Benjamin Harrison

Knowledge Identifier: +Benjamin_Harrison


Benjamin Harrison

23rd President of the United States 1889–1893add

Category: Politics

Born in 1833.

Countries: United States (72%), India (5%), Indiana (5%)

Main connections: Indiana, Grover Cleveland, James G. Blaine

Linked to: Republican Party, Union Army, Democratic Party, Electoral College




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Benjamin Harrison was born in 1833 add something


Harrison and his brother, Irwin, enrolled in Farmer's College near Cincinnati, Ohio in 1847. add something


Caroline Harrison - There in 1848 Caroline met Benjamin Harrison, one of her father's freshman students


In 1850, he transferred to Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where he was a member of the fraternity Phi Delta Theta and graduated in 1852. add something


David Swing - He graduated from Miami University in 1852, where was Phi Delta Theta fraternity brother of Benjamin Harrison and classmate of Whitelaw Reid


In the same year, he inherited $800 after the death of an aunt, using the money to move to Indianapolis, Indiana in 1854. add something


In 1858 Harrison entered into a law partnership, opening an office as Wallace & Harrison. add something


After his law partner William Wallace was elected county clerk in 1860, Harrison opened a new firm with William Fishback, named Fishback & Harrison, where he worked until his entry into the army. add something


Harrison was the Republican candidate for the position of reporter of the Indiana Supreme Court in 1860, his first foray into politics. add something


In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued a call for more recruits. add something


In August 1862, when the regiment left Indiana to join the Union Army at Louisville, Kentucky, Kentucky, Harrison was promoted by Morton to the rank of colonel, and his regiment was commissioned as the 70th Indiana Infantry. add something


In 1864, Harrison and his regiment joined William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and moved to the front lines. add something


In 1872, Harrison entered the race for the Republican nomination for governor of Indiana. add something


Harrison returned to his law practice where, despite the Panic of 1873, he was financially successful enough to build a grand new home in Indianapolis in 1874. add something


Thomas Ryan (congressman) - Ryan was Assistant United States Attorney for Kansas from 1873 to 1877, was elected a Republican to the United States House of Representatives in 1876, serving from 1877 to 1889 and was appointed Ambassador to Mexico by President Benjamin Harrison in 1889, serving until 1893


Sempronius H. Boyd - Afterward, Boyd operated a wagon factory from 1874 to 1876, resumed practicing law and was appointed U.S. Minister and Consul General to Siam by President Benjamin Harrison in 1890, serving until 1892


The Politics of Place and Presidential Rhetoric in the United States, 1875-1901. add something


In 1876 Harrison did not initially seek his party's nomination for governor, but when the original nominee dropped out of the race, Harrison accepted the Republicans' invitation to take his place on the ticket. add something


Grover Cleveland - Unlike the turbulent and controversial elections of 1876, 1884 and 1888, the 1892 election was, according to Cleveland biographer Allan Nevins, "the cleanest, quietest, and most creditable in the memory of the post-war generation", in part because Harrison's wife, Caroline, was dying of tuberculosis.


James D. Williams - Williams ran for governor of Indiana in 1876 against future Republican President Benjamin Harrison and Greenback candidate Anson Wolcott


When Senator Morton died in 1878, the Republicans nominated Harrison to run for the seat, but the party failed to gain a majority in the state legislature, and the Democratic majority elected Daniel W. Voorhees instead. add something


President Hayes appointed Harrison to the Mississippi River Commission in 1879, which was founded to facilitate internal improvements on that river. add something


After President James Garfield's victory in 1880, Harrison was offered a cabinet position, but he declined, preferring to begin his term as senator. add something


Monroe Doctrine - Blaine served as Secretary of State in 1881 in the cabinet of President James A. Garfield and again from 1889 to 1892 in the cabinet of President Benjamin Harrison


Harrison differed from his party in opposing the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, believing that it violated existing treaties with China. add something


Grand Canyon National Park - The first bill to establish Grand Canyon National Park was introduced in 1882 by then-Senator Benjamin Harrison, which would have established Grand Canyon as the second national park in the United States after Yellowstone


