Knowledge Identifier: $California



Category:States of the United Statesadd

Category: Environment (330)

Launched in -5000.

Countries: United States (74%), (8%), United Kingdom (4%)

Main connections: University of California, Berkeley, University of Southern California, University of California

Linked to: Stanford University, Democratic Party, Republican Party, American Independent Party




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Please help improve it by adding dated informations, images and videos about California.


The name likely derived from the mythical island "California" in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work "The Adventures of Esplandián" by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo add something


The first European to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Spanish captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542 add something


"Californios" are the Hispanic residents native to California, who are culturally or genetically descended from the Spanish-speaking community which has existed in California since 1542, of varying Mexican American/Chicano, Criollo Spaniard, and Mestizo origin add something


Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their return trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565 add something


Some 37 years later English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed an undefined portion of the California coast in 1579 add something


The first Asians to set foot on what would be the United States occurred in 1587, when Filipino sailors arrived in Spanish ships at Morro Bay add something


Sebastián Vizcaíno explored and mapped the coast of California in 1602 for New Spain add something


A special district, defined by California Government Code § 16271 as "any agency of the state for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries", provides a limited range of services within a defined geographic area add something


The seat of government for California under Spanish and later Mexican rule had been located in Monterey from 1777 until 1845 add something


During this same period, Russian ships explored along the California coast and in 1812 established a trading post at Fort Ross add something


From the 1820s, trappers and settlers from the United States and the future Canada arrived in Northern California add something


In 1821, the Mexican War of Independence gave Mexico independence from Spain add something


Kit Carson - Young's party continued on into California trapping and trading from Sacramento to Los Angeles, returning to Taos in April, 1830 after trapping along the Colorado River


The early government of the newly independent Mexico was highly unstable, and in a reflection of this, from 1831 onwards, California experienced a series of armed disputes, both between regional areas, and revolts against the central Mexican government add something


After Mexican independence from Spain, the missions, which controlled most of the best land in the state, were secularized by 1834 and became the property of the Mexican government add something


During this tumultuous political period Juan Bautista Alvarado was able to secure the governorship from 1836 - 1842 add something


In 1846, the total settler population of the western part of the old Alta California had been estimated to be no more than 8,000, plus about 100,000 Native Americans, down from about 300,000 before Hispanic settlement in 1769 add something


Kit Carson - Mexican-American War - Carson was a courier and scout during the Mexican-American war from 1846 to 1848, celebrated for his rescue mission after the Battle of San Pasqual and his coast-to-coast journey from California to deliver news of the war to the U.S. government in Washington, D.C.


Kit Carson - Following the recapture of Los Angeles in 1846, Stockton appointed Frémont as Governor of California


Kit Carson - Frémont's California Battalion next moved south to the Mexican provincial capital of Monterey, California, where they met US Commodore Robert Stockton in mid-July 1846


Kit Carson - On August 17, 1846, Stockton declared California to be United States territory


Between 1847 and 1870, the population of San Francisco increased from 500 to 150,000 add something


After a series of defensive battles in Southern California, the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed by the Californios on January 13, 1847, securing American control in California add something


In 1848, only one week before the official American annexation of the area, gold was discovered in California, this being an event which was to forever alter both the state's demographics and its finances add something


The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom add something


Beef didn't become a commodity until the 1849 gold Rush add something


In 1849, a state Constitutional Convention was first held in Monterey add something


By the time of California's application to the US Congress for statehood in 1850, the settler population of California had multiplied to 100,000 add something


The California Gold Rush of the 1850s is still seen as a symbol of California's economic style, which tends to generate technology, social, entertainment, and economic fads and booms and related busts add something


Sacramento became California's first incorporated city on February 27, 1850 add something


On September 9, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850, California was officially admitted into the United States as an undivided free state add something


The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850 add something


Although California had entered the American union as a free state, the "loitering or orphaned Indians" were de facto enslaved by their new Anglo-American masters under the 1853 "Act for the Government and Protection of Indians" add something


