Columbia University

Knowledge Identifier: &Columbia_University


Columbia University

Oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York, the fifth oldest in the United States, and one of the country's nine Colonial Colleges founded before the American Revolution add

Category: Sciences (600)

Founded in 1754.

Countries: United States (70%), (8%), United Kingdom (2%)

Main connections: Harvard University, Barnard College, Princeton University

Linked to: Barnard College, Columbia School of Engineering and Applied Science, Teachers College, Columbia University, Ivy League




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Her right hand holds a scepter composed of four sprays of wheat, terminating with a crown of King's College which refers to Columbia's origin as a Royalist institution in 1754 add something


The university was founded in 1754 as King's College by royal charter of George II of Great Britain add something


The university's first Charter was granted in 1754 by King George II; however, its modern Charter was first enacted in 1787 and last amended in 1810 by the New York State Legislature add something


The college was officially founded on October 31, 1754, as King's College by royal charter of King George II, making it the oldest institution of higher learning in the state of New York and the fifth oldest in the United States add something


In 1763, Dr. Johnson was succeeded in the presidency by Myles Cooper, a graduate of The Queen's College, Oxford, and an ardent Tory add something


The American Revolutionary War broke out in 1776, and was catastrophic for the operation of King's College, which suspended instruction for eight years beginning in 1776 with the arrival of the Continental Army add something


In the charged political climate of the American Revolution, his chief opponent in discussions at the College was an undergraduate of the class of 1777, Alexander Hamilton add something


The suspension continued through the military occupation of New York City by British troops until their departure in 1783 add something


After the American Revolutionary War, King's College briefly became a state entity, and was renamed Columbia College in 1784 add something


The Legislature agreed to assist the college, and on May 1, 1784, it passed "an Act for granting certain privileges to the College heretofore called King's College add something


The University now operates under a 1787 charter that places the institution under a private board of trustees, and in 1896 it was further renamed Columbia University add something


The Regents finally became aware of the college's defective constitution in February 1787 and appointed a revision committee, which was headed by John Jay and Alexander Hamilton add something


On the May 21, 1787, William Samuel Johnson, the son of Dr. Samuel Johnson, was unanimously elected President of Columbia College add something


For a period in the 1790s, with New York City as the federal and state capital and the country under successive Federalist governments, a revived Columbia thrived under the auspices of Federalists such as Hamilton and Jay. Both President George Washington and Vice President John Adams attended the college's commencement on May 6, 1789, as a tribute of honor to the many alumni of the school that had been involved in the American Revolution add something


The Philolexian Society is a literary and debating club founded in 1802, making it the oldest student group at Columbia, as well as the third oldest collegiate literary society in the country add something


John Bancker Aycrigg - He studied medicine and was graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons which is now the medical department of Columbia University in 1818


There has been a Greek presence on campus since the establishment in 1836 of the Delta Chapter of Alpha Delta Phi add something


In 1857, the College moved from Park Place to a primarily Gothic Revival campus on 49th Street and Madison Avenue, where it remained for the next fifty years add something


John Adams (educator) - John graduated from Columbia University in 1859


George Haven Putnam - He matriculated at Columbia College in 1861, but the condition of his eyes led his father to send him abroad to consult oculists in Paris and Berlin


William Milligan Sloane - He graduated from Columbia College of Columbia University in 1868, and afterward was employed as instructor in classics at the Newell School in Pittsburgh until 1872


In 1870, Columbia played against Rutgers University in the second football game in the history of the sport add something


Herman Hollerith - He entered the City College of New York in 1875 and graduated from the Columbia University School of Mines with an "Engineer of Mines" degree in 1879


Elizabeth Cady Stanton - Margaret Livingston Stanton Lawrence attended Vassar College and Columbia University , and Harriot Stanton Blatch received both her undergraduate and graduate degrees from Vassar College in 1878 and 1891 respectively


Clinton Hart Merriam - He studied biology and anatomy at Yale University and went on to obtain an M.D. from the School of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University in 1879 and taught at Harvard University for a period of time


John Kendrick Bangs - He went to Columbia University from 1880 to 1883 where he became editor of Columbia's literary magazine and contributed short anonymous pieces to humor magazines


Herman Hollerith - In 1880 he listed himself as a mining engineer while living in Manhattan, and completed his Ph.D. in 1890 at Columbia University


James Chidester Egbert, Jr. - He graduated at Columbia University in 1881, and took a doctorate there in 1884