In 1884, Harrison and Gresham again opposed each other, this time for influence at the 1884 Republican National Convention. add something


Charles Anderson Dana - In 1884 it supported Benjamin Butler, the candidate of Greenback-Labor and Anti-Monopolist parties, for the presidency, and opposed James G. Blaine and even more bitterly Grover Cleveland ; it supported Cleveland and opposed Benjamin Harrison in 1888, although it had bitterly criticized Cleveland's first administration, and was to criticize nearly every detail of his second, with the exception of Federal interference in the Pullman strike of 1894; and in 1896, on the free silver issue, it opposed William Jennings Bryan, the Democratic cand


In 1885, the Democrats redistricted the Indiana state legislature, which resulted in an increased Democratic majority in 1886, despite an overall Republican majority statewide. add something


Peter P. Mahoney - He was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses ; was not a candidate in 1888 for reelection to the Fifty-first Congress; became ill while attending the inauguration ceremonies of President Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889, and died in Washington, D.C., March 27, 1889 at the age of 40


William A. Richards - In 1886 he was elected county commissioner of Johnson County, and in 1889 President Harrison appointed him Surveyor General for Wyoming


The issue of the tariff had worked to the Republicans' advantage in 1888, but the revisions of the past four years had made imported goods so expensive that now many voters shifted to the reform position. add something


John Stallo - After Cleveland lost his first re-election campaign to Benjamin Harrison in 1888, Stallo retired to Florence , Italy and there assembled a collection of his essays written in German, "Reden, Abhandlungen und Briefe"


Matthew Quay - After his narrow victory over Grover Cleveland in 1888, Benjamin Harrison told Quay that "Providence has given us the victory


John Francis Wheaton - During the 1888 Presidential election, he was an active speaker on behalf of the eventually successful Republican candidate Benjamin Harrison at ward meetings


Marcus A. Smith - His Republican challenger was Thomas F. Wilson who argued Benjamin Harrison would win the Presidential election of 1888 and Arizona would do better with a territorial delegate of the same party as the incoming President


Indiana - In 1888 former Senator from Indiana Benjamin Harrison was elected President of the United States and served one term


Indiana - In 1888 former Senator from Indiana Benjamin Harrison was elected President of the United States and served one term


Redfield Proctor - In 1888 the Vermont legislature unanimously recommended him for a cabinet position, and in March 1889, President Benjamin Harrison chose Proctor to be his Secretary of War


Augustus Hill Garland - President Cleveland lost reelection to Benjamin Harrison in the 1888 election and Garland left office at the end of Cleveland's term in 1889


Augustus Hill Garland - President Cleveland lost reelection to Benjamin Harrison in the 1888 election and Garland left office at the end of Cleveland's term in 1889


James G. Blaine - Blaine returned to the United States in August 1888 and visited Harrison at his home in October, where twenty-five thousand residents paraded in Blaine's honor


Inauguration of Benjamin Harrison, March 4, 1889. add something


The First International Conference of American States met in Washington in 1889, establishing an information center that later became the Pan American Union. add something


James G. Blaine - A law passed in 1889 required Harrison to ban seal hunting in Alaskan waters, but Canadian fishermen believed they had the right to continue fishing there


William Peters Hepburn - After the election of President Benjamin Harrison returned the White House to Republican hands in 1889, Hepburn served as Solicitor of the Treasury


Oswald Herbert Ernst - In 1889, Ernst became military aide-de-camp to President Benjamin Harrison and chief engineer in charge of Washington's public buildings and monuments


Frederick Dent Grant - In 1889, President Benjamin Harrison appointed him Minister to Austria-Hungary


Jeremiah McLain Rusk - In 1889, after the end of his third term as governor, he accepted the new cabinet position of Secretary of Agriculture in the Benjamin Harrison administration


Joseph Henry Kibbey - In 1889, newly elected President Benjamin Harrison implemented a policy of only appointing residents of the territory to positions in territorial government


Robert Todd Lincoln - Lincoln served as the U.S. minister to the United Kingdom from 1889 to 1893 under President Benjamin Harrison