By 1854, over 300,000 settlers had come add something


Kit Carson - Jasper O'Farell, an eyewitness, gave the same account in the "Los Angeles Star", September 27, 1856, as quoted in H.H. Bancroft, "History of California," 7 vols


Frederick Law Olmsted - In 1863 he went west to become the manager of the Rancho Las Mariposas-Mariposa mining estate in the Sierra Nevada mountains in California


Nineteen years afterwards, in 1869, shortly after the conclusion of the Civil War, a more direct connection was developed with the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 add something


Elizabeth Cady Stanton - She worked toward female suffrage in Wyoming, Utah, and California, and in 1878, she convinced California Senator Aaron A. Sargent to introduce a female suffrage amendment using wording similar to that of the Fifteenth Amendment passed some eight years previously


From 1899 to 1939, California had Republican governors add something


In the period from 1900 to 1965, the population grew from fewer than one million to the greatest in the Union add something


Carl Barks - By 1911, they had been successful enough to move to Santa Rosa, California


Allan Dwan - Dwan operated Flying A Studios in La Mesa, California from August, 1911 to July, 1912


Tod Browning - In 1913 Griffith split from Biograph and moved to California


Edgar Rice Burroughs - In either 1915 or 1919, Burroughs purchased a large ranch north of Los Angeles, California, which he named "Tarzana


Tod Browning - He moved back to California in 1918 and produced two more films for Metro, "The Eyes of Mystery" and "Revenge"


Carl Barks - By December 1918, he left his father's home to attempt to find a job in San Francisco, California


Meanwhile, attracted to the mild Mediterranean climate, cheap land, and the state's wide variety of geography, filmmakers established the studio system in Hollywood in the 1920s add something


Rudolph Valentino - They married on May 13, 1922, in Mexicali, which resulted in Valentino's arrest for bigamy since he had not been divorced for a full year, as required by California law at the time


Judy Garland - Following rumors that Frank Gumm had made sexual advances toward male ushers, the family relocated to Lancaster, California, in June 1926


Edgar Rice Burroughs - The citizens of the community that sprang up around the ranch voted to adopt that name when their community, Tarzana, California was formed in 1927


The 1932 and 1984 Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles add something


Gerard Kuiper - Kuiper finished his doctoral thesis on binary stars with Hertzsprung in 1933, after which he immediately traveled to California to become a fellow under Robert Grant Aitken at the Lick Observatory


Ray Bradbury - The Bradbury family moved to Los Angeles , California in 1934


Ray Bradbury - When the Bradbury family moved to Los Angeles , California in 1934, Bradbury attended &Los Angeles_High_School and was active in the drama club


One of the state's more visible landmarks, the Golden Gate Bridge, was the longest suspension bridge main span in the world at between 1937 and 1964 add something


Robert Bloch - Bloch visited Henry Kuttner in California in 1937


W. H. Auden - In April 1939 Isherwood moved to California, and he and Auden saw each other only intermittently in later years


The Arroyo Seco Parkway, connecting Los Angeles and Pasadena, opened in 1940 as the first freeway in the Western United States add something


Max Horkheimer - In 1940, Horkheimer received American citizenship and moved to the Pacific Palisades district of Los Angeles , California, where his collaboration with Adorno would yield the "Dialectic of Enlightenment


L. Ron Hubbard - He briefly commanded two anti-submarine vessels, the USS "YP-422" and USS "PC-815", in coastal waters off Massachusetts, Oregon and California in 1942 and 1943 respectively


Carole Lombard - In the early morning hours of January 16, 1942, Lombard, her mother, and Winkler boarded a Transcontinental and Western Air DC-3 airplane to return to California


Bela Lugosi - Lillian and Bela, as well as his mother, vacationed on their lake property in the Southern California community of Lake Elsinore on two lots between 1944 and 1953


