California Institute of Technology

Knowledge Identifier: &California_Institute_of_Technology

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California Institute of Technology

Private research university located in Pasadena, California, United States add

Category: Sciences

Founded in 1891.

Countries: United States (63%), (17%), United Kingdom (6%)

Main connections: California, Linus Pauling, University of Chicago

Linked to: NASA, Occidental College, Times Higher Education World University Rankings, University of Chicago

 

Timeline


 

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1891

Although founded as a preparatory and vocational school by Amos G. Throop in 1891, the college attracted influential scientists such as George Ellery Hale, Arthur Amos Noyes, and Robert Andrews Millikan in the early 20th century add something


1900

Ernest A. Batchelder - Batchelder came to Pasadena, California, California, in the early 1900s to teach, and became director of the art department at Throop Polytechnic Institute, the predecessor of the California Institute of Technology


1904

At a time when scientific research in the United States was still in its infancy, George Ellery Hale, a solar astronomer from the University of Chicago, founded the Mount Wilson Observatory in 1904 add something


1907

He joined Throop's board of trustees in 1907, and soon began developing it and the whole of Pasadena into a major scientific and cultural destination add something

 

The school was known successively as "'Throop University"', "'Throop Polytechnic Institute"' , The vocational school was disbanded and the preparatory program was split off to form an independent Polytechnic School in 1907 add something

 

Howard Hawks - The family settled in a house down the street from Throop Polytechnic Institute (which would eventually become California Institute of Technology), and the Hawks children began attending the school's Polytechnic Elementary School in 1907.


1908

He engineered the appointment of James A. B. Scherer, a literary scholar untutored in science but a capable administrator and fund raiser, to Throop's presidency in 1908 add something


1910

The vocational and preparatory schools were disbanded and spun off in 1910, and the college assumed its present name in 1921 add something


1911

Theodore Roosevelt delivered an address at Throop Institute on March 21, 1911, and he declared: add something


1915

Caltech's mascot is the Beaver, and its teams play in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, which Caltech co-founded in 1915 add something


1917

In 1917 Hale hired architect Bertram Goodhue to produce a master plan for the campus add something

 

The new funds were designated for physics research, and ultimately lead to the establishment of the Norman Bridge Laboratory, which attracted experimental physicist Robert Andrews Millikan from the University of Chicago in 1917 add something


1920

Under the leadership of Hale, Noyes and Millikan , Caltech grew to national prominence in the 1920s and concentrated on the development of Roosevelt's "Hundredth Man" add something


1921

Millikan served as "Chairman of the Executive Council" from 1921 to 1945, and his influence was such that the Institute was occasionally referred to as "Millikan's School add something

 

Robert Andrews Millikan - In 1921 Millikan left the University of Chicago to become director of the Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California

 

On November 29, 1921, the trustees declared it to be the express policy of the Institute to pursue scientific research of the greatest importance and at the same time "to continue to conduct thorough courses in engineering and pure science, basing the work of these courses on exceptionally strong instruction in the fundamental sciences of mathematics, physics, and chemistry; broadening and enriching the curriculum by a liberal amount of instruction in such subjects as English, history, and economics; and vitalizing all the work of the Institute by the infusion in generous measure of the sp add something


1922

Alfred G. Knudson - Born in Los Angeles in 1922, Knudson received his B.S. from California Institute of Technology in 1944, his M.D. from Columbia University in 1947 and his Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology in 1956

 

Lewis Stadler - He joined the Department of Field Crops faculty in 1922, and remained at Missouri until 1954, acting as visiting professor at the California Institute of Technology , and Yale University


 

In 1923, Millikan was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics add something


1925

In 1925, the school established a department of geology and hired William Bennett Munro, chairman of the division of History, Government, and Economics at Harvard University, to create a division of humanities and social sciences at Caltech add something


1926

In 1926, a graduate school of aeronautics was created, which eventually attracted Theodore von Kármán add something

 

Vacuum interrupter - In 1926, a group led by Royal Sorensen at the California Institute of Technology investigated vacuum switching and tested several devices; fundamental aspects of arc interruption in a vacuum were investigated

 

Vacuum interrupter - In 1926, a group led by Royal Sorensen at the California Institute of Technology investigated vacuum switching and tested several devices; fundamental aspects of arc interruption in a vacuum were investigated


1927

J. Robert Oppenheimer - Oppenheimer was awarded a United States National Research Council fellowship to the California Institute of Technology in September 1927.