Augustus J. Ricks - On July 1, 1889, Ricks received a recess appointment from President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio vacated by Martin Welker


Wheelock G. Veazey - On August 31, 1889, Veazey was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison as a member of the Interstate Commerce Commission, filling the unexpired term of Aldace F. Walker, who had resigned a few months before the end of his term


Edward T. Green - On October 24, 1889, Green received a recess appointment from President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey vacated by John T. Nixon


South Dakota - A growing population and political concerns caused Dakota Territory to be divided in half and President Benjamin Harrison signed proclamations formally admitting South Dakota and North Dakota to the union on November 2, 1889


North Dakota - His successor, Benjamin Harrison, signed the proclamations formally admitting North Dakota and South Dakota to the Union on November 2, 1889


Arthur C. Mellette - On November 2, 1889, President Benjamin Harrison signed the proclamation to make South Dakota the fortieth state


Montana - On November 8, 1889 President Benjamin Harrison proclaimed Montana the forty-first state in the union


David Josiah Brewer - After 28 years on the bench, Brewer was nominated by Benjamin Harrison to the United States Supreme Court on December 4, 1889, to a seat vacated by Stanley Matthews


James M. Warner - On December 19, 1889, he was appointed postmaster of Albany, New York by President Benjamin Harrison's administration


Harrison quickly saw the enactment of the Dependent and Disability Pension Act in 1890, a cause he had championed while in Congress. add something


The following year two more states held constitutional conventions and were admitted: Idaho on July 3 and Wyoming on July 10, 1890. add something


In July 1890, Senator Sherman achieved passage of a compromise bill, the Sherman Silver Purchase Act, in both houses. add something


John H. Gear - He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890, but was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, serving from 1892 to 1893


George Washington Steele - However, at the request of President Benjamin Harrison, he took the position of governor of the Oklahoma Territory from mid 1890 to late 1891


William Howard Taft - In 1890, President Benjamin Harrison appointed him Solicitor General of the United States; at age 32, he was the youngest-ever Solicitor General.


John Boyd Thacher - In 1890, President of the United States Benjamin Harrison appointed Thacher to be a member of the World's Columbian Exposition


Cassius McDonald Barnes - Through his friendship with Clayton, Barnes was appointed, by President Benjamin Harrison, Receiver of the United States Land Office at Guthrie, Oklahoma in 1890 with the opening of Oklahoma Territory


Harrison Reed (politician) - " Reed was appointed to a post office position by Benjamin Harrison in 1890


Henry Clay Caldwell - Then on February 27, 1890, President Benjamin Harrison elevated Caldwell to the United States circuit court for the Eighth Circuit, filling a seat vacated by David Josiah Brewer


George H. Sharpe - On July 2, 1890, President Harrison nominated Sharpe to serve as a Member of the newly created Board of General Appraisers


John A. Williams (judge) - On August 14, 1890, Williams was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas vacated by Henry C. Caldwell


Thomas Porter Hawley - On August 30, 1890, Hawley was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Nevadavacated by George M. Sabin


Edwin H. Conger - In September 1890, less than two months before the general election, Conger resigned his Congressional seat and abandoned his re-election campaign, in order to accept appointment by President Benjamin Harrison as U.S. Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Brazil


Edward R. Hays - In September 1890, less than two months before the general election, Republican U.S. Representative Edwin H. Conger resigned his Congressional seat representing Iowa's 7th congressional district to accept President Benjamin Harrison's appointment as United States Ambassador to Brazil


In 1891, a diplomatic crisis arose in Chile, later called the Baltimore Crisis. add something


In 1891, the administration began negotiations with the British that would eventually lead to a compromise over fishing rights after international arbitration, with the British government paying compensation in 1898. add something


In San Francisco , while on tour of the United States in 1891, Harrison proclaimed that the United States was in a "new epoch" of trade and that the expanding navy would protect oceanic shipping and increase American influence and prestige abroad. add something


Ebenezer J. Ormsbee - At the end of 1891 Ormsbee was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison to serve on a commission to treat with the Paiute Indians at the Pyramid Lake Indian Reservation, in Nevada, to get the tribe to relinquish a claim to part of their reservation


