Formula One
(Auto racing)
Indianapolis 500
(Auto racing)
Jim Clark
(Auto racing)
Lotus Cars
Lotus 25
Ford Motor Company
John Crosthwaite
(Visual Arts)

See also

Colin Chapman

Knowledge Identifier: +Colin_Chapman


Colin Chapman

Influential British design engineer, inventor, and builder in the automotive industry, and founder of Lotus Cars add

Category: Sciences

Born in 1928.

Countries: United Kingdom (46%), United States (33%), (6%)

Main connections: Formula One, Indianapolis 500, Jim Clark

Linked to: Vanwall, Formula One, Lotus Cars, Cosworth




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Colin Chapman was born in 1928 add something


Chapman left UCL without a degree in 1948, resitting his final Mathematics paper in 1949 and obtaining his degree a year late add something


He briefly joined the Royal Air Force in 1948, being offered a permanent commission but turning this down in favour of a swift return to civilian life add something


In 1948 Chapman started with the Mk1, a modified Austin 7, which he entered privately into local racing events add something


Lotus Mark II - The car that came to be known as the "'Lotus Mark II"' was created in 1949, while Colin Chapman was serving with the RAF


In the 1950s, Chapman progressed through the motor racing formulae, designing and building a series of racing cars, sometimes to the point of maintaining limited production as they were so successful and highly sought after, until he arrived in Formula One add something


In 1952 he founded the sports car company Lotus Cars add something


Lotus Cars - The company was formed as "'Lotus Engineering Ltd."' by engineers Colin Chapman and Colin Dare, both graduates of University College, London, in 1952


John Crosthwaite - In autumn 1955 he joined Colin Chapman who was starting Lotus cars


Besides his engineering work, he piloted a Vanwall F1-car in 1956 but crashed into his teammate Mike Hawthorn during practice for the French Grand Prix at Reims, ending his career as a race driver and focusing him on the technical side add something


It was with the Lotus 7 in 1957 that things really took off, and indeed Caterham Cars still manufacture a version of that car today – the Caterham 7; there have been over 90 different Lotus 7 clones, replicas and derivatives offered to the public by a variety of makers add something


John Crosthwaite - Colin Chapman asked if Crosthwaite would go to the USA with Team Lotus as he needed a senior mechanic to prepare the Lotus cars for the Sebring 12 hour race in March 1957


Lotus had been an early adopter of this technology with the 1958 Lotus Elite add something


Lotus 15 - The "'Lotus 15"' is a front-engine sports racing car designed by Colin Chapman of Lotus, built from 1958 until 1960


Lotus 19 - The "'Lotus 19"' or "'Monte Carlo"' is a mid-engine sports-racing car designed by Colin Chapman of Lotus and built from 1960 until 1963


His next major innovation was the introduction of monocoque chassis construction to automobile racing, with the revolutionary 1962 Lotus 25 Formula One car add something


Under his direction, Team Lotus won seven Formula One Constructors' titles, six Drivers' Championships, and the Indianapolis 500 in the United States, between 1962 and 1978 add something


When American Formula One driver Dan Gurney first saw the Lotus 25 at the Dutch Grand Prix at Zandvoort, he was so struck by the advanced design that he invited Chapman to the 1962 Indianapolis 500, where Gurney made his Indy début at the wheel of a space-frame rear engined car designed by John Crosthwaite and built by American hot-rodder Mickey Thompson add something


Colotti Trasmissioni - In 1962, Colin Chapman asked Colotti to design and build a transaxle for a car designed for Indianapolis 500


Lotus 25 - The "'Lotus 25"' was a racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1962 Formula One season


The Lotus 29 debuted at Indianapolis in 1963, with Jim Clark finishing second add something


With Clark driving the legendary Lotus 25, Team Lotus won its first F1 World Championship in 1963 add something


Indianapolis 500 - In 1963, technical innovator Colin Chapman brought his Team Lotus to Indianapolis for the first time, attracted by the large monetary prizes, far bigger than the usual at a European event


