Christian Science

Knowledge Identifier: $Christian_Science


Christian Science

Christian Scienceadd

Category: Sciences (8)

Launched in 1950.

Countries: United States (71%), England (8%), United Kingdom (6%)

Main connections: Mary Baker Eddy, Septimus J. Hanna, Augusta Emma Stetson

Linked to: American Medical Association




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It appeared in November that year, with the motto "To injure no man, but to bless all mankind," and went on to win seven Pulitzer Prizes between 1950 and 2002 add something


The Christian Science Publishing Society publishes several periodicals, including the "Christian Science Monitor", winner of seven Pulitzer Prizes between 1950 and 2002 add something


Also see Bryan Wilson, "The Origins of Christian Science: A Survey," "Hibbert Journal", January 1959 add something


Elizabeth Clare Prophet - In 1960, while volunteering as a Sunday school teacher in the Christian Science Church in Boston, she met Dag Ytreberg, whom she briefly married


Robert Peel, who worked for the church, wrote in 1966 that Eddy may have influenced Quimby as much as he influenced her add something


The death in 1967 of five-year-old Lisa Sheridan of pneumonia in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, was the first of several in the 20th century known within the church as the "child cases," according to Fraser add something


This had a daily circulation in 1970 of 220,000, which by 2008 had contracted to 52,000, and in 2009 it moved to a largely online presence with a weekly print run add something


It was republished in 1971 by Baker Book House when its copyright expired, and again in 1993 by the University of Nebraska Press add something


In 1972 128 students at a Christian Science school in Greenwich, Connecticut, contracted polio and four were left partially paralyzed add something


For second coming, see Gottschalk 1973, p. xxi add something


In 1977 16-month-old Matthew Swan died of bacterial meningitis in Detroit, Michigan, after his parents were persuaded not to seek medical care; they responded by founding Children's Healthcare is a Legal Duty add something


Between 1980 and 1990 seven Christian Scientist parents in the United States were prosecuted; there were four convictions, two overturned add something


In the 1980s the church produced its own television programs, and in 1991 founded a 24-hour news channel, which closed with heavy losses after 13 months add something


Largely as a result of lobbying by Children's Healthcare is a Legal Duty, the government eliminated the HEW regulation in 1983, but 37 states, Guam and the District of Columbia still had religious exemptions in their civil codes on child abuse and neglect as of 2014 add something


In 1988 12-year-old Ashley King died in Phoenix, Arizona, after living for months with a tumor on her leg that had a circumference; her parents pleaded guilty to reckless endangerment add something


A church study, published in 1989, examined 10,000 of them, 2,337 of which the church said involved conditions that had been medically diagnosed, and 623 of which were "medically confirmed by follow-up examinations add something


The movement has been in decline since then; Rodney Stark estimated that there were 106,000 Scientists in that country in 1990 add something


The church and Publishing Society faced internal dissent in 1991 over their decision to publish "The Destiny of The Mother Church" add something


David Stouck, "Introduction," in Cather and Milmine, "The Life of Mary Baker G. Eddy and the History of Christian Science", University of Nebraska Press, 1993, ://books add something


Gardner argued in 1993 that Eddy had taken "huge chunks" from Quimby, and Gill in 1998 that there were only general similarities add something


The first time the church was held liable was in 1993 after 11-year-old Ian Lundman died of hyperglycaemia in Minnesota in 1989 add something


The Minnesota State Court of Appeals overturned the award against the church and nursing home in 1995, finding that a judgment that forced the church to "abandon teaching its central tenet" was unconstitutional, and that, while the individuals had a duty of care toward the boy, the church and nursing home did not add something


According to Stark, clusters of practitioners listed in the "Christian Science Journal" in 1998 were living in the same retirement communities add something


Other factors in the decline included increased opportunities for women to work outside the home, and that much of the membership was elderly; 30 percent were over 65 in 1998 add something


Caroline Fraser described it in 1999 as the practitioner silently arguing about the nature of reality add something


By 2001 the book had sold over nine million copies add something


The book became Christian Science's central text, along with the King James Bible, and by 2001 had sold over nine million copies add something


Val Kilmer - Since 2002, Kilmer has been working on a film about the life of Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the Christian Science church, and Mark Twain, one of her most famous critics


In 2009 the church announced that, for the first time, more new members had been admitted from Africa than from the United States, in particular from Kenya, the Congo and Nigeria, although it offered no numbers add something


In April 2012 JSH-Online made back issues of the "Journal", "Sentinel" and "Herald" available online to subscribers add something


There were 1,271 Christian Science practitioners worldwide in 2014, according to the church, against 11,200 in the United States in 1941 add something


The state of Washington religious exemption said as of March 2014: "It is the intent of the legislature that a person who, in good faith, is furnished Christian Science treatment by a duly accredited Christian Science practitioner in lieu of medical care is not considered deprived of medically necessary health care or abandoned add something


Forty-eight US states allowed religious exemptions for compulsory vaccination as of July 2014 add something


In Australia the church was the only group with a religious exemption for vaccination as of April 2015; the government said that it planned to remove it add something