Adolf Hitler
Soviet Union
Adolf Heusinger
Julius Leber
Stanford University
Wilhelm Leuschner

See also

Claus von Stauffenberg

Knowledge Identifier: +Claus_von_Stauffenberg


Claus von Stauffenberg

German army officer and aristocrat who was one of the leading members of the failed 20 July plot of 1944 to assassinate Adolf Hitler and remove the Nazi Party from power add

Category: Politics

Born in 1907.

Countries: Germany (58%), United States (13%), Austria (8%)

Education: undef.

Main connections: Adolf Hitler, Gestapo, Soviet Union

Linked to: Gestapo, Soviet Union, Nazi Party, German Army




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Claus von Stauffenberg was born in 1907 add something


These demands included Germany retaining its 1914 eastern borders, including the Polish territories of Wielkopolska and Pozna?? add something


On 11 November 1919, a new constitutional law, as part of the Weimar Republic, abolished the privileges of nobility add something


Albrecht Mertz von Quirnheim - His friendship with Claus von Stauffenberg, who would become the key conspirator in the 20 July plot, began in 1925


In 1926, he joined the family's traditional regiment, the "Bamberger Reiter- und Kavallerieregiment 17" in Bamberg add something


George dedicated "Das neue Reich" in 1928, including the "Geheimes Deutschland" written in 1922, to Berthold add something


The Soviet Union had not signed the 1929 Geneva Convention add something


Stauffenberg was commissioned as a "leutnant" in 1930 add something


The Catholic Church had signed the "Reichskonkordat" in 1933, the year Hitler and the Nazi Party came to power add something


Stauffenberg married Nina Freiin von Lerchenfeld on 26 September 1933 in Bamberg add something


Stauffenberg declined at the time, reasoning that all German soldiers had pledged allegiance not to the institution of the presidency of the German "Reich", but to the person of Adolf Hitler, due to the "Führereid" introduced in 1934 add something


Munich Agreement - His regiment became part of the German 1st Light Division under General Erich Hoepner, who had taken part in the plans for the September 1938 German Resistance coup, cut short by Hitler's unexpected diplomatic success in the Munich Agreement add something


Following the outbreak of war in 1939, Stauffenberg and his regiment took part in the attack on Poland add something


Julius Leber - In 1940, Leber sought contact with the armed forces' leadership and got to know Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg


The mass executions of Russians, Ukrainians, Jews and others, as well as what he believed was an already apparent deficiency in military leadership , finally convinced Stauffenberg in 1942 to join with resistance groups within the "Wehrmacht", the only force that had a chance to overcome Hitler's Gestapo, SD, and SS add something


Operation "Barbarossa", the German invasion of the Soviet Union, was launched on June 22, 1941 add something


Guidelines were issued on 2 June 1942 for the proper treatment of prisoners of war from the Caucasus region who had been captured by "Heeresgruppe A" add something


Tunisian Campaign - In November 1942, the Allies landed in French North Africa, and the 10th Panzer Division occupied Vichy France before being transferred to the Tunisian Campaign, as part of the "Afrika Korps" add something


Hermann Friedrich Graebe - Another witness of the mass executions of October 1942 in Dubno was the German officer Axel von dem Bussche, who traumatised by what he had seen in 1943 joined the German resistance around Claus von Stauffenberg and unsuccessfully tried to kill Adolf Hitler in a suicide attack in November 1943


He openly told young conspirator Axel von dem Bussche in late 1943, "ich betreibe mit allen mir zur Verfügung stehenden Mitteln den Hochverrat add something


However, in late 1943, he had written out demands with which he felt the Allies had to comply in order for Germany to agree to an immediate peace add something


In 1943, Stauffenberg was promoted to "oberstleutnant i add something


On 7 April 1943, Stauffenberg was involved in driving from one unit to another, directing their movement add something


From the beginning of September 1943 until 20 July 1944, von Stauffenberg was the driving force behind the plot to assassinate Hitler and take control of Germany add something


A detailed military plan was developed not only to occupy Berlin , but to take the different headquarters of the German army and of Hitler in East Prussia by military force after the suicide assassination attempt by Axel von dem Bussche in late November 1943 add something


Friedrich Olbricht - In 1943, he asked that Colonel Claus Graf Schenk von Stauffenberg come to work at his office; von Stauffenberg would later be the key man in the assassination attempt, with the job of actually planting the bomb near Hitler