Herbert Putnam - After graduating magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1883, Putnam spent the following year at Columbia University Law School


It succeeded to the powers of the University Council, which was created in 1890 as a body of faculty, deans, and other administrators to regulate inter-Faculty affairs and consider issues of university-wide concern add something


The "Columbia Daily Spectator" is the nation's second-oldest student newspaper; and "The Blue and White", a monthly literary magazine established in 1890, has recently begun to delve into campus life and local politics in print and on its daily blog, dubbed the "Bwog" add something


The Varsity Show is an annual musical written by and for students and was established in 1894, making it one of Columbia's oldest traditions add something


Stephen Crane - Columbia University Rare Book and Manuscript Library has a collection of Crane and Taylor's personal correspondence dating from 1895 to 1908


In 1896, the trustees officially authorized the use of yet another new name, Columbia University, and today the institution is officially known as "Columbia University in the City of New York add something


The Columbia University Orchestra was founded by composer Edward MacDowell in 1896, and is the oldest continually operating university orchestra in the United States add something


Franz Boas - Boas was appointed lecturer in physical anthropology at Columbia University in 1896, and promoted to professor of anthropology in 1899.


William Robert Shepherd - In 1896, Shepherd made his PhD at Columbia University


Maxie Long - Having won three AAU titles from 1898 to 1900 and IC4A title in 1899 in 440 yd , 1899 an AAU title in 220 yd and 1900 an AAU title in 100 yd , Maxey Long from Columbia University, was one of the top favourites for the olympic title in Paris


Ulysses S. Grant III - He attended Columbia University until 1898 when he received an appointment to West Point


In 1900, Olympian and Columbia College student Maxie Long set the first official world record in the 400 meters with a time of 47,8 seconds add something


Ludwig Lewisohn - After graduating with honors from the College of Charleston, he went to Columbia University in 1902 to work on a doctorate


The statue was dedicated on September 23, 1903, as a gift of Mr. & Mrs. Robert Goelet, and was originally covered in golden leaf add something


John Dewey - From 1904 until his retirement in 1930 he was professor of philosophy at both Columbia University and Columbia University's Teachers College.


Max Planck - During 1909, as University of Berlin professor, eight of his lectures were used by the Ernest Kempton Adams Fund for Physical Research in Theoretical Physics at Columbia University in New York City for a series of lectures translated by Columbia University professor A. P. Wills.


Max Planck - Four lectures on mathematics: delivered at Columbia University in 1911.


Clarence Crase Thomas - He attended Columbia University in late 1915 and, on June 24, 1916, reported on board as her electrical officer


Iwao Ayusawa - He graduated from Haverford College in 1917, and attended Columbia University, from which he graduated in 1920


Joseph Nathan Kane - Kane went up to Columbia University at age 18 in 1917


Konrad Lorenz - At the request of his father, Adolf Lorenz, he began a premedical curriculum in 1922 at Columbia University, but he returned to Vienna in 1923 to continue his studies at the University of Vienna .


William M. Evarts - Great nephew Evarts Boutell Greene was the famed American historian appointed Columbia University's first De Witt Clinton Professor of History 1923 and department chairman from 1926 to 1939


Samuel Barber - At the age of 18, Barber won the Joseph H. Bearns Prize from Columbia University for his Violin Sonata.


Benjamin Spock - He attended the Yale School of Medicine for two years before shifting to Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons, from which he graduated first in his class in 1929.


Maurice Anthony Biot - In 1930s and 1940s Biot worked at Harvard University, the Catholic University of Leuven, Columbia University and Brown University, and later for a number of companies and government agencies


Milton Rogovin - He attended Stuyvesant High School in New York City and enrolled in Columbia University, from which he graduated in 1931 with a degree in optometry


It was completed in 1934 and renamed for Butler in 1946 add something


Joy Davidman - In 1935, she received a master's degree in English literature from Columbia University in three semesters, while teaching at Roosevelt High School


Julian Schwinger - He attended Townsend Harris High School and the City College of New York as an undergraduate before transferring to Columbia University, where he received his B.A. in 1936 and his Ph.D. in 1939 at the age of 21


Charles E. Tuttle - After graduating in 1937, he worked in the library of Columbia University for a year, joined the family business


Herbert A. Hauptman - He was interested in science and mathematics from an early age which he pursued at Townsend Harris High School, graduated from the City College of New York and obtained an M.A. degree in mathematics from Columbia University in 1939


John McGiver - He received a B.A. in English from Fordham University in 1938 and master's degrees from Columbia University and Catholic University


J. D. Salinger - In 1939, Salinger attended a Columbia University evening writing class taught by Whit Burnett, longtime editor of Story magazine.