Humphrey Bogart - In California in 1945, Bogart bought a sailing yacht, the "Santana", from actor Dick Powell


George S. Patton - General Patton and fellow Californian Army Air Forces Lieutenant General Jimmy Doolittle were honored on June 9, 1945, with a parade through Los Angeles, California and a reception at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum before a crowd of over 100,000 people


L. Ron Hubbard - In August 1945 Hubbard moved into the Pasadena, California mansion of John "Jack" Whiteside Parsons


Leigh Brackett - On December 31, 1946, at age 31, she married Edmond Hamilton in San Gabriel, California, and moved with him to Kinsman, Ohio


Woody Guthrie - A 1948 crash of a plane carrying 28 Mexican farm workers from Oakland, California, California, in deportation back to Mexico inspired Woody to write "Deportee "


Edgar Rice Burroughs - After the war ended, Burroughs moved back to Encino, California, where, after many health problems, he died of a heart attack on March 19, 1950, having written almost seventy novels


Lenny Bruce - In 1953, Bruce and Harlow eventually left New York for the West Coast, where they got work as a double act at the Cup and Saucer in Los Angeles , California


David Boies - In 1954, the family moved to California


L. Ron Hubbard - Hubbard later denied founding the Church of Scientology, and to this day, Scientologists maintain that the "founding church" was actually the Church of Scientology of California, established on February 18, 1954, by Scientologist Burton Farber


Jack Kerouac - While living with Snyder outside Mill Valley, California in 1956, Kerouac worked on a book centering around Snyder, which he considered calling "Visions of Gary"


Jack Kerouac - In response, Kerouac chronicled parts of his own experience with Buddhism, as well as some of his adventures with Gary Snyder and other San Francisco-area poets, in "The Dharma Bums", set in California and Washington and published in 1958


Ritchie Valens - In May 1958, Bob Keane, the owner and President of Del-Fi Records, a small Hollywood record label, was given a tip by San Fernando, California High student Doug Macchia about a young performer from Pacoima by the name of Richard Valenzuela


From 1960 to 1988, California was a Republican stronghold, with the party carrying the state's electoral votes in every election except for 1964 add something


In the 1960s, popular music groups such as The Beach Boys promoted the image of Californians as laid-back, tanned beach-goers add something


The state government adopted the California Master Plan for Higher Education in 1960 to develop a highly efficient system of public education add something


Thomas Pynchon - From the mid 1960s, Pynchon lived at 217 33rd St. in Manhattan Beach, California, in a small downstairs apartment


James Blaylock - Sharing the character of villain Ignacio Narbondo; the first is contemporary fantasy set in 1960s California, while the remainder are Steampunk novels set in Victorian England


Lenny Bruce - Bruce was arrested again in 1961, in Philadelphia , for drug possession the same year, and again in Los Angeles , California, two years later


Barry Goldwater - Goldwater was much less active as a national leader of conservatives after 1964; his supporters mostly rallied behind Ronald Reagan, who became governor of California in 1967 and the 40th President of the United States in 1981


Marion Zimmer Bradley - Afterward, she moved to Berkeley, California, to pursue graduate studies at the University of California,_Berkeley, California between 1965 and 1967


Janis Joplin - After switching managers from Chet Helms to Julius Karpen in 1966, the group signed with top artist manager Albert Grossman, whom they met for the first time at Monterey Pop. For the remainder of 1967, Big Brother performed mainly in California


Barry Goldwater - The speech prompted Reagan to seek the California Governorship in 1966 and jump-started his political career


James L. Jones - Returning to the United States in December 1968, Jones was assigned to Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California, where he served as a company commander until May 1970


Barry Goldwater - Goldwater's son Barry Goldwater, Jr. served as a United States House of Representatives member from California from 1969 to 1983


Barry Goldwater - Goldwater's son, Barry Goldwater, Jr., served as a Congressman from California from 1969 to 1983