Carl Szokoll - In 1943, then-captain Szokoll was introduced in Berlin to Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, one of the heads of the resistance movement in the Third Reich, by the Austrian Lieutenant - Colonel Robert Bernardis and got involved with them by monthly visits of Robert Bernardis in Vienna since February 1944

Claus von Stauffenberg died in 1944 add something


On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the Allies had landed in France add something


Among the most active members of the German resistance and one of its few survivors, Hans Bernd Gisevius portrays Colonel Stauffenberg, whom he met in July 1944, as a man driven by reasons which had little to do with Christian ideals or repugnance of Nazi ideology add something


Only after the conspirator General Helmuth Stieff on 7 July 1944 had declared himself unable to assassinate Hitler on a uniforms display at Klessheim castle near Salzburg, Stauffenberg decided to personally kill Hitler and to run the plot in Berlin add something


After several unsuccessful tries by Stauffenberg to meet Hitler, Göring and Himmler when they were together, he went ahead with the attempt at "Wolfsschanze" on 20 July 1944 add something


The courtyard where the officers were shot on 21 July 1944 is now a memorial site, with a plaque commemorating the events and a bronze figure of a young man with his hands symbolically bound which resembles Count von Stauffenberg add something


On 10 August 1944, Berthold was tried before Judge-President Roland Freisler in the special "People's Court" add something


Being interrogated after his capture by the Red Army on September 2, 1944, Stauffenberg's friend, Major Joachim Kuhn stated that Stauffenberg had told him in August 1942 that "They are shooting Jews in masses add something


Adolf Hitler - In July 1944, in the 20 July plot, part of Operation Valkyrie, Claus von Stauffenberg planted a bomb in one of Hitler's headquarters, the Wolfsschanze (Wolf's Lair) at Rastenburg.


Wilhelm Leuschner - However, Claus von Stauffenberg's attempt on Hitler's life at the Wolf's Lair in East Prussia on 20 July 1944 failed to kill the Führer


Eugen Bolz - However, on 20 July 1944, Goerdeler's plan fell apart when Claus von Stauffenberg's attempt to kill Hitler at the Wolf's Lair in East Prussia failed


Adolf Heusinger - In this capacity, he attended the planning meeting at Adolf Hitler's "Wolf's Lair" on July 20, 1944 and was standing next to Hitler when the bomb planted by Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg exploded


Heinrich Himmler - On 20 July 1944, a group of German army officers led by Claus von Stauffenberg and including some of the highest-ranked members of the German armed forces attempted to assassinate Hitler, but failed to do so


Adam von Trott zu Solz - Trott was one of the leaders of Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg's plot of 20 July 1944 to assassinate Hitler


Johannes Popitz - Already in the autumn of that same year, Popitz was being watched by the Gestapo, and indeed, he was arrested in Berlin on 21 July 1944, the day after Claus von Stauffenberg's unsuccessful attempt on Hitler's life at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia


Hans Bernd von Haeften - Haeften was arrested on 23 July 1944, three days after the assassination attempt at the Wolfsschanze in East Prussia, for which his brother Werner von Haeften, as Claus von Stauffenberg's adjutant, was summarily shot


He led the Soviets to the hiding place of the documents in February 1945 add something


In 1980, the German government established a memorial for the failed anti-Nazi resistance movement in a part of the Bendlerblock, the remainder of which currently houses the Berlin offices of the German Ministry of Defense add something


In 1989, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev presented these documents to then-German chancellor Dr. Helmut Kohl add something


Nina died at the age of 92 on 2 April 2006 at Kirchlauter near Bamberg, and was buried there on 8 April add something


In 2008, Konstanze von Schulthess-Rechberg wrote a best-selling book about her mother, "Nina Schenk Graefin von Stauffenberg" add something


Terence Stamp - In 2008, he appeared in the film remake of the spy comedy "Get Smart"; another comedy about the man who says yes to everything "Yes Man", opposite Jim_Carrey; with Angelina Jolie, James McAvoy and Morgan Freeman in "Wanted"; and with Tom Cruise in "Valkyrie", based on the true story of Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg's failed attempt to assassinate Hitler


However, Karl Heinz Bohrer, a cultural critic, literary scholar, publisher, and visiting professor for German and Comparative Studies at Stanford University, criticized Evans' views in an article originally published in the "Süddeutsche Zeitung", January 30, 2010 add something