1928

In 1928, a division of biology was established under the leadership of Thomas Hunt Morgan, the most distinguished biologist in the United States at the time, and discoverer of the role of genes and the chromosome in heredity add something

 

In 1928, construction of the Palomar Observatory began add something

 

Thomas Hunt Morgan - Morgan moved to California to head the Division of Biology at the California Institute of Technology in 1928.


1930

In 1930, Kerckhoff Marine Laboratory was established in Corona del Mar under the care of Professor George MacGinitie add something

 

L. Sprague de Camp - An aeronautical engineer by profession, De Camp conducted his undergraduate studies at the California Institute of Technology , and earned his Bachelor of Science degree from Caltech in Aeronautical Engineering 1930

 

Theodosius Dobzhansky - He followed Morgan to the California Institute of Technology from 1930 to 1940.


1931

Albert Einstein arrived on the Caltech campus for the first time in 1931 to polish up his Theory of General Relativity, and he returned to Caltech subsequently as a visiting professor in 1932 and 1933 add something


1934

In 1934, Caltech was elected to the Association of American Universities, and the antecedents of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, which Caltech continues to manage and operate, were established between 1936 and 1943 under Theodore von Kármán add something

 

Edward E. Simmons - Simmons attended the California Institute of Technology, where he received a B.S. in 1934 and an M.S. in 1936


1936

Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles County) - Early rocket-engine-testing began in the Arroyo Seco in 1936 and this led to the establishment of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the mouth of the Arroyo Seco by the California Institute of Technology

 

Arroyo Seco (Los Angeles County) - Early rocket-engine-testing began in the Arroyo Seco in 1936 and this led to the establishment of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the mouth of the Arroyo Seco by the California Institute of Technology

 

Dean Wooldridge - Like his future colleague Simon Ramo, Wooldridge went on to study at the California Institute of Technology, from which he received his doctorate of physics in 1936


1938

Boller and Chivens - See California Institute of Technology, "Engineering and Science", "News of Classes," Volume 1:4, March 1938, at ://calteches


1939

Linus Pauling pioneered quantum chemistry and molecular biology, and went on to discover the nature of the chemical bond in 1939 add something

 

Victor Wouk - He got his bachelor's degree from Columbia University in 1939 and graduated in 1942 as PhD from the California Institute of Technology with a thesis titled "Static electricity generated during the distribution of gasolene"


1940

Mark Muir Mills - He received his B.S. from the California Institute of Technology in 1940


1942

Robert N. Hall - He studied at California Institute of Technology, receiving the B.S. in 1942 and the Ph.D. in 1948

 

Arthur Pardee - Pardee received his Bachelor of Science degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1942 while his Masters and PhD degrees were earned at the California Institute of Technology under the mentorship of Linus Pauling, who he considered to be the greatest chemist of the 20th century


1947

Benoit Mandelbrot - From 1947 to 1949 he studied at California Institute of Technology, where he earned a master's degree in aeronautics


1948

A 200-inch telescope was dedicated on nearby Palomar Mountain in 1948 and remained the world's most powerful optical telescope for over forty years add something


1950

Martin Karplus - He received a BA degree from Harvard University in 1950, and a Ph.D. from California Institute of Technology in 1953 while working with Linus Pauling


1952

CPK coloring - In 1952, Corey and Pauling published a description of space-filling models of proteins and other biomolecules that they had been building at Caltech

