Clarence Thomas

Knowledge Identifier: +Clarence_Thomas


Clarence Thomas

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States add

Category: Politics

Born in 1948.

Countries: United States (72%), Missouri (11%), (8%)

Main connections: Yale Law School, Antonin Scalia, United States Senate

Linked to: Elk Grove Unified School District v. Newdow, Yale Law School, Adam Liptak, Legal Group's Neutrality Is Challenged, N.Y. Times, Mar. 30, 2009, American Bar Association




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Clarence Thomas was born in 1948 add something


In the 1970s and 1980s, William J. Brennan, Thurgood Marshall, and Harry Blackmun were likewise generally quiet add something


Edith Efron - She was a contributing editor to "Reason" magazine from the 1970s until her death in 2001, where she wrote psychological studies of former President Bill Clinton and Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas


In 1971, Thomas married college sweetheart Kathy Grace Ambush add something


Thomas graduated from Holy Cross in 1971 with an A.B. "cum laude" in English literature add something


From 1974 to 1977, Thomas was an Assistant Attorney General of Missouri under State Attorney General John Danforth, who met Thomas at Yale Law School add something


In 1974, he was appointed an Assistant Attorney General in Missouri and subsequently practiced law there in the private sector add something


Thomas entered Yale Law School, from which he received a Juris Doctor degree in 1974, graduating towards the middle of his class add something


Thomas was admitted to the Missouri bar on September 13, 1974 add something


In 1975, when Thomas read "Race and Economics" by economist Thomas Sowell, he found an intellectual foundation for his philosophy add something


He moved to Washington, D.C. and returned to work for Danforth from 1979 to 1981 as a Legislative Assistant handling energy issues for the Senate Commerce Committee add something


In 1979, he became a legislative assistant to Senator John Danforth and in 1981 was appointed Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education add something


From 1981 to 1982, he served as Assistant Secretary of Education for the Office for Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Education add something


In 1981 they separated and in 1984 divorced add something


In 1981, he joined the Reagan administration add something


From 1982 to 1990, he was Chairman of the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission add something


In 1982, President Ronald Reagan appointed Thomas Chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission add something


He asserted in 1984 that black leaders were "watching the destruction of our race" as they "bitch, bitch, bitch" about President Reagan instead of working with the Reagan administration to alleviate teenage pregnancy, unemployment and illiteracy add something


In 1987, Thomas married Virginia Lamp, a lobbyist and aide to Republican Congressman Dick Armey add something


Joe Biden - Supreme Court confirmation hearings in history, those for Robert Bork in 1987 and Clarence Thomas in 1991.


Thomas amended reports going back to 1989 add something


On October 30, 1989, Thomas was nominated by President George H. W. Bush to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated by Robert Bork, Thomas gained the support of other African Americans such as former Transportation Secretary William Coleman, but said that when meeting white Democratic staffers in the United States Senate, he was "struck by how easy it had become for sanctimonious whites to accuse a black man of not caring about civil rights add something


However, Thomas's silence stood out in the 1990s as the other eight justices engaged in active questioning add something


In 1990, President George H. W. Bush nominated Thomas for a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit add something


He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 6, 1990, and received his commission the same day add something


After Justice William Brennan stepped down from the Supreme Court in July 1990, Thomas was one of five candidates on Bush's shortlist for the position and Bush's favorite of the five add something


David Souter - Initially, from 1990 to 1993, Souter tended to be a conservative-leaning justice, although not as conservative as Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas or William Rehnquist


He served in that role for 16 months and on July 1, 1991, was nominated by Bush to fill Marshall's seat on the United States Supreme Court add something


Thurgood Marshall announced his retirement, and on July 1, 1991 President Bush nominated Clarence Thomas to replace him add something


Thomas's formal confirmation hearings began on September 10, 1991 add something


A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr. - In 1991, Judge Higginbotham wrote an "An open letter to Justice Clarence Thomas from a federal judicial colleague," published in the "University of Pennsylvania Law Review"


Andrew Breitbart - Previously left-leaning in his politics, Breitbart changed his political views after experiencing an "epiphany" during the late 1991 confirmation hearings for Supreme Court justice Clarence Thomas, who was charged with sexual harassment; Breitbart later described himself as "a Reagan conservative" with libertarian sympathies