Grace Halsell - The daughter of writer Harry H. Halsell, she studied at Texas Tech from 1939 to 1942, at Columbia University from 1943 to 1944, at Texas Christian University from 1945 to 1951, and at the Sorbonne from 1957 to 1958


Enrico Fermi - On 25 January 1939, a Columbia University team conducted the first nuclear fission experiment in the United States, which was done in the basement of Pupin Hall; the members of the team were Herbert L. Anderson, Eugene T. Booth, John R. Dunning, Enrico Fermi, G. Norris Glasoe, and Francis G. Slack.


On May 17, 1939, fledgling NBC broadcast a doubleheader between the Columbia Lions and the Princeton Tigers at Columbia's Baker Field, making it the first televised regular athletic event in history add something


The station went operational on July 18, 1939, from a 400-foot antenna tower in Alpine, New Jersey, broadcasting the very first FM transmission in the world add something


Research into the atom by faculty members John R. Dunning, I. I. Rabi, Enrico Fermi and Polykarp Kusch placed Columbia's Physics Department in the international spotlight in the 1940s after the first nuclear pile was built to start what became the Manhattan Project add something


Joe Gaetjens - However, he could not make a living from professional soccer, so he went to New York City in the late 1940s to study accounting at Columbia University on a scholarship from the Haitian government


Robert Motherwell - In 1940 Motherwell moved to New York to study at Columbia University, where he was encouraged by Meyer Schapiro to devote himself to painting rather than scholarship.


Walter John Stoessel, Jr. - He graduated from Stanford University in 1941 and later undertook graduate studies at Columbia University


Jacques Hadamard - The Vichy government permitted him to leave for the United States in 1941 and he obtained a visiting position at Columbia University in New York


Franco Modigliani - From 1942 to 1944, he taught at Columbia University and Bard College as an instructor in economics and statistics


Daniel Carleton Gajdusek - He obtained an M.D. from Harvard University in 1946 and performed postdoctoral research at Columbia University, the California Institute of Technology, and Harvard


Fereydoon Motamed - In 1946 he immigrated to the United States and earned his Master of Arts degree from Columbia University in New York City with his major in French literature


In 1947, to meet the needs of GIs returning from World War II, University Extension was reorganized as an undergraduate college and designated the Columbia University School of General Studies add something


Dwight D. Eisenhower served as the thirteenth president of Columbia University from 1948 to 1953 add something


Hans Bethe - During 1948-1949 he was a Visiting Professor at Columbia University.


Dwight D. Eisenhower - In 1948, Eisenhower became President of Columbia University, a premier private university in New York.


Arthur Leonard Schawlow - He took a postdoctoral position with Charles Townes at the physics department of Columbia University in the fall of 1949


Jacob Mincer - After graduating from Emory University in 1950, Mincer received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1957


Ursula K. Le Guin - Le Guin received her B.A. from Radcliffe College in 1951, and M.A. from Columbia University in 1952


E. L. Doctorow - After graduating with honors in 1952, he completed a year of graduate work in English drama at Columbia University before being drafted into the United States Army


Noel DaCosta - DaCosta completed his Bachelor's at Queens College in 1952 and his Master's in theory and composition at Columbia University in 1956, studying with Otto Luening and Jack Beeson


Sander M. Levin - He graduated from Central High School in Detroit , received a bachelor's degree from the University of Chicago in 1952, a Master's degree in international relations from Columbia University in 1954, and an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1957.


Maxwell Anderson - Honorary *awards include the Gold Medal in Drama from the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1954, an honorary doctor of literature degree from Columbia University in 1946, and an honorary doctor of humanities degree from the University of North Dakota in 1958


George Segal - He graduated in 1955 from Columbia University


Barry Hughart - Following his release he attended Columbia University where he obtained a BA in 1956


Gary Becker - He taught at Columbia University from 1957 to 1968, and returned to the University of Chicago


Ernest Duncan - In 1958 he moved to the North America as a university lecturer and he received his doctorate from Columbia University


Lin Dai - Whilst she attended short courses on drama and linguistics at Columbia University, New York in 1958, she met and fell in love with Long Shengxun, the son of Long Yun who was a former governor of China's Yunnan province


During the 1960s Columbia experienced large-scale student activism, which reached a climax in the spring of 1968 when hundreds of students occupied various buildings on campus add something


