Knowledge Identifier: +Charles_de_Gaulle
Born in 1890.
Countries: France (52%), United States (8%), (8%)
Linked to: Vichy France, Labour Party, Lublin Committee, European Coal and Steel Community
When war finally broke out in late July 1914, the 33rd Regiment, considered one of the best fighting units in France was immediately thrown into checking the German advance at Dinant, however, the traditionally minded French Fifth Army commander, General Charles de Lanrezac threw his units into pointless bayonet charges with bugles and full colours flying against the German artillery, incurring heavy losses.
Returning to find many of his former comrades dead, de Gaulle's unit gained recognition for repeatedly crawling out into no-mans-land to listen to the conversations of the enemy in their trenches, and the information he brought back was so valuable that in January 1915 he received a citation for his bravery.
Gaston Palewski - Through Reynaud, in 1934, he first met Charles de Gaulle, and became a supporter of his political and military views
Michel Arnaud - Arnaud had chosen to enter in the colonial infantry, and when Charles de Gaulle issued the Appeal of June 18 in 1940 for resistance against the Axis, he was a lieutenant stationed at Faya-Largeau in Chad and attached to the Régiment de Tirailleurs Sénégalais du Tchad , and on 26 August sided with de Gaulle, like all soldiers of the RTST.
Gaullist Party - Author of the L'Appel of 18 June 1940, and founder and leader of the Free French Forces, General Charles de Gaulle is the symbol of the French Resistance to the Nazi occupation and the Vichy government
Barthelemy Boganda - On many occasions, General Charles de Gaulle expressed his sympathy for Oubangui-Chari, which had supported de Gaulle's Free French Forces as early as August 1940, and refused to support the violent intrigues of the RPF against Boganda and his men
With British support, the de Gaulle family settled in Berkhamsted from October 1941 to September 1942.
Leonard W. Murray - On return from Halifax, Muselier took the vessels to Vichy-controlled St Pierre and Miquelon, and on 24 December 1941 raised the Free French flag to claim the islands for General Charles de Gaulle, thereby creating a diplomatic incident between France, Canada and the USA. Murray was later asked to account for his role in this adventure - but steadfastly claimed that he had no part in it
Marcel Carpentier - In 1942 Carpentier joined General Charles de Gaulle's Free French forces, becoming chief of staff of the French Expeditionary Corps in 1943
Jerauld Wright - Finally, Admiral Darlan was assassinated on December 24, 1942, and Charles de Gaulle would ultimately outmaneuver and marginalize Henri Giraud to become the sole leader of the Free French movement
Francois Mitterrand - In 1943 Giraud was contesting with General Charles de Gaulle for the leadership of the French Resistance
John J. Pershing - In July 1944, Pershing was visited by Free French leader General Charles de Gaulle
Georges Catroux - Officially honored as a French liberation fighter, Catroux was Minister for North Africa in the first government of Charles de Gaulle from 9 September 1944 to 21 October 1945, and became ambassador to the USSR in 1945-48
Renault - On 1 January 1945, by decree of General Charles de Gaulle based on the untried accusations of collaboration, the company was expropriated from Louis Renault posthumously and on 16 January 1945 it was formally nationalised as "Régie Nationale des Usines Renault"
Although de Gaulle had moved quickly to reclaim the territory during his brief tenure as president, the communist Vietminh, under Ho Chi Minh began a determined campaign for independence from 1946 onwards.
Alain de Boissieu - In 1946, Alain de Boissieu married Élisabeth de Gaulle, the daughter of general Charles de Gaulle
Jacques Peyrat - In 1947 at the age of 16 he joined the Rally of the French People , the political party that General Charles de Gaulle created that year
The Battle of the Casbah: Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in Algeria, 19551957.
By 1956, Morocco and Tunisia had all but won their independence, while in Algeria, some 350,000 French troops were fighting 150,000 members of the Algerian Liberation Movement, a conflict which was to become increasingly savage and bloody over the next few years, and threaten mainland France itself.
Pierre Lagaillarde - He took the presidency of the "Association générale des étudiants d'Alger" in 1957, and took part in the Alger insurrection of May 1958, which brought Charles de Gaulle back to power
De Gaulle's birth house in Lille, now a national museum.
