Virgin Media
(Media and Entertainment)
Virgin Group
Sky Sports
Rupert Murdoch
(Movies & TV)
Sky Television plc
(Media and Entertainment)
British Satellite Broadcasting
(Media and Entertainment)

See also


Knowledge Identifier: &BSkyB



British satellite broadcasting, broadband and telephone services company headquartered in London, with operations in the UK and Ireland add

Category: Business (17)

Founded in 1990.

Countries: United Kingdom (39%), (18%), United States (12%)

Main connections: Virgin Media, Virgin Group, Sky Sports

Linked to: BBC, ITV, Sky Television plc, News Corporation




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Formed in 1990 by the equal merger of Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, BSkyB is the largest pay-TV broadcaster in the UK and Ireland with over 10 million subscribers add something


Granada plc - This went on air in March 1990, but merged with Sky Television plc in November 1990, to form &British_Sky_Broadcasting, in which Granada had a minority shareholding for some time


Comet Group - Following the merger of British Satellite Broadcasting and Sky Television to form & BSkyB in November 1990, Comet issued a High Court writ seeking £10 million in damages from BSkyB for breach of contract


British Satellite Broadcasting - In November 1990, a 50:50 merger was announced to form a single company, operating as "British Sky Broadcasting" , but marketed as Sky. The merger may have saved Sky financially as it had very few major advertisers at the time, so acquiring BSB's healthier advertising contracts and equipment helped to solve the company's problems


British Satellite Broadcasting - The company was merged with Sky Television plc in November 1990 to form &British_Sky_Broadcasting


British Sky Broadcasting was formed by the merger of Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting on 2 November 1990 add something


In the Autumn of 1991, talks were held for the broadcast rights for Premier League for a five-year period, from the 1992 season add something


Many of the lessons had been learnt with more than half the running cost of the combined company" Further cuts in losses were a direct result of 313,000 new customers joining during the first half of 1991 add something


Manchester United F.C. - Manchester United was floated on the stock market in June 1991 , and received yet another takeover bid in 1998, this time from Rupert Murdoch's &British_Sky_Broadcasting Corporation


The BBC was given the highlights of the most the matches, while BskyB paying £304 million for the Premier League rights, with give them a monopoly of all live matches, up to 60 per years from the 1992 season add something


Premier League - The League's decision to assign broadcasting rights to BSkyB in 1992 was at the time a radical decision, but one that has paid off


By March 1992, BSkyB posted its first operating profits, of £100,000 per week, with £3,8 million weekly from subscriptions and £1 million from advertising, but continued to be burdened with £1,28 billion of debt add something


The service started on 1 September 1993 based on the idea from the chief executive officer, Sam Chisholm and Rupert Murdoch, of converting the company business strategy to an entirely fee-based concept add something


ITV Digital Channels Ltd - Granada Sky Broadcasting was set up in 1996 and operated until 2004 as a joint venture between Granada plc and BSkyB to launch a range of television channels broadcasting the Granada archive on the Sky satellite television platform as well as other digital platforms such as ITV Digital , NTL and Telewest


Chisholm served in this position until 1997 add something


In 1997, BSkyB formed a partnership with Carlton and Granada to bid for the right for the new Digital terrestrial network add something


Greg Dyke - From 1997 to 1999, Dyke served on the board at Manchester United as a non-executive director, and was the sole board member to oppose a takeover bid from BSkyB, which was subsequently rejected by the Monopolies and Mergers Commission


Rupert Murdoch - But after divorcing her first husband in 1998 and quarrelling publicly with her assigned mentor Sam Chisholm at BSkyB, she struck out on her own as a television and film producer in London


Michael Crick - In 1998-99 he was the organiser of the Shareholders United Against Murdoch campaign which successfully opposed the proposed takeover of United by BSkyB


Sky Sports - October 1998 saw BSkyB launch Sky Digital from a new satellite, Astra 2A at 28,2° east


Sky's digital service was officially launched on 1 October 1998 under the name Sky Digital, At this time the use of the Sky brand made an important distinction between the new service and Sky's analogue services add something


Sky Sports - Sky Sports News launched on 1 October 1998, with Sky Digital becoming BSkyB's first digital only channel


He was followed by Mark Booth who was credited with leading the company through the introduction of Sky. Tony Ball was appointed in 1999 and completed the company's analogue to digital conversion add something


Charlie Brooker - From 1999 to 2000, Brooker played hooded expert 'the Pundit' in the short-lived show "Games Republic", hosted by Trevor and Simon on BSkyB


