Renault 4
James Bond
(Fictional character)
Citroen C15
Citroen Ami

See also

Citroën 2CV

Knowledge Identifier: $Citroen_2CV


Citroen 2CV

economy car produced by the French car manufacturer Citroën between 1948 and 1990 add

Category: Business (14)

Launched in 1955.

Countries: France (28%), India (10%), UK (10%)

Main connections: Citroen, Renault 4, James Bond

Linked to: Mini, Autocar, Michelin, Escorts Group




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The top speed increased with engine size to 80 km/h in 1955, 84 km/h in 1962, 100 km/h in 1970, but was finally not capable of US freeway speeds of 115 km/h until 1981 add something


Between 1958 and 1971, Citroën built 694 Saharas, but only 27 are known to exist today add something


Bubble car - By the end of the 1960s, there were no bubble cars still in production, as the Mini and other low-priced competitors including the Citroen 2CV, $Fiat_500 and Renault 4 continued to increase in popularity


Built from December 1960 to 1971, The Sahara had an extra engine mounted in the rear compartment and both front and rear-wheel drive add something


Renault 4 - The basic version of the R3 was priced 40 francs below the lowest priced version of the Citroen 2CV in 1961 and featured painted bumpers and grill, a simplified instrument panel, a single sun visor, no windshield washer, and no interior door panels


Citroën promoted 2CV events called "Raids" in the 1970s, for which main dealers would supply a ruggedising kit add something


Citroën was always under-capitalised until the 1970s Peugeot takeover add something


From 1970, only two series were produced: The 2CV 4 with 435 cc and the 2CV 6 with 602 cc displacement add something


In 1970 the car gained rear light units from the Citroën Ami 6, and standardised a third side window in the rear pillar on 2CV6 models add something


It was built between 1970 and 1978, during which it saw changes like different bumpers, a hard roof, front disc brakes, and square headlights add something


Many of the "special edition" interior trim items were carry-overs from the 1970s "Club" models add something


The 1970s Chilean version mounted a 602 cc engine with an output of , and was designated as the AX-330 add something


The 602 cc engine evolved to the M28 in 1970; this was the most powerful engine fitted to the 2CV. A new 602 cc giving only at a slower 5,750 rpm was introduced in 1979 add something


This renewed popularity was encouraged by the Citroën "Raid" intercontinental endurance rallies of the 1970s where customers could participate by buying a new 2CV, fitted with a ruggedising 'P.O.' kit , to cope with thousands of miles of very poor or off-road routes add something


After the Chilean coup of 1973, there were 200 Yagáns left that were used by the Army to patrol the streets and the Peruvian border, with cannons add something


Sales of the 2CV were reinvigorated by the 1974 oil crisis add something


The highest annual production was in 1974 add something


Between 1975 and 1990 under the name of AZKB "2CV Spécial" a drastically reduced trim basic version is sold add something


In 1975, the 2CV was re-introduced to the British market in the wake of the oil crisis add something


In September 1975, a base model called the 2CV Spécial was introduced add something


The special edition models began with the 1976 SPOT model and continued in the 1980s: add something


Citroën had produced more than 200,000 cars in Argentina by 1977; production ended in 1979 add something


Citroën probably gained former VW customers as the only other "retro alternative" economy car style of vehicle, the Volkswagen Beetle, was withdrawn from the European market in 1978, , when it ceased production in West Germany add something


The cars were originally manufactured in Iran in a joint venture between & & & & & & & Citroën and Iran National up until the 1979 Revolution, when Iran National was nationalised, which continued producing the "Jian" without the involvement of Citroën add something


A 2CV with a heavily modified front end called the 3CV IES America was produced well into the 1980s, by an Argentinian company that bought the rights and factory from Citroën add something


In the 1980s the best foreign markets for the 2CV were the UK and Germany add something


In the 1980s there was a range of four full models: add something


It was rated as comparable for safety with contemporary small cars , by "Which-" magazine in the 1980s add something


