamin Britten at Aldeburgh
John Shirley-Quirk - Glyndebourne Festival - He made his operatic debut in Debussy's "Pelléas et Mélisande" at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1961, was a member of the English Opera Group from 1964 - 1976, and was thus prominent in performing and recording the operatic and vocal works of Benjamin Britten
Claude Heater - His final performances as a baritone were in 1961 with the San Francisco Opera: Demetrius in Benjamin Britten's "A Midsummer Night's Dream", the boyar Schelkalov in Mussorgsky's "Boris Godunov", Henry Ashton in Donizetti's "Lucia di Lammermoor", Ping in Puccini's "Turandot" and Tom Henney in the premiere of Norman Dello Joio's "Blood Moon"
Tatiana Troyanos - After a long run in the chorus in the original Broadway production of "The Sound of Music", Troyanos was engaged by the New York City Opera and made her professional operatic debut in April 1963 as Hippolyta in the New York premiere production of Britten's "A Midsummer Night's Dream"
Bryan Fairfax - On 22 November 1963, the composer's 50th birthday, he conducted a concert performance of Benjamin Britten's opera "Gloriana", which was the opera's first performance in any form since its inaugural production in 1953
James Bowman (countertenor) - In 1967, while still a student, he auditioned for Benjamin Britten's English Opera Group
Dmitri Shostakovich - Shostakovich dedicated this score to his close friend Benjamin Britten, who conducted its Western premiere at the 1970 Aldeburgh Festival.
Symphony No. 14 (Shostakovich) - The UK premiere was held at the Aldeburgh Festival in 1970 and was conducted by the dedicatee, Benjamin Britten
Geoffrey Tozer - In 1971, aged 16, he stayed with Benjamin Britten for several weeks
Claes-Hakan Ahnsjo - Bavarian State Opera - In 1973, he joined the Bavarian State Opera in Munich, where he sang a large number of lyric roles including Almaviva in "Il barbiere di Siviglia", Nemorino in "L'elisir d'amore", Ernesto in "Don Pasquale", Duke of Mantua in "Rigoletto", Alfredo in "La traviata", Fenton in "Falstaff", Des Grieux in "Manon", Nicias in "Thaïs", David in "Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg" and the title role in Britten's "Albert Herring"
Daron Hagen - Hagen began composing prolifically in 1974, when his older brother gave him a recording and score of Benjamin Britten's "Billy Budd"
A memorial service was held at the Abbey on 10 March 1977, at which the congregation was headed by Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Richard Suart - London Symphony Orchestra - Among Suart's numerous recordings are Giovanni Battista Pergolesi's Miserere No. 2 in C minor ; "Eight Songs for a Mad King" ; Leonard Bernstein's "Candide" with the composer conducting the London Symphony Orchestra ; Mark-Anthony Turnage's "Greek" filmed in 1990; György Ligeti's "Le Grand Macabre" ; Heinrich Marschner's "Der Vampyr" ; Henry Purcell's "The Fairy-Queen" ; Benjamin Britten's "A Midsummer Night's Dream" ; "Cheryomushki" ; Gustav Holst's [GUI
Arnold Voketaitis - Voketaitis remained a regular performer with the NYCO up through 1981, singing such roles as Creon in Igor Stravinsky's "Oedipus rex", Giorgio Germont in Giuseppe Verdi's "La traviata", Olin Blitch in Carlisle Floyd's "Susannah", and Theseus in Benjamin Britten's "A Midsummer Night's Dream" among others
Nathaniel Parker - War Requiem - Other early roles include playing Wilfred Owen in Derek Jarman's "War Requiem", a 1989 film adaptation of Benjamin Britten's "War Requiem", co-starring Laurence Olivier as an old soldier in his last screen role before his death, and playing Edward Rochester in John Duigan's 1993 film adaptation of Jean Rhys' "Wide Sargasso Sea"
In 1994 the critic Derrick Puffett wrote that in the 1960s Britten was still regarded with suspicion on account of his technical expertise; Puffett quoted remarks by the Professor of Music at Oxford in the 1960s, Sir Jack Westrup, to the effect that Britten was to be distrusted for his "superficial effects", whereas Tippett, was considered "awkward and technically unskilled but somehow authentic
Brian Asawa - Glimmerglass Opera - In 1994 he became the first countertenor to win the Plácido Domingo Operalia International Opera Competition, and made debuts at the Metropolitan Opera as the Voice of Apollo in Benjamin Britten's "Death in Venice" and Glimmerglass Opera as Ottone in Claudio Monteverdi's "L'incoronazione di Poppea"
Erin Wall - In July 2002 she made her international debut in London with a performance in the "War Requiem" of Benjamin Britten
Greater Grand Forks Symphony Orchestra - Recent events with the symphony have included a two-year residency from 2003 to 2005 by the Chiara String Quartet; participation in 2009 with a consortium of American orchestras presenting the premiere of Joseph Schwantner's "Chasing Light", made possible through a grant from Ford Motor Company; celebrating the 100th anniversary season with a season-opening Beethoven 9 under the baton of Music Director James Hannon; presenting the North American premiere of the "Temporal Variations for Oboe and Strings" by Benjamin Britten, featuring Philip McKenzie as soloist, conducted
Chad Shelton - In 2005 he made his debut with the Opéra national de Lorraine as Tamino. He returned there in 2006 to sing the role of Guido Bardi in Alexander von Zemlinsky's "Eine florentinische Tragödie", and again in 2008 to sing Lysander in Benjamin Britten's "A Midsummer Night's Dream"
Jim Sharman - In 2006, he revived his landmark staging of Benjamin Britten's "Death In Venice" for Opera Australia
Adrian Erod - The opera season 2010/2011 he will sing Figaro , Jason , Dr Falke , Albert , Loge , Valentin and the title role in Benjamin Britten's "Billy Budd" at Wiener Staatsoper
Neil Shicoff - A regular at Wiener Staatsoper he continues to triumph mostly in the verismo repertoire, but in February 2011 he repeated his huge success in the role of Captain Vere in Benjamin Britten's "Billy Budd" which he sang in the company premiere of the opera in 2002
In September 2012, to mark the composer's forthcoming centenary, the Britten-Pears Foundation launched "Britten 100" at the Britten Theatre
Henry Purcell - The 2012 film "Moonrise Kingdom" contains Benjamin Britten's version of the Rondeau in Purcell's "Abdelazar" created for his 1946 "The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra"
A more recent controversy was the statement in a 2013 biography of Britten by Paul Kildea that the composer's heart failure was due to undetected syphilis, which Kildea speculates was a result of Pears's promiscuity while the two were living in New York
War Requiem - In 2019, Britten's "War Requiem" was selected by the U.S. Library of Congress for preservation in the National Recording Registry for being "culturally, historically, and aesthetically significant"