Camorra

Knowledge Identifier: &Camorra

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Camorra

Italian Mafia-type, by Umberto Santino, in add

Category: Terrorism

Founded in 1417.

Countries: Italy (45%), United States (18%), Japan (11%)

Main connections: Roberto Saviano, Nicholas Morello, Raffaele Cutolo

Linked to: Carabinieri, Mafia, Russian Mafia, Europol

 

Timeline


 

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1417

It may date back to the 16th century as a direct descendant of a Spanish secret society, the Garduña, founded in 1417 add something


1735

The first official use of the word dates from 1735, when a royal decree authorised the establishment of eight gambling houses in Naples add something


1799

The Camorra first emerged during the chaotic power vacuum in the years between 1799-1815, when a Neapolitan Republic was proclaimed on the wave of the French Revolution and the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty add something


1820

The first official mention of the Camorra as an organisation dates from 1820, when police records detail a disciplinary meeting of the Camorra, a tribunal known as the "Gran Mamma" add something


1842

Another statute was discovered in 1842, including initiation rites and funds set aside for the families of those imprisoned add something


1848

Another qualitative leap was the agreement of the liberal opposition and the Camorra, following the defeat in the 1848 revolution add something


1892

Ferdinando Russo - He wrote the poem "Canzone 'e Ciccio Cappuccio," immortalising the legendary Camorra chief Ciccio Cappuccio when he died in 1892


1897

Ferdinando Russo - He was the author of a small volume, "La Camorra", about organized crime in Naples , serialized in five installments in 1897 in "Il Mattino", still the largest Neapolitan daily newspaper


1911

At the first mass trial against the Camorra in 1911-12, Captain Carlo Fabroni of the Carabinieri gave testimony on how complicated it was to successfully prosecute the Camorra: "The Camorrist has no political ideals add something


1914

Nicholas Morello - Mafia-Camorra War - Along with his half-brother Giuseppe Morello and brothers Ciro and Vincenzo Terranova, he founded the Morello crime family, and was later one of the participants in the Mafia-Camorra War of 1914-17


1915

Nicholas Morello - In 1915, Brooklyn Camorra leader Pellegrino Morano began moving in on the Morello family's Manhattan territory of East Harlem and Greenwich Village after a Neapolitan ally of the Morello family, Goisue Gallucci was killed in East Harlem


1916

Giuseppe Morello - His half brother Nicolo took over control until 1916 when he was killed by the Napolitan Camorra boss in Brooklyn, Pellegrino Morano

 

Nicholas Morello - In 1916, members of the Morello family killed Camorra member Nick Del Guido


1919

Nicholas Morello - With Morano and top members of the Camorra sentenced to life imprisonment the war ended soon after and the Neapolitan Camorra was assimilated into the Sicilian Mafia by 1919


1958

Francesco Rosi - His emergence as a director is considered to be his 1958 film "La sfida" , based on the story of Camorra boss Pasquale Simonetti, known as "Pasquale 'e Nola", and Pupetta Maresca


1970

In the 1970s and 1980s Raffaele Cutolo made an attempt to unify the Camorra families in the manner of the Sicilian Mafia, by forming the New Organized Camorra , but this proved unsuccessful add something

 

Raffaele Cutolo - At the end of the 1970s two different types of Camorra organisations were beginning to take shape

 

Sacra Corona Unita - The SCU was originally founded in the late 1970s as the "'Nuova Grande & Camorra Pugliese"' by Camorra boss Raffaele Cutolo, who wanted to expand his operations into Puglia


1980

Many Camorra members and associates fled the internecine gang warfare and Italian Justice and emigrated to the United States in the 1980s add something

 

Saviano alleges that from the 1980s, Italian gangsters ran a network of lucrative businesses in the city as well as many illegal rackets add something

 

The Camorra made a fortune in reconstruction after an earthquake ravaged the Campania region in 1980 add something


1983

In 1983, Italian law enforcement estimated that there were only about a dozen Camorra clans add something


1987

By 1987, the number had risen to 26, and in the following year, a report from the Naples flying squad reported their number as 32 add something


1990

'Ndrangheta - Despite not being as famous abroad as the Sicilian Cosa Nostra, and having been considered more rural compared to the Neapolitan Camorra and the Apulian Sacra Corona Unita, the 'Ndrangheta became the most powerful crime syndicate of Italy in the late 1990s and early 2000s


1993

In 1993, the FBI estimated that there were 200 Camorristi in the United States add something

 

The mayor of Naples, Antonio Bassolino, compared the arrest to that of Sicilian Mafia chief Salvatore Riina in 1993 add something


1994

Antonio Gava - On September 21, 1994, he was arrested for conspiring in a "perverse circuit of criminal enterprise" with the Camorra, the Neapolitan crime organization


1998

In 1998, police took a leading Camorra figure into custody add something


2003

Augusto would eventually become a pentito in January 2003, confessing to over 40 murders and his example would be followed by many of his men add something


2004

In 2004 and 2005 the Di Lauro clan and the so-called Scissionisti fought a bloody feud which came to be known in the Italian press as the Scampia feud add something


2006

Roberto Saviano - In 2006, following the success of the non-fiction "Gomorra" , which denounces the activities of the Camorra, Saviano received ominous threats

 

