Bruno Kreisky

Knowledge Identifier: +Bruno_Kreisky

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Bruno Kreisky

Austrian politician who served as Foreign Minister from 1959 to 1966 and as Chancellor from 1970 to 1983 add

Category: Politics

Born in 1911.

Countries: Austria (50%), Sweden (6%), Russia (6%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Social Democratic Party of Austria, Friedrich Peter, Golda Meir

Linked to: Foreign Minister of Austria, Israeli Labor Party, Social Democratic Party of Austria, University of Vienna

 

Timeline


 

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Bruno Kreisky was born in 1911 add something


1927

In 1927, he joined the Young Socialist Workers against the wishes of his parents add something


1929

In 1929, he began studying law at the University of Vienna at the advice of Otto Bauer, who urged him to study law rather than medicine, as he had originally planned add something


1931

In 1931, he left the Jewish religious community, becoming agnostic add something


1934

In 1934, when the Socialist Party was banned by the Dollfuss dictatorship, he became active in underground political work add something


1935

He was arrested in January 1935 and convicted of high treason, but was released in June 1936 add something


1938

In March 1938 the Austrian state was incorporated in Germany, and in September Kreisky escaped the Nazi persecution of Austrian Jews during the Holocaust by emigrating to Sweden, where he remained until 1945 add something


1946

He returned to Austria in May 1946, but he was soon back in Stockholm , assigned to the Austrian legation add something


1951

In 1951 he returned to Vienna , where Federal President Theodor Körner appointed him Assistant Chief of Staff and political adviser add something


1953

In 1953 he was appointed Undersecretary in the Foreign Affairs Department of the Austrian Chancellery add something


1955

Austrian State Treaty - In this position he took part in negotiating the 1955 Austrian State Treaty, which ended the four-power occupation of Austria and restored Austria's independence and neutrality add something

 

Although the 1955 State Treaty prevented Austria joining the European Union, he supported European integration add something


1956

Kreisky was elected to the Austrian parliament, the Nationalrat as a Socialist during the 1956 election add something


1959

After the 1959 election, he became Foreign Minister in the coalition cabinet of Chancellor Julius Raab add something

 

Herbert Felix - In 1959, he started business in Austria after a request from his cousin, the Social Democratic politician Bruno Kreisky


1960

Social Democratic Party of Austria - Nevertheless on 4 January 1960, Foreign Minister Bruno Kreisky was able to sign the accession treaty of Austria into the European Free Trade Association


1966

Kreisky left office in 1966, when the ÖVP under Josef Klaus won an absolute majority in the Nationalrat add something


1967

In 1967, neo-Nazi Austrian leader Norbert Burger declared that he had no objections to Kreisky despite his Jewish background, claiming that he was simply a "German" and neither a religious Jew or a Zionist add something

 

In February 1967 he was elected chairman of the Socialist Party add something

 

Social Democratic Party of Austria - On 30 January 1967 Bruno Kreisky was elected as party chairman


1970

Following his election in 1970, Kreisky wanted to demonstrate that he was indeed "Chancellor of all Austrians", and appointed four politicians with Nazi backgrounds to his cabinet add something

 

At the March 1970 elections, the Socialists won a plurality of seats, and Kreisky became Chancellor, heading only the second purely left-wing government in Austria add something

 

Friedrich Peter - Even though the FPÖ had declared during the election campaign that there would not be a "red chancellor", it supported Bruno Kreisky's minority government after the 1970 elections

 

Simon Wiesenthal - In the 1970s, Wiesenthal became involved in Austrian politics when he pointed out that several ministers in Bruno Kreisky's newly formed Socialist government had been Nazis when Austria was part of the Third Reich


1971

In October 1971 he called fresh elections and won the first absolute majority achieved by an Austrian party in a free election add something


1973

Following the 1974 oil shock, Kreisky committed Austria to developing nuclear power to reduce dependence on oil, although this policy was eventually abandoned after a referendum held in 1978 add something