Phil Clarke - He began working with &Sky_television in 1999 alongside Bill Arthur on Academy matches but nowadays he can be seen working with Eddie Hemmings and Mike "Stevo" Stephenson on Sky Sports Super League broadcasts and is respected for his in depth analysis of games and regularly "knocks sense" into colleague Mike Stephenson


A Clockwork Orange (film) - It was only after Kubrick's death in 1999 that the film reappeared in cinemas and was released on VHS and DVD. On July 4, 2001, the uncut version premiered on &Sky_TV's "Sky Box Office," where it ran until mid-September


Within 30 days, over 100,000 digiboxes had been sold, which help bolstered Sky decision to give away free digiboxes and minidishes from May 1999, By June 2000 the service had 3,6 million subscribers, which give SKY 8,988 Subscribers across all platforms add something


James Capel forecast BskyB would still be indebted in 2000 add something


New Astra satellites joined the position in 2000 and 2001, and the number of channels available to customers increased accordingly add something


Chorus Communications - Chorus lost significant market share to &Sky who launched a more reliable digital satellite service in Ireland in the early 2000s


'Time to play hardball' by David Teather and Vivek Chaudhary investigate Monday 8 May 2000 for the rights from 2001 - 2004, thus were forced to £1,1 billion which give them 66 live games a year add something


Malcolm in the Middle - In the UK, the show was originally aired on Sky1 from September 3, 2000, later airing on Sky2 and Sky3 before finally leaving all &Sky channels in December 2010


This trend continued with the launch of Eurobird 1 in 2001 add something


Premier League - An investigation by the Office of Fair Trading in 2002 found BSkyB to be dominant within the pay TV sports market, but concluded that there were insufficient grounds for the claim that BSkyB had abused its dominant position


What Satellite and Digital TV - What Satellite TV focused exclusively on satellite television, including the &Astra (SES_Astra) and Eutelsat satelltes and the &Sky Digital platform until June 2002 when it started to cover digital terrestrial television, including ITV Digital, Freeview and Top Up TV and renamed itself to its current name


In 2003, Ball announced his resignation and James Murdoch, son of Rupert Murdoch was announced as his successor add something


In February 2003 BSkyB wished to renegotiated it's deal with MTV to reduce its payment from £20million. chief executive Tony Ball said "We're definitely prepared to stare them down if we can't get a sensible deal, MTV, and other channels, have done particularly well out of the growth of Sky but the opportunity for savings is now there and Sky will be taking it," he added add something


On 17 April 2003 BSkyB launch its own range of music channels Scuzz and Flaunt with The Vault being added in Summer 2003, as part of its plan to create its own original channels for the platform add something


Sky Sports - "'At the Races"' was originally founded by the Go Racing consortium, a partnership of Channel 4, BSkyB, and Arena Leisure plc in July 2004


The target was first announced in August 2004, since an additional 2,4 million customers had subscribed to Sky's direct-to-home service add something


ITV Digital Channels Ltd - On 1 November 2004, ITV plc agreed to purchase BSkyB's stake in GSB for £10 million


By June 2005, The number of Digital subscribers increase to 7,8million, while its produced 38,375 Hour worth of sport in 2005 add something


The first photos of a prototype Sky HD receiver began appearing in magazines in August 2005 add something


Prior to October 2005, three BSkyB channels were available on this platform: Sky News, Sky Three, and Sky Sports News add something


To compete with these providers, in October 2005, BSkyB bought the broadband Internet Service Provider Easynet for £211 million add something


However, this was replaced by Sky Three on 31 October 2005, which was itself later rebranded as 'Pick TV' in 2010 add something


Additionally, some channels occasionally receive new numbering However, in early 2006, the majority of channels received new numbering, with some receiving single digit changes, whilst others received new numbers entirely add something


In 2006 CSC Media Group took over all the channels from BSkyB add something


In May 2006, the Irish broadcaster Setanta Sports was awarded two of the six Premiership packages that the English FA offered to broadcasters add something


Sky launched HDTV services in May 2006 add something


On Thursday 18 May 2006, and continuing through the weekend before launch, people were reporting that Sky had either cancelled or rescheduled its installation add something


Current TV - On October 6, 2006, a deal was announced with BSkyB to create a localized UK and Ireland version of Current TV for its Sky satellite service


For example, on 9 November 2006, announced that it had approached ITV plc about a proposed merger add something


On 6 December 2006, NTL announced that it had complained to the Office of Fair Trading about BSkyB's move add something


Virgin Media - On 6 December 2006 NTL announced that it had complained to the Office of Fair Trading about BSkyB's move, and would withdraw its attempt to buy ITV plc, stating it did not believe it could currently make a deal on favourable terms


