Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Knowledge Identifier: $Charter_of_Fundamental_Rights_of_the_European_Union

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Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

Amended version of the 2000 document which was solemnly declared by the same three institutions a day before the signing of the Lisbon Treaty itself add

Category: Politics

Launched in 1964.

Countries: Europe (47%), Luxembourg (21%), Czech Republic (16%)

Main connections: European Union, European Parliament, Treaty of Lisbon

Linked to: European Court of Justice, Council of the European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Institutions of the European Union

 

Timeline


 

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1964

In 1964, the European Court of Justice handed down its decision in "Costa v ENEL", in which the Court decided that Union law should take precedence over conflicting national law add something


1970

This issue came to a head in 1970 in the "Handelsgesellschaft case" when a German court ruled that a piece of EEC legislation infringed the German Basic Law add something


1999

In 1999 the European Council proposed that a "body composed of representatives of the Heads of State and Government and of the President of the Commission as well as of members of the European Parliament and national parliaments" should be formed to draft a fundamental rights charter add something

 

It was drafted by the European Convention and solemnly proclaimed on 7 December 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission add something

 

Roman Herzog - Between December 1999 and October 2000, Herzog, now former President of Germany, was chair of the European Convention which drafted the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union


2000

Lisbon Treaty - The Charter referred to in the Treaty is an amended version of the 2000 document which was solemnly declared by the same three institutions a day before the signing of the Lisbon Treaty itself add something

 

The Convention adopted the draft on 2 October 2000 and it was solemnly proclaimed by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission on 7 December 2000 add something


2001

racism - In 2001, the European Union explicitly banned racism, along with many other forms of social discrimination, in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, the legal effect of which, if any, would necessarily be limited to Institutions of the European Union: "Article 21 of the charter prohibits discrimination on any ground such as race, color, ethnic or social origin, genetic features, language, religion or belief, political or any other opinion, membership of a national minority, property, disability, age or sexual orientation and discrimination on the grounds of nationali


2004

Treaty of Nice - Nor did the Treaty of Nice deal with the question of the incorporation of the Charter of Fundamental Rights into the Treaty; that was left for the 2004 IGC after the opposition of the United Kingdom


2007

However the amended explanatory memorandum issued alongside the Charter in 2007 describes the wording used in the Charter as reflecting ECJ precedent add something

 

Although their problems with the Charter related to its perceived liberal stance on social issues, in September 2007 the Polish government indicated that they wished to be included in the British protocol add something


2009

Following the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in 2009 the fundamental rights charter has the same legal value as the European Union treaties add something

 

Vassilios Skouris - At the 50th anniversary celebration for the court in 2009, President Skouris spoke about the court's earlier years of abstaining from issues of individual fundamental rights within each country but, with the new Charter of Fundamental Rights, expressed a desire, in accordance with such, to improve the rights of citizens within member nations

 

European Union - In 2009 the Lisbon Treaty gave legal effect to the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

 

On the coming into force of the Lisbon Treaty on 1 December 2009, Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding proposed that Commissioners should swear to uphold all EU treaties and the Charter add something


2010

In 2010, the FRA put out a tender for poets to turn the Charter into an 80-minute long epic poem, with music, dance and multimedia elements add something

 

On 3 May 2010, the European Commission swore a solemn declaration at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg, pledging to respect the EU Treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate add something

 

Viviane Reding - In October 2010 she set out a strategy and a methodology to achieve that end in line with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union


2011

Later, during the Czech Republic's ratification of Croatia's Treaty of EU Accession in the spring of 2012, the government attempted to hold a combined vote to approve the accession treaty and Charter opt-out add something

 

In October 2011, the Czech Senate passed a resolution opposing their accession to the protocol add something


2012

A vote on a draft report by the European Parliament Constitutional Affairs Committee in January 2012 recommending that the EU not accept the Czech Republic's request to be added to Protocol 30 resulted in a tie add something

 

In October 2012, the committee voted not to recommend the Czech Republic's accession to the Protocol, and a third draft of the report was published on 11 December 2012 add something


2013

The report was tabled in Parliament during its session on 22 May 2013, and the Parliament voted in favour of calling on the European Council "not to examine the proposed amendment of the Treaties" add something


2014

In January 2014, after presidental and parliamentary elections the previous year had resulted in new leadership in the country, new Czech Human Rights Minister Ji?í Dienstbier said that he would attempt to have his country's request for an opt-out withdrawn add something

 

In May 2014, the Council of the European Union formally withdrew their recommendation to hold a Intergovernmental Conference of member states to consider the proposed amendments to the treaties add something