 

Following the 1974 oil shock, Kreisky committed Austria to developing nuclear power to reduce dependence on oil, although this policy was eventually abandoned after a referendum held in 1978 add something

 

Kreisky referred to Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin as a terrorist, and had a stormy relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir especially during the 1973 hostage taking add something

 

Golda Meir - When seven of these emigrants were taken hostage at the Austria-Czechoslovakian border by Palestinian Arab fighters in September 1973, Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky closed the Jewish Agency's transit facility in Schönau, Lower Austria


1974

Aurelio Peccei - Peccei persuaded the Austrian Chancellor, Bruno Kreisky, to host a meeting on North-South problems in February 1974 in Salzburg


1975

He won comfortable victories at the 1975 and 1979 elections add something

 

Simon Wiesenthal - In 1975, after Wiesenthal had released a report on FPÖ party chairman Friedrich Peter's Nazi past, Chancellor Bruno Kreisky suggested Wiesenthal was part of a "certain mafia" seeking to besmirch Austria and even claimed Wiesenthal had collaborated with Nazis and the Gestapo to survive


1976

In 1976, the Bruno Kreisky Foundation for Outstanding Achievements in the Area of Human Rights was founded to mark Kreisky's 65th birthday add something


1979

Conservatives criticise Kreisky's policy of deficit spending, expressed in his famous comment during the 1979 election campaign that he preferred that the state run up high debts rather than see people become unemployed add something

 

Loris Tjeknavorian - After the Iranian Revolution of 1979, he emigrated to the Soviet Union and to Austria, where he received Austrian citizenship under Chancellor Bruno Kreisky


1980

He cultivated friendly relations with Arab leaders such as Anwar Sadat and Muammar Gaddafi, and in 1980 Austria established relations with the Palestine Liberation Organisation add something


1981

Kreisky turned 70 in 1981, and by this time the voters had become increasingly uncomfortable with what they saw as his complacency and preoccupation with international issues add something

 

Creditanstalt - In 1981 the former Social Democratic Minister of Finance Hannes Androsch assumed the office of a general manager, after he had left the Kreisky cabinet

 

Fred Sinowatz - In 1981, when Bruno Kreisky's chosen successor "Crown Prince" Hannes Androsch was removed from his position, Sinowatz became Vice Chancellor


1983

In particular, in 1983 he sent a letter to the Soviet premier Yuri Andropov demanding the release of dissident Yuri Orlov, but Andropov left Kreisky's letter unanswered add something

 

At the April 1983 election, the Socialists lost their absolute majority in the Nationalrat add something

 

Friedrich Peter - After the SPÖ had lost its majority in 1983, he negotiated a coalition between SPÖ and FPÖ with Bruno Kreisky, which took office under the leadership of Chancellor Fred Sinowatz and vice chancellor Norbert Steger

 

Freedom Party of Austria - SPÖ leader Bruno Kreisky had encouraged the FPÖ's move to the centre, in order to establish an SPÖ-FPÖ alliance against the ÖVP. The 1983 general election was a watershed; the SPÖ lost its absolute majority in Parliament, which resulted in the formation of an SPÖ-FPÖ "Small Coalition"

 

Social Democratic Party of Austria - Nevertheless the party failed to win another absolute majority in the following elections in April 1983, Kreisky stepped down and Fred Sinowatz became the new chancellor and formed a coalition government with the liberal FPÖ


1984

His health was declining, and in 1984 he had an emergency kidney transplant add something


1986

In 1986, Wiesenthal sued Kreisky for libel add something


Bruno Kreisky died in 1990 add something

 

Social Democratic Party of Austria - In July 1990, Bruno Kreisky, who was the grand doyen of the party, died


1993

Gani Fawehinmi - On June 11, 1993 Fawehinmi was awarded the biennial Bruno Kreisky Prize