In early 2007 Freeview over took Sky Digital with nearly 200'000 more subscribers at the end of 2006, while cable broadcaster Virgin Media had three million customers add something


It was announced in 2007 that James would be stepping down as CEO of BSkyB and will be replaced by Jeremy Darroch add something


Virgin Media - Virgin TV, the digital cable television service from Virgin Media, ranks as the UK's second largest pay TV service, having 3,6m subscribers, compared to BSkyB's 8,2m as of Q3 2007


On 8 February 2007, Sky announced its intention to replace its three free-to-air digital terrestrial channels with four subscription channels add something


Virgin Media - Virgin Media and &Sky failed to reach agreement on the issue, and Sky reacted by posting a letter to the public in major UK newspapers on 28 February 2007


Carol Vorderman - In March 2007 she launched a brain training game called "Carol Vorderman's Mind Aerobics" together with BSkyB


In 2007, BSkyB and Virgin Media became involved in a dispute over the carriage of Sky channels on cable TV. The failure to renew the existing carriage agreements negotiated with NTL and Telewest resulted in Virgin removing the basic channels from the network on 1 March 2007 add something


Virgin Media - A channel agreement for Virgin Media to keep non-premium &Sky channels ended at midnight on 1 March 2007


Virgin Media - The companies failed to resolve their differences, and subsequently after midnight on 1 March 2007, Virgin Media replaced the Sky1, Sky2, &Sky Travel, Sky Travel Extra, Sky Sports News and Sky News channel content with a standard message


Virgin Media - On 2 March 2007 the National Consumer Council accused &Sky and Virgin of "behaving like children" and stated that at the end of March 2007 it would consider whether or not to raise a super-complaint against them "that will help to knock heads together"


Virgin Media - Then on 5 March 2007 Virgin Media threatened to take legal action against BSkyB if the matter remained unresolved in 30 days


Virgin Media - On 12 April 2007 Virgin Media filed a legal case in the High Court against BSkyB under the UK Competition Act 1998 and Article 82 of the EC Treaty


Alan Sugar - On 31 July 2007 it was announced that broadcaster BSkyB had agreed to buy Amstrad for about £125m


National Geographic Channel (Scandinavia) - In December 2007, BSkyB sold its stake in the partnership to the Fox Entertainment Group


On 7 December 2007, it was announced that Rupert Murdoch would be stepping down as BSkyB's Non-Executive Chairman and would be replaced by his son, James add something


Team Sky - After a trip to the Manchester Velodrome, home of the National Cycling Centre, in 2008, BSkyB chairman James Murdoch quickly became keen on the sport


Team Sky - British Cycling first began their relationship with BSkyB in 2008 with a £1 million sponsorship in the Sky Track Cycling team following the Summer Olympics in which British cyclists excelled


Sarah-Jane Mee - In January 2008, it was announced that she would leave both Central Television and Heart FM in order to join BSkyB


Virgin Media - On 9 May 2008 it was reported that Virgin Media and &Sky had held talks to resolve the dispute


Amstrad - It was announced on 2 July 2008 that Sugar had stepped down as Chairman of Amstrad, which had been planned since BSkyB took over in 2007


Team Sky - The creation of the team was announced on 26 February 2009, with the major sponsorship provided by BSkyB


On 29 May 2009, it was confirmed that Sky Go would be made available via Microsoft's Xbox 360 games console add something


Virgin Media - On 26 August 2009 the Advertising Standards Authority upheld claims made by Virgin Media in its marketing, despite a complaint from rival broadband provider &Sky."


BSkyB's direct-to-home satellite service became available in 10 million homes in 2010, Europe's first pay-TV platform in to achieve that milestone add something


MTV (UK and Ireland) - As of 2010, &MTV (MTV_Ireland) is available within the United Kingdom through is available on Virgin Media and &Sky


Sky began to broadcast programmes in 3D in April 2010 add something


In June 2010, News Corporation made a bid for complete ownership of BSkyB. However, following the News International phone hacking scandal, critics and politicians began to question the appropriateness of the proposed takeover add something


On 4 June 2010, BSkyB and Virgin Media announced that they had reached agreement for the acquisition by Sky of Virgin Media Television add something


Virgin Media - On 4 June 2010, BSkyB and Virgin Media announced that they had reached an agreement for the acquisition of Virgin Media Television by BSkyB. The companies have, in parallel, agreed to enter into a number of agreements providing for the carriage of certain Sky standard and high-definition channels


On 29 June 2010, The Competition Authority in Ireland cleared the proposed transaction add something