Susan Sontag - While working on her fiction, Sontag taught philosophy at Sarah Lawrence College and City University of New York and the philosophy of Religion under Jacob Taubes in the Religion Department at Columbia University from 1960 to 1964


Founded in 1961 under the auspices of Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia Journalism Review examines day-to-day press performance as well as the forces that affect that performance add something


John V. Lombardi - He earned his bachelor of arts degree from Pomona College in Claremont, California in 1963, and his master of arts and doctor of philosophy degrees from Columbia University in New York City in 1964 and 1968, respectively


Giuseppe Ungaretti - In 1964, he gave a series of lectures at Columbia University in New York City, and, in 1970, was invited by the University of Oklahoma to receive its Books Abroad Prize


Philip Johnson - Johnson's publicly held archive, including architectural drawings, project records, and other papers up until 1964 are held by the Drawings and Archives Department of Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library at Columbia University, the Getty, and the Museum of Modern Art.


Jean van Heijenoort - He began teaching philosophy, first part-time at Columbia University, full-time at Brandeis University, 1965-77


Steven Millhauser - Millhauser was born in New York City , grew up in Connecticut, and earned a B.A. from Columbia University in 1965


It is the oldest gay student organization in the world, founded as the Student Homophile League in 1967 by students including lifelong activist Stephen Donaldson add something


During the Columbia University protests of 1968 a bomb damaged the sculpture, but it has since been repaired add something


Students initiated a major demonstration in 1968 over two main issues add something


The University Senate was established by the Trustees after a university-wide referendum in 1969 add something


Robert C. Merton - He earned a Bachelor of Science in Engineering Mathematics from the School of Engineering and Applied Science of Columbia University, a Masters of Science from the California Institute of Technology, and his doctorate in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1970 under the guidance of Paul Anthony Samuelson


Albert Claude - In 1970, together with George Palade and Keith Porter he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University


Red Pine (author) - After serving three years in the U.S. Army , he took a degree in anthropology from University of California, Santa Barbara and went on to graduate studies in language and anthropology at Columbia University, but dropped out in 1972 to go to the Fo Kwang Shan Buddhist monastery in Taiwan


American Council of Learned Societies, 1973 add something


David Herbert Donald - After graduating, he taught at Columbia University, Johns Hopkins and, from 1973, Harvard University


Tony Kushner - Kushner moved to New York in 1974 to begin his undergraduate college education at Columbia University, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Medieval Studies in 1978


Anna Quindlen - Quindlen graduated from Barnard College of Columbia University in 1974; she now serves on its Board of Trustees


Thomas Watson, Jr. - After leaving IBM Watson donated tens of millions of dollars to Columbia University from 1975 onward


Peter Lieberson - After completing his musical studies at Columbia University, he left New York in 1976 for Boulder, Colorado to continue his studies with Chogyam Trungpa, a Tibetan Vajrayana Buddhist master


It followed a year long campaign first initiated by students who had worked together to block the appointment of former United States Secretary of State Henry Kissinger to an endowed chair at the university in 1977 add something


A notable upsurge in the protests occurred in 1978, when following a celebration of the tenth anniversary of the student uprising in 1968, students marched and rallied in protest of university investments in South Africa add something


Leonard Blavatnik - He emigrated with his Jewish family from Russia to the U.S. in 1978, and received a masters in computer science from Columbia University and an MBA degree from Harvard Business School in 1989


Jerrold Nadler - Nadler graduated from Columbia University and Fordham University School of Law in 1978.


Trustee meetings were picketed and interrupted by demonstrations culminating in May 1978 in the takeover of the Graduate School of Business add something


The football program unfortunately is best known for its record of futility set during the 1980s: between 1983 and 1988, the team lost 44 games in a row, which is still the record for the NCAA Football Championship Subdivision add something


From its earliest inception as a single service initiative formed in 1981 by Columbia University undergraduates, Community Impact has grown into Columbia University's largest student service organization add something


Barack Obama - Later in 1981, he transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialty in international relations and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1983.


In 1983, Columbia men's soccer went 18-0 and was ranked first in the nation, but losing to Indiana 1-0 in double overtime in the NCAA championship game; nevertheless, the team went further toward the NCAA title than any Ivy League soccer team in history add something


Though several schools within the university had admitted women for years, Columbia College first admitted women in the fall of 1983, after a decade of failed negotiations with Barnard College, an all-female institution affiliated with the university, to merge the two schools add something


Michael Stuart Brown - In 1984 he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Joseph L. Goldstein


Eric Cantor - Cantor was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa fraternity while at GW and received his Bachelor of Arts in 1985 He earned a Juris Doctor degree from William & Mary Law School in 1988, and received a Master of Science in Real Estate Development from Columbia University in 1989.