Lotus 32 - At the end of the 1964 F2 season, Colin Chapman modified the car to a Lotus 32B


Lotus 30 - In a way as a further development of the final Lotus 19 called Lotus 19B, which had a Ford V8 engine installed in place of Coventry Climax FPF, it was designed by Colin Chapman and Martin Wade, and built in 1964


It was Clark, driving a Lotus 38 at the Indianapolis 500 in 1965, who drove the first ever mid-engined car to victory at the fabled "Brickyard add something


Mario Andretti - At Andretti's first Indianapolis 500, in 1965, he met Colin Chapman, owner of the Lotus Formula One team, who was running eventual race winner Jim Clark's car


Lotus 38 - It was designed by Colin Chapman and Len Terry as Lotus' 1965 entry for the Indianapolis 500


Wood Brothers Racing - Lotus owner Colin Chapman hired the Wood Brothers to service his car, driven by his Scottish Formula One ace Jim Clark, during pit stops in the 1965 Indianapolis 500


It was Chapman who in 1966 persuaded the Ford Motor Company to sponsor Cosworth's development of what would become the legendary DFV race engine add something


Cosworth - In 1966, Colin Chapman persuaded Ford to bankroll Keith Duckworth's design for a new lightweight Formula One engine


Lotus 43 - The "'Lotus 43"' was a Formula One racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1966 season


Early versions, in 1968 and 1969, were mounted or so above the car, in order to operate in 'clean air' add something


Lotus used the concept of positive aerodynamic downforce, through the addition of wings, at a Tasman Formula race in early 1968, although Ferrari and Brabham were the first to use them in a Formula One race at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix add something


Jackie Oliver - In 1968 he was called up by Colin Chapman to take over the works F1 seat for Team Lotus after the death of Jim Clark


Lotus 63 - The "'Lotus 63"' was an experimental Formula One car, designed by Colin Chapman and Maurice Philippe for the 1969 season


Lotus is one of but a handful of English performance car builders still in business after the industrial decline of the 1970s add something


Emerson Fittipaldi - Fittipaldi continued to win, drawing the attention of Colin Chapman, who was looking for a driver to support the Austrian Jochen Rindt in the 1970 Formula One season


Pratt & Whitney - Turbine cars were deemed illegal before the following year's race, so Lotus chief Colin Chapman developed the car for use in Formula One and an updated 56B competed in half a dozen Formula One races in 1971


Ronnie Peterson - After seeing out his three-year contract at March, Peterson joined Colin Chapman's Team Lotus in the 1973 season, partnering defending champion Emerson Fittipaldi


Caterham Cars - "' Caterham Cars"' is a manufacturer of specialist lightweight sports cars based in Caterham, Surrey, UK. Their current model, the Caterham 7 , is a direct evolution of the Series 3 Lotus Seven designed by Colin Chapman and originally launched in 1973


Bernie Ecclestone - In parallel to his activities as team owner, Ecclestone formed the Formula One Constructors Association in 1974 with Frank Williams, Colin Chapman, Teddy_Mayer, Ken Tyrrell, and Max Mosley


From 1978 until his death, Chapman was involved with the American tycoon, John DeLorean, in his development of a stainless steel sports car, to be built in a factory funded by the British government add something


Nigel Mansell - His driving was noticed by Colin Chapman, owner of Lotus, and shortly after his accident, hiding the extent of his injury with painkillers, Mansell performed well enough during a tryout at the Paul Ricard circuit with Lotus, where he was pitted against a number of other drivers to determine who was going to take the second seat for the 1980 season alongside Mario Andretti, as Argentinean Carlos Reutemann was leaving to go to Williams


Chapman suffered a fatal heart attack in 1982, aged 54 add something

Colin Chapman died in 1982 add something


Lotus M90 - The project stalled when company founder Colin Chapman died in 1982, as Lotus found itself in financial trouble


Approximately £10 million of British taxpayers money, equivalent to £40 million in 2010, went missing add something