Charlie Parker

Knowledge Identifier: +Charlie_Parker

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Charlie Parker

American jazz saxophonist and composeradd

Category: Music (655)

Born in 1920.

Countries: United States (81%), (6%), Canada (4%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, Lester Young

Linked to: Buescher Band Instrument Company, Pullman Company, The Selmer Company, Western Union

 

Timeline


 

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Charlie Parker was born in 1920 add something


1934

Parker began playing the saxophone at age 11, and at age 14 joined his school's band using a rented school instrument. add something

 

He enrolled in September 1934 and withdrew in December 1935, just before joining the local Musicians Union. add something


1938

Shann's territory band. add something


1939

In 1939 Parker moved to New York City, to pursue a career in music. add something

 

In the late 1930s Parker began to practice diligently. add something


1940

Jimmy Heath - Heath originally played alto saxophone, but, after the influence of Charlie Parker on his work for Howard McGhee and Dizzy Gillespie in the late 1940s, he earned the nickname "Little Bird" and he switched to tenor saxophone

 

Red Callender - In the 1940s Callender recorded with Nat King Cole, Erroll Garner, Charlie Parker, Wardell Gray, Dexter Gordon and many others

 

Major Holley - In the latter half of the 1940s he played with Dexter Gordon, Charlie Parker, and Ella_Fitzgerald; in 1950 he and Oscar Peterson recorded duets, and he played with Peterson and Charlie Smith as a trio

 

Jazz - Machito's Afro-Cubans recorded modal tunes in the 1940s, featuring jazz soloists such as Howard McGhee, Brew Moore, Charlie Parker, and Flip Phillips

 

Sheila Jordan - Sheila claimed in her song "Sheila's Blues" that Charlie Parker wrote the song "Chasin' the Bird" for her, as she and her friends were known to chase him around the jazz clubs in the 1940s

 

New York School - The new Bebop and cool jazz musicians in the 1940s and 1950s featuring Charlie Parker, Miles_Davis, Max Roach, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Charles Mingus, Cannonball Adderley, John Coltrane, Stan Getz, Ahmad Jamal and Gerry Mulligan coincided with the New York School and Abstract expressionism


1942

Because of the two-year Musicians' Union ban of all commercial recordings from 1942 to 1944, much of bebop's early development was not captured for posterity. add something

 

Shann's band and played with Earl Hines for one year, whose band included Dizzy Gillespie, who later played with Parker as a duo. add something

 

Jazz - The harmonic development in bebop, is often traced back to a transcendent moment experienced by Charlie Parker while performing "Cherokee" at Clark Monroe's Uptown House, New York, in early 1942


1943

Moondog - Hardin moved to New York in 1943, where he met noted classical music luminaries such as Leonard Bernstein and Arturo Toscanini, as well as legendary jazz performer-composers such as Charlie Parker and Benny Goodman, whose upbeat tempos and often humorous compositions would influence Hardin's later work

 

Sonny Stitt - In 1943, Stitt first met Charlie Parker, and as he often later recalled, the two men found that their styles had an extraordinary similarity that was partly coincidental and not merely due to Stitt's emulation.


1944

Gene Ammons - In 1944 he joined the band of Billy Eckstine , playing alongside Charlie Parker and later Dexter Gordon

 

Barney Kessel - In 1944 he participated in the film Jammin' the Blues, which featured Lester Young, and in 1947 he recorded with Charlie Parker's New Stars on the Relaxin' at Camarillo session for Dial Records.

 

Billy Eckstine - In 1944, Eckstine formed his own big band and made the finishing school for young musicians who would shape jazz future, including Dizzy Gillespie, Dexter Gordon, Miles Davis, Art Blakey, Charlie Parker, and Fats Navarro

 

Bob Carter (musician) - In 1944-45 he worked in various groups on 52nd Street in New York City, with Tony Scott, Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Stuff_Smith, and Charlie Shavers among others


1945

It was not until 1945, when the recording ban was lifted, that Parker's collaborations with Dizzy Gillespie, Max Roach, Bud Powell and others had a substantial effect on the jazz world. add something

 

Dexter Gordon - By 1945, Gordon had left the Eckstine band and was resident in New York, where he was performing and recording with Charlie Parker, as well as recording under his own name.

