Catherine Ashton

Knowledge Identifier: +Catherine_Ashton

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Catherine Ashton

British Labour politician who in 2009 became the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy for the European Union add

Category: Politics

Born in 1956.

Countries: United Kingdom (31%), Europe (17%), (10%)

Main connections: Richard Lambert, University, European Commission

Linked to: Labour Party, Conservative Party, European Union Institute for Security Studies, Liberty

 

Timeline


 

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Catherine Ashton was born in 1956 add something

 

"'Catherine Ashton, Baroness Ashton of Upholland"', PC is a British Labour politician who in 2009 became the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy for the European Union add something


1977

Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament - Between 1977 and 1983, Ashton worked for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament as an administrator and in 1982 was elected as its national treasurer and subsequently as one of its vice-chairs add something

 

Ashton graduated with a BSc in Sociology in 1977 from Bedford College, London add something


1979

From 1979 to 1981 she was business manager of the Coverdale Organisation, a management consultancy add something


1980

Ashton faced questions in the European Parliament over her role as national treasurer in the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament in the 1980s, amid claims by its opponents that it may have had financial links to the Soviet Union add something


1983

It merely said that she left CND in 1983 and had no involvement after that add something


1990

For most of the 1990s, she worked as a freelance policy adviser add something


1996

She chaired the Health Authority in Hertfordshire from 1998 to 2001, and her children's school governing body, and became a vice-president of the National Council for One-Parent Families add something


1999

Her political career began in 1999 when she was created a Life Peer by the Labour Government add something

 

She was made a Labour life peer as Baroness Ashton of Upholland in 1999, under Prime Minister Tony Blair add something


2001

Under this government she became the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in the Department for Education and Skills in 2001 and subsequently in the Department for Constitutional Affairs and Ministry of Justice in 2004 add something

 

In June 2001 she was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in the Department for Education and Skills add something


2002

In 2002 she was appointed minister for Sure Start in the same department add something


2005

In 2005 she was voted "Minister of the Year" by The House Magazine and "Peer of the Year" by Channel 4 add something

 

She was awarded an honorary degree from the University of East London in 2005 add something


2006

Ashton was sworn of the Privy Council in 2006, and became parliamentary under-secretary of state at the new Ministry of Justice in May 2007 add something

 

In 2006 she won the "Politician of the Year" award at the annual Stonewall awards, awarded to those that have made a positive impact on the lives of British LGBT people add something

 

She became a Privy Councillor in May 2006 add something


2007

On 28 June 2007, the new prime minister, Gordon Brown, appointed her to the cabinet as leader of the House of Lords and Lord President of the Council add something


2008

In 2008, she succeeded Peter Mandelson as Commissioner for Trade in the European Commission add something

 

On 3 October 2008, she was nominated to replace Peter Mandelson as the UK's European Commissioner in Brussels add something

 

However, following her public confirmation hearing by the Trade Committee of the European Parliament, Ashton was approved by the Parliament on 22 October 2008 with 538 to 40 votes, and 63 abstentions add something


2009

On 19 November 2009, Ashton was appointed the EU's first High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy add something

 

Rod Liddle, Saturday, 21 November 2009 According to The Guardian, an anonymous Whitehall source remarked: "Cathy just got lucky add something

 

Treaty of Lisbon - In December 2009, she became the first person to take on the role of High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy that was created by the Treaty of Lisbon add something

 

European Union - On 1 December 2009, the Lisbon Treaty entered into force and reformed many aspects of the EU. In particular it changed the legal structure of the European Union, merging the EU three pillars system into a single legal entity provisioned with legal personality, and it created a permanent President of the European Council, the first of which is Herman Van Rompuy, and a strengthened High Representative, Catherine Ashton


2010

In February 2010, it emerged that Ashton had been heavily criticised within the EU community for a number of actions, including her failure to visit Haiti in the wake of the earthquake and her lack of leadership abilities during ministerial meetings and policy briefings add something

 

European Defence Agency - The post of chief executive was vacant from October 2010 to January 2011 when Baroness Catherine Ashton appointed Madame Claude-France Arnould in succession to Herr Alexander Weis


2011

In February 2011, Baroness Ashton received the lowest grade in a survey rating the performance of European Commissioners add something


2012

In March 2012, Ashton was criticised by several newspapers for comparing the shooting of Jewish children in Toulouse with the situation in Gaza add something

 

In September 2012, the Daily Telegraph criticised her European Commission attendance record, reporting that Baroness Ashton had been completely absent from 21 out of 32 weekly meetings held so far that year add something

 

Viviane Reding - After a long discussion in the European Commission Mrs Reding's ideas, shared, among others, by the President of the European Commission José Manuel Durão Barroso and the Commissioners with economic portfolios prevailed over the views of fellow Commissioners such as Neelie Kroes, Catherine Ashton, Cecilia_Malmström and Janusz Lewandowski and a proposal for a Directive was adopted on 14 November 2012


2013

In February 2013 she was assessed as one of the 100 most powerful women in the United Kingdom by Woman's Hour on BBC Radio 4 add something

 

In July 2013, she negotiated with the Egyptian Army a visit to the deposed president, Mr Morsi, in their custody add something

 

In September 2013, Peter Oborne, the chief political commentator of the "Daily Telegraph", wrote: add something

 

By October 2013, "Der Spiegel" was writing of her: add something

 

After the November 2013 negotiation of an interim agreement with Iran over its nuclear program, the "Financial Times" wrote that Ashton was "no longer the diplomatic dilettante" add something

 

In December 2013 Ashton visited Kiev to show support for Euromaidan protestors add something


2014

In February 2014 and subsequently, Ashton attracted criticism from Russian official sources for her stance towards the political crisis in Ukraine add something

 

On 28 March 2014, Ashton issued a statement condemning violence by members of Right Sector add something

 

On July 1, 2014, she received White Double-Cross, 2nd class, honour from the Slovakia's president Andrej Kiska for "strengthening and pursuing of common foreign and security policy of the EU" add something

 

Central African Republic conflict under the Djotodia administration - In early 2014, the EU's state leaders asked Catherine Ashton for options in deploying forces to the country

 

Bassel Khartabil - On March 18, 2014, the written answer from High Representative/Vice-President Catherine Ashton was published, stating that "The HR/VP deplores the ongoing imprisonment of Bassel Safadi Khartabil, shares the concerns at his situation and follows it very closely


2015

She was appointed Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in the 2015 New Year Honours List for services to the European Common Foreign and Security Policy add something

 

Richard Lambert - After eight years as Chancellor, Lambert concluded his term at the end of the 2015-16 academic year and will be formally succeeded by Catherine Ashton


2016

It was announced on 17 November 2016 that Ashton will become Chancellor of the University of Warwick from 1 January 2017, succeeding Sir Richard Lambert and becoming Warwick's first female Chancellor add something


2017

In January 2017, Ashton became Chancellor of the University of Warwick , succeeding Sir Richard Lambert and becoming Warwick's first female Chancellor add something


2018

On October 9, 2018, Ashton will discuss the legacy of US President Woodrow Wilson in Washington, DC. add something