Knowledge Identifier: &Bertelsmann



Founded as a publishing house and print shop in July 1835 by Carl Bertelsmann add

Category: Business

Founded in 1835.

Countries: United States (25%), Germany (15%), (15%)

Main connections: Arvato services, Random House, Thomas Middelhoff

Linked to: RTL Group, Groupe Bruxelles Lambert, Private company, AOL




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Arvato services - Bertelsmann opened its printing business to outside clients in a similar way, forming a new company called "Mohndruck" in 1948


Anton Zischka - Zischka managed to get back to writing activities with Bertelsmann and reestablished again a legal foothold in Spain within 1948


Arvato services - After purchasing powerful machines which required a high capacity utilization, Bertelsmann acquired more and more orders from other companies in the 1960s


Arvato services - In the 1970s and 1980s, Bertelsmann founded and bought several other printing and logistics companies in France, Great Britain, Spain and other European countries


Arvato services - From 1976, the branch was led by Mark Wössner, who later became Bertelsmann CEO. Under his leadership, the expansion continued


Reinhard Mohn - Mohn set up the non-profit Bertelsmann Foundation to promote social and political reform in 1977


Arvato services - For example, Bertelsmann entered the software and hardware distribution market in 1983


Thomas Middelhoff - In 1986 he moved to Bertelsmann, a multinational media corporation based in Germany, as assistant manager of the graphic firm in Gütersloh


Walter Hines Page - In 1986, it was acquired by Bertelsmann AG


Thomas Middelhoff - In 1990, he became a member of the board of directors of Bertelsmann


Arvato services - In the 1990s, it won two major clients for new service offerings: First, Bertelsmann introduced the loyalty program Miles & More on behalf of Lufthansa in 1993


N-tv - "'n-tv"' is a German television news channel owned by the Bertelsmann AG Media's RTL Group and an affiliate network of CNN since the networks creation in 1992


From 1995 to 2000 Bertelsmann had a major Internet service provider joint venture with AOL that operated throughout Europe add something


In 1995 the "Ufa Film- und Fernseh-GmbH" merged with CLT, Luxembourg add something


Thomas Middelhoff - In 1995, Bertelsmann and AOL started the joint venture AOL Germany


Arvato services - In 1996, Bertelsmann's printing and industry services division was spun off as a legally independent joint-stock company named "Bertelsmann Industrie"


In 1998 Thomas Middelhoff became CEO of Bertelsmann add something


The revelations came to light during their takeover of US book publisher Random House in 1998; Bertelsmann used a revised account of their Nazi past to smooth the deal add something


Random House - In 1998, Bertelsmann AG bought Random House and it soon went global


Random House - "'Verlagsgruppe Random House"' was established after Bertelsmann's 1998 acquisition of Random House, grouping its German imprints under the new name


Thomas Middelhoff - From November 1998 to July 2002, Middelhoff was the CEO of Bertelsmann


In 1999, Bertelsmann launched, the internet book retailer add something


Arvato services - In 1999, the company finally was renamed "Bertelsmann Arvato" to illustrate the transformation of the printing and industry services division to an international communications and media service provider


Thomas Middelhoff - But Bertelsmann soon stepped back from these online engagements, selling its shares of AOL-Europe back to Time Warner, which had merged with AOL in 2001


In 2002 Bertelsmann admitted that they lied about their involvement with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi party, which included making profits from slave labour and publishing propaganda add something


In 2002 a commission appointed by the company itself found that it had co-operated closely with the Nazis during the war, and had used Jewish prisoners in the form of slave labor add something


Arvato services - Under the leadership of Gunter Thielen, who became CEO of Bertelsmann 2002, the LP and CD pressing plants of Sonopress and the encyclopedia publishers were integrated in Arvato, too


Arvato services - With the inauguration of Hartmut Ostrowski as CEO of Arvato in 2002, the company laid the prefix Bertelsmann in the company name, but continued to use it for its logo


In July 2002, the CEO Thomas Middelhoff left the company because of disagreements concerning the company's strategy, in particular relating to his plans to float the company's share on the stockmarkets add something


Metallica - On September 3, 2002, an American bankruptcy judge blocked the sale to Bertelsmann and forced Napster to liquidate its assets according to Chapter 7 of the U.S. bankruptcy laws


In 2003, the new CEO Gunter Thielen expanded the music branch &BMG (BMG_Rights_Management) with the buying of Zomba Records add something


Terra Networks - In 2003 Bertelsmann executed an option to get itself out of the agreement, transferring to Terra's parent company Telefónica the obligation to keep the ad spending


Also in 2004, the London Borough of Camden, England, brought anti-social behaviour orders against Sony Music UK and &BMG (BMG_Rights_Management) for alleged fly posting add something


In 2004, &BMG (BMG_Rights_Management) set up a joint-venture with Sony Music to create Sony BMG, reducing the Big Five of music companies to the Big Four add something


CBS - Sony acquired the Spanish rights when Sony Music merged with Bertelsmann subsidiary BMG in 2004 as Sony BMG, co-owned by Sony and Bertelsmann


