Knowledge Identifier: +Boris_Pasternak
Born in 1890.
Countries: Russia (41%), United States (24%), Italy (8%)
Linked to: Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, Izvestia, Jews
His father Leonid was a painter who produced one of the most important portraits of Scriabin, and Pasternak wrote many years later of witnessing with great excitement the creation of Scriabin's Symphony No. 3, "The Divine Poem", in 1903
Doctor Zhivago - Outside Russia, Pasternak is best known as the author of "Doctor Zhivago", a novel which takes place between the Russian Revolution of 1905 and the Second World War
Russian-American singer and songwriter Regina Spektor recites a verse from "Black Spring", a 1912 poem by Pasternak in her song "Apres Moi" from her album "Begin to Hope"
Isaak Babel - In a 1928 letter to his White emigre father, Boris Pasternak wrote, "Yesterday, I read "Sunset", a play by Babel, and almost for the first time in my life I found that Jewry, as an ethnic fact, was a phenomenon of positive, unproblematic importance and power
Abraham Sutzkever - In the 1930s, his work was translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak
According to Pasternak, during the 1937 show trial of General Iona Yakir and Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky, the Union of Soviet Writers requested all members to add their names to a statement supporting the death penalty for the defendants
According to the current Nobel Committee head Lars Gillensten, his nominee was discussed every year from 1946 to 1950, again in 1957
On the evening of October 6, 1949, Ivinskaya was arrested at her apartment by the KGB
When Stalin died of a stroke on 5 March 1953, Olga Ivinskaya was imprisoned in the Gulag, and Pasternak was in Moscow
Resurrection - In a 1956 essay, Pasternak recalled his father's feverish work compiling illustrations for Tolstoy's novel "Resurrection"
Grigory Pomerants - Under the impression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the persecution of Boris Pasternak, Pomerants started considering furthering his political resistance
At the instigation of Giangiacomo Feltrinelli, "Doctor Zhivago" was smuggled to Milan and published in 1957
Nikita Khrushchev - In 1958, however, Khrushchev ordered a fierce attack on Boris Pasternak after his novel, "Doctor Zhivago" was published abroad
Doctor Zhivago (novel) - On 23 October 1958, Boris Pasternak was announced as the winner of the 1958 Nobel Prize for Literature
During the summer of 1959, Pasternak began writing "The Blind Beauty", a trilogy of stage plays set before and after Alexander II's abolition of serfdom in Russia
Bella Akhmadulina - She was expelled in 1959 as a result of her opposition to the persecution of Boris Pasternak
Sviatoslav Richter - In 1960, even though he had a reputation for being "indifferent" to politics, Richter defied the authorities when he performed at Boris Pasternak's funeral
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ivinskaya sued for the return of the letters and documents seized by the KGB in 1961
The KGB quietly released them, Irina after one year, in 1962, and Olga in 1964
Francis Webb (poet) - In 1964, Angus & Robertson published his fifth collection "The Ghost of the Cock", in 1969 released his well-known "Collected Poems", with an unforgettable foreword by Sir Herbert Read that compared Webb's work on equal footing with that of major European and American poets Pasternak, Lowell, Rilke and Eliot
The first screen adaptation of "Doctor Zhivago", adapted by Robert Bolt and directed by David Lean, appeared in 1965
Alexandra Sviridova - They dealt with such topics as Boris Pasternak personal letters and manuscripts that were held by the KGB for thirty years, the Central Committee's secret files on the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, and former KGB agents who were serving as President Yeltsin's advisors or were lodged in other high positions
In December, 1989, Yevgenii Borisovich Pasternak was permitted to travel to Stockholm in order to collect his father's Nobel Medal
The Russian TV version of 2006, directed by Alexander Proshkin and starring Oleg Menshikov as Zhivago, is considered more faithful to Pasternak's novel than David Lean's 1965 film
In October 2010, Random House released Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky's translation of "Doctor Zhivago"
The issue of whether or not the CIA had a hand in creating the international controversy that led to Pasternak's winning the Nobel Prize was definitively settled on 11 April 2014 when the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency released "nearly 100 declassified documents" confirming that it had, in fact, undertaken a massive propaganda campaign to influence the Nobel Prize committee to consider "Zhivago" for the award, starting as early as 12 December 1957: "Dr