Theodore S. Peck - In 1891 Peck was appointed to the United States Military Academy Board of Visitors by President Benjamin Harrison


John L. Barstow - In 1891 he was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison to serve on a commission with General Alexander McDowell McCook, U.S. Army, to treat with the Navajo Indians


Henry Gage - In 1891, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Gage as a federal prosecutor to prosecute the crew of the Chilean steamer "Itata" due to the "Itata" Incident


James G. Blaine - In 1891, a diplomatic crisis arose in Chile that drove a wedge between Harrison and Blaine


James Hay Reed - On February 10, 1891, Reed was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania vacated by Marcus W. Acheson


Henry W. Blair - He declined an appointment as judge of the United States District Court for the district of New Hampshire tendered by President Benjamin Harrison in 1891, and was appointed Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to China on March 6, 1891


James Helmick Beatty - On March 7, 1891, Beatty received a recess appointment from President Benjamin Harrison to a new seat on the United States District Court for the District of Idaho created by 26 Stat


Byron M. Cutcheon - He was appointed civilian member of the Board of Ordnance and Fortifications by U.S. President Benjamin Harrison in July 1891 and served until March 25, 1895


Jacob Sloat Fassett - President Benjamin Harrison appointed Fassett as Collector of the Port of New York, a post he held from August 1 to September 15, 1891, when he resigned to run for Governor of New York


Nathan Goff, Jr. - On December 16, 1891, Goff was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a new seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, created by 26 Stat


William Allen Woods - On December 16, 1891, President Benjamin Harrison nominated Woods for elevation to a new seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit created by 26 Stat


Stephen Benton Elkins - Elkins served as Secretary of War in the Benjamin Harrison administration from December 17, 1891 to March 5, 1893


For the third vacancy, which arose in 1892, Harrison nominated George Shiras. add something


In 1892, Harrison went before Congress and declared, "the frequent lynching of colored people is without the excuse. add something


Many of Harrison's detractors pushed for the nomination of Blaine, until Blaine publicly proclaimed himself not to be a candidate in February 1892. add something


Kenesaw Mountain Landis - Although Gresham was a Republican, he had supported Cleveland in the 1892 election because of his intense dislike for the Republican nominee, President Benjamin Harrison


James B. McCreary - An advocate of free silver, he was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison to be a delegate to the International Monetary Conference held in Brussels, Belgium, in 1892


William McKinley - At the Republican national convention in 1892, he received a few votes as nominee for president while campaigning for the reelection of President Benjamin Harrison, and established himself as a probable candidate for president in 1896.


Theodore Roosevelt - Despite Roosevelt's support for Harrison's reelection bid in the presidential election of 1892, the eventual winner, Grover_Cleveland, reappointed him to the same post.


James G. Blaine - Harrison was defeated soundly in his rematch against former president Cleveland and when Blaine returned to Washington, Pennsylvania at the close of 1892, he and Harrison were friendlier than they had been in years


William Kneeland Townsend - In 1892, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Townsend as judge of the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut


Whitelaw Reid - In 1892, Reid became the Republican vice presidential nominee when President Benjamin Harrison chose to drop Vice President Levi P. Morton from the ticket


James W. McDill - In 1892, he was appointed by President Benjamin Harrison a member of the Interstate Commerce Commission and served until his death in Creston, Iowa in 1894


Nathaniel Shipman - Shipman served on that court until 1892, when on nomination of President Benjamin Harrison, Shipman was created to a seat on the newly created United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit


David P. Thompson - Then in 1892 President Benjamin Harrison appointed Thompson as United States minister to the Ottoman Empire where he served until resigning in 1893


Andrew Phelps McCormick - On January 5, 1892, President Benjamin Harrison nominated McCormick for elevation to a new seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit created by 26 Stat 826


Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones - In February 1892, Jones performed at the White House for President Benjamin Harrison


John Harris Baker - On March 24, 1892, President Benjamin Harrison nominated Baker to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Indiana vacated by William A. Woods


John B. Rector - On March 24, 1892, Rector was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas vacated by Andrew P. McCormick