As of 2006, the Mohn family still owns 74,9 of Bertelsmann's capital, in addition of the Bertelsmann foundation add something


BMG Music Publishing, the world's third largest music publisher, remained wholly owned by Bertelsmann at the time, but was sold to Universal Music Publishing in 2006 add something


Arvato services - At the turn of 2007/2008, Hartmut Ostrowski succeeded Gunter Thielen as CEO of Bertelsmann, so Rolf Buch moved to the helm of Arvato


Kaioo - The concept and its execution are due to Thomas Kreye, who quit his job as director of Business Development at Bertelsmann early in 2007 to pursue the "dream of a truly social, democratic and completely independent internet community"


German Wikipedia - A second test by "c't" in February 2007 used 150 search terms, of which 56 were closely evaluated, to compare four digital encyclopedias: Bertelsmann Enzyklopädie 2007, Brockhaus Multimedial premium 2007, Encarta 2007 Enzyklopädie and Wikipedia


Qeep - In June 2007, BLUE LION received a seven-figure Series-A funding package from Bertelsmann Digital Media Investments to further develop and distribute the product


On January 1, 2008, Hartmut Ostrowski became the new Chairman and CEO of Bertelsmann, replacing Gunter Thielen add something


On April 23, 2008, the company announced that it planned to publish a one-volume encyclopedia in September using content from the German-language Wikipedia add something


German Wikipedia - On 23 April 2008, the publisher Bertelsmann announced that it planned to publish a one-volume encyclopedia in September using content from the German-language Wikipedia


The volume is sold since September 15, 2008 and includes abbreviated entries for the 50,000 most commonly used search terms of the prior two years add something


On October 3, 2009, Reinhard Mohn died at age 88 add something


Aart Jan de Geus - In 2011, the Bertelsmann Stiftung appointed de Geus to its executive board


Direct Group was disbanded as a separate corporate entity in June 2011, its businesses subsequently being transferred to the Corporate Investments division in Bertelsmann's Gütersloh corporate headquarters add something


On October 10, 2011, it was announced that Thomas Rabe would be elevated from CFO to CEO, succeeding Hartmut Ostrowski from January 1, 2012 add something


Tom McCarthy (writer) - McCarthy's novel "Satin Island" will be released in Spring 2012 by Bertelsmann's Knopf Publishing Group


Aart Jan de Geus - Since 2012 De Geus has been a member of the advisory board of the Centre for Higher Education , in which the Bertelsmann Stiftung holds a 90-percent stake


On August 20, 2012, Bertelsmann changed its legal form from "Bertelsmann AG" to "Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA", a partnership limited by shares add something


In October 2012, Bertelsmann entered into talks with rival conglomerate Pearson plc, over the possibility of combining their respective publishing companies, Random House and Penguin Group add something


Pearson PLC - In October 2012, Pearson entered into talks with rival conglomerate Bertelsmann, over the possibility of combining their respective publishing companies, Penguin Group and Random House


Pearson PLC - On 29 October 2012, Pearson said it would merge Penguin Books with Bertelsmann's &Random_House to create the world's biggest consumer book publisher


In 2013, Christoph Mohn assumed the chairmanship of both bodies add something


In the year 2013, Penguin Random House became the world's largest publishing company add something


Since 2013, &BMG (BMG_Rights_Management) has once again become a fully-owned subsidiary of Bertelsmann add something


The company was created in 2013 through the merger of the publishing businesses of Bertelsmann and Pearson add something


MusicPass - Sony and Bertelsmann last teamed up in 2013, in a failed bid to acquire Parlophone from Universal Music Group


Furthermore, under the leadership of Thomas Rabe, Bertelsmann increasingly invested in the education sector: In 2014, for example, "Relias Learning" was acquired add something


In 2014, Bertelsmann took over the company completely add something


The acquisition of Relias Learning in 2014 formed the cornerstone for the Bertelsmann Education Group and was the largest acquisition by Bertelsmann since the purchase of Random House add something


"Bertelsmann Digital Media Investments" is based in Gütersloh and since 2014 has concentrated mainly on the United States add something


Arvato services - E-commerce is a strategic growth area for Arvato and for Bertelsmann, at least since 2014


Based on the restructuring of all divisions, Bertelsmann has not yet reported any revenue and employee figures for the Bertelsmann Education Group in the 2015 annual report add something


It was established in 2015 and has its headquarters in New York City add something


Arvato services - Based on sales of 4,8 billion euros in the fiscal year 2015, Arvato was the second-largest division of Bertelsmann after RTL Group


In 2016, &BMG (BMG_Rights_Management) became a division of Bertelsmann add something


In 2016, the printing business was bundled in the "Bertelsmann Printing Group" add something


Arvato services - In 2016, the Arvato AG was merged into the parent company Bertelsmann SE & Co. KGaA and deleted from the commercial register


In January 2016, Bertelsmann bundled its printing activities in digital, offset and gravure in the "Bertelsmann Printing Group" add something


Random House - In May 2018, Random House CEO Peter Olson stepped down and Bertelsmann replaced Olson with Marcus Dohle