Strom Thurmond - Thurmond served as the ranking member of the Senate Judiciary Committee during the hearings on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the US Supreme Court in 1991 and worked closely with Joe Biden, the chairman


Orrin Hatch - He took a leading role in the Senate confirmation hearings of Clarence Thomas in October 1991


Hunter S. Thompson - "Fear and Loathing in Elko", published in 1992, was a well-received fictional rallying cry against Clarence Thomas, while "Mr. Bill's Neighborhood" was a largely non-fictional account of an interview with Bill Clinton in an Arkansas diner


According to a "New York Times" editorial, "from 1994 to 2005 add something


From 1994 to 2004, on average, Thomas was the third most frequent dissenter on the Court, behind Stevens and Scalia add something


Sonia Sotomayor - During her September 1997 hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee, Sotomayor parried strong questioning from some Republican members about mandatory sentencing, gay rights, and her level of respect for Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas


In 2000, he told a group of high school students that "if you wait long enough, someone will ask your question add something


Among the nine justices, Thomas was the second most likely to uphold free speech claims , as of 2002 add something


By 2004, however, other pairs of justices were observed to be more closely aligned than Scalia and Thomas add something


One other justice dissented as frequently in 2005 add something


Though Congress had reauthorized Section 5 in 2006 for another 25 years, Thomas said the law was no longer necessary, pointing out that the rate of black voting in seven Section 5 states was higher than the national average add something


Three other justices dissented as frequently in 2006 add something


Beginning on February 22, 2006, Thomas had a nearly seven-year streak of not speaking from the bench, finally breaking that silence on January 14, 2013, when he was understood to have joked that a law degree from Yale may be proof of incompetence add something


Atlas Shrugged - In 2006, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court Clarence Thomas cited "Atlas Shrugged" as among his favorite novels


Marijuana Policy Project - In July 2006, MPP launched a radio advertising campaign that called out prominent public officials, including former President George W. Bush, former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger, former Vice President Al Gore, and Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas for using marijuana


As of 2007, Thomas was the justice most willing to exercise judicial review of federal statutes, but among the least likely to overturn state statutes add something


Four other justices dissented as frequently in 2007 add something


He said in 2007: "One of the reasons I don't do media interviews is, in the past, the media often has its own script add something


In his 2007 autobiography, he criticized the Church for its failure to grapple with racism in the 1960s during the Civil Rights Movement, saying it was not as "adamant about ending racism as it is about ending abortion now" add something


Lenny McAllister - In 2007, McAllister ran and lost another close race, this time after an e-mail campaign by then-sitting Commissioner Johnson falsely comparing McAllister to Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas to discourage Blacks and moderate Democrats from voting for McAllister, after McAllister was slated to win one of five seats in non-official polling


As of 2011, Thomas's wife stepped down from Liberty Central to open a conservative lobbying firm touting her "experience and connections", meeting with newly elected Republican congressmen, and describing herself as an "ambassador to the tea party" add something


Chris Murphy (politician) - Murphy sponsored a bill that would subject Supreme Court Justices to the same ethical code that applies to other federal judges, suggested in 2011 the possibility of an investigation to decide whether Justice Clarence Thomas had committed ethical violations that would justify removing him from office


He had a nearly seven-year streak of not speaking at all in any context, finally breaking that silence on January 14, 2013, when he was understood to have joked that a law degree from Yale may be proof of incompetence add something


On February 19, 2018, Abramson followed up her 1995 book on Thomas and the Anita Hill hearings with a discussion concerning new evidence that Thomas had committed perjury which might be tied to possible impeachment add something


In December 2018, Thomas wrote a dissent when the Supreme Court voted against hearing cases brought by the states of Louisiana and Kansas to deny Medicaid funding to Planned Parenthood add something


Chief Justice of the United States - Currently, since August 2018, Clarence Thomas is the most senior associate justice


In February 2019, Thomas joined with three of the court's other conservative justices voting to reject a stay to temporarily block a law restricting abortion in Louisiana add something