 

Hal Stein - In 1945 he was featured in concert with pianist Teddy Wilson at Town Hall on the same bill with Byas, Stuff Smith, and Charlie Parker

 

Billy Daniels - In 1945, he played intermission with Charlie Parker at the Spotlite Club on 52nd Street

 

Sonny Stitt - Stitt played alto saxophone in Billy Eckstine's big band alongside future bop pioneers Dexter Gordon and Gene Ammons from 1945 until 1956, when he started to play tenor saxophone more frequently, in order to avoid being referred to as a Charlie Parker imitator.

 

Sonny Stitt - Stitt replaced Charlie Parker in Dizzy Gillespie's band in 1945.

 

Red Norvo - In June 1945, while a member of the Benny Goodman Sextet, he recorded a session for Comet records using a sextet which featured members of the Goodman group and Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.


1946

Miles Davis - He finally got the chance to record as a leader in 1946, with an occasional group called the Miles Davis Sextet plus Earl Coleman and Ann Hathaway—one of the rare occasions when Davis, by a member of the groundbreaking Charlie Parker Quintet, can be heard accompanying singers.

 

Al Killian - In 1946 Killian started his own big band, but soon quit bandleading to tour with Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic concert series, where he played alongside such musicians as Charlie Parker, Dizzy_Gillespie, and Lester Young

 

Howard McGhee - In 1946-47, some record sessions for the new label Dial were organized at Hollywood with Charlie Parker and the Howard McGhee combo

 

Football chant - "The Farmer in the Dell" known in some regions as 'The Farmer Wants A Wife', provides the famous chant of "Ee Aye Addio", a tune which provides the first bars of the 1946 be-bop jazz classic "Now's The Time", by alto saxophonist Charlie Parker


1947

Parker's King Super 20 saxophone was made specially for him in 1947. add something

 

Roy Haynes - From 1947 to 1949 he worked with saxophonist Lester Young, and from 1949 to 1952 was a member of saxophonist Charlie Parker's quintet

 

Nelson Boyd - In 1947, he recorded with Fats Navarro and Charlie Parker, later with Jay Jay Johnson and Miles Davis on Davis' "Birth of the Cool" sessions in 1949

 

Howard McGhee - After this, Charlie Parker returned to music making and a new recording session was organized on February 26, 1947, for the Dial label

 

Bud Powell - Powell's career advanced when Charlie Parker chose him to be his pianist on a quintet record date, with Miles Davis, Tommy Potter, and Max Roach in May 1947.


1948

Parker's performances of "I Remember You" and "Parker's Mood" (recorded for the Savoy label in 1948, with the Charlie Parker All Stars, comprising Parker on alto sax, Miles Davis on trumpet, John Lewis on piano, Curley Russell on bass, and Max Roach on drums) were selected by Harold Bloom for inclusion on his shortlist of the "twentieth-century American Sublime", the greatest works of American art produced in the 20th century. add something


1949

Connie Kay - He was self-taught, and prior to the MJQ he had played in the Lester Young quintet from 1949 to 1955, and with Stan Getz, Coleman Hawkins, Charlie Parker, Miles_Davis and others

 

Greenwich Village - Notable performers there included among others: Pearl Bailey, Count Basie, Nat King Cole, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Ella Fitzgerald, Coleman Hawkins, Billie Holiday, Lena Horne, Burl Ives, Lead Belly, Anita O'Day, Charlie Parker, Les_Paul and Mary Ford, Paul Robeson, Kay Starr, Art Tatum, Sarah Vaughan, Dinah Washington, Josh White, Teddy Wilson, Lester Young, and The Weavers, who in Christmas 1949, played at the Village Vanguard


1950

According to an interview Parker gave in the 1950s, one night in 1939, he was playing "Cherokee" in a jam session with guitarist William "Biddy" Fleet when he hit upon a method for developing his solos that enabled one of his main musical innovations. add something

 

From 1950 to 1954, Parker and his common-law wife, Chan Richardson, lived in the ground floor of the townhouse at 151 Avenue B, across from Tompkins Square Park in Manhattan's East Village. add something

 

Parker had been living since 1950 with Chan Richardson, the mother of his son Baird and his daughter Pree. add something

 

Don Joseph - In 1950 he played in the rehearsal band of Gene Roland with Charlie Parker ; in 1953 he was involved in sessions with pianist Bill Triglia and bassist Red Mitchell im Robert Reisner's jazz club "Open Door"

 

Paul Bley - In the 1950s he founded the Jazz Workshop in Montreal, performing on piano and recording with be-bop alto saxophonist and composer Charlie Parker

 

Art Blakey - In the early 1950s he performed and broadcast with such musicians as Charlie Parker and Davis

 

Heroin - Use of heroin by jazz musicians in particular was prevalent in the 1950s and 1960s including sax legends Charlie Parker and Art Pepper, guitarist Joe Pass and piano player/singer Ray_Charles; a "staggering number of jazz musicians were addicts"


1951

Chet Baker - Baker's earliest notable professional gigs were with saxophonist Vido Musso's band, and with tenor saxophonist Stan Getz, though he earned much more renown in 1951 when he was chosen by Charlie Parker to play with him for a series of West Coast engagements.