 

CPK coloring - In 1952, Corey and Pauling published a description of space-filling models of proteins and other biomolecules that they had been building at Caltech

 

Space-filling model - In 1952, Robert Corey and Linus Pauling described accurate scale models of molecules which they had built at Caltech

 

Space-filling model - In 1952, Robert Corey and Linus Pauling described accurate scale models of molecules which they had built at Caltech


1954

Stanley Miller - After completing a doctorate, Miller moved to the California Institute of Technology as a F. B. Jewett Fellow in 1954 and 1955


1955

Because his aging mother was living in Palo Alto, California at the time, Shockley decided to establish his laboratory near her in 1955, in neighboring Mountain View, California, and thus, Shockley became the founding Director of the Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory division of Beckman Instruments add something

 

T. Neil Davis - Born in Greeley, Colorado, Davis received his B.S in geophysics from University of Alaska Fairbanks in 1955, an M.S. in geophysics from California Institute of Technology in 1957, and a Ph.D in geophysics from University of Alaska Fairbanks in 1961


1956

Shockley was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in physics in 1956, but his aggressive management style and odd personality at the Shockley Lab became unbearable add something

 

Raymond L. Orbach - Orbach received a Bachelor of Science degree in Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1956 and a Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1960


1957

In late 1957, eight of his researchers, known now as the "traitorous eight" , resigned and joined Fairchild Camera and Instruments nearby to form a semiconductor division add something

 

C. Gordon Fullerton - He received Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, California, in 1957 and 1958, respectively

 

Harrison Schmitt - He received a B.S. degree in geology from the California Institute of Technology in 1957 and spent a year for graduate studying geology at the University of Oslo in Norway


1960

James Earl Baumgartner - Baumgartner was born in Wichita, Kansas, Kansas, began his undergraduate study at the California Institute of Technology in 1960, transferred to the University of California, Berkeley, from which he received his PhD in 1970 from for a dissertation entitled "Results and Independence Proofs in Combinatorial Set Theory"

 

William Andrew Goddard III - He obtained his B.S. from the University of California, Los Angeles , in 1960 and his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology, 1965


1961

But the most famous of all occurred during the 1961 Rose Bowl Game, where Caltech students altered the flip-cards that were raised by the stadium attendees to display "Caltech", and several other "unintended" messages add something


1964

George Zweig - He earned a PhD degree in theoretical physics at the California Institute of Technology in 1964

 

Hans Heilbronn - He stayed at the California Institute of Technology for a while, moved on to Toronto, where he was Professor of Mathematics at the &University_of_Toronto from 1964 to 1975

 

Daniel Kevles - He was previously a professor of the humanities at the California Institute of Technology, where he served as faculty chair, from 1964 to 2001


1965

Robert Barro - Barro graduated with a B.S. in physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1965, where he learned under Richard Feynman, but realized he "wouldn't be close to the top in those fields"


1966

Saul Adelman - Adelman received his bachelor's degree in physics from the University of Maryland in 1966 and his PhD in astronomy from the California Institute of Technology in 1972

 

N. Katherine Hayles - She received her B.S. in Chemistry from the Rochester Institute of Technology in 1966, and her M.S. in Chemistry from the California Institute of Technology in 1969


1968

Caltech undergraduates have historically been so apathetic to politics that there has been only one organized student protest in January 1968 outside the Burbank studios of & NBC, in response to rumors that NBC was to cancel Star Trek add something


1970

Robert C. Merton - He earned a Bachelor of Science in Engineering Mathematics from the School of Engineering and Applied Science of Columbia University, a Masters of Science from the California Institute of Technology, and his doctorate in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970 under the guidance of Paul Anthony Samuelson

 

Richard Easterlin - He was a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences from 1970 to 1971, was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1978, was the Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at the California Institute of Technology from 1980 to 1981, was elected a Fellow of the Econometric Society in 1983, was awarded the Burlington Northern Faculty Achievement Award at the University of Southern California in 1987, was appointed to the Board of Directors as the Representative of the Economic History Association to the National Bureau of Economic Research fro