Roberto Saviano - Since 2006, following the publication of his bestselling book "Gomorrah" , where he describes the clandestine particulars of the Camorra business, Saviano has been threatened by several Neapolitan "godfathers"

 

At the end of October 2006 a new series of murders took place in Naples between 20 competing clans, that cost 12 lives in 10 days add something


2007

As of June 2007, the region has no serviceable dumping sites, and no alternatives have been found add something

 

According to a report from Confesercenti, the second-largest Italian Trade Organization, published on October 22, 2007 in the "Corriere della Sera", the Camorra control the milk and fish industries, the coffee trade, and over 2,500 bakeries in the city add something


2008

Ian McEwan - In 2008, McEwan was among a list of more than 200,000 writers of a petition to support Roberto Saviano, in exposing the Neapolitan mafia in the book "Gomorrah"

 

Dario Fo - In 2008, he was among the signatories of an open letter to "la Repubblica" which called on the state to protect Roberto Saviano, whose life was under threat after exposing the clandestine activities of the Camorra in his 2006 book "Gomorrah"

 

Roberto Saviano - On October 20, 2008, six Nobel Prize-awarded authors and intellectuals published an article in which they say that they side with Saviano against & Camorra, and they think that Camorra is not just a problem of security and public order, but a democratic one

 

Miriam Makeba - On 9 November 2008, she became ill while taking part in a concert organized to support writer Roberto Saviano in his stand against the Camorra, a mafia-like organisation local to the Region of Campania

 

Miriam Makeba - She died on 9 November 2008 after performing in a concert in Italy organized to support writer Roberto Saviano in his stand against the Camorra, a mafia-like organisation local to the region of Campania


2011

Michele Zagaria, a senior member of the Casalesi clan, was arrested in 2011 after eluding police for 16 years add something


2012

In 2012, the Obama administration imposed sanctions on the Camorra as one of four key transnational organized crime groups, along with the Brothers' Circle from Russia, the Yamaguchi-gumi from Japan, and Los Zetas from Mexico add something

 

Los Zetas - In 2012 the Obama administration imposed sanctions on Los Zetas as one of four key transnational organized crime groups, along with the Brothers' Circle from Russia, the Yamaguchi-gumi from Japan, and the Camorra from Italy


2013

Matteo Barzini - In 2013 he co-directed his third feature documentary "Medè" about the Camorra in Naples

 

In November 2013 a demonstration by tens of thousands of people was held in Naples in protest against the pollution caused by the Camorra's control of refuse disposal add something


2014

In 2014 clan boss Mario Riccio was arrested for drug trafficking in the Naples area add something


2018

Paolo Cannavaro - In July 2018, Cannavaro and former &Napoli (S.S.C._Napoli) footballers Pepe Reina and Salvatore Aronica were subject to a hearing by the Italian Football Federation over links to the Esposito brothers, high-ranking members of the Camorra

 

Jose Manuel Reina - In July 2018, Reina and former &Napoli (S.S.C._Napoli) FC footballers Paolo Cannavaro and Salvatore Aronica were subject to a hearing by the Italian Football Federation over links to the Esposito brothers, high-ranking members of the Camorra

 

Pepe Reina - In July 2018, Reina and former &Napoli (S.S.C._Napoli) FC footballers Paolo Cannavaro and Salvatore Aronica were subject to a hearing by the Italian Football Federation over links to the Esposito brothers, high-ranking members of the Camorra

 

In November 2018, Italian police announced the arrest of Antonio Orlando, suspected of being a major figure in the Camorra add something

 

Sacra Corona Unita - On 14 November 2018, the operation Galassia of the Guardia di Finanza ended, in which the presumed member of the Pesce-Bellocco 'ndrina, Antonio Zungri, some members of the Tegano 'ndrina and perhaps of the Piromalli 'ndrina together with the Camorra and Sacra Corona Unita's Capriati and Parisi clans were illegally included in the commercial network of the online betting companies "Planetwin365", "Betaland", "Enjoybet" and "Planetwin"


2019

He had a pursuant to a red notice issued against him by Interpol in January 2019 add something

 

In February 2019, the Spanish police arrested 14 members of the notorious Marranella clan add something

 

In March 2019, Marco Di Lauro, the second most wanted man in Italy, was arrested after spending 14 years on the run add something

 

On 18 March 2019 an Italian, suspected of being one of the leaders of the Mazzarella clan, was arrested in the Ourika region, near Marrakech add something

 

On 23 April 2019, the powerful boss Mario Fabbrocino, leader of the Fabbrocino clan, died in the hospital of the Parma prison, where he was serving a life sentence for ordering the murder of Roberto Cutolo, Raffaele Cutolo's only son, in 1990 add something

 

On May 29, 2019 Raffaele Vallefuoco, an important member of the Polverino clan, was arrested in the Rabat region add something

 

In June 2019 the operation "Spaghetti Connection" dismantled an international drug network involving the Camorra and the 'Ndrangheta in Abidjan and Tabou add something

 

Since June 26, 2019, Maria Licciardi is considered the most wanted fugitive belonging to the Camorra, after she managed to escape of a huge police operation against her clan add something

 

However, on 12 July 2019, the Court of Naples annulled the preventive detention against Licciardi, sharing the legal questions raised by her lawyer, Dario Vannetiello add something