 

Donn Trenner - He worked with Charlie Barnet in 1951 and following this with Jerry Gray, Charlie Parker, Stan_Getz, Georgie Auld, Jerry Fielding, Skinnay Ennis, Les Brown, Dick Haymes, Jack Jones, Lena Horne, Ann-Margret, and Nancy Wilson


1952

Sheila Jordan - From 1952 to 1962 she was married to Charlie Parker's pianist, Duke Jordan


1953

In 1953, Parker performed at Massey Hall in Toronto, Canada, joined by Gillespie, Mingus, Bud Powell and Max Roach. add something

 

Junior Mance - After his discharge from the Army in 1953, he became part of the house rhythm section at the Bee Hive Jazz Club in Chicago for a year, and accompanied musicians such as Charlie Parker, Coleman_Hawkins, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Sonny Stitt, and many others

 

Will Davis (musician) - As the house pianist at the Crystal Bar, he backed Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, and Charlie Parker with Miles Davis in 1953

 

Bob Weinstock - In 1953, Charlie Parker recorded for Prestige using the pseudonym "Charlie Chan" to skirt contractual issues


1954

Sonny Rollins - In his recordings through 1954, he played with performers such as Miles Davis, Charlie Parker and Thelonious Monk.

 

Sarah Vaughan - In the fall of 1954, she performed at Carnegie Hall with the Count Basie Orchestra on a bill that included Billie Holiday, Charlie Parker, Lester_Young and the Modern Jazz Quartet.


1955

Charlie Parker died in 1955 add something

 

King Pleasure - Other notable recordings include a presciently elegiac version of "Parker's Mood", the year before Charlie Parker died in 1955, and Pleasure's take on Ammons's "Hittin' the Jug", retitled as "Swan Blues"


1958

Bob Kaufman - He married Eileen Singe in 1958; they had one child, Parker, named for Charlie Parker


1960

Sonny Stitt - Stitt, later in the 1960s, paid homage to one of his main influences, Charlie Parker, on the album Stitt Plays Bird, which features Jim Hall on guitar and at Newport in 1964 with other bebop players including J.J. Johnson.


1964

Charlie Watts - In 1964, he published a cartoon tribute to Charlie Parker entitled "Ode to a High Flying Bird"


1965

Bud Powell - In 1965, Powell played only two concerts: one a disastrous performance at Carnegie Hall, the other a tribute to Charlie Parker on May 1 with other performers on the bill, including Albert Ayler.


1970

Warne Marsh - In the 1970s he gained renewed exposure as a member of Supersax, a large ensemble which played orchestral arrangements of Charlie Parker solos


1988

Diane Venora - In 1988, her critically acclaimed performance in Clint Eastwood's biographical feature of jazz great Charlie Parker, "Bird", as Chan Parker, his wife, earned her a Golden Globe *award nomination and the New York Film Critics Circle *award

 

Lennie Niehaus - The most outstanding collaboration between Niehaus and Eastwood related directly to jazz, was the 1988 biographical film on Charlie Parker, "Bird" from 1988


1991

Charlie Watts - In 1991, he organised a jazz quintet as another tribute to Charlie Parker


1993

Lennie Niehaus - Lenny Niehaus wrote the music for another jazz related feature, the 1993 tv movie "Lush Life," in which Forest Whitaker, who played Charlie Parker in "Bird," starred as a jazz saxophonist


2001

Chan Parker - Their relationship was dealt a severe blow with the death of their daughter, Pree, a year and a week before Charlie Parker's own death and just before her own death, Chan was interview by Ken Burns, and she was seen posthumously in Burns' 2001 documentary, "Jazz"


2005

One of their first small-group performances together was rediscovered and issued in 2005: a concert in New York's Town Hall on June 22, 1945. add something


2009

The festival marked its 17th anniversary in 2009 add something