Constitutional Council of France - From 1958 to 1970, under Charles de Gaulle's presidency, the Constitutional Council was sometimes described as a "cannon aimed at Parliament", protecting the executive branch against encroachment by statute law voted by Parliament
Vincent Badie - He did not support Charles de Gaulle in 1958 and opposed the creation of the Fifth French Republic
Alain Savary - He left the SFIO in 1958, because of the party's support for Charles de Gaulle's comeback and for the new Constitution elaborating a presidential regime
Vincent Auriol - He unsuccessfully lobbied against the constitution in the 1958 national referendum, and resigned from his position on the Constitutional Council in 1960 to protest the growing power of Charles de Gaulle's presidency
Saadi Yacef - He was ultimately pardoned by the French government after Charles de Gaulle's 1958 return to power
Fulbert Youlou - In 1958, Opangault and Youlou both supported political autonomy, which French President Charles de Gaulle considered giving to the Franco-African Community
Barthelemy Boganda - In 1958, after the French Fourth Republic began to consider granting independence to most of its African colonies, Boganda met with Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle to discuss terms for the independence of Oubangui-Chari
Michel Poniatowski - In 1958, he became the chief of staff for Pierre Pflimlin, the last president of the Council of the Fourth Republic before Charles de Gaulle
Henri Caillavet - In 1958, he opposed General Charles de Gaulle in voting against his investiture and against the new Constitution
Elysee Palace - Between 1959 and 1969, the Élysée was occupied by Charles de Gaulle, the first President of the Fifth Republic
Jack Drummond - Coty was succeeded in 1959 by President Charles de Gaulle, who ordered Dominici's release on humanitarian grounds, but did not pardon him, nor grant his request for a retrial
Robert B. Silvers - From 1959 to 1963, Silvers was associate editor of "Harper's Magazine", editor of the book "Writing in America" and translator of "La Gangrene", which describes the brutal torture of seven Algerian men by the Paris Security Police in 1958, shortly after Charles de Gaulle came to power
William H. Milliken, Jr. - Also, the collapse of the 1960 summit between Eisenhower, Soviet Premier Nikita Khruschev, French President Charles de Gaulle and British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, over the downing of an American U-2 spy plane over Soviet territory provided Democrats with ample ammunition
Constitutional Council of France - The only remaining referral came from the President of the Senate, Gaston Monnerville, against the 1962 referendum on the direct election of the President of the Republic, which Charles de Gaulle supported; and the Council ruled itself "incompetent" to cancel the direct expression of the will of the French people
Alain de Boissieu - On 22 August 1962 he was in the same car as his father-in-law during the terrorist attack of Petit-Clamart planned by the Organisation armée secrète, when he saved the life of Charles de Gaulle
Also in the congregation were David Ben-Gurion, Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, former West German Chancellors Ludwig Erhard and Kurt-Georg Kiesinger, Marlene Dietrich and US Senator Edward Kennedy, who remembered De Gaulle's immediate decision to attend the funeral of his brother John following his assassination in 1963.
Marthe Bibesco - Now a "grande dame", she enjoyed her last great friendship with a powerful leader, Charles de Gaulle, who invited her in 1963 to an Élysée Palace reception in the honour of the Swedish Sovereigns
In 1964 de Gaulle visited Russia, where he hoped to establish France as an alternative influence in the Cold War. Later, he proclaimed a new alliance between the nations, but although the Soviet statesman Alexei Kosygin made a return visit to France, the Russians did not accept France as a super power, knowing that in any future conflict they would have to rely on the overall protection of the Western Alliance.
In 1965, de Gaulle pulled France out of SEATO, the Southeast Asian equivalent of NATO and refused to participate in any future NATO manoeuvres.
Charley Attali - Charley worked in Sereb, and in 1965 he received a légion d'honneur from Charles de Gaulle
De Gaulle's government was criticised within France, particularly for its heavy-handed style.
Dalida - In December 1968, she was *awarded the Médaille de la Présidence de la République by General Charles de Gaulle, the only person from the music industry to have received this medal
French Communist Party - Following Charles de Gaulle's resignation after he lost a referendum on constitutional reforms, an early presidential election was held in June 1969
Haile Selassie - As the longest-serving head of state in power, Haile Selassie was often given precedence over other leaders at state events, such as the state funerals of John F. Kennedy and Charles de Gaulle, the summits of the Non-Aligned Movement, and the 1971 celebration of the 2,500 years of the Persian Empire.
The novel was made into a film, starring Edward Fox and Michel Lonsdale, in 1973
Francois Mitterrand - Presidents Charles de Gaulle and Valéry Giscard d'Estaing had wreaths placed on Pétain's grave to commemorate the 50th and 60th anniversaries of the end of World War I. Similarly, President Georges Pompidou had a wreath placed in 1973 when Pétain's remains were returned to the Ile d'Yeu after being stolen
Pantheon-Assas University - It is located in the chapel wing of the defunct Jesuit College of the Immaculate Conception, where Charles de Gaulle had been a pupil; the chapel itself, dating from the eighteenth century, was transformed into a lecture theatre in the 1980s
France's GDP overtook that of the United Kingdom, a position it held until the 1990s
Charles de Gaulle (born 1948) - He is a grandson of General Charles de Gaulle, and served as a member of the European Parliament , from 1994 to 2004
Writing in 1995, another commentator, Pierre Manent attempted to explain why he remains so popular in France, yet not in the United_States;
Jacques Chirac - In 1998 the French aircraft carrier Clemenceau was decommissioned after 37 years of service, and another aircraft carrier was decommissioned two years later after 37 years of service, leaving the French Navy with no aircraft carrier until 2001, when Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier was commissioned.
Another grandson, Jean de Gaulle, was a member of the French Parliament until his retirement in 2007