Boris Nemtsov

Knowledge Identifier: +Boris_Nemtsov

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Boris Nemtsov

Russian politician who was Deputy Prime Minister of Russia from 1997 to 1998 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1959.

Countries: Russia (88%), Ukraine (3%), Germany (3%)

Main connections: Moscow Kremlin, Union of Right Forces, Mikhail Kasyanov

Linked to: Solidarnost, State Duma, Committee 2008, Communist Party of the Soviet Union

 

Timeline


 

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Boris Nemtsov was born in 1959 add something


1976

From 1976 to 1981 he studied physics at Gorky State University, and in 1985 received a Ph. D. in Physics and Mathematics, defending his dissertation at the age of 25 add something


1986

In 1986, in the wake of the Chernobyl disaster, Nemtsov organized a protest movement in his hometown, which effectively prevented the construction of a new nuclear power plant in the region add something


1989

In 1989, Nemtsov decided to run for the Soviet Congress of People's Deputies add something


1990

He was unsuccessful in this election, but returned to run for the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Republic representing Gorky in 1990 add something


1991

During the 1991 attack on the government by those opposed to Yeltsin, Nemtsov was a vehement supporter of the president, and stood by him during the entire clash add something

 

In November 1991 Nemtsov was appointed Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod region add something


1992

Grigory Yavlinsky - In 1992, Yavlinsky served as advisor to Boris Nemtsov who at the time was Governor of the Nizhny Novgorod Region


1993

Nemtsov's reforms won praise from former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who visited Nizhny Novgorod in 1993 add something

 

In December 1993 Nemtsov was elected to the Federation Council, the upper house of the Russian Parliament add something


1995

He was re-elected in that position by popular vote in December 1995 add something

 

Vladimir Zhirinovsky - In his notorious debate with Boris Nemtsov in 1995 a "juice fight" broke out


1997

In March 1997 Nemtsov was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, with special responsibility for reform of the energy sector add something

 

Boris Berezovsky (businessman) - In March 1997, Berezovsky and Tatyana Dyachenko flew to Nizhniy Novgorod to persuade Governor Boris Nemtsov to join Chubais' economic team, which became known as the government of Young Reformers


1998

After the dismissal of Prime Minister Chernomyrdin in 1998, Nemtsov was reappointed by Yeltsin to his post of Deputy Prime Minister, but again resigned shortly after when Yeltsin dissolved the government add something

 

His political career, however, suffered a blow in August 1998 following the crash of the Russian stock-market and the ensuing economic crisis add something


2000

Between 2000 and 2003 Nemtsov was in a difficult political position add something

 

He was widely popular with the public and appeared to be the lead candidate to become President of Russia in 2000 add something

 

Nemtsov further expanded on his political ideas in a 2000 article published by the "Harvard International Review" add something

 

Nemtsov himself was elected to the State Duma, or lower house of Parliament, and consequently became its Deputy Speaker in February 2000 add something

 

In May 2000, after the resignation of previous party leader Sergei Kiriyenko, Nemtsov was elected leader of the Union of Rightist Forces and its parliamentary group in the State Duma add something

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Kara-Murza - Between 2000 and 2003 he served as an advisor to State Duma opposition leader Boris Nemtsov

 

Union of Right Forces - From 2000 to 2003 the Union of Right Forces was led by former Deputy Prime Minister Boris Nemtsov


2002

In 2002 he took part in the negotiations with the hostage-takers during the Moscow theater hostage crisis add something


2003

Alfred Koch - He served as head of the 2003 election campaign staff for the Union of Right Forces, a pro-business, democratic party of young reformers including Yegor Gaidar, Boris Nemtsov and Irina Khakamada, the first woman to run for the Russian presidency


2004

During the 2004 Ukrainian presidential elections, Nemtsov came out as a strong supporter of the eventual winner Viktor Yushchenko, while the Russian government backed his opponent add something

 

Despite this, in January 2004 Boris Nemtsov formally resigned from the party leadership, accepting his responsibility for the election defeat add something

 

In January 2004 Boris Nemtsov co-authored an article entitled "Appeal to the Putinist Majority", warning of the dangers of the impending Putin dictatorship, which appeared in "Nezavisimaya Gazeta" newspaper add something

 

Union of Right Forces - Despite allegations of fraud, Boris Nemtsov accepted responsibility for the election defeat and resigned as SPS leader in January 2004

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Kara-Murza - In January 2004, he co-founded the Committee 2008, an umbrella opposition group led by Boris Nemtsov and Garry Kasparov


2005

The relationship between Nemtsov and the Ukrainian government became unstable in mid- 2005, when a group of ultra nationalist legislators called for Yushchenko to fire his Russian advisor after accusations that Nemtsov had criticized Ukrainian cabinet decisions add something

 

In December 2005, however, prosecutors announced that the bank would be subject to an investigation following allegations of money laundering and fraud add something

 

Nikita Belykh - On 28 May 2005 Nikita Belykh was elected leader of the Union of Rightist Forces, a leading democratic opposition party, succeeding Boris Nemtsov