Virgin Media - On 13 July 2010, BSkyB and Virgin Media announced the completion of Sky's acquisition of Virgin Media Television following regulatory approval in Ireland


On 20 July 2010, The Office of Fair Trading announced that they would review BSkyB's acquisition of the Virgin Media Television business to judge whether it posed any competition concerns in the UK. The OFT planned to investigate the deal to see whether it could constitute a qualifying merger under the Enterprise Act 2002 add something


Virgin Media - On 20 July 2010, the Office of Fair Trading announced they would review BSkyB's acquisition of Virgin Media Television to judge whether it posed any competition concerns in the UK. The OFT planned to investigate the deal to see whether it could constitute a qualifying merger under the Enterprise Act 2002


Virgin1 was a part of the deal but was rebranded as Channel One on 3 September 2010, as the Virgin name was not licensed to Sky. The new carriage deals are understood to be for up to nine years add something


Virgin Media - Virgin1 was a part of the deal but was rebranded as Channel One on 3 September 2010, as the Virgin name was not licensed to &Sky. The new carriage deals are understood to be for up to nine years


On 14 September 2010, The OFT decided not to refer BSkyB's takeover of Virgin Media's TV channels to the Competition Commission add something


Virgin Media - On 14 September 2010, The OFT decided not to refer BSkyB's takeover of Virgin Media's TV channels to the Competition Commission


Jonathan Agnew - He is a shareholder in Ltd, a company which runs the website of the same address and acquired "The Wisden Cricketer" magazine from BSkyB in December 2010


MTV (UK and Ireland) - Since February 2011 &MTV (MTV_Ireland) has been solely an entertainment channel and relocated to the entertainment section on &Sky, and later Virgin Media


David Johnson (footballer born 1976) - The incident was brought to the public eye in February 2011, following Keys' departure from &Sky for various other inappropriate remarks


Sky Sports - On 28 April 2011, Sky Sports' interactive features were made available on Virgin Media, following Virgin's sale of Virgin Media Television to BSkyB.


The resulting reaction forced News Corp. to withdraw its bid for the company in July 2011 add something


Ed Miliband - In July 2011, following the revelation that the News of the World had paid private investigators to hack into the phones of Milly Dowler, as well as the families of murder victims and deceased servicemen, Miliband called for News International chief executive Rebekah Brooks to resign, urged David Cameron to establish a public and judge-led inquiry into the scandal and announced that he would force a Commons vote on whether to block the News International bid for a controlling stake in BSkyB


On 13 July 2011, MP Chris Bryant stated to the House of Commons, in the Parliamentary Debate on the Rupert Murdoch and News Corporation Bid for BSkyB that the company was anti-competitive: add something


In early 2012, Sky released an update to its Sky Anytime service add something


MTV (UK and Ireland) - A high-definition simulcast of &MTV (MTV_Ireland) launched on 13 February 2012 on &Sky in the UK and Ireland


Current TV - The channel closed on March 11, 2012 following BSkyB's withdrawal of support and a failed rescue attempt from Current TV.


As of 1 October 2012, Sky Anytime was rebranded as On Demand which would include ITV player and 5 Demand add something


UTV (TV channel) - Included in the agreement is a deal which ensured the distribution of UTV HD on Freeview when the digital switchover took place on 24 October 2012 and on &Sky and Freesat on 4 November 2013


On 1 March 2013, it was announced that BSkyB would buy O2's and Be's broadband services from Telefónica for £180 million up front plus another £20 million once customers have been transferred add something


Disney Cinemagic (Germany) - On March 28, 2013, Cinemagic was replaced in the UK with Sky Movies Disney, a & BSkyB premium channel, as part of a deal between BSkyB and Disney which allowed BSkyB to stream Disney movies on Sky's video on demand services


OneDrive - Microsoft became involved in a lawsuit with British television broadcaster & BSkyB for having the word "Sky" within its name, resulting in a High Court ruling in June 2013 that the service's brand breached BSkyB's trademark


Roku - On July 26, 2013, BSkyB launched a Now TV-branded Roku LT, allowing users to stream Now TV content to their TV, as well as being able to access content from BBC iPlayer, Demand 5, Spotify and Sky News


Roku Streaming Player - On July 26, 2013, BSkyB launched a Now TV-branded Roku LT, allowing users to stream Now TV content to their TV, as well as being able to access content from BBC iPlayer, Demand 5, Spotify and Sky News


Roku, Inc. - On July 26, 2013, BSkyB launched a Now TV-branded Roku LT, allowing users to stream Now TV content to their TV, as well as being able to access content from BBC iPlayer, Demand 5, Spotify and Sky News