Charles Cleaves Cole - On December 12, 1892, Cole was nominated by President Benjamin Harrison to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated by Charles P. James


As his successor grew less popular during the Panic of 1893, however, Harrison's popularity grew in retirement. add something


Finally, at the end of his term, Harrison nominated Howell Edmunds Jackson to replace Justice Lamar, who died in January 1893. add something


After he left office, Harrison visited the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in June 1893, where the nation's first commemorative postage was introduced, an initiative of his Postmaster General, John Wanamaker. add something


Stanford Law School - Stanford first offered a curriculum in legal studies in 1893, when the university hired its first two law professors: former President Benjamin Harrison and Nathan Abbott


Stanford Law School - The Law School was established in 1893 when former President Benjamin Harrison joined the faculty as the first professor of law


American University - The university was chartered by an Act of Congress on February 24, 1893 as "The American University," when the bill was approved by President Benjamin Harrison


For a few months in 1894, he moved to San Francisco , California, and taught and gave law lectures at Stanford University. add something


Zophar M. Mansur - He served as lieutenant governor under Urban A. Woodbury, from 1894 to 1896, and was appointed Collector of Customs for the Memphremagog District by President Benjamin Harrison, serving in that capacity until 1906


From July 1895 to March 1901, Harrison was on the Board of Trustees of Purdue University. add something


Theodore Roosevelt - President Harrison appointed Roosevelt to the United States Civil Service Commission, where he served until 1895.


In 1896 he remarried, to Mary Scott Lord Dimmick, the niece of his deceased wife, and 25 years his junior. add something


Caroline Harrison - In 1896, Benjamin Harrison married his late wife's niece and former secretary, the widow Mary Scott Dimmick


Robley Dunglison Evans - Former President Benjamin Harrison with a committee from the state of Indiana presented a set of silver to Evans for the battleship on 16 September 1896 at Tompkinsville, New York


Charles Harvey Denby - Denby remained at the post through 1898, through the administrations of Cleveland's first term, Republican Benjamin Harrison, Cleveland's second term


In 1899 Harrison went to the First Peace Conference at The Hague . add something


In 1900 Harrison served as an attorney for the Republic of Venezuela in their boundary dispute with the United Kingdom. add something


Benjamin Harrison died in 1901 add something


Despite treatment by steam vapor inhalation, his condition only worsened, and he died from influenza and pneumonia at his home on Wednesday, March 13, 1901, at the age of 67. add something


Harrison developed a heavy cold in February 1901. add something


He died from pneumonia at his home on Wednesday, March 13, 1901, at the age of 67 add something


Harrison was featured on the five-dollar National Bank Notes from the third charter period, beginning in 1902 add something


The first was a 13-cent stamp issued on November 18, 1902 add something


In 1908, the people of Indianapolis erected the Benjamin Harrison memorial statue, created by Charles Niehaus and Henry Bacon, in honor of Harrison's lifetime achievements as military leader, U.S. Senator, and President of the United States add something


It had been used as a dormitory for a music school from 1937-1950 add something


In 1942, a Liberty Ship, the "SS Benjamin Harrison", was named in his honor add something


In 1951, Harrison's home was opened to the public as a library and museum add something


After Belmont closed, the campus was transferred to the Ohio Military Institute, which closed in 1958 add something


The house was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1964 add something


The base was closed in 1991 and the site has been redeveloped to include residential neighborhoods, a golf course, and Fort Harrison State Park add something


Wolf Robe - " He was awarded the Benjamin Harrison Peace Medal in 1890 for his assistance in the Cherokee Commission


Washington, Pennsylvania - According to a walking tour brochure researched and written by two Washington & Jefferson College professors in 2012, fifteen American presidents have visited Washington before, during, or after their presidential terms: James Monroe ; Andrew Jackson ; John Quincy Adams ; Ulysses S. Grant ; William_Henry_Harrison; James K._Polk; Zachary_Taylor; Benjamin Harrison ; William Howard Taft ; Warren G. Harding ; Franklin D. Roosevelt ; Harry S. Truman ; John F. Kennedy ; Bill Clinton ; Barack Obama