2006

Nemtsov remained as an economic advisor to Yushchenko, despite the criticism, until October 2006, when the office of the Ukrainian president announced that Nemtsov had been relieved of his duties as a free lance presidential adviser add something

 

Yabloko - The Commission on the Unification of Democratic Forces, under the chairmanship of Boris Nemtsov, was established by the Union of Rightist Forces on February 16, 2006


2007

On 25 November 2007, Nemtsov was arrested by police during an unauthorized protest against President Putin, he told the press add something

 

On 26 December 2007, Nemtsov withdrew his candidacy for the 2008 presidential election, saying that he did not want to draw votes away from the other candidate of the "democratic opposition", Mikhail Kasyanov add something


2008

In that same month Nemtsov co-founded the "Committee 2008", an umbrella group of the Russian opposition which included Garry Kasparov, Vladimir Bukovsky and other prominent liberals add something

 

Nemtsov alleged that his bank might have been targeted because of his friendship and support of former Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov who had stated his intention to run for president in 2008 add something

 

Nemtsov co-founded with Gary Kasparov the political opposition movement Solidarnost on 13 December 2008 add something


2009

Nemtsov announced at a Solidarnost meeting on 12 March 2009, that he would stand for mayor of Sochi in the city's 26 April election add something


2010

Nemtsov is among the 34 first signatories of the online anti-Putin manifesto "Putin must go", published on 10 March 2010 add something

 

In September 2010 Boris Nemtsov together with Vladimir Ryzhkov, Mikhail Kasyanov and Vladimir Milov formed the coalition For Russia without Lawlessness and Corruption, which in December was transformed into the People's Freedom Party add something

 

On 16 December 2010 Vladimir Putin said in a live television broadcast that, during the 1990s, Nemtsov, Milov and Ryzhkov "dragged a lot of billions along with Berezovsky and those who are now in prison add something

 

On 31 December 2010, Nemtsov was arrested with other opposition leaders during a rally against government restrictions on public protests add something


2011

He was sentenced to 15 days in jail on 2 January 2011 add something

 

In May 2011 the party submitted an application for registration to the Ministry of Justice, but one month later registration was denied add something

 

The party is examining various forms of boycott of the parliamentary elections of December 2011 add something

 

On 6 December 2011 Nemtsov was once again arrested, with at least a hundred of others demonstrators, during the December 6 protests in Moscow add something


2012

It is going to elect an alternative candidate for the presidential elections of March 2012 add something


2014

Nemtsov, a Sochi native, has criticised plans to hold the 2014 Winter Olympics in the town, a position he considers led to an alleged attack on him by Nashi members using ammonium chloride on 23 March 2009 add something

 

In September 2014, Nemtsov wrote in the "Kyiv Post": " add something

 

Vladimir Gusinsky - On his last drive to the Moscow airport, he was accompanied by Boris Nemtsov, an opposition leader who was assassinated in 2014 near Kremlin


Boris Nemtsov died in 2015 add something

 

He was shot and killed in February 2015 on a bridge near the Kremlin and Red Square in Moscow add something

 

NPR. 27 February 2015 In the weeks before his death, Nemtsov expressed fear that Russian President Vladimir Putin would have him killed add something

 

Nemtsov was assassinated on 27 February 2015 on a bridge near the Kremlin and Red Square in Moscow add something

 

In August 2015 Nemtsov's daughter was the recipient of Poland's Democracy award for her father's work add something

 

On 9 October 2015 opposition activists in Moscow erected a add something

 

Urmas Paet - In 2015, Paet nominated murdered Russian politician Boris Nemtsov for the Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought

 

Martin Schulz - When Russia barred entry to two European Union politicians who had planned to attend the funeral in 2015 of murdered opposition figure Boris Nemtsov, Schulz criticized the barring as "a high affront to EU-Russia relations and the work of democratic institutions

 

Vladimir Gusinsky - On his last drive to the Moscow airport, he was accompanied by Boris Nemtsov, an opposition leader who was assassinated in February 2015 near Kremlin

 

Vladimir Vladimirovich Kara-Murza - Coming after the murder of his colleague Boris Nemtsov on 27 February 2015, and mindful of other cases of poisoning, both in Russia and abroad there was great concern on the part of friends and family


2017

In late February of 2017, a peaceful protest and commemorative plaque dedication are planned in Veliky Novgorod, in commemoration of his ideology and the freedom of speech that led to his assassination add something

 

In late February 2017, a peaceful protest and commemorative plaque dedication are planned in Veliky Novgorod, in commemoration of his ideology and the freedom of speech that led to his assassination add something

 

On December 6, 2017, the Council of the District of Columbia held a hearing to decide on symbolically renaming a section of Wisconsin Ave. as Boris Nemtsov Plaza add something


2018

On January 9, 2018, the Council unanimously approved the "Boris Nemtsov Plaza Designation Act of 2017" which authorized the renaming add something


2019

On March 12, 2019, the House passed a series of bills on Tuesday meant to hold Russian President Vladimir Putin accountable for his country's actions, including a measure condemning the Russian leader and his government for their alleged roles in covering up the 2015 assassination of Putin political opponent Boris Nemtsov add something