Rita Levi-Montalcini - In 1985, she was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Stanley Cohen and Viktor Hamburger


Bernard Redmont - He received the Columbia University Alumni Award "for the advancement of responsible journalism in all its forms" in 1986 and the City College of New York Townsend Harris Medal for distinguished contributions in his chosen field of work and to the welfare of his fellow men in 1991


Richard Crasta - Crasta received his Master of Fine Arts degree in "Creative Writing" from Columbia University in 1987


Lauren Graham - Graham graduated from Barnard College of Columbia University in 1988 with a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature


Phillip Allen Sharp - In 1988 he was awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University together with Thomas R. Cech


Sean T. Kean - Kean received a B.A. in 1988 from Seton Hall University in Political Science, was granted an M.A.L.S. in 1992 from Columbia University in American Studies and was awarded a J.D. from the Seton Hall University School of Law in 1995


The streak was broken on October 8, 1988, with a 16-13 victory over archrival Princeton add something


Max Kellerman - In the late 1990s after graduating from Columbia University with a degree in history, Kellerman became an analyst on ESPN's boxing series "Friday Night Fights" and beginning in November 2002 hosted ESPN's "Around the Horn"


Rachel Nichols (actress) - Nichols began modeling while attending Columbia University in New York City in the late 1990s


George Plimpton - In 1992, he married Sarah Whitehead Dudley, a graduate of Columbia University and a freelance writer


Ralph Rosenblum - Rosenblum taught film and film editing at Columbia University for a number of years until his death in 1995


Joanna Murray-Smith - "Honour" was created in 1995 when Murray-Smith was studying in the writing program at Columbia University in New York


The campus Christmas Tree-Lighting Ceremony is a relatively new tradition at Columbia, inaugurated in 1998 add something


The Columbia University Organization of Rising Entrepreneurs was founded in 1999 add something


The tradition began in 2002, a year after the Fordham-Columbia game was postponed due to the September 11th attacks add something


Lee C. Bollinger became the 19th President of Columbia University on June 1, 2002 add something


CampusNetwork, an on-campus social networking site called Campus Network that preceded Facebook, was created and popularized by Columbia engineering student Adam Goldberg in 2003 add something


Established in 2003 by university president Lee C. Bollinger, the World Leaders Forum at Columbia University provides the opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students alike to listen to some of the most prominent world leaders in government, religion, industry, finance, and academia add something


Grigori Perelman - In April 2003, he accepted an invitation to visit Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Princeton University, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Columbia University and New York University, where he gave a series of talks on his work


Robert Antoni - In 2004, he began teaching at Barnard College, Columbia University and The New School


Betty Shabazz - In 2005, Columbia University announced the opening of the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center


Malcolm X - In 2005, Columbia University announced the opening of the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center


In 2006, the university established the Office of Environmental Stewardship to initiate, coordinate and implement programs to reduce the university's environmental footprint add something


In 2007, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was one of those invited to speak on campus add something


John Zorn - In 2007, he was the recipient of Columbia University's School of the Arts William Schuman *award, an honor given "to recognize the lifetime achievement of an American composer whose works have been widely performed and generally acknowledged to be of lasting significance


In April 2007, the university purchased more than two-thirds of a site for a new campus in Manhattanville, an industrial neighborhood to the north of the Morningside Heights campus add something


Troy Garity - On August 27, 2007, Garity married actress Simone Bent at Columbia University's St. Paul's Chapel


Ahmadinejad accepted his invitation and spoke on September 24, 2007, as part of Columbia University's World Leaders Forum add something


John Zorn - On March 27, 2008, Miller Theater at Columbia University in New York City , which has been the venue for several premieres of Zorn's concert works, hosted the first performance of a new composition by John Zorn, "The Prophetic Mysteries of Angels, Witches & Demons"


Ethan Hawke - Hawke married for a second time in June 2008, wedding Ryan Hawke , who had briefly worked as a nanny to his and Thurman's children before graduating from Columbia University


In November 2008, Columbia's undergraduate student body held a referendum on the question of whether or not to invite ROTC back to campus, and the students who voted were almost evenly divided on the issue add something