1971

In 1971 a magnitude-6,6 earthquake in San Fernando caused some damage to the Caltech campus add something


1973

In 1973, the students from Dabney House protested a presidential visit with a sign on the library bearing the simple phrase "Impeach Nixon" add something

 

David Brin - In 1973, he graduated from the California Institute of Technology with a Bachelor of Science in astrophysics


1974

Stephen Hawking - In 1974, he accepted the Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar visiting professorship at the California Institute of Technology to work with his friend, Kip Thorne, who was a faculty member there.

 

Richard F. Lyon - Lyon attended Caltech to earn a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering, graduating in 1974


1975

Mustafa A.G. Abushagur - In 1975, Abushagur moved to Pasadena, California to continue his education at the California Institute of Technology


1977

Lawrence Paulson - Paulson graduated from the California Institute of Technology in 1977, and obtained his PhD in Computer Science from Stanford University


1979

Margaret Burbidge - During her career, she served at the University of London Observatory, Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago, Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England, the California Institute of Technology, and, from 1979 to 1988, was first director of the Center for Astronomy and Space Sciences at the University of California at San Diego , where she has worked since 1962

 

Hua Luogeng - In 1979 he was a visiting research fellow of the Science Research Council of the United Kingdom at the University of Birmingham and during 1983-84 he was Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at the California Institute of Technology


1980

Ametek - During the 1980s, one AMETEK group partnered with the California Institute of Technology to assemble hypercube topology computers


1981

Anirvan Ghosh - After completing high school at Central School IIT Kanpur, he moved to the U.S. in 1981 to pursue his undergraduate education at the California Institute of Technology


1983

Carolyn Porco - She received her PhD in 1983 from the California Institute of Technology in the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences


1984

The two most famous in recent history are the changing of the Hollywood Sign to read "Caltech", by judiciously covering up certain parts of the letters, and the changing of the scoreboard to read Caltech 38, MIT 9 during the 1984 Rose Bowl Game add something

 

Tim de Zeeuw - From 1984, he worked in the USA, first as a long-term Member at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, then, from 1988, as a Senior Research Fellow at the California Institute of Technology


1986

The project was established in 1986 to assemble, preserve, translate, and publish papers selected from the literary estate of Albert Einstein and from other collections add something

 

Garrett Reisman - Reisman was born in Morristown, New Jersey, New Jersey and is a 1986 graduate of Parsippany High School, a 1991 graduate of the Jerome Fisher Program in Management and Technology at the University of Pennsylvania, and received his Masters and Doctorate degrees in Mechanical Engineering from the California Institute of Technology in 1992 and 1997, respectively

 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - The current chancellor is Holden Thorp, who earned a bachelor of science degree from UNC in 1986, a PhD in chemistry from the California Institute of Technology in 1989, and was a postdoctoral associate at Yale University from 1989 to 1990


1990

Through the late 1990s, the only exception to the Honor Code, implemented earlier in the decade in response to changes in federal regulations, concerned the sexual harassment policy add something


1991

Arthur Mutambara - He was later educated on a Rhodes Scholarship in 1991,at Merton College, Oxford in the United Kingdom where he obtained a PhD in Robotics and Mechatronics, and in the United States where he spent time as a visiting Fellow in the same field, including both California Institute of Technology, &Massachusetts_Institute_of_Technology and Florida A & M University - Florida State University College of Engineering


1992

Chris Adami - Adami was a Division Prize Fellow in the lab of Steven E. Koonin at the California Institute of Technology from 1992-1995, and was subsequently on the Caltech faculty as a Senior Research Associate


1994

Jerrold E. Marsden - He was one of the founders of the Fields Institute in Toronto, Canada, and directed it until 1994; at the California Institute of Technology he was the Carl F. Braun Professor of Engineering and Control & Dynamical Systems


