Pontiac Firebird
V8 engine
General Motors
V6 engine
Dodge Challenger
Chevrolet Camaro

See also

Chevrolet Camaro (second generation)

Knowledge Identifier: $Chevrolet_Camaro_(second_generation)


Chevrolet Camaro (second generation)

Pony car by the Chevrolet division of General Motors produced for the 1970 through 1981 model years add

Category: Business (14)

Launched in 1960.

Countries: United States (50%), (25%), (17%)

Main connections: Chevrolet, Pontiac Firebird, V8 engine

Linked to: Chevrolet, BorgWarner, Hurst Performance, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration




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The car was capable of turning in quarter-mile times comparable to many of the 1960s muscle cars, and the chassis was developed to reward the driver with a first-class grand touring experience, capable of outstanding handling, especially in the hands of a competent high-performance driver add something


Other changes included a new console-mounted shifter for automatic transmissions similar to the Rally Sport Shifter used in Pontiac Firebirds replacing the Buick-like horseshoe shifter of previous Camaros, and the reintroduction of power windows to the option list for the first time since 1969, with the switches mounted in the console add something


Although it began its run with a number of high-performance configurations, as the 1970s progressed, the Camaro grew less powerful, succumbing, like many production cars of the era, to the pressures of tightening emissions regulations and a fuel crisis add something


During the mid-to-late 1970s, the Camaro and similar Pontiac Firebird would have the traditional ponycar market all to themselves and score record sales in the process add something


Inside, new high-back Strato bucket seats with built-in headrests replaced the 1970-only low-back seats with adjustable headrests add something


New Strato bucket seats, unique to 1970 models, featured squared-off seatbacks and adjustable headrests, and the rear seating consisted of two bucket cushions and a bench seat back due to the higher transmission tunnel add something


Starting in 1970, the big block V8s actually displaced , yet Chevrolet chose to retain the 396 badging add something


The 1970 Camaro SS 396 had the L78 rated at add something


The 1970 model year vehicles are generally regarded as the most desirable of the early second-generation Camaros, since the performance of following years was reduced by the automobile emissions control systems of the period and later the addition of heavy federally mandated bumpers add something


The 250 ci 6, 307 ci $V8 (V8_engine) and two-barrel 350 V8 were virtually unchanged, as they were low-compression regular-fuel engines in 1970 and previous years add something


The LT-1 engine in the 1970 Camaro Z-28 came from the Corvette add something


The "'second-generation & Chevrolet Camaro"' is a pony car by the Chevrolet division of General Motors produced for the 1970 through 1981 model years add something


The 1970 model was introduced in February 1970, halfway through the model year add something


Production and sales dropped due to a 67-day corporate-wide strike at GM that coincided with the introduction of the 1971 models in late September 1970, along with a continued declining interest in the ponycar market fueled by skyrocketing insurance rates for high-performance cars add something


The 1971 Camaro received only minor appearance changes from its 1970 counterpart add something


With that, the 350 ci LT1 dropped from 330 gross horsepower in 1971 to 255 net for 1972 and the big-block 396/402 was now rated at 240 net horsepower compared to 300 gross horses in 1971 add something


Horsepower ratings continued to drop, not only due to lower compression and tighter emissions but, beginning with the 1972 model year, a switch from gross to net ratings based on an engine in an actual vehicle with all accessories installed add something


Only 970 SS396s were produced in 1972, and this was the last year for the SS 396 and SS 350 models add something


Rumors of the possible cancellation of the Camaro after 1972 began to surface and were nearly confirmed a year later when another worker's strike hit the assembly plant at Norwood, Ohio, which was the only plant building Camaros and Firebirds add something


The 1972 Camaro suffered two major setbacks add something


The latter group eventually convinced those in favor of dropping the F-cars to reconsider, and Chevrolet would go on to produce 68,656 Camaros in 1972 add something


A new Type LT model was offered in 1973, with a quieter and better-appointed interior, full instrumentation, Rally-style wheels, variable-ratio steering, sport mirrors, and hidden windshield wipers, among other upgrades add something


The 1973 model year incorporated standard impact-absorbing front bumper system to meet new no-damage standards in NHTSA safety legislation add something


The UAW strike at a GM assembly plant in Norwood disrupted production for 174 days, and 1,100 incomplete Camaros had to be scrapped because they could not meet 1973 federal bumper safety standards add something


Chrysler Corporation would discontinue the Plymouth Barracuda and Dodge Challenger during the course of the 1974 model year and American Motors would drop the Javelin at the end of the year add something


Major styling changes were made in 1974 and 1978; 1981 was the final model year for the second-generation Camaro add something


The 1974 Camaro grew seven inches longer, thanks to new aluminum bumpers required to meet federal standards and a forward-sloping grille add something


A new wraparound rear window was introduced for 1975 and the Camaro emblem moved from the center of the grille to above the grillework and the "Camaro" nameplate was deleted from the rear decklid add something


Despite the loss of the Z28, Camaro sales remained steady for 1975 at 145,770 units add something


Engines that were offered in 1975 continued to reflect the impact of these regulations in their declining horsepower ratings add something


For 1975, a catalytic converter was added to the exhaust system of all US-market GM passenger cars, including the Camaro add something


Power door locks were a new option for 1975 add something


The Z28 option was discontinued for 1975 despite an increase in sales to over 13,000 units in 1974 and similar popularity of Pontiac's Firebird Trans Am. Chevy dropped the Z28 due to ever-tightening emission standards that spelled the end of the higher-output versions of the 350 cubic-inch $V8 (V8_engine), rated at in 1973 and 1974 add something


The catalytic converter and GM High Energy electronic ignition were advertised among the components of "Chevrolet's new Efficiency System" which was promoted to offer other benefits to owners of 1975 models versus comparable 1974 models that included extended maintenance intervals from 6,000 to for oil/filter changes and spark plugs that lasted up to compared to on '74 models add something


Only minor appearance changes highlighted the 1976 Camaro, most notably a brushed metal insert in the rear tail section on the LT model add something


Sales totals jumped significantly for 1976, the best year yet for the second generation, and were to improve even more dramatically as the decade progressed add something


The "'Z28"' was re-introduced to the buying public in the spring of 1977 as a "1977½" in response to dramatically increasing sales of Pontiac's Trans Am, which sold over 46,000 units in 1976 and accounted for half of all Firebird sales that year add something


For the 1978 model year, the Camaro featured a new front and rear bumper, as well as a revised non functioning hood scoop with outlining decal around the intake add something


T-tops became available for the 1978 model year, after debuting a year earlier on the firebird add something


Sales for 1979 were the highest ever for any generation Camaro before or since, numbering 282,571 units add something


The biggest changes for 1979 were the introduction of the luxury-oriented Berlinetta model, replacing the Type LT, and a restyled instrument panel with a much flatter appearance than the previous wraparound design add something


Total production had dropped down to 126,139 from a high of 282,571 in 1979 add something


Also, despite General Motors' policy against factory-sponsored racing efforts, Camaro began to make a name for itself on the track on the new International Race of Champions series with many top drivers winning trophies from behind the wheel of a Camaro year after year until the late 1980s add something


For 1980 the aged inline-six was replaced with a V6 engine, in California add something


Canadian models, however, could still get the 350 and 4-speed combination, and were not equipped with a CCC. Canadian 1981 Camaros were thus identical to 1980 US model add something


The 1981 model was nearly unchanged from 1980 and would be the last model year for the second-generation Camaro add something


RS models were dropped this year, but the RS designation would reappear in 1989 add something