Fritz Leiber - Jonquil's death in 1969 precipitated a move to San Francisco , California, and three years as a drunk, but he returned to his original form with a fantasy novel set in modern-day San Francisco, "Our Lady of Darkness"


Voters banned the approval of new nuclear power plants since the late 1970s because of concerns over radioactive waste disposal add something


Herve Villechaize - In addition to being an actor, Villechaize became an active member of a movement in 1970s and 1980s California to deal with child abuse and neglect, often going to crime scenes himself to help comfort abuse victims


Janis Joplin - Caserta, a former Delta Air Lines stewardess and owner of a clothing boutique in the Haight Ashbury, said that by September 1970 she had resorted to smuggling marijuana throughout California and she checked into the Landmark that month because it attracted drug users


Janis Joplin - The party, which took place October 26, 1970, at the Lion's Share, located in San Anselmo, California, was attended by Joplin's sister Laura, fiancé, Seth Morgan and close friends, including tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle, Bob Gordon, and road manager Cooke


Steve Wozniak - In 1971, one year after enrolling, Wozniak withdrew from the University of California, Berkeley and developed the computer that eventually made him famous


Woody Guthrie - Lorinna had no further contact with her birth parents and died in 1973 at the age of nineteen in a car accident in California


James Blaylock - He was born in Long Beach, California, California; studied English at California State University, Fullerton, receiving an M.A. in 1974; and lives in Orange, California, California, teaching creative writing at Chapman University


Amy Tan - She resides in Sausalito, California, with her husband, Louis DeMattei, a tax attorney whom she met on a blind date and married in 1974


L. Ron Hubbard - He returned to the United States in 1975 and went into seclusion in the California desert


David Letterman - In 1975, encouraged by his then-wife Michelle and several of his Sigma Chi fraternity brothers, Letterman moved to Los Angeles, California, with hope of becoming a comedy writer


California has experienced disputes over water rights; and a tax revolt, culminating with the passage of Proposition 13 in 1978, limiting state property taxes add something


Leigh Brackett - She died of cancer in 1978 in Lancaster, California


Steve Wozniak - He was initiated in 1979 at Charity Lodge No. 362 in Campbell, California, now part of Mt. Moriah Lodge No. 292 in Los Gatos, California, California


L. Ron Hubbard - He went into hiding in April 1979, moving to an apartment in Hemet, California, where his only contact with the outside world was via ten trusted Messengers


California's prison population grew from 25,000 in 1980 to over 170,000 in 2007 add something


Thomas Pynchon - A spate of letters authored under that name had appeared in the late 1980s in the "Anderson Valley Advertiser" in Anderson Valley, California


Thomas Pynchon - In the late 1980s, author Robert Clark Young prevailed upon his father, an employee of the California Department of Motor Vehicles, to look up Pynchon's driving record, using Pynchon's full name and known birth date


Thomas Pynchon - The novel is set in California in the 1980s and 1960s, and describes the relationship between an FBI COINTELPRO agent and a female radical filmmaker


Steve Wozniak - On February 7, 1981, the Beechcraft Bonanza A36TC Wozniak was piloting crashed soon after takeoff from the Sky Park Airport in Scotts Valley, California


James L. Jones - He was selected to attend the National War College in Washington, D.C. Following graduation in June 1985, he was assigned to command the 3rd Battalion, 9th Marines, 1st Marine Division, at Camp Pendleton, California, from July 1985 to July 1987


Hank Greenberg - Greenberg died of cancer in Beverly Hills, California, in 1986, and his remains were entombed at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery, in Culver City, California, California


L. Ron Hubbard - He spent the remaining years of his life on his ranch near Creston, California, where he died in 1986


Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988 add something


Mel Blanc - He died within 48 hours on July 10, 1989 at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles , California


However, according to the $Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, since 1990 almost 3,4 million Californians have moved to other states, with most leaving to Texas, Nevada, and Arizona add something