YouView - On 29 July 2013 it was revealed that the YouView partners intended to launch the service on smartphones, tablets and smart TVs, three days after BSkyB announced the £10 Now TV set-top box which streams on demand content


On 31 July 2013, BSkyB and & Microsoft announced their settlement, in which Microsoft will not appeal the ruling, and will rename its SkyDrive cloud storage service after an unspecified "reasonable period of time to allow for an orderly transition to a new brand," plus "financial and other terms, the details of which are confidential" add something


SkyDrive - On July 31, 2013 in a joint press release between BSkyB and Microsoft it was announced that a settlement had been reached and as a result the SkyDrive name will be dropped


BT TV - However, on 1 August 2013, BT was refused by rival BSkyB to broadcast Sky Sports on BT's YouView service


The Tunnel (TV series) - In the United Kingdom, &Sky Atlantic premiered the series at 9pm on Wednesday, 16 October 2013, and continued weekly until 18 December


MTV (UK and Ireland) - As of 2014, &MTV (MTV_Ireland) is available within the United Kingdom on Virgin Media, &Sky and Freeview


On 27 January 2014, Microsoft announced "that SkyDrive will soon become OneDrive" and "SkyDrive Pro" becomes "OneDrive for Business" add something


The Tunnel (TV series) - As of March 2014, it is reported that &Sky is developing a second series, although at the time the broadcaster had not yet officially commissioned it


Users are able buy individual TV episodes in SD or HD. On 3 December 2014, Sky Go became available on the PlayStation 4, followed by the PlayStation 3 on 29 January 2015 add something


In February 2015, Sky bid £4,2bn for a package of 120 premier league games across the three seasons from 2016 add something


The Tunnel (TV series) - In February 2015, &Sky announced that a second series of the show was set to air in early 2016


BBC iPlayer followed in late Autumn with 4oD which changed to All 4 on 30th March 2015, launched in early 2013 add something


On 18 November 2015, Sky announced Sky Q, a range of products and services to be available in 2016 add something


The Sky Q Silver set top box is capable of receiving and displaying UHD broadcasts, which Sky will introduce later in 2016 add something


Sky Q became available to order on February 9, 2016 add something


The Tunnel (TV series) - Consisting of eight episodes, it debuted on &Sky Atlantic on Tuesday 12 April 2016, although the video trailer on the series homepage indicated that it would start on 5 April 2016 - the debut was put back a week following the Brussels terrorist attacks on 22 March


The issue was ultimately settled in June 2016, allowing Hello Games to continue to use the name add something


MTV (UK and Ireland) - On 29 June 2016, &MTV (MTV_Ireland) Live HD ceased broadcasting on &Sky in the United Kingdom and Ireland but continues on Virgin Media


UHD broadcasts started on 13 August 2016, with the first live Premier League football match of the 2016/17 season, Hull vs Leicester City add something


On 21 October 2016, it was announced that public pre-registration for Sky's new mobile network, "Sky Mobile", would take place from 31 October 2016 add something


Karl Pilkington - He is set to write and star in a new &Sky 1 scripted sitcom called "Sick of it" in 2017


On 5 January 2017 Sky Mobile went live to the public across the UK. Coining itself as the Smarter Network, with tariffs mainly focused on data rather than traditional calls & text, effectively saving consumers money in wasted unused minutes and texts add something


On 25 January 2017, Discovery Networks announced that they were in a dispute with Sky UK over the costs of payment fees to the broadcaster add something


On 31 January 2017 at around 21:00, Sky UK revealed that they would continue to broadcast the Discovery Networks Channels by releasing the following statement: add something


Sky indicated that they will not bow down, and the channels will likely become unavailable from 1 February 2017 add something


As of 30 March 2017, Sky Mobile is offering handset deals add something


The Tunnel (TV series) - Consisting of six episodes, it premiered on &Sky Atlantic on 14 December 2017, with all episodes released on the same day


Karl Pilkington - He is set to write and star in a new &Sky 1 scripted sitcom called "Sick of it" in 2018


On 1 March 2018, it was reported that Sky UK had concluded successful negotiations with Netflix to offer Sky subscribers with access to the international streaming service add something


Comcast, the largest cable TV provider in the USA, outbid 21st Century Fox and its backer, Disney, on September 22, 2018 in an auction for control of $Sky UK add something


Its shareholders have until October 11, 2018 to accept or reject the offer add something


Sky Television (New Zealand) - On 21 February 2019, Martin Stewart replaced John Fellet as CEO. He has previously worked for BSkyB, &The_Football_Association and OSN