Most recently, as of December 2008, the State of New York's Empire State Development Corporation approved use of eminent domain, which, through declaration of Manhattanville's "blighted" status, gives governmental bodies the right to appropriate private property for public use add something


According to "US News and World Report"s "Americas Best Hospitals 2009", it is ranked sixth overall and third among university hospitals add something


Renzo Rosso - In 2009, Rosso, together with Millennium Promise, The Earth Institute at Columbia University, and UNDP, launched the Only the Brave Millennium Village, in Dioro, Mali


On May 20, 2009, the New York State Public Authorities Control Board approved the Manhanttanville expansion plan add something


In the fall of 2010, admission to Columbia's undergraduate colleges Columbia College and Columbia Engineering, formerly known as SEAS, began accepting the Common Application add something


In April 2010 during Admiral Mike Mullen's address at Columbia, President Lee C. Bollinger stated that the ROTC would be readmitted to campus if the admiral's plans for revoking the don't ask, don't tell policy were successful add something


On June 14, 2010, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg launched the NYC Media Lab to promote innovations in New York's media industry add something


Columbia annually administers the Pulitzer Prize and, as of 2011, was affiliated with more Nobel Prize laureates than any other academic institution in the world add something


In February 2011 during one of three town-hall meetings on the ROTC ban, former Army staff sergeant Anthony Maschek, a purple heart recipient for injuries sustained during his service in Iraq, was booed and hissed at by some students during his speech promoting the idea of allowing the ROTC on campus add something


In April 2011 the Columbia University Senate voted to welcome the ROTC program back on campus add something


Reprinted by permission of the American Council of Learned Societies, retrieved April 18, 2011 and Art Garfunkel add something


Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus and Columbia University President Lee C. Bollinger signed an agreement to reinstate Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps programs at Columbia for the first time in more than 40 years on May 26, 2011 add something


Chris Claremont - In July 2011 Claremont signed a deed of gift to Columbia University's Rare Book & Manuscript Library, donating his archives of all his major writing projects over the previous 40 years to the Library's graphic novel collection, which will form the basis of a research center for New York City-based cartoonists and comics writers


According to the 2012 college selectivity ranking by U.S. News & World Report, which factors admission and yield rates among other criteria, Columbia is tied with Yale, Caltech and MIT as the most selective colleges in the country add something


As of 2012, Columbia's library system includes over 11 million volumes, making it the eighth largest library system and fifth largest collegiate library system in the United States add something


Shirley Hazzard - In 2012 a conference was held in her honor at the New York Society Library and Columbia University


Renzo Rosso - In February, 2012, Rosso was invited by the Permanent Mission of Italy to the United Nations to host a press conference at The United Nations together with Jeffrey Sachs, Director of The Earth Institute at Columbia University and Special Advisor to The United Nations' Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, about the progress of Millennium Promise and the Only The Brave Foundation


One hundred blocks north of the main campus at Morningside Heights, the Baker Athletics Complex includes facilities for baseball, softball, soccer, lacrosse, field hockey, tennis, track and rowing, as well as the new Campbell Sports Center opened in January 2013 add something


Columbia University was ranked fourth amongst the top U.S. national universities for 2014 as per "U.S. News & World Report" add something


In 2015, Columbia University was ranked the first in the state by average professor salaries add something


Columbia University was ranked 4th overall among U.S. national universities for 2016 by "U.S. News & World Report" add something


Individual colleges and schools were nationally ranked by "U.S. News & World Report" for its 2016 edition add something


In December 2016, University administrators banned the Marching Band from performing its Orgo Night show in its traditional Butler Library location, setting off a storm of protests and accusations that University President Lee C. Bollinger was censoring the Band's speech add something


Columbia is second only to Harvard University in the number of Nobel Prize-winning affiliates, with over 100 recipients of the award as of 2017 add something


University administrators sent a letter to concerned alumni on April 27, 2017 claiming to be "working closely" with the current Band leadership concerning the future of Orgo Night, but the statement turned out to be false add something


University administration continued to prohibit the traditional Orgo Night performance during the spring semester of 2017, prompting the Marching Band to again stage the show outside the library on May 4, 2017 as continued objections from alumni persist add something


For Orgo Night December 2017, Band members quietly infiltrated the Library with their musical instruments during the evening and popped up at midnight to perform the show inside despite the ban add something


Prior to the spring 2018 exam period, the administration warned the group's leaders against a repeat and restated the injunction, warning of sanctions; the Band again staged its Orgo Night show in front of the library add something