1996

It was their first Division III victory since 1996 add something


1997

David Baltimore - He served as president of the California Institute of Technology from 1997 to 2006, and is currently the President Emeritus and Robert Andrews Millikan Professor of Biology at Caltech

 

David Baltimore - On May 13, 1997, Baltimore was appointed president of the California Institute of Technology


2000

Since 2000, the Einstein Papers Project has been located at Caltech add something


2001

Geraint Rees - He worked as a postdoctoral fellow in Christof Koch's laboratory at the California Institute of Technology for two years before returning to the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College London in 2001


2002

The women's program, which entered the SCIAC in 2002, garnered their first conference win add something

 

Richard McKelvey - He was an Econometric Society fellow, and was the Edie and Lew Wasserman Professor of Political Science at the California Institute of Technology until his death, from cancer, in 2002

 

Richard Serra - In 2002, an installation titled Vectors was to be built at the California Institute of Technology from the bequest of Eli Broad.


2005

In 2005, Caltech had dedicated to research: to physical sciences, to engineering, and to biological sciences add something

 

In 2005, a group of Caltech students pulled a string of pranks during MIT's Campus Preview Weekend for admitted students add something

 

The four south houses closed for renovation in 2005 and reopened in 2006 add something

 

Kim Weaver - In 2005 she was on special assignment to the California Institute of Technology as the Spitzer Program Scientist for NASA


2006

Venus - Alex Alemi's and David Stevenson's 2006 study of models of the early Solar System at the California Institute of Technology shows Venus likely had at least one moon created by a huge impact event billions of years ago

 

MIT retaliated in April 2006, when students posing as the Howe & Ser Moving Company stole the 130-year-old, 1,7-ton Fleming House cannon and moved it over 3000 miles to their campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts for their 2006 Campus Preview Weekend, repeating a similar prank performed by nearby Harvey Mudd College in 1986 add something

 

Thirty members of Fleming House traveled to MIT and reclaimed their cannon on April 10, 2006 add something

 

Former Georgia Tech provost Jean-Lou Chameau became the eighth president of Caltech on September 1, 2006, replacing David Baltimore who had served since 1997 add something


2007

In 2007, 2008, and 2009, the women's table tennis team competed in nationals add something

 

"Journal of Religion and Film", Vol. 11, No. 1, 1 April 2007 add something

 

On April 13, 2007 , a group of students from "The California Tech", Caltech's campus newspaper, arrived and distributed ://tech add something

 

Leyan Lo - Leyan graduated from California Institute of Technology in June 2007 with a Bachelor of Science in Physics


2008

As of 2008, 1891 patents were granted to Caltech researchers since 1969 add something

 

Irving Kanarek - In November 2008, a stage play premiered at Caltech in Pasadena, California, entitled "Rocket Girl", about the life of Mary Sherman Morgan, a former co-worker of Kanarek at North American Aviation


2009

New additions to the campus include the Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics and the Walter and Leonore Annenberg Center for Information Science and Technology, which opened in 2009, and the Warren and Katherine Schlinger Laboratory for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering followed in March 2010 add something

 

Jacqueline Barton - She was named chair of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of California Institute of Technology, effective July 1, 2009

 

In December 2009, some Caltech students declared that MIT had been sold and had become the Caltech East campus add something


2010

As of 2010, Caltech has 31 Nobel laureates to its name add something

 

In late 2010, Caltech completed a 1,3 MW solar array projected to produce approximately 1,6 GWh in 2011 add something

 

One alumnus, Stanislav Smirnov, won the Fields Medal in 2010 add something

 

The United States National Research Council released its latest "Assessment of Research Doctorate Programs" in 2010, and 23 of the 24 graduate programs of Caltech were ranked within the top four programs in the nation in their size quartile as determined by both the R95 and S95 rankings add something

 