Since 1990, California has generally elected Democratic candidates to federal, state and local offices, including current Governor Gavin_Newsom; however, the state has elected Republican Governors, though many of its Republican Governors, such as Arnold Schwarzenegger, tend to be considered moderate Republicans and more centrist than the national party add something


Thomas Pynchon - The disclosure of Pynchon's 1990s location in New York City , after many years in which he was believed to be dividing his time between Mexico and northern California, led some journalists and photographers to try to track him down


Thomas Pynchon - The style and content of those letters were said to resemble Pynchon's, and Pynchon's "Vineland", published in 1990, takes place in northern California, so it was suggested that Pynchon may have been in the area at that time, conducting research


Yet since 1991, and starting in the late 1980s in Southern California, California has seen a net loss of domestic migrants in most years add something


Charles Goren - Goren died in 1991 in Encino, California, at the age of 90


Charles Goren - Goren died on April 3, 1991, in Encino, California, at the age of 90


However, Democrats have won all of California's electoral votes since 1992 add something


In 1992, California became the first state to have a Senate delegation entirely composed of women add something


Sonny Bono - Bono was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1994 to represent California's 44th congressional district


George Peppard - Peppard died on May 8, 1994, in Los Angeles , California


Larry Gelbart - In 1995, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him


The California High-Speed Rail Authority was created in 1996 by the state to implement an extensive rail system add something


Linus Torvalds - After a visit to Transmeta in late 1996, Torvalds accepted a position at the company in California, where he would work from February 1997 until June 2003


Max Horkheimer - Berkeley: University of California Press, 1996


Hani Hanjour - He came back to the United States in 1996, studying English in California before he began taking flying lessons in Arizona


Sonny Bono - In 1996, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him


Brownie McGhee - McGhee died from stomach cancer in February 1996 in Oakland, California, California at age 80; he missed his planned return trip to Australia


Hani Hanjour - In April 1996, Hanjour returned to the United States, staying with family friends, Susan and Adnan Khalil, in Miramar, Florida for a month before heading to Oakland, California, California to study English and attend flight school


Charles C. Krulak - Sons of the Revolution - In 1997 General Krulak became a Life Member of the Sons of the Revolution in the State of California


Sonny Bono - Bono died on January 5, 1998 of injuries sustained when he hit a tree while skiing on the Nevada side of Heavenly Ski Resort near South Lake Tahoe, California


Marion Zimmer Bradley - After suffering declining health for years, Bradley died at Alta Bates Medical Center in Berkeley, California on September 25, 1999, four days after suffering a debilitating heart attack


Along with the rest of the United States, California's immigration pattern has shifted over the course of the late 2000s-early 2010s add something


Between 2000 and 2009, there was a natural increase of 3,090,016 add something


Milton Berle - Less than one year after the announcement, Berle died on March 27, 2002 in Los Angeles , California from colon cancer


Voters passed Proposition 71 in 2004 to fund stem cell research, and Proposition 14 in 2010 to completely change the state's primary election process add something


According to a 2005 report by the Congressional Research Service, the San Joaquin Valley was characterized as one of the most economically depressed regions in the United States, on par with the region of Appalachia add something


The number of migrants arrested attempting to cross the Mexican border in the Southwest decreased from a high of 1,1 million in 2005 to 367,000 in 2011 add something


Olivia Newton-John - McDermott disappeared following a 2005 fishing trip off the California coast


The "American Jewish Year Book" placed the total Jewish population of California at about 1,194,190 in 2006 add something


Rudolph Valentino - In 2006, the Italians planned a one-off film festival to celebrate the opening of the Museo Rodolfo Valentino. In May 2010, the American Society held The Rudolph Valentino Film Festival in Los Angeles , California


Peter David - On February 11, 2006, David announced at the WonderCon convention in California in that he had signed an exclusive contract with Marvel Comics


