Carlo Schmid (German politician)

Knowledge Identifier: +Carlo_Schmid_(German_politician)


Carlo Schmid (German politician)

German academic and politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany add

Category: Politics

Born in 1896.

Countries: Germany (67%), Europe (22%), France (11%)

Main connections: Heinrich Lubke, Erich Raeder, Willy Brandt

Linked to: Social Democratic Party of Germany, European integration




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Carlo Schmid was born in 1896 add something


In 1908, the family moved to Stuttgart where Schmid attended the prestigious humanist Karlsgymnasium where he passed his Abitur in 1914 add something


From 1914 to 1918, Schmid fought in the German army add something


In 1923, he completed a doctoral dissertation under the supervision of the renowned legal scholar Hugo Sinzheimer add something


After working as a lawyer for a short time, he was made a justice of Württemberg state in 1927 add something


From 1927 to 1928, he worked as a research assistant for the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut for foreign public law add something


In 1929, Schmid completed his Habilitation with a thesis on the jurisprudence of the Permanent Court of International Justice add something


From 1930 to 1940 he worked as a Privatdozent at the University of Tübingen add something


Erich Raeder - The Social Democratic politician Carlo Schmid read out in the "Bundestag" the anti-Semitic lines from Raeder's Heroes' Day Speech of 1939; noted that Raeder had not only refused to apologise for that speech, but testified at Nuremberg in 1946 that he believed that Germany was threatened by "International Jewry"; and argued that Germans to have a better future meant Raeder could not be a role model or seen as a hero as Zenker and Heye wanted


In 1940 he was made legal counsel of the 'Oberfeldkommandantur' of the German occupation forces in Lille add something


In 1945 the French military authorities nominated Schmid to act as "President of the State Secretariat" for the Land Württemberg-Hohenzollern, which was located in the French Zone of Occupation add something


He acted as chairman of the SPD in Württemberg-Hohenzollern from 1946 to 1950 and was member of the SPD board from 1947 to 1970 add something


In 1946, he was granted tenure as professor of public law at Tübingen, and in 1953, he relinquished the position for a chair in Political Science at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität in Frankfurt am Main add something


In 1947, Schmid was elected as representative in the Landtag of Württemberg-Hohenzollern add something


Simultaneously, Schmid was put in charge of the Land's educational and cultural policies until the first elections took place in 1947 add something


From 1948 to 1949, Schmid was a member of the Parlamentarischer Rat, acting as leader of the SPD faction and chair of the Chief Committee, playing a pivotal role in the drawing up of the German Basic Law. Arguably, Schmid's most distinctive contribution to the German constitutional system was the "Constructive Vote of No Confidence" which stated that a Chancellor can be removed from office by only the Federal Diet upon the Diet's election of another Chancellor add something


From 1949 to 1972, he was a member of the Federal Diet add something


He served as vice-president of the Federal Diet from 1949 to 1966 and again from 1969 to 1972 add something


He was a member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe from 1950 to 1960 as well as from 1969 to 1973 add something


From to 1 May 1950, Schmid was Minister of Justice and acting President of the Württemberg-Hohenzollern add something


He was a member of the Landtag until the state ceased to exist upon the creation of the state Baden-Württemberg on 17 May 1952 add something


He was a member of the Presidium of the SPD from 1958 to 1970 and acted as a catalyst for party reform, being one of the main authors of the Godesberg Program, which jettisonned most remnants of Marxist doctrine add something


Carlo Schmid stood for election for the office of Federal President in 1959 but was defeated by the CDU's Heinrich Lübke in the second round of voting add something


Heinrich Lubke - Lübke defeated Carlo Schmid, the SPD candidate and Max Becker, the FDP candidate for the Presidency, in the second round of voting in 1959


From 1961 to 1965 he was part of Willy Brandt's shadow cabinet as shadow foreign minister add something


He was President of the Assembly of the Western European Union from 1963 to 1966, after being vice-President of the Assembly since 1956 add something


Schmid is one of the most important authors of both the German Basic Law and the Godesberg Program of the SPD. He was intimately involved in German-French relations and served as "Federal Minister for the Affairs of the Federal Council and States" from 1966 to 1969 add something


Schmid was Federal Minister for the Affairs of the Federal Council and States from in the cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger from 1966 to 1969 add something


Schmid quit the cabinet on 21 October 1969 after the election of the 6th Bundestag add something

Carlo Schmid died in 1979 add something


Schmid died in Bad Honnef on 11 December 1979 at the age of 83 add something