Outside France, the 2CV's most common nickname today is "The Duck", which seemed to be endorsed by & & & & & & & Citroën which released a stuffed toy animal in the 1980s representing a duck with Citroën on its side and 2CV under its right foot add something


In 1981 a bright yellow 2CV was driven by James Bond in the film "For Your Eyes Only", including an elaborate set piece car chase through a Spanish olive farm, in which Bond uses the unique abilities of the modestly powered 2CV to escape his pursuers in Peugeot 504 sedans add something


The 1981 James Bond movie "For Your Eyes Only" caused a surge in sales of the car in Chile where it was specially imported from Spain to meet demand , since it had already been phased out on the Chilean assembly line add something


The Charleston became a full model in 1981 and the Dolly in 1985 add something


While colours and detail specifications were modified in the ensuing 42 years, the biggest mechanical change was the addition of front disc brakes in 1981 , for the 1982 model year add something


Corgi Toys - A Citroën 2CV which James Bond drove in the film "For Your Eyes Only" was issued in 1981


Renault 4 - The Renault 4 was the last French automobile to be sold with drum brakes on all four wheels, after the Citroën 2CV received disc brakes in 1981


"Which-" started rating safety in 1983, originally with their own rating system add something


The 2CV was produced for 42 years, the model finally succumbing to customer demands for speed, in which this ancient design had fallen significantly behind modern cars, and safety, where it was better than was generally realised: the front of the chassis was designed to fold up, to form a crumple zone according to a 1984 Citroën brochure add something


In 1985, Citroën drew up plans with the Escorts Group to manufacture the 2CV in India for the rural market, as well as spare parts for export add something


In 1987 it will be replaced by the "Sausss-duck" special edition add something


From 1988 onwards, production took place in Portugal rather than in France add something


In 1988 production ceased in France but was continued in Portugal add something


For instance, on February 29, 1988 a gap of more than 17,500 numbers existed between cars carried on the last truck leaving the Levallois plant add something


The car was introduced at the Tokyo Motor Show, along with the Nissan Figaro, and was built from 1989 until 1992 by Pike Factory for Nissan add something


The design of the 1989 Nissan S-Cargo was directly inspired by the appearance of the tiny French Citroën 2CV Fourgonnette or small truck/delivery van, even including the single spoke steering wheel add something


Although not a replacement for the 2CV, the AX supermini, a conventional urban runabout, unremarkable apart from its exceptional lightness, seemed to address the car makers' requirements at the entry level in the early 1990s add something


In the late 1990s, Kate Humble from BBC Top Gear tested one against a Landrover Defender off road add something


It pioneered the use of a large box rear section, as later used by the Morris Minor, Renault 4, & & & & & & & Citroën Acadiane and Citroën C15 vans and copied in the 1990s by Vauxhall/Opel and Ford add something


This was the fore-runner of the Citroën Berlingo and Renault Kangoo people carriers introduced in the 1990s add something


Until 1994, when three TPVs were discovered in a barn, it was believed that only two prototypes had survived add something


BMW 3 Series Compact - Also there is a very rare California edition of the vehicle, introduced in 1996, featured a Webasto style folding canvas roof reminiscent of those used in the Citroën 2CV


British journalist Paul Walton flew to Israel to drive one of the 27 examples left, in the desert for the April 2000 issue of "Classic Cars" magazine add something


The company Sorevie of Lodève was building 2CVs until 2002 add something


"Auto Express" reported in a May 2007 news item that a 2CV concept similar in appearance to the 2005 Evoque would make an appearance in 2009, with Citroën likely to position its modern interpretation of the car against premium rivals such as the Mini add something


In 2009 Citroën showed in the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show the Revolte Concept, the design of which was inspired by the 2CV. According to the Spanish car magazine, Autofacíl; the car will be released as the Citroen DS2 around late 2012 add something


In 2011, The Globe and Mail called it a "car like no other add something


As of January 2013, 3,382 remained in service in the UK. The final two years of 2CV production took place in Mangualde, Portugal, before production formally ended in 1990 add something


As of October 2016, 3,025 remained in service in the UK. add something