In September 2010, MIT students attempted to put a TARDIS, the time machine from the BBC's Doctor Who, onto a roof add something


2011

A TEDx was organized in 2011, called TEDxCaltech add something

 

According to the "U.S. News & World Report's" Best Graduate Schools 2011 ranking, "California Institute of Technology headlines the new rankings, with top billing in three categories: chemistry, earth sciences and physics add something

 

Caltech was ranked 1st internationally in 2011 and 2012 by the "Times Higher Education World University Rankings" add something

 

Shanghai Jiao Tong University's "Academic Ranking of World Universities", a ranking with an emphasis on bibliometric data and scientific research, ranked Caltech 6th in the world and 5th in the U.S. for 2011 add something

 

Carolyn Porco - And in 2011 she won the Distinguished Alumni *award from the California Institute of Technology, the highest honor regularly bestowed by Caltech

 

In January 2011, Caltech students in conjunction with MIT students helped put the TARDIS on top of Baxter add something

 

Until their win over Occidental on February 22, 2011 the team had not won a game in conference play since 1985 add something

 

In December 2011, Caltech students went to New York and pulled a prank on Manhattan's Greenwich Village add something


2012

In 2012, the Center for World University Rankings ranked Caltech fifth in the world and fourth nationally in its CWUR World University Rankings add something

 

Maria Spiropulu - Spiropulu was a senior research physicist at CERN until 2012, and has been a professor at the California Institute of Technology since 2009


2013

The new core curriculum effective from the 2013-2014 academic year reduces the math and physics requirements to three terms each, but most option requirements still require about five terms of math and physics add something

 

"U.S. News & World Report" ranked Caltech as the 10th best university in the United States in their 2013 national college rankings, together with Dartmouth College add something

 

On February 2, 2013, CIT's baseball team ended a 228-game losing streak, the team's first win in nearly 10 years add something

 

Jean-Lou Chameau, the current president, announced on February 19, 2013, that he would be stepping down to accept the presidency at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology add something

 

Shih Choon Fong - He was succeeded by Caltech president Jean-Lou Chameau in July 2013

 

Caltech announced its ninth president, Thomas F. Rosenbaum, on October 24, 2013, and he would begin his term on July 1, 2014, taking over the helm from Edward M. Stolper, the interim president and provost add something

 

Thomas F. Rosenbaum was announced to be the ninth president of Caltech on October 24, 2013 add something


2014

Virgil Griffith - In 2014 Griffith received his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology under Christof Koch in computation and neural systems

 

In April 2014, during MIT's Campus Preview Weekend, a group of Caltech students handed out mugs emblazoned with the MIT logo on the front and the words "The Institute of Technology" on the back add something


2015

"U.S. News & World Report" ranked Caltech as the 10th best university in the United States in their 2015 national college rankings add something

 

ETH Zurich - In 2015, Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked ETH Zürich 9th overall in the world and 8th in the world in the field of Engineering & Technology, just behind the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, &Princeton_University, Cambridge University, Imperial College London and Oxford University

 

Richard Ellis (astronomer) - After 16 years at Caltech, in September 2015 he returned to Europe via the *award of a European Research Council Advanced Research Grant held at University College London


2016

"U.S. News & World Report" ranked Caltech as tied for the 10th best university in the United States in their 2016 national rankings, with the graduate programs in chemistry and earth sciences ranked first in the nation add something


2017

Prior to the entering class of 2017, Caltech requires students to take a core curriculum of three terms of mathematics, three terms of physics, two terms of chemistry, one term of biology, two terms of lab courses, one terms of scientific communication, three terms of physical education, and 12 terms of humanities and social science add something

 

Linus Pauling - This publication was honored by a Citation for Chemical Breakthrough *award from the Division of History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society presented to the Department of Chemistry, Caltech, in 2017


 

As of March 2018, Caltech alumni, faculty and researchers include 72 Nobel Laureates , 4 Fields Medalist, and 6 Turing award winners add something