John Cleese - It played in universities in California and Arizona from 10 January to 25 March 2006 under the title "Seven Ways to Skin an Ocelot"


A 2007 study concluded that California's public school system was "broken" in that it suffered from over-regulation add something


A survey conducted between 2007 and 2009 identified 23 different indigenous languages of Mexico that are spoken among California farmworkers add something


Computers and electronic products are California's top export, accounting for 42 percent of all the state's exports in 2008 add something


In 2008, Californians passed Proposition 20 to empower a 14-member independent citizen commission to redraw districts for both local politicians and Congress add something


In 2008, those unaffiliated with any religion represented 21 percent of the population add something


This is a change from 2008, when the population identified their religion with the Catholic Church with 31 percent; Evangelical Protestants with 18 percent; and Mainline Protestants with 14 percent add something


Linus Torvalds - In 2008, he was inducted into the Hall of Fellows of the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California


Majel Barrett - Barrett-Roddenberry died on December 18, 2008, at her home in Bel Air, Los Angeles , California, as a result of leukemia


By the end of 2009, the California DMV had 26,555,006 driver's licenses and ID cards on file add something


The state of California's own statistics show a population of 38,292,687 for January 1, 2009 add something


Majel Barrett - A public funeral was held on January 4, 2009, in Los Angeles , California, United_States


Larry Gelbart - Gelbart was diagnosed with cancer in June and died at his Beverly Hills, California home on September 11, 2009


In 2010, Los Angeles County was the largest origin of military recruits in the United States by county, with 1,437 individuals enlisting in the military add something


In 2010, California residents were ranked first among the states with the best average credit score of 754 add something


In 2010, there were 1,17 million new vehicle registrations in force add something


In 2010, there were more than 663,000 millionaires in the state, more than any other state in the nation add something


Starting in the year 2010, for the first time since the California Gold Rush, California-born residents make up the majority of the state's population add something


After June 8, 2010, when Proposition 14 was approved, excepting only the United States President and county central committee offices, At the primary election, the two candidates with the top votes will advance to the general election regardless of party affiliation add something


Blake Edwards - On December 15, 2010, Edwards died of complications of pneumonia at the Saint John's Health Center in Santa Monica, California


According to the USDA in 2011, the three largest California agricultural products by value were milk and cream, shelled almonds, and grapes add something


As of fall 2011, the University of California had a combined student body of 234,464 students add something


In total for 2011, there were 277,304 immigrants add something


Allan Dwan - On August 12, 2011, a plaque was unveiled on the Wolff building at Third Ave and La Mesa, California Bl commemorating Dwan and the Flying A Studios origins in La Mesa, California


" New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012 add something


Ray Bradbury - Bradbury died in Los Angeles , California, on June 5, 2012, at the age of 91, after a lengthy illness


In October 2012, out of the 23,802,577 people eligible to vote, 18,245,970 people were registered to vote add something


California is home to two major nuclear power plants: Diablo Canyon and San Onofre, the latter having been shut down in 2013 add something


David Boies - Same-sex marriages resumed in California on June 28, 2013


The largest religious denominations by number of adherents as a percentage of California's population in 2014 were the Catholic Church with 28 percent, Evangelical Protestants with 20 percent, and Mainline Protestants with 10 percent add something


As of the 2016 presidential election, California was the 2nd most democratic state behind Hawaii add something


Orange County had remained largely Republican until the 2016 and 2018 elections, in which a majority of the county's votes were cast for Democratic candidates add something


A twelfth, Super Bowl 50, was held at Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara on February 7, 2016 add something


Steve Wozniak - On June 8, 2016, Wozniak was a speaker at a Salesforce event in San Francisco, California, held at the Warfield theater


Hugh Hefner - Hefner died at his home in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles, California, on September 27, 2017, at the age of 91


Following the 2018 midterm House elections, Democrats won 46 out of 53 congressional house seats in California, leaving Republicans with 7 add something